Bodleian Library logo
Look up ...








Return to main Rare Books Provenances page
Radcl. [Radcliffe] The Radcliffe collection had formed part of the Radcliffe Library, the contents of which were moved to a new library in the University Museum in 1861. The Radcliffe Trustees in 1893 presented to the Bodleian such of their non-scientific books as it did not already possess. The collection comprises 780 v, being non-scientific works of 16th-18th cent, and including books on architecture, classics, history, literature and theology. Included are books bequeathed to the Radcliffe Library by James Gibbs (1682-1754), the architect of the building, Richard Frewin (1681?-1761) Camden Professor of Ancient History, and other benefactors. Other non-scientific works not wanted by the Bodleian were sold in 1894.
  • Bibliotheca Radcliviana, 1749-1949, Catalogue of an exhibition. Oxford, 1949.
Back to Index

Richard Rawlinson (1690-1755), non-juring bishop (1728), antiquary and collector, had formed a foreign, classical and English library, and bought a large proportion of the Oriental and other volumes at the sale of his brother Thomas’s library in 1734. He had been a considerable benefactor during his lifetime: some hundreds of books in the shelfmark Jur. and elsewhere were given by him from 1730 on. A series of almanacs in 175 v, ranging in date from 1607-1747, were sent to the library in 1752-55, and are shelfmarked Rawlinson Almanacs: other almanacs have been added to the collection. He bequeathed to the University his large collection of 5,205 mss, among which are bound much printed material, largely contemporary printed sheets, including ballad sheets and book prospectuses; and all such printed books as were on vellum or silk or contained any manuscript note. c1,800 v in quarto and smaller sizes are shelfmarked Rawlinson. They date from 16th-18th cent and include theology, contemporary politics, history and antiquities, topography and early English literature. A volume containing a collection of the broadside proclamations issued during the reign of Elizabeth I is now kept as Arch.G.c.6.

Rawlinson’s books include some owned by Thomas Hearne (1678-1735): Hearne bequeathed all his mss and books with ms notes, to William Bedford (d. 1747), from whose widow Rawlinson bought them. Some of the Rawlinson printed books appear to have been disposed of in sales of Bodleian duplicates.

  • Rawlinson almanacks, with index [MS. Bodleian shelfmark R.6.223].
  • Index to the Rawlinson copperplates [Bodleian shelfmark MS. Top. Oxon d.276=R.6.236]
  • Macray, p231-51.
  • Philip p.93-8.
  • B. J. Enright, ‘Rawlinson and the chandlers’, BLR 4 (1953), p216-7.
  • B. J. Enright, Richard Rawlinson, collector, antiquary and topographer. Unpubl. Oxford University thesis. (MS. D.Phil. d.1786)
  • Richard Rawlinson, a tercentenary memorial, by G. R. Tashjian, D. R. Tashjian, B. J. Enright. Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, 1990.
  • Stanley Gilllam, ‘Thomas Hearne’s library’, BLR, XII,1(October 1985)52-64.
  • Stanley Gillam, ‘Anthony Wood’s trustees and their friends’, BLR, XV, 3(October 1995) 187-210.
Rec. [Recentiores] A collection of 100 books published after 1850 which would be unsuitably placed if dispersed through the current classification for modern books, eg books having dust jackets before the period when these were preserved generally, proof copies, series.

Stephen Peter Rigaud (1774-1839), mathematical historian and astronomer, Fellow of Exeter College (1794-1810, Savilian Professor of Geometry (1810-27), Savilian Professor of Astronomy and Radcliffe Observer (1827-39). When his large library, chiefly of 18th cent writers, was sold in 1839, his books on astronomy, mathematics, and physics were purchased by the Radcliffe Trustees for the Observatory. In 1935, 840 books, not then in the Bodleian, were presented to the library and the rest sold.

  • Catalogue of the theological, classical and miscellaneous library of Stephen Peter Rigaud... which will be sold by auction by Mr Evans. London, 1839.
  • Craster, p185-6.
Robert Ross Memorial Oscar Wilde Collection. Brought together by Walter Edwin Ledger (d1931), Wilde’s bibliographer, and named after Robert Baldwin Ross (1869-1918), Wilde’s friend and literary executor. Presented to University College, Oxford, by Donald C L Cree, Ledger’s friend and executor, and an alumnus of the College, and deposited in the Bodleian. c1,000 works being editions and translations of the works of Oscar Wilde (1856-1900), works on Wilde, works illustrating literary movements in England in the 1890s, including periodicals, sale and booksellers’ catalogues and newspaper cuttings.

Roxburghe Club A collection of 230 publications of the Roxburghe Club from 1814.

  • N. J.Barker, The publications of the Roxburghe Club 1814-1962, an essay with a bibliographical table. Cambridge, Roxburghe Club, 1964.
Back to Index

James St Amand (1687-1754), antiquary, bequeathed his manuscripts and printed books to the Bodleian (those not wanted were to go to Lincoln College). The 600 books taken by the Bodleian consist chiefly of contemporary editions of the classics and of the writings of modern Latin scholars (many had formerly belonged to Arthur Charlett, 1655-1722, Master of University College, 1692), with inter alia his notes on Theocritus and the Greek poets.

  • Macray, p252-4.
  • Philip 94.
Sir Henry Savile (1549-1622) Warden of Merton College (1585-1622), Provost of Eton (1596), founded lectureships in mathematics, one in astronomy, the other in geometry, in the University of Oxford. To each he attached a library, drawn from his own collections, covering the whole field of mathematics, and including the allied subjects of optics, harmonics, mechanics, cosmography, and the applied sciences of surveying, navigation and fortification, and a quantity of fine printed books, chiefly of the 16th cent. Nearly all of the Savilian professors added to the library: Sir Christopher Wren, holder of the Chair of Astronomy (1661-1723) left his astronomy and geometry books to the library when he retired from the Chair; and John Wallis, holder of the Chair of Geometry (1649-1703), gave some books during his lifetime, but many more were presented after his death by his son. Thus, the Savilian Library is a very complete collection of mathematical works up to the end of the 17th cent, and contains some 18th and 19th cent items. It was handed over to the Bodleian in 1884. The Wren and Wallis books are shelfmarked Savile A-H and K-M; Savile’s original donations are in Savile N-Z, Aa and Bb. The collection totals c.1,180 v.
  • Craster, p183-6.
  • C J Scriba, Studien zur Mathematik des John Wallis (1616-1703): Winkelteilungen, Kombinationslehre und Zahlentheoretische Probleme im Anhang die Bücher und Handschriften von Wallis in der Bodleian Library zu Oxford. (Boethius: Texte und Abhandlungen zur Geschichte der exakten Wissenschaften, Band 6). Wiesbaden, 1966. p112-42: Anhang: die Bücher und Handschriften von John Wallis mit einem Überblick über die Geschichte der Savile Collection (jetzt Teil der Bodleian Library in Oxford). [Bodleian copy shelfmarked R.6.108m.]
John Selden (1584-1654), lawyer, antiquary and Orientalist, bequeathed to the University of Oxford his non-medical Oriental manuscripts, his Greek mss, together with some Latin mss, and such of his Talmudical and Rabbinical books not already in the Bodleian. c.8,000 v of his were presented by his executors in 1659. Selden’s was the greatest single collection received in the 17th cent. It was placed in the west wing of Duke Humfrey’s Library, which became known as Selden End, and the books were subdivided by the four faculty subdivisions (theology, jurisprudence, medicine, and arts). In Selden’s library (which was one of the two greatest single collections formed in England in the 17th century) can be distinguished four elements: books presented by continental scholars; gifts from English friends and admirers (historians, classical scholars, philosophers and scientists, literary men); books acquired secondhand, after the deaths of earlier collectors (eg. books from the libraries of Sir Robert Cotton, John Donne, and John Dee); and (by far the largest part of the library) thousands of volumes both English and foreign, purchased new, mostly from the book trade, though on occasion by private purchase from individual owners. His 15th century books number some 130. Included are books in Chinese, and the first book ever printed in Japan with moveable types and in western characters. The collection is rich in books that once belonged to famous owners, or that were given to him, many as author’s presentation copies. Among the printed books many European languages are represented as well as Oriental languages. Much of the collection comprises 16th and 17th cent works in classical and foreign languages. Though he owned few literary texts in English, some of these are of special interest. He was one of the earliest collectors of Caxtons, and the 13 he owned (all but one in English) were the first that came into the Bodleian. Other subjects represented are medicine, science, theology, history, law and Hebrew literature. Some duplicates were disposed of when the collection first came to the library, some to Gloucester Cathedral library. Some additions, which were not Selden’s own books, were made to the Selden collection during the 18th and 19th cent.
  • J Sparrow, ‘The earlier owners of books in John Selden’s library’, BQR 6(1931), p263-71.
  • D M Barratt, ‘The library of John Selden and its later history’, BLR 3(1951), p128-42.
  • The Bodleian Library in the seventeenth century, guide to an exhibition. Oxford, 1951, p43-7.
  • Macray, p.110-23.
  • Philip, p.47-8.
  • Rogers, p.125-132.
Sermons A collection of 570 English sermons of 17th-19th cent, bound in 26 v, purchased in 1850.
  • Macray, p.354.
Robert Shackleton (1919-1986), Bodley’s Librarian 1966-79, Marshal Foch Professor of French Literature, Oxford University (1979-1986). A collection, bequeathed to the Bodleian, of c. 1,000 volumes by and about Charles de Secondat, Baron de Montesquieu (1689-1755), political philosopher. It includes virtually every important early edition of all of Montesquieu’s works, and translations into other languages. In the section of over 500 volumes devoted to works by Montesquieu printed before 1920, there are editions of the collected works (250 volumes, including 24 18th century editions) and editions of the single works, including 36 editions of De l’esprit des lois (1748) in French and over 50 in translation: there are 16 different editions of De l’esprit des lois published before 1751, and numerous copies of the English translations produced before 1803 in places as varied as Aberdeen, Dublin, Edinburgh, Glasgow, London, and Worcester, Massachusetts.

Among Shackleton’s working and personal papers in the Bodleian is the manuscript of his Lyell Lectures on the bibliographical history of Montesquieu, based on his collection.

  • G.G.Barber, [‘Robert Shackleton’s collection of books by and about Montesquieu’], BLR XII, 4 (April 1987) 324-7.
Shrivenham Collection Presented in 1945 by Shrivenham American University, the temporary American servicemen’s University. A miscellaneous collection of over 400 textbooks of the 1930s and 1940s, including books on science, engineering, geography, American history and literature.

Bertram Shuttleworth Presented 378 v including editions of Richard Brinsley Sheridan’s plays, music for the plays and the songs in them, translations, and works on Sheridan, being editions and works not already in the Bodleian.

  • ‘Gift from Mr Bertram Shuttleworth’, BLR 6 (1958), p393.
[SIGMA] A collection of over 2,600 v of 16th-19th cent in all languages and on all subjects added to the library, and shelved in Selden End and the Selden Galleries, between 1826 and 1850.

Slav. [Slavonic] A collection of 190 Slavonic books and books on Eastern Europe (19th cent).

George Smith (1871-1963), of Great Bedwyn, presented to the Bodleian his collection of early newsbooks, corantos and newspapers. The collection extends over the 16th-20th cent, and includes rare 16th and 17th cent newsbooks (including Civil War items), mainly English, though some items are foreign; 18th cent local newspapers; proclamations; and broadsides.

  • ‘George Smith donation’, BLR 4 (1953), p290.
Back to Index

Sutherland Collection In 1795 Alexander Hendras Sutherland (1753-1820) started to grangerize Edward Hyde, First Earl of Clarendon’s History of the Rebellion (1702-4) and Life of Clarendon (1759), and Bishop Gilbert Burnet’s History of his own time (1722-34), with portraits of every person and place mentioned in the text or connected with the subject matter, and on his death (1820) the work was taken up by his widow. These grangerized copies, including both letterpress and engraved material, were presented by Mrs Sutherland to the Bodleian in 1837, but were transferred to the Ashmolean Museum (qv) in 1951.

Mrs Sutherland also presented to the Bodleian 35 illustrated biographical and historical works, many also enriched with additional engravings, and these remain in the Bodleian, shelfmarked Sutherland.

  • Mrs C Sutherland, Catalogue of the Sutherland Collection, Oxford, 1837. Supplement, 1838.
  • A catalogue of books purchased for the Bodleian... 1843 [With] List of works presented to the library by Mrs Sutherland. Oxford, (1843?).
  • ‘The transfer of the Sutherland Collection of prints and drawings’, BLR 3(1951), p115-16.
  • Macray, p331-5
  • Craster, p113, 314.
Back to  Index