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MS. Lat. liturg. d. 20

15 original leaves of
'The Worcester Fragments'
(from manuscripts of polyphonic music, in Latin),
recovered from late-medieval bindings of Worcester Cathedral Priory,
now at the Bodleian.
England, Worcester; Late 13th - early 14th cent.

(Other fragments are still at Worcester Cathedral and elsewhere. MS. Lat. liturg. d. 20 is a volume made up primarily in 1925 of the original fragments taken from bindings at the Bodleian, interspersed with negative rotographs of fragments in other libraries. The foliation and arrangement were revised in accordance with the scheme of Luther A. Dittmer, Nov. 1952. The folio numbers not represented in the sequence below belong to the intercalated rotographs.)

Catalogue information | Bodleian filmstrips | Image captions | Image quality | Image sizes

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Images scanned principally from single slides

© manuscript image
Source: Special-order slide
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fol. 12r
(formerly 11r, and LXXXIIIr in the medieval foliation)
(a) 'Amor patris presentatur' (Mot)
(b) 'Munda Maria mater militie' (Mot)
manuscript image ©
Source: Roll 320.5 frame 5
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fol. 12r
As above.
© manuscript image
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fol. 12v
(formerly 11v)
(a) Continuation of 'Munda Maria mater militie' (Mot)
b) 'O regina celestis curie flos uirginum' (Tr) 'O regina celestis curie consolare psallentes' (Mot)
fol. 13r
(formerly 12r, and LXXXVIIIr in the medieval foliation)
'Sanctorum omnium uirgo sanctissima' (Mot) and Pes
manuscript image ©
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© manuscript image
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fol. 13v
(formerly 12v)
'Ave uirgo mater Dei' (Tr) and Pes 'Aue virgo'
fol. 14r
(formerly 13r, and LXXXXIIr in the medieval foliation)
(a) 'Beata supernorum preceptrix' (Mot)
(b) 'Uirga Jesse floruit' and Pes '[Uirgo] Dei genitrix'
manuscript image ©
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manuscript image ©
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fols. 14v-15r
(formerly 13v-14r, and the latter LXXXXIIIr in the medieval foliation)
Two pieces, each to be read across the opening:
(a) 'Alleluya canite' and Pes 'Alleluya'
(b) 'Parens alma redemptoris' (Tr), 'Parens alme ciuitatis' (Mot) and Pes (wordless)
© manuscript image
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manuscript image ©
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fols. 15v-16r
(formerly 14v-15r, and the latter LXXXXIIIIr in the medieval foliation)
Two pieces, each to be read across the opening:
(a) 'Alma jam ad gaudia' (Tr), 'Alme matris Dei' (Mot), and Pes 'Alleluya'
(b) 'Per te Dei genetrix' (Tr), 'Per te O beata semper inuiolata' (Mot) and Pes 'Per te Dei genitrix'
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fol. 16v
(formerly 15v)
'Kyrie fons pietatis' (Tr or Mot only)
fol. 17r
(formerly 16r, and LXXXXIXr in the medieval foliation)
'Fons ortorum riga morum' (Tr or Mot) and Pes
manuscript image ©
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© manuscript image
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manuscript image ©
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fols. 17v-18r
(formerly 16v-17r, and the latter C recto in the medieval foliation)
One piece, to be read across the opening:
'[F]ulget celestis curia' / 'O Petre flos apostolorum' / 'Roma gaudet de tali presule' (Rondellus)
© manuscript image
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manuscript image ©
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fols. 18v-19r
(formerly 17v-18r, and the latter CIr in the medieval foliation)
One piece, to be read across the opening:
'[...] recolat ecclesia Katerine preconia'
'Uirgo sancta Katerina
', and Pes
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fol. 19v
(formerly 18v)
'[... d]ecus uirginitatis'. With '[Pes Sancta M]aria uirgo intercede'
The following fragments, not necessarily from the same original volume(s), retain no medieval foliation:
fol. 22r
(formerly MS. Hatton 30, fol. 1r)
(a) '[...] profero in te rex glorie'
(b) 'Salue gemma confessorum Nicholae'
manuscript image ©
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© manuscript image
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fol. 22v
(formerly MS. Hatton 30, fol. 1v)
'Pro [beati Pauli ...] qui prostratus', 'O pastor patris' (Mot)
fol. 23r
(formerly 21r)
'Dulciflua tua memoria' (Tr) 'Precipua michi da gaudia' (Mot), ''Tenor de Dulciflua''
manuscript image ©
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© manuscript image
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manuscript image ©
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fols. 23v-24r
(formerly 21v-22r)
One piece, to be read across the opening:
'Inuiolata integra mater' (Tr) and Pes, 'Inuiolata integra et casta', 'Inuiolata integra mater' (Mot)
© manuscript image
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fol. 24v
(formerly 22v)
(a) Completion of 'Inuiolata' (Tr) from fol. 23v. The opposite page, with completion of Mot, is lost.
(b) 'Spiritus procedens' (Tr) and Pes
fol. 25r
(formerly 23r)
'Lingua peregrina te laudare nescio' and Pes 'Laqueus'
 manuscript image ©
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© manuscript image
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fol. 25v
(formerly 23v)
(a) 'In tuis laudibus' (Tr) with Pes '[In tu]is laudibus assidua'
(b) 'Alleluya psallat' (Tr) with Pes 'Alleluya [concinat]'
fol. 28r
(formerly 25r)
Former pasted side of a pastedown, original text much damaged:
(a) 'E[...]
(b) A[l]me [ueneramur diei preco]nia'
(c) '[Justi epulentur]'
manuscript image ©
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© manuscript image
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fol. 28v
(formerly 25v)
'Candens crescit lilium' (Tr) 'Candens lilium columbina' (Mot) and ''Quartus cantus''
The following two fragments consist of a strip from the inner part of one leaf (now fol. 34), pasted onto another whole leaf (now fol. 35); in the original structure, these had apparently formed a single bifolium (the innermost of its quire) which, at some intermediate period, was divided and re-pasted in a different order. The following images have therefore been rearranged according to the text:
fol. 35v (original recto)
(formerly 32v)
(a) '[...] dans quod uotis p[...]s', the end of a Conductus cum cauda, in score for three voices
(b) 'Quem trina [p]olluit' (Conductus)
manuscript image ©
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manuscript image ©
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manuscript image ©
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fol. 35r (formerly 32r) (the original verso) and fol. 34r (formerly 31r) (narrow strip from left of original page)
One piece, to be read across the opening:
(left) 'Thomas gemma Cantuarie', and (right) the initial T' of 'T[homas caesus in doueria]'; (right) the initial 'P' of ''P[rimus tenor]'' and (left) ''Secundus tenor''
© manuscript image
Source: Special-order slide
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fol. 34v (formerly 31v)
Narrow strip from right of page, showing ends of lines (slide also includes part of present facing page, fol. 35r)

Catalogue information

A Bodleian catalogue description of this manuscript is in course of preparation. The manuscript is fully described, with facsimilies, in L. A. Dittmer, The Worcester Fragments: a catalogue raisonné and transcription (Musicological Studies and Documents, 2, American Institute of Musicology, 1957); see also Luther A. Dittmer, ed., Oxford, Latin liturgical d 20; London, Add. Ms. 25031; Chicago, Ms. 654 app.: facsimile, introduction, index, and transcriptions (Publications of medieval music manuscripts, 6: Brooklyn, 1960); and Gilbert Reaney, ed., Manuscripts of polyphonic music: 11th to early 14th century (Répertoire international des sources musicales, B.iv(1): Munich, 1966), pp. 541-64, with further bibliography.


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Western manuscripts to c. 1500
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