Catalogue of Exchequer papers of Sir William Herrick, Teller of the Exchequer of Receipt, 1616-23

Bodleian Library, University of Oxford

Michael Webb

2003

Conversion to EAD supported by the Gladys Krieble Delmas Foundation

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Table of Contents

Introduction
A    Orders on the Exchequer and receipts, 1616-23
B    Debentures paid at the Exchequer, 1616-23
C    Receipts of the Exchequer, 1616-23
D    Receipts and payments of the Exchequer, 1616-23, containing receipts and payments for each term
E    Book of certificates, 1608-16
F    Register of portage money, 1619-23
G    Compotus rolls, 1616-17


Exchequer papers of Sir William Herrick, Teller of the Exchequer of Receipt, 1616-23

Abstract:
Exchequer papers of Sir William Herrick (1562-1653), one of the four Tellers of the Exchequer of Receipt, 1616-23; with one book of certificates, 1608-16, of his predecessor Sir William Bowyer.

Shelfmarks: MSS. Eng. hist. b. 244(R)-248(R), b. 249, c. 1292-1318

Extent: 33 shelfmarks

Biographical History

Sir William Herrick (1562-1653), also sometimes spelt Hericke, Heyrick or Eyricke, was a goldsmith, moneylender, MP for Leicester, and a teller of the Exchequer of Receipt, 1616-23. For further details see the Dictionary of National Biography under Hericke.

History of Organization

The Exchequer of Receipt was the divsion of the Exchequer concerned with the receipt and payment of the King's moneys, as distinct from the Upper Exchequer (or Exchequer of Account) which was concerned with audit.

Scope and Content

The papers listed below comprise official records kept by Herrick in his period of office at the Exchequer. They once formed part of a larger group of papers that included Herrick's family letters, official business papers, and records relating to his Leicestershire estate, held at Beaumanor, purchased by Sir William Herrick and in the 19th century the seat of the Perry-Herrick family.

Arrangement

John Gough Nichols (1806-73) described the Exchequer papers in an article printed in the Athenaeum , no. 2235, 27 August 1870, in which he stated that the principle of his arrangement of the papers was to bind the loose items where possible into volumes of a uniform size, which could be placed alongside some papers already bound into volumes and retaining their original early 17th-century bindings (the receipts of the Exchequer, MS. Eng. hist. c. 1312, and the receipts and payments of the Exchequer, MSS. Eng. hist. c. 1313-17). The first sixteen volumes of the sequence thus created, comprising orders on the Exchequer and receipts (MSS. Eng. hist. c. 1292-1307) were calendared and indexed by Joseph Burtt (1818-76), assistant keeper of the Public Records, in 1859, and this calendar and index appears as volume 17 in the sequence. This document (MS. Eng. hist. c. 1308) is kept on the open shelves in the Special Collections Reading Room at R. 6. 94t. J. G. Nichols states incorrectly in his article in the Athenaeum that the index covers the nineteen volumes that precede it, which would include the debentures paid at the Exchequer (MSS. Eng. hist. c. 1309-11). The debentures are not indexed, and are numbered 1 to 3 on their spines, clearly in a different sequence to the orders and receipts and their calendar and index, numbered 1 to 17.

Acquisition

Bought, Sotheby's, 15 Dec. 1988, lot 20, with the aid of the National Heritage Memorial Fund, MGC/V & A Purchase Grant Fund, the Pilgrim Trust, the Friends of the Bodleian, and the Friends of the National Libraries.

Other Finding Aids

A calendar and index (MS. Eng. hist. c. 1308 - see 'Arrangement' above) of the orders on the Exchequer and receipts (MSS. Eng. hist. c. 1292-1307) is kept on the open shelves in Duke Humfrey's Library at R. 6. 94t.

Related Material

Herrick family, business and estate papers, 16th to 19th century, were purchased by the Bodleian Library in 1968, and are now MSS. Eng. hist. b. 216, c. 474-84. These papers were arranged and indexed by J. G. Nichols between 1843 and 1862, and bound in calf by G. Pymm. The binding is in the same style as that of the Exchequer papers, showing that the papers were all together when sorting and binding were undertaken.

The remainder of the Herrick archive was deposited with Leicestershire Record Office in 1972. The archive included title deeds and papers for Leicestershire estates and properties in other counties, manorial records and miscellaneous Herrick family papers, as well as the Exchequer records described here. In 1988 the records were put up for sale through Sotheby's, and Leicestershire Record Office was able to acquire the estate records, while the Bodleian purchased the Exchequer papers.

Personal names (NCA Rules)

Bowyer | Sir | William | 1558-1616 | Knight | MP, Teller of the Exchequer
Herrick | Sir | William | 1562-1653 | Knight | goldsmith, Teller of the Exchequer

Corporate names (NCA Rules)

Great Britain and Ireland | Exchequer

Subjects (LCSH)

Finance, Public -- Great Britain

A   Orders on the Exchequer and receipts, 1616-23

Shelfmarks: MSS. Eng. hist. c. 1292-1308

Binding: Bound in calf, with the Stuart coat of arms on the upper and lower covers, and the Herrick coat of arms at the head of the spine, in gilt.

Scope and Content:

Each volume comprises individual loose orders and receipts bound into volumes by J. G. Nichols, and arranged by date of the receipt. The orders are directions to Sir William Herrick as a Teller to make payments from the Exchequer of Receipt. Orders were grounded on Letters of Privy Seal, and the document is usually signed by the Lord High Treasurer and the Under Treasurer, and subscribed with a direction to Herrick to pay the sums described signed by the Auditor of the Receipt. In exceptional cases the Lord Chancellor and the Secretary of State appear to have been required to sign the document also. The receipt, bound with the order where both survive, is signed by the recipient of the money. Both the order and the receipt state the purpose for which the money is being paid. The whole range of Crown expenditure is represented, including pensions for courtiers; expenses for diplomatic missions, foreign agents and ambassadors, particularly relating to Spain, Germany and France; naval expenditure; work on royal buildings and parks; royal household expenses; payments to jewellers and goldsmiths, and for royal progresses.

Note: The calendar MS. Eng. hist. c. 1308 has subject and name indexes which refer to the volume numbers given below.

Vol. 1, 20 June 1616-21 Mar. 1617
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. hist. c. 1292
Extent: iv + 241 leaves

Scope and Content:

Includes (fols. i-ii) extracts from the Black Book of the Exchequer relating to the admission and retirement of Sir William Herrick as teller of the Exchequer, with a covering letter from Joseph Burtt, 1861.


Vol. 2, 27 Mar. -31 July 1617
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. hist. c. 1293
Extent: ii + 240 leaves

Vol. 3, 1 Aug. 1617-26 Mar. 1618
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. hist. c. 1294
Extent: ii + 212 leaves

Vol. 4, 10 Apr. -31 July 1618
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. hist. c. 1295
Extent: ii + 198 leaves

Vol. 5, 4 Aug. 1618-23 Mar. 1619
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. hist. c. 1296
Extent: ii + 168 leaves

Vol. 6, 27 Mar. 1619-22 Mar. 1620
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. hist. c. 1297
Extent: ii + 227 leaves

Vol. 7, 28 Mar. -31 Aug. 1620
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. hist. c. 1298
Extent: ii + 170 leaves

Vol. 8, 1 Sept. 1620-26 Mar. 1621
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. hist. c. 1299
Extent: ii + 185 leaves

Vol. 9, 1 Apr. -18 Oct. 1621
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. hist. c. 1300
Extent: ii + 263 leaves

Vol. 10, 6 Nov. 1621-26 Mar. 1622
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. hist. c. 1301
Extent: ii + 227 leaves

Vol. 11, 2 Apr. -31 Oct. 1622
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. hist. c. 1302
Extent: ii + 242 leaves

Vol. 12, 1 Nov. 1622-28 Mar. 1623
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. hist. c. 1303
Extent: ii + 263 leaves

Vol. 13, 28 Mar. -28 June 1623
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. hist. c. 1304
Extent: ii + 177 leaves

Vol. 14, 1 July-3 Dec. 1623
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. hist. c. 1305
Extent: ii + 170 leaves

Vol. 15, 15 Nov. 1616-4 Apr. 1620
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. hist. c. 1306
Extent: ii + 271 leaves

Vol. 16, 6 Apr. 1620-28 Oct. 1623; 1696
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. hist. c. 1307
Extent: ii + 279 leaves

Scope and Content:

Includes (fol. 277) a memorandum that 'Markhams master peece revived' relating to diseases in horses, with the 'compleat jockey' had been borrowed from John Clerke, n.d. (Gervase Markham, Markham's Master-Piece revived: containing all knowledge belonging to the Smith, Farrier, or Horse Leach, touching the curing all Diseases in Horses. ... To which is added ... the Countrey-Man's care for his other Cattle, ... and now in this impression is added The Compleat Jockey, containing methods for the training of Horses up for racing (London, 1688). On the verso is a memorandum that Sister Christian was married 20 February 1695 (1696 New Style) and went from Beaumanor for London, 18 March.


Vol. 17, Calendar and index, 1859
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. hist. c. 1308 = R. 6. 94t
Extent: vii + 417 leaves
Note: This calendar is kept on the open shelves in Duke Humfrey's Library.

B   Debentures paid at the Exchequer, 1616-23

Shelfmarks: MSS. Eng. hist. c. 1309-11

Binding: Bound in calf, with the Stuart coat of arms on the upper and lower covers, and the Herrick coat of arms at the head of the spine, in gilt.

Scope and Content:

Comprises loose dockets, written in Latin, pasted onto paper and bound into three volumes. They are arranged alphabetically by name of recipient, within half yearly terms beginning at Easter and Michaelmas.

Payment upon debenture was grounded on Letters Patent and seems to have been the usual method of ordering the payment of salaries and annuities to royal officials, servants and other dependents. As they were used for regular payments they are much briefer than the orders which were given for specific, stated purposes.


Vol. 1, Mar. 1616-Mar. 1618
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. hist. c. 1309
Extent: 341 dockets

Vol. 2, Apr. 1618-Mar. 1622
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. hist. c. 1310
Extent: 425 dockets

Vol. 3, Apr. 1622-Nov. 1623
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. hist. c. 1311
Extent: 518 dockets

C   Receipts of the Exchequer, 1616-23

Shelfmarks: MS. Eng. hist. c. 1312


Receipts of the Exchequer, 1616-23, recording receipts paid into the Exchequer from various sources, in Latin, together with a certificate book of receipts and payments, 1621-3
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. hist. c. 1312
Extent: i + 298 leaves
Binding: Contemporary calf, gilt Stuart arms on upper and lower covers, blind-ruled borders, rebacked 19th century

Scope and Content:

The receipts of the Exchequer are arranged chronologically, each entry being under a county or diocese heading, or occasionally under England (Anglia) for national taxes or levies.

A certificate book of receipts and payments, 1621-3, is bound into the volume. This gives weekly entries with names and sums of money only, with the total sum of money remaining in the Exchequer of Receipt at the end of each week. The volume ends with a memorandum of the sum remaining in the Exchequer of Receipt on Sir William Herrick's departure from office, 28 Nov. 1623. (For book of certificates 1608-16, see MS. Eng. hist. c. 1318).

D   Receipts and payments of the Exchequer, 1616-23, containing receipts and payments for each term

Shelfmarks: MSS. Eng. hist. c. 1313-17

Binding: Bound in calf, with the Stuart coat of arms on the upper and lower covers, and the Herrick coat of arms at the head of the spine, in gilt.

Scope and Content:

The receipt entries give the same information as the receipts of the Exchequer (MS. Eng. hist. c. 1312, above), but they are grouped under headings indicating the sources of royal revenue, including fines, taxes, debts, rents, sales of land, impositions and compositions. The entries are arranged half-yearly beginning at Easter or Michaelmas, so that the entries under Easter include Trinity term and entries under Michaelmas include Epiphany term.


Vol. I, Aug. 1616-Easter 1617
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. hist. c. 1313
Extent: i + 109 leaves

Scope and Content:

Michaelmas 1617 to Easter 1618 wanting.


Vol. II, Mich. 1618-Easter 1619
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. hist. c. 1314
Extent: 84 leaves

Vol. III, Mich. 1619-Easter 1620
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. hist. c. 1315
Extent: 111 leaves

Vol. IV, Mich. 1620-Easter 1621
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. hist. c. 1316
Extent: 124 leaves

Scope and Content:

Michaelmas 1621 to Easter 1622 wanting.


Vol. V, Mich. 1622 - Nov. 1623
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. hist. c. 1317
Extent: 164 leaves

E   Book of certificates, 1608-16

Shelfmarks: MS. Eng. hist. c. 1318


Book of certificates of Sir William Bowyer, 1608-16
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. hist. c. 1318
Extent: i + 125 leaves
Binding: Parchment over boards

Scope and Content:

Contains weekly summaries of receipts and expenditure with names and sums of money only, with the total sum of money remaining in the Exchequer of Receipt at the end of each week (for book of certificates 1621-3, see MS. Eng. hist. c. 1312).

F   Register of portage money, 1619-23

Shelfmarks: MS. Eng. hist. b. 249


Volume recording portage money received at the Exchequer by Herrick on all fees, annuities, pensions and rewards paid through the Exchequer of Receipt, 1619-23
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. hist. b. 249
Extent: i + 36 leaves
Binding: Bound in calf, with the Stuart coat of arms on the upper and lower covers, and the Herrick coat of arms at the head of the spine, in gilt.

Scope and Content:

The volume is arranged in three columns, the first giving the names of the recipients of the fees etc., the second the amount paid, and the third the portage money received by Herrick. Bound into the volume at fol. 27 is a parchment sheet being an account of Robert Symonds, Usher of the Exchequer, Michaelmas 1617.

G   Compotus rolls, 1616-17

Shelfmarks: MSS. Eng. hist. b. 244(R)-248(R)


Scope and Content:

The rolls contain the same information as the receipts and payments books, MSS. Eng. hist. c. 1313-17 above. The accounts are arranged in two columns, the left hand column being receipts, the right payments and annuities.


Michaelmas 1616 to Hilary 1617
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. hist. b. 244(R)
Extent: 13 membranes, approx. 45 × 75 cm

Easter to Trinity 1617
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. hist. b. 245(R)
Extent: 11 membranes, approx. 40 × 80 cm

Scope and Content:

Michaelmas 1617 to Hilary 1618 wanting.


Easter to Trinity 1618
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. hist. b. 246(R)
Extent: 11 membranes, approx. 40 × 75 cm

Michaelmas 1618 to Hilary 1619
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. hist. b. 247(R)
Extent: 11 membranes, approx. 40 × 80 cm

Easter 1619
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. hist. b. 248(R)
Extent: 13 membranes, approx. 40 × 70 cm

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18 May 2011