Catalogue of State Papers relating to the Civil War and Interregnum, 1640-60, formed by John Nalson (1638?-86), Rector of Doddington and Canon of Ely

University of Oxford, Bodleian Library

Michael Webb

2011

Department of Special Collections
Bodleian Library
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Table of Contents

Introduction
A    Royal letters and orders, 1642-51
B    Letters and papers, mainly addressed to the Speaker of the House of Commons, 1641-60; 1681
C    Papers relating to treaties, 1644-5, 1648
D    Letters from foreign rulers and states, 1645-59
E    Miscellaneous state papers, 1628-9, 1640-60
F    Papers relating to foreign affairs, 1641-59
G    Papers relating to Scottish and Irish affairs, 1638-60, n.d.
H    Petitions and miscellaneous papers, 1641-52, n.d.
I    Catalogue of the Nalson manuscripts, later 17th cent.
Conspectus


State Papers relating to the Civil War and Interregnum, 1640-60, formed by John Nalson (1637?-86), Rector of Doddington and Canon of Ely

Abstract:
State Papers, mainly 1640-60, removed by the Rev. John Nalson (1638?-86) from the office of the Clerk of the Parliament, to be used in connection with his published work, An Impartial Collection of the Great Affairs of State(London, 1682-3)

Shelfmarks: MSS. Nalson 1-23 (formerly Dep. c 152-176)

Custodial History

The basis of Nalson's collection seems to be original papers from the office of the Clerk of the Parliament, from which he was allowed to take material to be used in connection with his published work, An Impartial Collection of the Great Affairs of State, 2 vols. (London, 1682-3). He also made copies of papers in the State Paper Office, and of papers in the possession of the Duke of Ormonde, now MSS. Carte in the Bodleian Library. His death in 1686 prevented him from completing his work, which covers the period 1639 to January 1642 only.After his death, some part of his collections came into the hands of Bishop Thomas Tanner (1674-1735), and are now to be found among the Tanner manuscripts in the Bodleian Library. Most of the remainder passed to Nalson's grandson, Philip Williams, who bound and arranged them before 1730. Many were published shortly after this, in Francis Peck, Desiderata Curiosa (2 vols., London, 1732, 1735); Zachary Grey, An Impartial Examination of the Third Volume of Mr. Daniel Neal's History of the Puritans (London, 1737), and An Impartial Examination of the Fourth Volume of Mr. Daniel Neal's History of the Puritans (London, 1739).According to Nichol's Literary Anecdotes, the collection passed to the Reverend William Cole of Ely, the son-in-law of Zachary Grey, and then to his brother, Charles Nalson Cole (d. 1804). Its history is then obscure until its discovery in 1885 by Maxwell Lyte in a cupboard in the Duke of Portland's library at Welbeck Abbey.

Calendar and index of the Nalson papers

A calendar and detailed index of the papers is in the appendix to the 13th Report of the Historical Manuscripts Commission, parts I and II, The Manuscripts of the Duke of Portland preserved at Welbeck Abbey (London, 1891, 1893). This calendar is arranged chronologically, and brings together related papers whose connection was lost by the somewhat artificial arrangement they were given when they were bound. The HMC references follow the same pattern as the shelfmarks used in this catalogue, so that N. I = MS. Nalson 1, N. II = MS. Nalson 2 etc. However, the HMC have employed the document numbers used in the index volume MS. Nalson 23, as the papers were not originally foliated. The documents have now been foliated (in pencil), and the folio references should be used when citing the manuscripts. As an example, Cromwell's report on the battle of Dunbar has the HMC reference N. VIII., 19; its current reference is MS. Nalson 8, fols. 37-8.

Personal names (NCA Rules)

Lenthall | William | 1591-1662 | Speaker of the House of Commons, Master of the Rolls
Nalson | John | ?1637-1686 | Historian and Royalist Pamphleteer

Corporate names (NCA Rules)

Parliament | England and Wales

Subjects (LCSH)

Great Britain -- History -- Civil War, 1642-1649
Great Britain -- History -- Commonwealth and Protectorate, 1649-1660

A   Royal letters and orders, 1642-51

Shelfmarks: MS. Nalson 1


Royal letters and orders, 1642-51
Shelfmark: MS. Nalson 1
Extent: ii + 134 leaves
Restrictions on Access: Select MS. = Arch. F. c. 5b. Apply to staff study, Duke Humfrey's Library.

Scope and Content:

Volume comprising letters and orders from

  • (fols. 2-46) Charles I, 1642-8, including (fols. 25-6) a holograph letter to Queen Henrietta Maria, 12 March 1643, endorsed 'intercepted'
  • (fols. 47-81) Charles II as Prince of Wales, 1645-8, and (fols. 82-7) as king, 1651
  • (fols. 88-103) Prince Rupert, 1644-5, 1650
  • (fols. 104-5) Prince Maurice, 1644
  • (fols. 106-116) Charles Lewis, Elector Palatine, 1644-8

At folios 121-2 is Charles I's speech to the House of Lords, 3 Nov. 1640, copied by Sir Francis Windebank (1582-1646), endorsed with a statement that the king avows it to be a true copy. There is a list of the contents of the volume at fols. 117-19.

B   Letters and papers, mainly addressed to the Speaker of the House of Commons, 1641-60; 1681

Shelfmarks: MSS. Nalson 2-8


Scope and Content:

Letters, petitions, reports and other papers, mainly addressed to William Lenthall (1591-1662), Speaker of the House of Commons, from local officials, commissioners, parliamentary committees, military officers etc.


May 1641-Mar. 1643
Shelfmark: MS. Nalson 2
Extent: 381 leaves

Scope and Content:

At fols. 374-5 is a letter from John Nalson relating to the reception of Lord Castlehaven's Memoirs, Dec. 1681.


Mar. 1643-Mar. 1645
Shelfmark: MS. Nalson 3
Extent: ii + 334 leaves

Mar.-Oct. 1645
Shelfmark: MS. Nalson 4
Extent: ii +326 leaves

Nov. 1645-Mar. 1646
Shelfmark: MS. Nalson 5
Extent: ii + 276 leaves

Apr. 1646-Mar. 1648
Shelfmark: MS. Nalson 6
Extent: ii + 201 leaves

Apr. 1648-Mar. 1649
Shelfmark: MS. Nalson 7
Extent: ii + 279 leaves

May 1649-June 1660, n.d., including (fols. 165-288) many letters from Sept. 1659 to Mar. 1660
Shelfmark: MS. Nalson 8
Extent: ii + 328 leaves

C   Papers relating to treaties, 1644-5, 1648

Shelfmarks: MS. Nalson 9


Papers relating to the Uxbridge treaty negotiations, mostly Oct. 1644-Feb. 1645, and the Newport treaty negotiations, Sept.-Nov. 1648
Shelfmark: MS. Nalson 9/1-2
Extent: Two volumes, ii + 487 leaves (MSS. Nalson 9/1-2, foliated in one sequence)

Scope and Content:

Mainly comprises copies of correspondence between the commissioners appointed by Parliament and those appointed by the King, forwarded to William Lenthall by the former (see original letter dated 18 Feb. 1645 at fol. 82). The papers include

  • (MS. Nalson 9/1, fols 1-249, MS. Nalson 9/2, fols. 250-302) papers relating to the Uxbridge treaty negotiations, Oct. 1644-Feb. 1645, including
    • (MS. Nalson 9/1, fols. 6-7) a letter of 10 Nov. 1642 containing a copy of the King's petition to the Parliamentary commissioners
    • (MS. Nalson 9/1, fols. 12-31) lists of those who attended the Uxbridge negotiations together with their servants
    • (MS. Nalson 9/1, fols. 62-3) articles of the treaty, n.d.
  • (MS. Nalson 9/2, fols. 303-487) papers relating to the Newport treaty negotiations, Sept.-Nov.1648
Note: Nearly all the papers have been published in Lords' Journals and Rushworth's Historical Collections

D   Letters from foreign rulers and states, 1645-59

Shelfmarks: MS. Nalson 10


Letters from foreign rulers and states, 1645-59
Shelfmark: MS. Nalson 10
Extent: ii + 253 leaves

Scope and Content:

Comprises letters from

  • (fols. 1-2, 63-76) France, 1650, 1652
  • (fols. 3-6, 9-10) Spain, 1650, 1652
  • (fols. 7-16) Portugal, 1650, 1652, 1659
  • (fols. 17-52) Sweden, 1645, 1651-4
  • (fols. 53-4, 57-60) Denmark, 1645, 1652-3
  • (fols. 55-6, 61-2) Shleswig, 1652-3
  • (fols. 63-76) Tuscany, 1651-3, 1659
  • (fols. 83-6) Lorraine, 1644-5
  • (fols. 87-9) Count Le Daugnion, written from Brouage, 1652
  • (fols. 94-5, 247-8) Oldenburg, 1651-2
  • (fols. 96-113) Genoa, 1651, 1659
  • (fols. 114-200) United Provinces, 1645, 1649-52, 1659, mostly (fols. 139-198) Apr.-Nov. 1651
  • (fols. 90-3) Courland, 1652
  • (fols. 201-228) Hamburg, 1645, 1649-53
  • (fols. 229-30, 245-6) Lubeck, 1653, 1650
  • (fols. 231-2) Bremen, 1653
  • (fols. 233-4) Danzig, 1653
  • (fols. 235-44) Switzerland, 1652-3
  • (fol. 249) Venice, 1652

E   Miscellaneous state papers, 1628-9, 1640-60

Shelfmarks: MSS. Nalson 11-16


Transcripts of state papers (1640-3) in the Nalson and Tanner collections, c.1680; early 18th cent.
Shelfmark: MS. Nalson 11
Extent: ii + 295 leaves

Scope and Content:

Made by

  • (fols. 1-63, 250-93) Philip Williams, rector of Doddington, Cambs., covering the period Aug. 1640-Aug. 1641 and Jan. 1642 - Aug. 1643, comprising letters from Charles I
  • (fols. 64-249) John Nalson, covering the period Apr. 1642 - Aug. 1643, with many marginal notes and comments

Miscellaneous letters and papers, 1640-60
Shelfmark: MS. Nalson 12
Extent: ii + 482 leaves

Scope and Content:

Volume of papers written between 1640 and 1660, many undated. Included are several transcripts of papers elsewhere in the collection, possibly by Nalson.


Miscellaneous state papers, 1628-9, 1640-Feb. 1644, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Nalson 13
Extent: ii + 467 leaves

Scope and Content:

Including speeches, orders from the Houses of Parliament, depositions, informations, examinations, accounts etc.


State papers as MS. Nalson 13 above, Apr. 1644-May 1646
Shelfmark: MS. Nalson 14/1
Extent: ii + 248 leaves

State papers as MS. Nalson 13 above, Apr. 1646-Mar. 1647, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Nalson 14/2
Extent: ii + 251 leaves

State papers as MS. Nalson 13 above, 1646-9, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Nalson 15
Extent: iv + 380 leaves

Scope and Content:

The papers are dated 1646-9 and undated (between 1641 and 1649).


State papers as MS. Nalson 13 above, 1649-60
Shelfmark: MS. Nalson 16
Extent: ii + 428 leaves

F   Papers relating to foreign affairs, 1641-59

Shelfmarks: MSS. Nalson 17-18


France, Spain and Portugal, 1641-59
Shelfmark: MS. Nalson 17
Extent: ii + 431 leaves

Scope and Content:

Papers relating to the affairs of

  • (fols. 1-64) France, 1641-56
  • (fols. 65-199) Spain, 1645-56, mainly (fols. 75-191) 1650-3
  • (fols. 200-427) Portugal, 1645-59, mainly (fols. 204-418, 426-7) 1650-3

Denmark, Sweden, the United Provinces and other states, 1641-59
Shelfmark: MS. Nalson 18
Extent: ii + 462 leaves

Scope and Content:

Papers relating to the affairs of

  • (fols. 1-61) Denmark, 1645-52, mainly (fols. 12-61) 1652
  • (fols. 62-131) Sweden, 1646-53, mainly (fols. 84-131) 1652-3
  • (fols. 132-381) United Provinces, 1642-53, mainly (fols. 173-7, 184-5, 190-254, 293-363, 366-79) 1651-2
  • (fols. 382-3) Constantinople, 1653
  • (fols. 384-95) Tuscany, 1651-2
  • (fols. 396-408) Hamburg, 1650-3
  • (fols. 409-10) Lubeck
  • (fols. 411-18) Venice, 1652, 1659
  • (fols. 419-28) Hanseatic Towns, 1652
  • (fols. 429-34) Switzerland, 1652-3
  • (fols. 435-6) Cologne, 1652
  • (fols. 437-8) Brandenburg, 1645
  • (fols. 439-450) Oldenberg, 1651-3
  • (fols. 451-3) Spanish Netherlands, 1652
  • (fols. 454-7) Palatinate, 1641, 1645
  • (fols. 458-64) Genoa, 1651-2

G   Papers relating to Scottish and Irish affairs, 1638-60, n.d.

Shelfmarks: MSS. Nalson 19-21


Papers relating to Scottish affairs, 1638-Mar. 1647
Shelfmark: MS. Nalson 19
Extent: ii + 466 leaves

Papers relating to Scottish affairs, June 1647-1652, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Nalson 20
Extent: ii + 468 leaves

Papers relating to Irish affairs, 1640-60
Shelfmark: MS. Nalson 21
Extent: ii + 295 leaves

Scope and Content:

The papers mainly cover the period 1645-52.

Restrictions on Use: The volume has suffered damage from damp (noted in the HMC Calendar), and consequently many documents are only partly legible.

H   Petitions and miscellaneous papers, 1641-52, n.d.

Shelfmarks: MS. Nalson 22


Petitions and miscellaneous papers, many relating to the Assembly of Divines 1641-52, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Nalson 22
Extent: ii + 462 leaves

Scope and Content:

Includes

  • (fols. 5-189) miscellaneous drafts of advices, answers and petitions of the Assembly of Divines, 1644-9, including
    • (fols. 10-27) original draft of A Directory for the publique worship of God, 1644, entitled 'A Directory for the publique worship of God throughout the three kingdomes...'
    • (fols. 133-76) original drafts of the Larger Catechism
    • (fols. 179-85) original draft of the Shorter Catechism
  • (fols. 190-281) Remonstrances of Sir Thomas Fairfax and the Army, and related papers, 1647-8, including
    • (fols. 196-201) 'A Representation from...Fairfax and the Army...concerning the just and fundamentall rights and liberties of themselves, & the kingdome...', read 16 June 1647
    • (fols. 202-8) 'An humble Remonstrance from ...Fairfax and the Army...concerning the present state of affaires...', St. Albans, 23 June 1647
    • (fols. 212-31) 'An humble Representacion from...Fairfax & the councell of the Army concerning their past endeavours and now finall desires', Windsor, 5 Oct. 1647
    • (fols. 232-81) 'The humble Remonstrance of...Fairfax and his Generall Councell of Officers...', St. Alban's, 16 Nov. 1648. Endorsed (by Nalson?) 'this murderd the king...N.B. this remonstrance is only abridged in Rushworth vol. 7 within the compass of less than two pages'.
  • (fols. 282-454) Miscellaneous petitions, 1641-52

I   Catalogue of the Nalson manuscripts, later 17th cent.

Shelfmarks: MS. Nalson 23


Catalogue of the contents of MSS. Nalson 1-22 above, and also other volumes not now present in the Nalson collection, briefly describing every document, later 17th cent.
Shelfmark: MS. Nalson 23
Extent: 201 leaves

Scope and Content:

Includes

  • (fols. 167-90) 17th century transcripts of memoirs of the Earl of Manchester, taken from a manuscript in his own hand, covering proceedings in the Long Parliament up to the impeachment of Strafford, November 1640. There are two further copies in the British Library, Add. MS. 15567, f. 30 ff. and Add. MS. 35838, f.163 (which includes the trial of Strafford).
  • (fols. 196-9) copies of letters from Prince Rupert, with one from Prince Maurice, 1644-5, 1650, mainly to Robert Devereux, Earl of Essex, Jan.-Feb. 1645, relating to the Uxbridge Treaty; part of a letter from General Goring, Aug. 1651; letter from Charles Lewis, Elector Palatine, to Mr. Harington, The Hague, June 1644; memorial by Charles Lewis for Sir Richard Cave, Whitehall, 5 July 1641

Conspectus

Conspectus of HMC document numbers to Bodleian shelfmarks

Documents are cited in the appendix to the 13th Report of the Historical Manuscripts Commission, parts I and II, The Manuscripts of the Duke of Portland preserved at Welbeck Abbey in the form N.I.1 etc, where each number refers to a document. The documents have now been foliated and the Western MSS. references are given below (eg N.XXII.66, 'The humble Remonstrance of...Fairfax and his Generall Councell of Officers...' is now MS. Nalson 22, fol(s). 232-281.


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30 November 2011