Catalogue of the Mary Somerville Collection, [c.1700]-1972

University of Oxford, Bodleian Library
(Owned by Somerville College)

Original finding aid prepared by Elizabeth Chambers Patterson. Expanded by Chrissie Webb in 2013.

2013

Catalogued with the generous support of the Gladys Krieble Delmas Foundation.

Table of Contents

Introduction
A    Scientific writings
B    Autobiography
C    Family papers
D    Inner family papers
E    Genealogy
F    Correspondence between members of the Somerville and Greig families and the Byron and Lovelace families
G    'Letters from Celebrated People'
H    Business papers
I    Honours and awards
J    Papers of William Somerville
K    Notes, printed books, photograph album and papers relating to the Somerville and Fairfax families


Mary Somerville Collection


Extent: 3 linear metres, 40 shelfmarks
Date of papers: [c.1700]-1972, mainly 1778-1879

Abstract:
Correspondence and papers of Mary Somerville (1780-1872), science writer and mathematics expositor, and of the Somerville and related families.

Shelfmarks: Dep. c. 351-378, Dep. b. 157, 205, 205*, 206 a-b, 207-209, 232 a-c, 233.

Biographical History

Mary Fairfax, daughter of William George Fairfax (1739-1813) and Margaret Charters (1741-1832), was born in Jedburgh in 1780. She grew up in Burntisland, Fife. Though she received little formal education, she was helped by her uncle, Rev. Thomas Somerville, to learn Latin, and she read mathematics independently. In 1804 Mary married Samuel Greig (1777/8-1807), who served as commissioner for the Russian navy and Russian vice-consul in London. They had two sons, Woronzow (1805-1865) and William George (1807-1814). Mary continued her studies in London. She returned to Scotland in 1807 on the death of her husband. There she received tuition in mathematics from William Wallace, later professor of mathematics at Edinburgh University, and his brother, John.

In 1812 Mary married William Somerville (1771-1860), an army doctor and her cousin, son of Rev. Thomas Somerville and Martha Charters. Four years later Mary, William and their daughters, Martha Charters and Mary Charlotte, moved to London, where Mary furthered her knowledge through correspondence and meetings with many of the leading scientific figures of the time. The astronomer, J.F.W. Herschel, was to become an especially valued friend and adviser.

Mary began to publish in 1826, with a report of observations on the magnetizing power of sunlight. In 1827 she was asked by Henry Brougham, later 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux, Lord Chancellor, to prepare an English version of Laplace's Mécanique Céleste (1797-1827). The Mechanism of the Heavens was published by John Murray in 1831. The next year, Preliminary Dissertation to the Mechanism of the Heavens appeared. Later works by Mary, some of which ran to many editions, were On the Connexion of the Physical Sciences (1834), Physical Geography (1848) and On Molecular and Microscopic Science (1869). Her autobiography, Personal Recollections, from Early Life to Old Age, was published posthumously in 1873.

In 1838 the Somervilles moved to Rome for the winter. They remained in Italy thereafter. Mary died in Naples on 29 Nov 1872. She had received many honours during her lifetime, and after her death, Somerville College, Oxford, founded in 1879 as a women's college, was named after her. A Somerville scholarship for women also commemorates her name.

For further information see Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

Scope and Content

The collection includes Mary's papers relating to her writing and published work, finances, and other matters, and correspondence with family members and with numerous scientists and writers who shared her interests, and others in public life. There are some letters acquired for her collection of 'Letters from Celebrated People', and papers relating to the many honours and awards she received.

In addition to Mary's papers, the collection includes correspondence and papers of William, Martha and Mary C. Somerville; Mary's parents, Vice Admiral Sir William George Fairfax and Lady Margaret Charters Fairfax; Mary's son, Woronzow Greig and his wife, Agnes (nee Graham); Mary's brother, Henry, his family, and the family of his first wife, Montgomerie Williamson; Thomas Somerville, Mary's father in law; and of other members of the extended family, as well as substantial correspondence between members of the Somerville and Greig families and the Byron and Lovelace families.

Arrangement

There is evidence of Mary's own arrangement of her papers, particularly in the series of 'Letters from Celebrated People' and 'Diplomas' (honours and awards). Many explanatory labels in her hand survive throughout the collection. Her arrangement appears to have been preserved to a large extent by later cataloguers, possibly family members, who added further notes, and Elizabeth Chambers Patterson, who drew up a catalogue of the collection in the late 1960s. Material added to the collection in 1972 was catalogued by Patterson as Supplement I. A small number of letters added in 1979 were incorporated into the relevant catalogue series. Further material found in 1980 was catalogued as Supplement II. Patterson's arrangement has been preserved in the present catalogue, though the contents of Supplements I and II have been listed with the catalogue series they belong to, still identified by the numbers 2 (for Supplement I) and 3 (for Supplement II) in the folder reference - eg MSIF2-40, MSAU2-8, MS3FP-10. An exception to this form of identification occurs with the 'Genealogy of Sir William George Herbert Taylor Fairfax, Bart.' (Dep. b. 209 in 'Genealogy', formerly 'Family Trees'), which was part of Supplement 1, but had no folder reference.Dep. b. 206 and Dep. b. 232, which contained material belonging to more than one series, have been reboxed as Dep. b. 206 a & b (2 boxes) and Dep. b. 232 a-c (3 boxes). Some papers of William Somerville are arranged separately from the main series of family papers.

Related materials

Further papers of and relating to Mary Somerville, not forming part of this collection, have been acquired by Somerville College. A list of these is available from the College.

Acquisition

Deposited at Somerville College by Sir Brian Fairfax-Lucy and transferred on deposit to the Bodleian Library in 1965. Ownership passed to Somerville College in 1994.

Preferred Form of Citation

Oxford, Bodleian Library [followed by shelfmark and folio or page reference, where available, e.g. Dep c. 351, fols. 1-2].

Personal names (NCA Rules)

Byron, Anne Isabella, née Milbanke, 1792-1860, Baroness Wentworth
Fairfax, Henry, Sir, 1790-1860, 1st Baronet
Fairfax, William George, Sir, 1739-1813, Knight, Vice Admiral
Greig, Agnes , née Graham, c.1808-1874, wife of Woronzow Greig
Greig, Woronzow, 1805-1865, barrister
King, Ada Augusta, nee Byron, 1815-1852, mathematician, wife of 1st Earl Lovelace
King, William, 1805-1893, 1st Earl of Lovelace
Somerville, Mary, 1780-1872, science writer and mathematics expositor
Somerville, Thomas, 1741-1830, historian
Somerville, William, 1771-1860, physician

Subjects

Astronomy
Mathematics
Science

A   Scientific writings, [c.1826-c.1872]

Shelfmarks: Dep. c. 351-354

Manuscripts of, and notes relating to The Mechanism of the Heavens and On the Connexion of the Physical Sciences
Shelfmark: Dep. c. 351
Date: n.d. [c.1831-c.1834]
Extent: 1 box (4 folders)

Scope and Content:

Comprises:

  • Folder MSSW-1: notebook containing notes and comments in Mary's hand on The Mechanism of the Heavens, n.d. [c.1831]
  • Folder MSSW-2: portions of the manuscript of On the Connexion of the Physical Sciences, in Mary's hand, n.d. [c.1834]
  • Folder MSSW-3: manuscript on 'Light', possibly for On the Connexion of the Physical Sciences, in Mary's hand, n.d. [c.1834]
  • Folder MSSW-4: notebook for use with On the Connexion of the Physical Sciences, in Mary's hand, n.d. [c.1834]

Manuscripts of, and papers relating to On the Connexion of the Physical Sciences and Physical Geography
Shelfmark: Dep. c. 352
Date: n.d. [c.1826-c.1848]
Extent: 1 box (4 folders)

Scope and Content:

Comprises:

  • Folder MSSW-5: notes on physical science, some in Mary's hand, and including an essay on perspective by W.H. Wollaston, n.d. [c.1826-c.1834]
  • Folder MSSW-6: Mary's manuscript of 'Section 24' of On the Connexion of the Physical Sciences, n.d. [c.1834]
  • Folder MSSW-7: manuscript on shooting stars and meteorites, possibly from On the Connexion of the Physical Sciences and Physical Geography, and possibly in William Somerville's hand, n.d. [c.1834-c.1848]
  • Folder MSSW-8: notes for On the Connexion of the Physical Sciences in Mary's hand, and corrections for a chapter on geology in On the Connexion of the Physical Sciences or Physical Geography, n.d. [c.1834-c.1848]

Manuscript of On the Magnetising Powers of the Rays in the Solar Spectrum, notes for Physical Geography and notes and papers on astronomy
Shelfmark: Dep. c. 353
Date: n.d. [c.1826]-[1867?]
Extent: 1 box (4 folders)

Scope and Content:

Comprises:

  • Folder MSSW-9: notes for Physical Geography in Mary's hand, n.d. [c. 1848]
  • Folder MSSW-10: manuscript on astronomy, n.d. [1867?]
  • Folder MSSW-11: notes and working papers on Halley's Comet, some in Mary's hand, n.d. [c. 1831]
  • Folder MSSW-12: manuscript of Mary's paper, On the Magnetizing Powers of the Rays in the Solar Spectrum, n.d. [c. 1826]

Papers relating to On Molecular and Microscopic Science and work on sunlight, and other papers relating to publications
Shelfmark: Dep. c. 354
Date: 1828-1851 and n.d. [c.1830-c.1872]
Extent: 1 box (6 folders)

Scope and Content:

Comprises:

  • Folder MSSW-13 : experimental notes, 'Investigation of Effect of Sun Light on Vegetable & Flower Colours & Juices', part dated Geneva, 1851, in Mary's hand
  • Folder MSSW-14: On the Action of the Rays of the Spectrum on Vegetable Juices. Extract of a Letter from Mrs M. Somerville to Sir J.F.W. Herschel, Bart., dated Rome, September 20, 1845. Communicated by Sir J. Herschel, published in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Pt. II for 1846 (London, 1846)
  • Folder MSSW-15: manuscript of the second edition of On Molecular and Microscopic Science, n.d. [c. 1872]
  • Folder MSSW-16: notes on woodcuts for On Molecular and Microscopic Science, with reproductions of woodcuts, n.d. [c. 1869]
  • Folder MSSW-17 : mathematical notes in Mary's hand, n.d. [c.1830]
  • Folder MSSW-18 : papers, mostly undated, relating to Mary's scientific studies, including an incomplete letter in her hand about her studies of the transmission of the chemical rays of the sun through different media, 'Theory of Discontinuous Functions' by P. Tardy, also in Mary's hand, and Mary's dedication of The Mechanism of the Heavens to Lord Brougham [Henry Peter Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux], 1828-[c.1850]

B   Autobiography, 1817-[c.1873]

Shelfmarks: Dep. c. 355-356; Dep. b. 207

Drafts of Personal Recollections, from Early Life to Old Age and related papers
Shelfmark: Dep. c. 355
Date: 1817-1818 and n.d. [c.1872-c.1873]
Extent: 1 box (3 folders)

Scope and Content:

Comprises:

  • Folder MSAU-1: diary kept by Mary during a tour of France, Switzerland and Italy, 1817-1818
  • Folder MSAU-2: first draft of Mary's autobiography in her own hand, n.d. [c.1872]
  • Folder MSAU-3: second draft of Mary's autobiography, partly in her own hand and partly in the hands of her daughters, Martha and Mary, n.d. [c. 1873]

Materials used as sources for Personal Recollections, from Early Life to Old Age
Shelfmark: Dep. c. 356
Date: 1838-1859 and n.d. [c.1836-c.1850]
Extent: 1 box (3 folders)

Scope and Content:

Comprises:

  • Folder MSAU-4: address book, 1838, and notebook, 1859, kept by Mary
  • Folder MSAU-5: essay on Italy by Mary and related notes, n.d. [c.1836]
  • Folder MSAU-6: journal kept by Mary aboard the 'Lively' on a voyage from Malta to Naples and elsewhere, n.d. [c.1840]; suggestions for a tour of Scotland in Mary's hand, n.d. [c.1850]; notes on prices of household items, n.d.

Writings relating to mathematics and astronomy, described by Mary in 1869
Shelfmark: Dep. b. 207
Date: 1869 and n.d. [c. 1835]
Extent: 1 box (2 folders)

Scope and Content:

Comprises:

  • Folder MSAU2-7: manuscript entitled 'Theory of Differences' in Mary's hand, n.d., with notes by her on the original enclosure stating that 'I think this MS must have been written as an exercise before or after the year [blank]. It is very perfect as far as it goes and might be published after my death. Naples, 13 August 1869'
  • Folder MSAU2-8: manuscript entitled 'On the Figure of the Celestial Bodies' in Mary's hand, n.d., with notes by her on the original enclosure stating that it was 'Probably written after the publication of the Mechanism of the Heavens...... Naples, 12 August 1869'

C   Family papers, [c.1700]-1958 and n.d

Shelfmarks: Dep. c. 357-360; Dep. b. 205; Dep. b. 205*; Dep. b. 232a

Correspondence of the Fairfax, Greig, Somerville and Graham families
Shelfmark: Dep. c. 357
Date: 1781-1868 and n.d.
Extent: 1 box (12 folders)
Scope and Content:

Comprises:

  • Folder MSFP-1: Letters of Vice Admiral Sir William George Fairfax, mainly to members of his family, and related papers, 1781-1807 and n.d. [c.1836], including:
    • two letters while at sea to Lady Fairfax regarding the death of their son, May and Dec 1799
    • advice to Lady Fairfax regarding an application for a pension following his death, Feb 1807
    • statements of his service, Feb 1807 and n.d. [c.1836]
  • Folder MSFP-2: Letters from Margaret Charters Fairfax [Lady Fairfax] to Mary, and one to William Somerville, mainly conveying news of family and friends, 1821-1832 and n.d.; three autographs of Margaret Charters Fairfax cut from other letters.
  • Folder MSFP3: Letters of and relating to Lady Fairfax, including her last letter, 27 Oct 1832, to [her grandson], Woronzow, 1813 and 1832
  • Folder MSFP-4: Letters from Mary to her mother and to Jenny Pringle describing a tour of France, Switzerland and Italy, Jul 1817-Apr 1818; letter from William Somerville in Lausanne to Lady Fairfax reporting Mary's recovery from illness, 14 Oct 1817
  • Folder MSFP-5: Letters from Mary to members of her family during her travels and residence abroad, n.d. [1817]-1866; letters of introduction (apparently unused) for her brother, Sir Henry, and Lady Fairfax, Genoa, 12 Dec 1851
  • Folder MSFP-6: Letters from Mary to her brother, Henry, many regarding the welfare of his family, and two letters from William Somerville to Henry, 1840-1857, those from Mary including:
    • letters relating to the illness and death of Henry's wife, Montgomerie [Lady Fairfax], 1840-1844
    • letter referring to the overthrow of Louis-Philippe and the revolution in France, 3 Mar 1848
  • Folder MSFP-7: letters from Henry Fairfax and Montgomerie, his wife, to Mary and William Somerville and Woronzow and Agnes Greig, 1826-1859 and n.d.; accounts of Henry Fairfax, 1823-1829 and n.d.
  • Folder MSFP-8: letters from Mary and William Somerville to Janet Somerville Elliot, [sister of William Somerville], 1841-1862
  • Folder MSFP-9: correspondence between Elizabeth Graham and Woronzow and Agnes Greig (formerly Graham), 1835-1866
  • Folder MSFP-10: correspondence between Elizabeth, Margaret and Augusta Graham and Mary and William Somerville and Agnes Greig, 1834-1863
  • Folder MSFP-11: correspondence between Mary Somerville and James Graham, 1860-1868; letter from James Graham to Woronzow Greig, 1 Dec 1835
  • Folder MSFP-12: correspondence between Martha Somerville and James Graham, 1865-1867

Correspondence of the Fairfax, Greig, Somerville, Graham and Williamson Ramsay families
Shelfmark: Dep. c. 358
Date: 1809-1877 and n.d.
Extent: 1 box (17 folders)
Scope and Content:

Comprises:

  • Folder MSFP-13: letters from W[illiam George H.T.] Fairfax, [Mary’s nephew], and [his wife], Mary, to Mary and her daughter, Martha, 1842-1877, including:
    • letters from William George to Mary regarding his mission to Zanzibar on behalf of the Foreign Office to stop or limit the slave trade on the east coast of Africa, 22 Nov 1872; the settling of the affairs of Woronzow Greig, 23 Jan 1866; and referring to regimental movements to Ireland to deal with Fenianism, 21 Feb 1866
    • letter from William George to Martha Somerville regarding the funeral of Agnes Greig and details of her will, 17 May 1874
  • Folder MSFP-14: letters received by Agnes Greig from W[illiam] G[eorge] H.T. Fairfax and [his brother], Henry, and his wife, Harriet, 1856-1872, including a letter from William George regarding the movement of his regiment to South Africa and India, 22 Jan 1854; and containing information about Admiral Samuel Greig and his family, 2 May 1861
  • Folder MSFP-15: letters received by William George Fairfax from correspondents including Martha Somerville and Woronzow Greig, 1840-1869 and n.d. [1873?], some relating to the genealogy of the Fairfax family
  • Folder MSFP-16: letters received by Woronzow and Agnes Greig from [Sir] J.F.W. Herschel, [astronomer], M[argaret] Herschel [Lady Herschel], and Maria Herschel, 1865-1867 and n.d., including comments by J.F.W. Herschel on Mary’s work [probably drafts of On Molecular and Microscopic Science], 1866 and n.d.
  • Folder MSFP-17: letters received by Mary from Richard and Mrs A.L. Napier, 1832-1861 and n.d.
  • Folder MSFP-18: letters from Frances Power Cobbe, [social reformer], to Mary, n.d. [c. 1860], referring to subjects including
    • her disagreement with Darwin's theory on moral sense, 7 May, no year
    • Herschel and Carpenter’s attempts to measure the temperature at the bottom of the ocean and the movement of water from the Equator to the Poles, 17 Jul, no year
    • the death of William Somerville, 9 Jul, no year [1860], annotated by Mary ‘From my dear and valued friend F.P. Cobbe for whom I have the most sincere affection and admiration’

    Also enclosing two photographs of herself, 25 Oct, no year. With a letter from Agnes Greig to Frances Cobbe regarding an expected visit from Martha and Mary Somerville, n.d.
  • Folder MSFP-19: letters from Frances Power Cobbe to Martha Somerville, 1873 and n.d., some relating to the publication of Mary Somerville's autobiography, with a letter from M[ary] C. Lloyd to Martha regarding alterations to the autobiography, and the gift of Mary Somerville’s books to Girton College, Cambridge, 27 Jan 1873
  • Folder MSFP-20: letters received by Captain Henry Fairfax, RN, from Agnes Greig and Martha Somerville, [1858?]-1869 and n.d.
  • Folder MSFP-21: letters received by William and Martha Somerville from H[enry], George and J[ane] Elliot, mainly regarding family property and an application for a naval cadetship for Mary's nephew, 1824-1849 and n.d.
  • Folder MSFP-22: letters received by Mary, and Woronzow and Agnes Greig, from Mary Fairfax of Gilling Castle, [1830]-[1845] and n.d., mainly regarding family matters
  • Folder MSFP-23: letters received by Woronzow Greig and William Somerville from William Rutherford, Junior, Jedburgh, apparently employed by Lord Somerville, regarding fishing rights, education and work prospects for Rutherford's son, Thomas, the settlement of a debt owed by James Wemyss, and other matters, 1833-1836
  • Folder MSFP-24: letters received by Mary and Martha Somerville from Jane C. Rushworth regarding the illness and death of her mother, 29 Mar and 12 Apr 1841, the letter to Martha enclosing a lock of hair
  • Folder MSFP-25: last will and testament of Adele Linsig, [in service with the Somervilles], appointing them as executors, 15 Nov 1837; letters received by Martha Somerville and her sister, Mary, from Adele Linsig, Sep-Oct [1837] (in French)
  • Folder MSFP-26: list in Mary's hand of members of the 'Fell Foot Circle', n.d.
  • Folder MSFP-27: copy of a letter from Mary Greig [later Somerville] to Mrs Wilson, conveying news of her family, 27 May 1809; letters received by Jane W[illiamson] and Elizabeth Ramsay from Mary and William Somerville, [1844]-1860
  • Folder MSFP-28: letters from the Marchesa Teresa Doria to Mary and her daughters, Martha and Mary, 1860-1876 and n.d. (in Italian)
  • Folder MSFP-29: letters received by Woronzow and Agnes Greig and members of the Graham family from J.W. Gordon and [Colonel] C.G. Gordon, 1861-1870 and n.d., including letters to Mr Graham regarding the death of Woronzow Greig, 23 and 27 Oct 1865

Correspondence and papers of the Fairfax, Greig, Somerville, Graham and Williamson Ramsay families
Shelfmark: Dep. c. 359
Date: 1801-1957, mainly 1801-1878
Extent: 1 box (13 folders)

Scope and Content:

Comprises:

  • Folder MSFP-30: correspondence and papers of Woronzow Greig and related papers, 1832-1853 and n.d., including:
    • letter of condolence from Woronzow Greig to Montgomerie [Fairfax] on the death of her father, 4 Nov 1838
    • letters from John Paterson, 1841-50
    • letters from C. Riddell, regarding financial and other matters, 1851-1853
    • draft announcement in the hand of Woronzow Greig of a prize of £100 for the best essay on the subject of tests to ascertain the development of moral and intellectual faculties, 1840
  • Folder MSFP-31: letters received by Mary and her son, Woronzow Greig, and related papers, 1833-1872 and n.d., including:
    • letters from James Arthur Wilson, MD, to Mary containing family news and referring to the burial of Mary's sister, Margaret, in Mickleham churchyard in 1808, 1870-1872
    • letters from H.P. Hamilton to Woronzow Greig, 1833-1836, including one of congratulation on his forthcoming marriage, 29 Mar 1836
    • verses, including 'Remembrance of Mrs Somerville...' , [c.1842]
  • Folder MSFP-32: letters received by Agnes Greig (formerly Graham), and text of a funeral sermon, 1837-1869 and n.d.
  • Folder MSFP-33: letters received by Martha Somerville, 1846-1878 and n.d.
  • Folder MSFP-34: letters received by Mary, Martha Somerville, Agnes Greig and others, 1838-1877 and n.d.
  • Folder MSFP-35: letters received by Mary, Martha Somerville, Woronzow Greig and others, 1811-1861 and n.d., including:
    • letter from S. Groombridge, Blackheath, to Andrew Wallace regarding measurements of latitude and longitude and the observations of Dr [Nevil] Maskelyne, [Astronomer Royal], 1 Nov 1811
    • letters from S[amuel] Charters to Woronzow Greig referring to a proposed patent for 'passing the Alps with a locomotive', and 'Babbage's opinion' on the proposal, 17 May 1847, and seeking Greig's opinion on the legality of his will, 13 Aug 1861
    • letter to Mary from Messrs Forrestt and Son, Boatbuilders, wishing her and other ladies well with a sailing boat, 3 Nov 1865
  • Folder MSFP-36: letters from Thomas Fuller Samwell to Sir Henry Fairfax, 1842-1843
  • Folder MSFP-37: letters and papers, mainly relating to members of the Fairfax family, 1826-1957
  • Folder MSFP-38: letters received by William Somerville from his brother, S[amuel], and his wife, A.C. Somerville, 1810-[1825?], and a letter from S[amuel] to his father, [Thomas], 22 Jul 1817
  • Folder MSFP-39: copy of a letter from William Somerville to an unnamed correspondent, 25 Aug 1854; letter from William Somerville to Captain Sir William George Fairfax, 21 Jun 1860
  • Folder MSFP-40: letters and papers relating to Sir Henry and William G.H.T. Fairfax, 1827-1868, in particular to their military appointments, including:
    • 'General Orders' given to Major H[enry] Fairfax by Major General Woodford, 16 Jan 1827
    • letter from Robert Cole to Sir Henry Fairfax enclosing a facsimile of a letter from Flora MacDonald, [Jacobite heroine], to Innes and Clerk, Merchants, 23 Apr 1751, in his possession, 7 Mar 1845
    • appointments of William G.H.T. Fairfax as ensign, lieutenant, and captain, 1851-1862
  • Folder MSFP-41: letters from [Adam Duncan, Viscount] Duncan and his wife, H[enrietta, Lady] Duncan, to Thomas and Mrs Williamson, 1802-1829 and n.d., regarding the illness of [the Duncans’ son?], Alexander, 1802, the birth of a grandson to the Williamsons, n.d. [c.1830] and other matters
  • Folder MSFP-42: papers concerning the genealogy of the Fairfax and related families and their property, 1852-1953 and n.d.

Correspondence and papers of the Fairfax, Charters, Greig, Somerville, Graham and Williamson Ramsay families
Shelfmark: Dep. b. 205
Date: 1729-1901 and n.d.
Extent: 1 box (13 folders)

Scope and Content:

Comprises:

  • Folder MSFP2-58: correspondence of William George Fairfax, [Mary’s father], and papers relating to his naval career, 1798-1845 and n.d., including:
    • letters from Earl Spencer, Admiralty, to Sir William George Fairfax, concerning the award of a gold medal in commemoration of the victory over the Dutch [at Camperdown], 18 Jan 1798, and his appointment as Colonel of Marines, 14 Feb 1799
    • letters from William George Fairfax in the 'Venerable' to William Henry Charters, [his brother in law], concerning the loss of a member of the crew, 8 and 20 Jun 1799
    • letter from Robert H. Inglis to [Woronzow Greig] containing a transcription of a poem, ‘The Fight off Camperdown’, written by Lord Wellesley, 15 Jan 1845, with notes by Woronzow Greig describing an incident concerning his grandfather at a dinner given by the East India Company to [Admiral] Duncan and his officers after the Battle of Camperdown
    • 'Key to The Camperdown Print', relating to a print by [John] Copley, n.d.
    • memoir of Admiral Sir William Fairfax and Mary Somerville [by Vice Admiral Sir Henry Hotham], also relating to petitions for the award of a baronetcy to Henry Fairfax, [son of William George Fairfax], 1836
  • (For folder MSFP2-59 see Dep. b. 205*)
  • Folder MSFP2-60: letters received by and papers relating to Margaret, Lady Fairfax, 1812-1832, including:
    • letters from William Somerville, Woronzow Greig and Henry Fairfax to Lady Fairfax, 1812-1832
    • memorandum of Margaret Fairfax regarding her wishes in the event of her death, 5 Aug 1823
    • 'Minute at opening the Repositories of the late Lady Fairfax at her home No 6 Nelson Street' listing the contents of Lady Fairfax’s writing desk, 28 Nov 1832
    • Douglas-Scott-Charters-Fairfax pedigree, family trees and related papers, n.d. [c.1830-1862]
  • Folder MSFP2-61: letters received by Jane Williamson Ramsay, Elizabeth Ramsay, Miss Williamson and the Misses Williamson Ramsay from Mary and William Somerville, and related papers, 1837-1861 and n.d. [c.1829-1861]
  • Folder MSFP2-62: letters received by [Mary’s brother], Captain [later Sir] Henry Fairfax and his family, many from Mary, and related papers, 1831-1855 and n.d., including correspondence and papers relating to the award to Henry of a baronetcy, 1836 and n.d.
  • Folder MSFP2-63: letters from Mary to [her nephews], William George [later Sir William] and Tom Fairfax, [1847]-1871; letters and notes on family history received by William George Fairfax from Christian Charters Leven, 1874-1901; letter from John C. Fairfax to Sir William Ramsay Fairfax concerning impostors using the Fairfax name in Virginia, 7 Mar 1888
  • Folder MSFP2-64: letters received by Captain Henry Fairfax, RN, [Mary’s nephew], 1863-1872 and n.d., from correspondents including Mary and Woronzow and Agnes Greig
  • Folder MSFP2-65: letters from H[arriet] Fairfax, [wife of Captain Henry Fairfax, RN], to Jane [Ramsay], 21 Jan [1852], and to Agnes Greig, 24 Jan 1872; letters from Henry and Thomas Fairfax to Woronzow Greig concerning the illness and death of their father, Sir Henry, Jan-Feb 1860; letter from S[arah] Fairfax, [second wife of Sir Henry], to [Captain] Henry [Fairfax], 16 Nov 1861; letter from Agnes Greig to [her brother], James, 19 Feb 1860
  • Folder MSFP2-66: marriage contract of William Roxburgh and Margaret Greig, 17 Oct 1729; last will and testament of Martha Charters Somerville, 10 Oct 1879; list of jewellery in the hand of Agnes Greig, 1862; short story about the adventures of an English family in Milan, probably in the hand of Martha Somerville, n.d; copy of an unsigned letter to [William] Somerville regarding an order for £1000 which the writer is sending as partial repayment of a debt, 22 Jul 1830
  • Folder MSFP2-67: letters from Princess Matilda de Reuss Köstritz to Woronzow Greig, n.d. [c.1855-1862]
  • Folder MSFP2-68: letters received by Woronzow Greig, 1842-1862 and n.d., from correspondents including William Macpherson
  • Folder MSFP2-69: accounts of Woronzow Greig relating to Russian property, 1827-1832; letters from relatives in St Petersburg to Woronzow Greig, 1848-1860; letter from S[amuel?] Greig, St Petersburg, to Captain [Henry] Fairfax, 6/18 Jul 1875; letters from W. Greig, St Petersburg, to Sir William Ramsay Fairfax, 1900-1901
  • Folder MSFP2-70: correspondence and papers relating to Admiral Samuel Greig and his family, 1765-1804 and n.d, including:
    • translations from Russian of letters concerning naval matters received by Admiral Greig from Catherine II, 1773-1788, possibly in the hand of A[dam] Armstrong, [former tutor to the Greig family in Russia]
    • letter from Armstrong to an unnamed recipient containing an account of Admiral Samuel Greig, 29 Jul 1804
  • Folder MSFP2-71: Notebook containing ‘The Life of Admiral Sir Samuel Greig’, in the hand of Woronzow Greig and signed by him, Dec 1840

Correspondence and papers of the Fairfax, Greig, Somerville and Williamson Ramsay families
Shelfmark: Dep. b. 232b
Date: 1812-1893 and n.d.
Extent: 1 box (17 folders)

Scope and Content:

(formerly part of Dep. b. 232)

Comprises:

  • Folder MS3FP-1: letter from Mary to [her future sister in law], Montgomery Williamson, welcoming her into the family, 18 Oct [1829]
  • Folder MS3FP-2: letters from Mary to Sarah, Lady Fairfax [her sister in law and her brother's second wife], regarding the illness and death of Henry, Lord Fairfax, 1860. (One letter dated 25 Jan 1859 should be 1860.)
  • Folder MS3FP-3: letter from Henry, Lord Fairfax, to his son, Henry, 1 Mar 1852; letter from Mary to her nephew, [Thomas Fairfax], 25 Nov 1870
  • Folder MS3FP-4: letter from Mary to Elizabeth [Williamson] Ramsay, 7 Sep 1866
  • Folder MS3FP-5: letters from [Mary's brother], Henry, to Montgomerie [Williamson], later his wife, 1829, and a Form of Proclamation of marriage, also recording their marriage, 10 and 15 Jan 1830
  • Folder MS3FP-6: letters from Henry Fairfax to his sisters in law, Elizabeth and Jane [Williamson] Ramsay, [1851?]-1852 and n.d.
  • Folder MS3FP-7: letters received by Elizabeth [Williamson] Ramsay from Woronzow and Agnes Greig, 10 Apr 1857 and 5 Jul 1861
  • Folder MS3FP-8: letters from Elizabeth Mary [Fairfax] to her brother, Henry, 1853 and n.d.; letter from Henry [Fairfax] to his father, [Sir Henry], 23 Dec 1856
  • Folder MS3FP-9: letters received by [Henry Fairfax] from Elizabeth and Jane [Williamson Ramsay], n.d. [1856?]. (One incomplete.)
  • Folder MS3FP-10: letters from Thomas [Williamson] Ramsay, probably to E[lizabeth Williamson Ramsay], 1 Nov 1864, and to Sir William Fairfax, 16 Sep 1865
  • Folder MS3FP-11: letter from [?] Buchan to Thomas Williamson, offering himself as a prospective son in law, 20 Aug 1829
  • Folder MS3FP-12: letter from Julia V. Head, [Lady Head], to Jane Williamson Ramsay, 7 Oct [1850]
  • Folder MS3FP-13: correspondence and papers relating to Fairfax genealogy, 1888-1893 and n.d.
  • Folder MS3FP-14: letters received by Woronzow Greig from his aunt, Julia, and his cousins, Julia and Jane, in St Petersburg, 1852-1853
  • Folder MS3FP-15: notebook kept by [Mary's mother, Margaret Charters Fairfax], 1812-1822
  • Folder MS3FP-16: 'Short Memorandum of the Services of the late Vice-Admiral Sir William George Fairfax', n.d. [c.1836]; certificate of probate of the will of Sir William George Fairfax, 8 Mar 1814
  • Folder MS3FP-17: letters from [Sir] H[erbert] Taylor, [Military Secretary and later Private Secretary to William IV], to Lt Col [Henry] Fairfax, regarding promotion and the possible award of a baronetcy, 1827-1835

Correspondence and papers of the Greig and Somerville families
Shelfmark: Dep. c. 360
Date: 1745-1958, mainly 1745-1879
Extent: 1 box (15 folders)

Scope and Content:

Comprises:

  • Folder MSFP-43: letters received by Mary and Woronzow Greig from Thomas Somerville, 1821-1829 and n.d., with an autograph of his wife, Martha
  • Folder MSFP-44: letters from Mary to Thomas Somerville, 1807-1825 and n.d.
  • Folder MSFP-45: correspondence and papers, mainly concerning the Somerville family, 1795-1856 and n.d., including:
    • letter from William Somerville to Thomas Somerville containing an account of the occupation by the British of the Cape [Colony] and related matters, 17 Sep 1795
    • brief history of the Somerville family, signed by William Somerville, 13 Sep 1850
    • memoir of Thomas Somerville by William Somerville, 14 Aug 1856
    • description of Thomas Somerville's deathbed in the hand of William Somerville, n.d.
    • fragmentary memorial concerning William George Fairfax in the hand of William Somerville, n.d.
  • Folder MSFP-46: letters received by William Somerville from Thomas Somerville, 1815-1830 and n.d.
  • Folder MSFP-47: papers of and relating to Thomas Somerville and the Somerville family, 1800-1829 and n.d., including:
    • 'Anecdotes from L. Macarteney relative to the present reign', Jun 1800
    • 'Anecdotes – Deaths etc [?] copied from my almanacks in which they were recorded at the time of their occurrence', n.d. [c.1820]
    • memoir regarding friends and relations, 16 Mar 1827
    • copy of a letter from Thomas Somerville to the editor of the Edinburgh Courant regarding an erroneous report which had appeared in the paper about a performance of the ‘Tragedy of Douglas’ in the Canongate Theatre, Edinburgh, in 1768, 30 Jan 1829
  • Folder MSFP-48: letters received by Thomas Somerville and related papers, 1768-1798 and n.d.
  • Folder MSFP-49: papers relating to the Somerville family, c.1700-1860, comprising
    • 'A short memorial of the Sommervilles of Camnethan in County of Lanerk', n.d. [c.1700]
    • letter from [Lord] Somervell, [commanding government forces at Berwick during the Jacobite Rebellion of 1745] to [William] Som[erville, father of Thomas Somerville], urging him to report any observations on the movements of the rebels, 23 (no month) 1745
    • draft text of an inscription for William Somerville’s headstone, n.d. [c.1860]
  • Folder MSFP-50: papers relating to William Somerville, father of Thomas Somerville, and the Somerville family, 1720-1795 and n.d., including a licence to preach issued to William Summervil, 4 Oct 1720, and a sketch of the Somerville arms with notes in Mary’s hand, n.d.
  • Folder MSFP-51: letters received by Woronzow Greig from [Admiral] A[lexis] Greig and related papers, 1827-1843
  • Folder MSFP-52: letters received by Woronzow and Agnes Greig and James Graham, mainly from members of the Greig family, 1841-1874
  • Folder MSFP-53: correspondence of, and papers relating to the Greig family, 1792-1958 and n.d., including:
    • letters received by Woronzow Greig from A[lexis] Greig and his wife, Julia, 1836-1837
    • translation into English of a letter from Woronzow Greig to A[lexis] Greig, appointing him a trustee for his affairs in Russia, 23 Oct/4 Nov 1834
    • draft petition by Woronzow Greig to [His] Imperial Majesty concerning claims for a debt due by his late father to the Russian government, 12 Oct 1829 [c.1837]
    • translation into English of claims made by Mary against the Admiralty in connection with her late husband, n.d. [c.1829]
    • Greig family accounts, n.d.
    • papers and newspaper cuttings relating to Admiral Sir Samuel Greig and his family, 1874-1958 and n.d.
  • Folder MSFP-54: letters from [Admiral] A[lexis] Greig to Mary, 1832-1839; letter from P.Y. Fuss [?] to Admiral Greig in answer to queries made by him on behalf of Mary, 12 Oct 1835 [in French]
  • Folder MSFP-55: letters from Mary to James Somerville and Mrs [A.C.] Somerville, 1818 and n.d. [1835?]
  • Folder MSFP-56: letters of condolence received by Martha and Mary Somerville on the death of their mother and other papers, 1872-1877 and n.d., comprising
    • letters received from G[?] Acton, L. de St. Aessino, D. Pedro d’Alcantara, A. Balbivino, Adela Bossipner [?], W. Cobbe, Enrico Cosentini, T. Doria [?], Edward Dunkin for the Royal Astronomical Society, Jane Ely, Thomas Fairfax, William Fairfax, S. Gassiot, [Agnes] Greig, M. Hewlett, J.D. Hope, Susan Horner, Harford, Elisa Lancaster, M. Loyd, V. Lucchesi, J. Ludolf, Katherine M. Lyell, K. Malcolm, E. Miniscalchi, Dora de Montmorency, Sofia di Nabri, Irving, G.A. Pasquale, J.B. Pentland, Ellen Plowden, Carlo Poicio, Mary Quentin, A. Raumont, W.T. Rice, J. Spalletti, L. Spalletti and others, 1872-1877 and n.d.
    • press cuttings of notices of Mary’s death, Dec 1872
    • list of pictures and other belongings of Mary and her daughters at 5 Crawley Place, [the home of Agnes Greig], Jan 1872
    • letter from John Y. Rutherford to Martha Somerville regarding a painting of the manse at Jedburgh, 7 Sep 1875
    • list of Italian villages and sights, n.d.
  • Folder MSFP-57: letters received by Martha Somerville, 1875-1879 and n.d., including letters of condolence on the death of her sister, Mary, in 1875

Certificates issued to William George Fairfax
Shelfmark: Dep. b. 205*
Date: 1778-1801
Extent: 1 box (1 folder)

Scope and Content:

Folder MSFP2-59: naval certificates of appointment issued to William George Fairfax, 1778-1801

D   Inner family papers, 1827-1877 and n.d.

Shelfmarks: Dep. c. 361-365; Dep. b. 206a; Dep. b. 232a


Letters from Mary to her son, Woronzow
Shelfmark: Dep. c. 361
Date: 1832-1865
Extent: 1 box (6 folders)

Scope and Content:

Comprises:

  • Folder MSIF-1: letters from Mary to Woronzow, 1832-1836
  • Folder MSIF-2: letters from Mary to Woronzow, 1837-Apr 1843
  • Folder MSIF-3: letters from Mary to Woronzow, Jul 1843-1855
  • Folder MSIF-4: letters from Mary to Woronzow, 1856-1859
  • Folder MSIF-5: letters from Mary to Woronzow, 1860-1862
  • Folder MSIF-6: letters from Mary to Woronzow, 1863-1865

Letters received by Woronzow and Agnes Greig and others, mainly from Mary and her daughter, Martha, and papers relating to the Fairfax and Somerville families
Shelfmark: Dep. b. 206a
Date: 1837-1872 and n.d.
Extent: 1 box (6 folders)

Scope and Content:

(formerly part of Dep. b. 206)

Comprises:

  • Folder MSIF2-36: letters from Mary and William Somerville to Woronzow and Agnes Greig and others, 1844-1854
  • Folder MSIF2-37: letters from Mary to Woronzow, 1855-1860
  • Folder MSIF2-38: fragment of a letter in Mary's hand, in response to a letter from Henry [Fairfax] informing her of his intention to join the mission of Sir [Henry] B[artle] F[rere], [colonial administrator], to Zanzibar for the suppression of the slave trade, n.d. [1872], no addressee, with an envelope addressed to Captain Fairfax, RN, postmarked 29 Apr 1872, and a note stating that the letter was the last written by Mary, left unfinished at the time of her death
  • Folder MSIF2-39: letters from Martha and Mary C Somerville to Woronzow Greig, 1854-1855 and n.d.
  • Folder MSIF2-40: loose papers from notebook (MSIF2-41 below), including:
    • incomplete ‘Biography of Ada Augusta Byron Countess of Lovelace’, in the hand of Woronzow Greig, n.d. [c.1852?]
    • sketch of and notes relating to the Greig / Fairfax / Charters arms, n.d.
    • notes on his grandfather, [Sir William G. Fairfax], in the hand of Woronzow Greig, n.d.
    • extract by William Somerville from the manuscript memoirs of his father, 21 Jun 1821, regarding his wife’s admiration for Walter Scott, n.d.
  • Folder MSIF2-41: notebook kept by Woronzow Greig containing ‘Conversations with my Mother at Chelsea’, Jan-Feb 1837, and ‘My Grandfather’s history from my Mother’, 6 Feb 1837

Letters received by Woronzow and Agnes Greig from family members
Shelfmark: Dep. b. 232a
Date: [1835]-1863
Extent: 1 box (4 folders)

Scope and Content:

(formerly part of Dep. b. 232)

Comprises:

  • Folder MS3IF-1: letters from Mary to her son, Woronzow, [1836]-1854
  • Folder MS3IF-2: letters from William Somerville to Woronzow Greig, [1835]-1853
  • Folder MS3IF-3: letter from Mary [C Somerville] to Woronzow Greig, 30 Apr 1854
  • Folder MS3IF-4: letters from Woronzow Greig to his wife, Agnes, 1863

Letters from Mary to her daughters, Martha and Mary, and to her husband
Shelfmark: Dep. c. 362
Date: 1833-1869 and n.d.
Extent: 1 box (6 folders)

Scope and Content:

Comprises:

  • Folder MSIF-7: letters from Mary to her daughters, Martha and Mary, 1835-1851 and n.d.
  • Folder MSIF-8: letters from Mary to her daughter, Martha, 1835-1862 and n.d.
  • Folder MSIF-9: letters from Mary to her daughter, Martha, 1863 and n.d.
  • Folder MSIF-10: letters from Mary to her daughter, Mary, 1835-1859 and n.d.
  • Folder MSIF-11: letters from Mary to her daughter, Mary, 1869 and n.d.
  • Folder MSIF-12: letters from Mary to William Somerville, 1833-1844 and n.d.

Letters from Mary to her daughter-in-law, Agnes Greig, and from William Somerville to Agnes, to his daughters, and to his stepson, Woronzow, with other papers of William Somerville
Shelfmark: Dep. c. 363
Date: 1832-1872 and n.d.
Extent: 1 box (7 folders)

Scope and Content:

Comprises:

  • Folder MSIF-13: letters from Mary to Agnes Graham (later Greig), 1835-1848 and n.d.
  • Folder MSIF-14: letters from Mary to Agnes Greig, 1849-1853 and n.d.
  • Folder MSIF-15: letters from Mary to Agnes Greig, 1854-1861 and n.d.
  • Folder MSIF-16: letters from Mary to Agnes Greig, Jan 1862-Jul 1867
  • Folder MSIF-17: letters from Mary to Agnes Greig, Nov 1867-Oct 1872
  • Folder MSIF-18: letters from William Somerville to his daughters, Martha and Mary, and to Agnes Greig (formerly Graham), 1836-1860 and n.d.
  • Folder MSIF-19: letters from William Somerville to Woronzow Greig, 1832-1860, with other correspondence of William Somerville concerning land owned by him in Canada, 1858-1859

Correspondence between members of the Somerville and Greig families, letters from Mary and William's daughters, Martha and Mary, to unnamed correspondents, and related papers
Shelfmark: Dep. c. 364
Date: 1827-1877 and n.d.
Extent: 1 box (11 folders)

Scope and Content:
  • Folder MSIF-20: letters from Woronzow Greig to Mary, 1827-1865 and n.d.
  • Folder MSIF-21: letters from Woronzow Greig to William Somerville, 1827-1835; draft of a letter from Woronzow Greig to his uncle, [Alexis Greig?], 17 Apr 1827
  • Folder MSIF-22: letters from Woronzow Greig to Martha Somerville, 1856-1865
  • Folder MSIF-23: letters from Woronzow Greig to Mary [C] Somerville, 1828-1865
  • Folder MSIF-24: letters from Woronzow Greig to Agnes Graham (later Greig), 19 Oct-7Dec 1835; letter from Woronzow Greig to [Agnes], n.d.; psalm book described by Agnes Greig as the book from which Woronzow read out aloud to her a psalm on the day before he died, n.d. [c.1865]
  • Folder MSIF-25: letters received by Mary, Martha and Mary [C] Somerville from Agnes Greig (formerly Graham), 1835-1874 and n.d.
  • Folder MSIF-26: letters received by Woronzow Greig from [M. Leven?], 7 Dec 1832, and J. Elliot, 11 Feb 1837
  • Folder MSIF-27: letters from Mary [C] Somerville to Woronzow Greig, 1856-1865
  • Folder MSIF-28: letters from Mary [C] Somerville, 1869-1872 and n.d., to correspondents including her mother, Mary, [1869] and n.d., and Agnes Greig, 3 Dec 1872 and n.d
  • Folder MSIF-29: letters from Mary [C] Somerville, mainly to unnamed correspondents, but many probably addressed to her sister, Martha, n.d.
  • Folder MSIF-30: letters and papers including:
    • telegram addressed to Woronzow Greig informing him of his mother's illness, 9 Mar 1865
    • letter addressed to Martha [Somerville], 10 Mar 1876 (incomplete)
    • letter from Katherine C[harters] to Martha Somerville, n.d.
    • extract relating to Mary Somerville in an article entitled 'Thoughts on the Ladies of the Aristocracy' in the Examiner, in the hand of William Somerville, n.d
    • letter from I. Fetherston to an unnamed correspondent regarding the sale of antiquarian books, 28 May 1877

Letters from Mary and William's daughters, Martha and Mary, to their parents and to Woronzow and Agnes Greig
Shelfmark: Dep. c. 365
Date: 1832-1872 and n.d.
Extent: 1 box (5 folders)

Scope and Content:

Comprises:

  • Folder MSIF-31: letters from Martha Somerville to her parents, [1835]-1836
  • Folder MSIF-32: letters from Martha Somerville to Woronzow Greig, 1832-1846 and n.d.
  • Folder MSIF-33: letters from Martha Somerville to Woronzow Greig, 1855-1865 [microfilmed as MSIF-34]
  • Folder MSIF-34: letters from Mary [C.] Somerville to Woronzow Greig, 1832-1863 [microfilmed as MSIF-33]
  • Folder MSIF-35: letters from Martha Somerville to Agnes Greig, 1838-1872 and n.d.

E   Genealogy, [c.1860]-[c.1900]

Shelfmarks: Dep. c. 366; Dep. b. 209


Family trees
Shelfmark: Dep. c. 366
Date: n.d. [c.1900]
Extent: 1 box (2 rolls)

Scope and Content:

Comprises: MSFT Box 1: family trees, n.d.


Genealogical roll of Sir William Fairfax
Shelfmark: Dep. b. 209
Date: n.d. [c. 1860
Extent: 1 box (1 roll)

Scope and Content:

'Genealogy of Sir William George Herbert Taylor Fairfax, Bart.', [eldest son of Sir Henry Fairfax Bart., brother of Mary].

F   Correspondence between members of the Somerville and Greig families and the Byron and Lovelace families, 1813-1872 and n.d.

Shelfmarks: Dep. c. 367-368


Correspondence between Anne Isabella Noel Byron, Baroness Byron, and her daughter, Augusta Ada King, Countess of Lovelace, and members of the Somerville and Greig families, and related papers
Shelfmark: Dep. c. 367
Date: 1834-1861 and n.d.
Extent: 1 box (10 folders)

Scope and Content:
  • Folder MSBY-1: letters received by Mary from A.I. Noel Byron, [Lady Byron], mostly undated, and [1836]-1853, some regarding her concerns for the welfare of her daughter, Ada, seeking advice on her education, and referring to Mary's beneficial influence on her; and enclosing a sonnet written by Lady Byron, 9 Mar 1853
  • Folder MSBY-2: letters received by Mary from Augusta Ada Byron [later King], 1834-1835 and n.d., many regarding arrangements for visits, including vists to Mr [Charles] Babbage, and occasionally referring to her studies
  • Folder MSBY-3: letters received by Mary and William Somerville from Augusta Ada King [formerly Byron], 1835-1837 and n.d., some referring to scientific matters and mathematical problems
  • Folder MSBY-4: letters received by Woronzow Greig from Lady Byron, with copies and drafts of letters by Woronzow Greig to Lady Byron, mainly relating to financial matters and to unspecified business concerning Lady Byron and her son-in-law, [William King, Earl of] Lovelace, 25 Nov1842-8 Dec 1852
  • Folder MSBY-5: letters received by Woronzow Greig from Lady Byron, with copies and drafts of letters by Woronzow Greig to Lady Byron, and other papers relating to unspecified business concerning Lady Byron and [the Earl of] Lovelace, 9-18 Dec 1852
  • Folder MSBY-6: letters received by Woronzow Greig from Lady Byron, with copies and drafts of letters by Woronzow Greig to Lady Byron, and other papers, including a draft by Woronzow Greig of a proposed letter from [the Earl of] Lovelace to Lady Byron, mainly relating to unspecified business concerning Lady Byron and Lovelace, 21 Dec 1852-3 Jan 1859 and n.d.
  • Folder MSBY-7: letters received by Agnes Greig from A.I. Noel Byron, [Lady Byron], 1835-1856 and n.d.; and from W.T. Fords, 1861
  • Folder MSBY-8: letters from Agnes Greig to [A.I. Noel Byron], Lady Byron, 1851-1853, and verses, 'Answer to Lady Byron's "Remarks on Moore's life of Lord Byron" By the Spirit of a Departed Poet', signed A.G., 1830
  • Folder MSBY-9: letters received by Woronzow Greig from Augusta Ada [King, Countess of] Lovelace and related papers, concerning business, financial and social matters, [?1841]-1852 and n.d.
  • Folder MSBY-10: letters received by Agnes Greig from Augusta Ada [King, Countess of] Lovelace, 1840-1851 and n.d., with an undated letter from the Countess to Martha Somerville

Correspondence between members of the family of William King, Earl of Lovelace, and his wife, Augusta Ada King, Countess of Lovelace, and members of the Somerville and Greig families, and related papers
Shelfmark: Dep. c. 368
Date: 1813-1872 and n.d.
Extent: 1 box (10 folders)

Scope and Content:

Comprises:

  • Folder MSBY-11: letter from [William] King, [later Earl of Lovelace], to Mary, announcing the birth of a son and heir, 12? [May 1836]; letters received by Woronzow Greig from [the Earl of] Lovelace, concerning the illness of his wife, his relationship with Lady Byron, and financial and other matters, Jul-Dec 1852
  • Folder MSBY-12: letters and related papers received by Woronzow Greig from S. Lushington regarding unspecified business concerning Lady Byron and Lord Lovelace, 5-23 Dec 1852 and n.d.
  • Folder MSBY-13: account of the illness of Lady Lovelace sent by Dr West to Woronzow Greig at the request of Lord Lovelace, 20 Aug 1852; press cuttings relating to the death and funeral of Lady Lovelace, 29 Nov and 3 Dec 1852; letters from A. Margaretta Burr to Woronzow Greig offering sympathy and support and apparently referring to her friendship with Lady Lovelace, 2 and 10 Sep 1852
  • Folder MSBY-14: notebook containing an account by Lord Lovelace of his wife's illness and events during 1851 and 1852, with a note by Lady Byron on the opening page explaining how the volume came into her possession, and with instructions to [Woronzow] Greig loosely inserted at the front, all originally in an envelope addressed to Woronzow Greig and labelled 'Journal, Surrey Lodge May 21st 1853, Lady Noel Byron called and delivered this to me'; envelope as above with separate label 'Lady L's illness and death....', (listing items now contained in folders MSBY-13 and 14)
  • Folder MSBY-15: sketch, apparently of Lord Byron's monument, n.d. [c. 1852], with notes on burial in the hand of Woronzow Greig, 19 Aug 1852
  • Folder MSBY-16: letters from J Gore Browne to the Earl and Countess of Lovelace regarding his marriage, 4 Apr [1851] and n.d. [1851?]; letter from James Williams to the Countess requesting the payment of a debt, 16 Jan 1852
  • Folder MSBY-17: transcript of an extract from a letter from Charles Babbage to Dr Lushington regarding papers and letters received by Babbage from the Countess of Lovelace, n.d. [c.Mar 1853]
  • Folder MSBY-18: letters from Woronzow Greig to his mother regarding the clearance of 'the house at Chelsea', 10 May 1840 (incomplete), and describing a visit to Lady Byron, during which she had expressed her gratitude to Mary for her good influence on her daughter, Ada, 4 May 1847
  • Folder MSBY-19: letters from Annabella [King] (later Annabella Blunt), to Agnes Greig and Martha Somerville, 1866-1872; letter from Byron [King] to his father from HMS Victory, 6 Dec 1852
  • Folder MSBY-20: letters and papers relating to Lady Byron and the Countess of Lovelace including:
    • letter from Lady Byron to Mrs Hill referring to the employment of women and their representation in government, 10 Oct 1856
    • manuscript and printed verses, apparently by Lady Byron, 1813 and n.d.
    • letter from F. Talfourd to [the Countess of] Lovelace, 10 Nov [1851]

G   'Letters from Celebrated People', 1791-1969 and n.d.

Shelfmarks: Dep. c. 369-372; Dep. b. 233; Dep. b. 206b; Dep. b. 157


Letters from eminent people, surnames A-B, to Mary and William Somerville and others, autographs, and related papers
Shelfmark: Dep. c. 369
Date: 1791-1969 and n.d.
Extent: 1 box (23 folders)

Scope and Content:

(The contents of Folders CELE-2 - CELE-4 below were apparently assembled for occasional display at Somerville College.) Comprises:

  • Folder CELE-1: autographs removed from documents, n.d., including those of J.F.W. Herschel, [astronomer], T.S. Raffles, [colonial governor], John Soane, [architect], and J.M.W. Turner, [landscape painter]
  • Folder CELE-2: letters and papers by or relating to Mary, 1848-1969 and n.d. [c.1872], including:
    • newspaper obituary, n.d. [c.1872]
    • M.R. Apted, Two Painted Ceilings from Mary Somerville's House, Burntisland, from Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, Vol. XC1, 1957-58
    • Elizabeth C. Patterson, Mary Somerville, from The British Journal for the History of Science, Vol. IV Part IV No. 16, Dec 1969
  • Folder CELE-3: correspondence regarding the composition of the ballad 'Flowers of the Forest' between Sir Walter Scott, Thomas Somerville and Jane Elliot, Jan-Feb 1801; letters and leaves from an autograph book containing whole letters and autographs, 1817-1835 and n.d., including a letter of introduction signed by [The Marquis de] Lafayette, no addressee, Paris, 9 Jul 1823
  • Folder CELE-4: papers relating to Anne Isabella Noel Byron, Lady Byron, and her daughter, Ada Lovelace, including:
    • letter from [Lady] Byron to Mary, 12 Jan 1859, referring to her grandchildren, Annabella and Ralph
    • letter from A[da] Lovelace to Agnes Greig regarding her research on poisons, 5 Feb 1841
    • remedies for various complaints, n.d.
    • sonnet, 'The Rainbow', by A[da] Lovelace, n.d.
  • Folder CELE-5: autographs removed from documents, n.d., including those of Charles Babbage, [mathematician], [Joseph Louis] Gay-Lussac, [scientist], and Roderick Murchison, [geologist]
  • (For folder CELE-6 see Dep. b. 157)
  • Folder CELE-7: index in Mary's hand of her 'Letters from celebrated people Scientific, Literary and Political, Diploma[t]s, Family papers and Ancient documents[,] autographs etc.', with alphabetical series of envelopes and covers which held the letters, n.d. [c.1860]
  • Folder MSA-1: letters received by Mary and William Somerville and others, 1826-1873 and n.d., from correspondents including:
    • George Airy, [Astronomer Royal 1835-1881], inviting Mary and William to the Observatory at Cambridge, 30 Mar 1832; regarding a scientific paper by Sir W. Morison, 8 Jul 1848; and conveying information for Mary about methods of recording astronomical phenomena and changes of terrestrial magnetism and temperature, in a letter to J.B. Pentland, 11 Sep 1868
    • the Duke of Argyll, regarding his writing on ‘the Reign of Law’, 25 Jan 1867, and family and other matters, 1867-1873
    • Sarah Austin, [editor and translator], requesting an introduction for a friend, 22 Oct no year [c.1850]
    Other correspondents: Charles Adams, John Allen, Amici, Ampere, Antinori, Arago
  • Folder MSB-1: letters received by Mary and William Somerville and others from Charles Babbage regarding progress with his ‘Calculating Engine’ and other matters, and referring to Mary’s work, mathematical calculations and astronomical observations, 1828-1841 and n.d. [c.1840]
  • Folder MSB-2: three letters received by William Somerville from George Back, [Arctic explorer], regarding invitations to visit, Feb 1838; poem by [Anna] Barbauld, ‘Lines written at the close of the year 1822. By Mrs Barbauld in her 80th year’, n.d. [c.1822], 1822-1838
  • Folder MSB-3: letters received by Mary and William Somerville from Joanna Baillie, [poet and dramatist], and other members of the Baillie family, 1821-1851 and n.d., regarding Joanna Baillie’s illness, her work, and other matters
  • Folder MSB-4: letters received by Mary and William Somerville and others, 1831-1870 and n.d., from correspondents including:
    • Francis Baily, [astronomer], regarding his study of the compression of the earth and other matters, 1831-1836
    • Dr Adolph Barth, regarding his translation of Physical Geography into German, 30 Oct 1850
    Other correspondents: H. Bailliere, M.J. Berkeley, Adrian de Balbi, Jean Baxter
  • Folder MSB-5: letters received by Mary and William Somerville, 1834-1836, from correspondents including:
    • [Rear Admiral] F[rancis] Beaufort, [Hydrographer of the Navy], regarding the naming of a vessel ‘Mary Somerville’ by William Potter, merchant in Liverpool, 27 Oct 1834
    • Henry Beaufoy, [son of Colonel Mark Beaufoy, astronomer and explorer], presenting the first volume of his father’s Nautical and Hydraulic Experiments to Mary, 7 Jul 1834
    Other correspondents: William Potter
  • Folder MSB-6: Correspondent: Mary Berry, [author], 1831-1838
  • Folder MSB-7: Correspondent: Caterina Bon-Brenzoni, [poet], 1853-1856
  • Folder MSB-8: Correspondent: [Jean-Baptiste] Biot, [physicist, astronomer and mathematician], 1817-1833
  • Folder MSB-9: letters received by Mary and others, 1791-1848 and n.d., from correspondents including:
    • Hugh Blair, [minister of religion, author and rhetorician] commenting on Mary’s landscape painting, n.d. [c.1795]
    • George Birkbeck, [doctor and founder of Birkbeck College, London], regarding Mary’s attendance at an event at the London Mechanics’ Institution, 17 May 1834
    • George Boole, [mathematician and logician], regarding the gift of some mathematical tracts and drawing Mary’s attention to the publication of a paper on the ‘Calculus of Logic’, 26 Apr 1848
    Other correspondents: Elizabeth Blackwood, F. Booth
  • Folder MSB-10: letters received by Mary and William Somerville from [Alexis] Bouvard, [astronomer], 1831-1834, one to William, 25 Sep 1834, annotated in Mary’s hand ‘from M. Bouvard giving me some important Astronomical results’
  • Folder MSB-11: letters received by Mary and William Somerville from [Sir] David Brewster, [natural philosopher], mainly regarding his reviews of Mary’s publications, 1834-1847 and n.d.
  • Folder MSB-12: letters received by Mary and other family members, 1832-1867, from correspondents including:
    • W[illiam] Broderip, lawyer and naturalist, regarding Himalayan plants, 15 Mar 1832
    • H[enry] Bowditch, regarding a possible review by Mary of work by his father, Nathaniel Bowditch, [mathematician], and other matters, 1835-1838
    Other correspondents: Charles Bronson, Alex Young
  • Folder MSB-13: letters received by Mary and William Somerville from Henry Brougham, [Lord Brougham and Vaux, Lord Chancellor 1830-1834], 1826-1860 and n.d., including correspondence regarding Mary’s writing of the work to be published as The Mechanism of the Heavens
  • Folder MSB-14: letter from [Lord] B[yron], to John Murray referring to an alteration to his work, 12 Apr 1814
  • Folder MSB-15: letters received by Mary and other family members, 1832-1869 and n.d., from correspondents including Josephine Butler, [social reformer and women’s activist], 1869 and n.d. [1869 and c.1869]
    • requesting a contribution from Mary for a volume of essays that she is editing
    • regarding scientific education for women
    • regarding claims that an attempt is to be made in Parliament to legalise prostitution
    • encouraging Mary to join a new association of women, involving Harriet Martineau and Florence Nightingale, [the Ladies National Association]
    Other correspondents: William Buckland, Charles Buller, Sir Henry Bunbury
  • Folder MSB-16: manuscripts by Charles Babbage, comprising
    • 'An Essay Towards The Calculus Of Functions', n.d., in two parts, published in Philosophical Transactions [15 Jun 1815 and 14 Mar 1816]
    • 'Observations on The Analogy Which Subsists between the Calculus of Functions and other branches of Analysis', n.d., published in Philosophical Transactions [17 Apr 1817]
    • 'Observations on the Notation Employed in the Calculus of Functions', n.d. , published in Transactions of the Cambridge Philosophical Society [1 May 1820]
    • 'On the Influence of Signs in Mathematical Reasoning', n.d., published in Transactions of the Cambridge Philosophical Society [16 Dec 1821]

Letters from eminent people, surnames C-H, to Mary and William Somerville and others, and related papers
Shelfmark: Dep. c. 370
Date: 1804-1877 and n.d.
Extent: 1 box (21 folders)

Scope and Content:

Comprises:

  • Folder MSC-1: Correspondents: Michelangelo and Margaret Caetani, 1842-1874
  • Folder MSC-2: letters received by Mary and William Somerville and others, 1826-1866 and n.d., including correspondence with William Carpenter, [biologist] regarding his studies of plant growth and other scientific subjects, and the use by Mary of illustrations previously used by him, 1860-1866
    Other correspondents: A.W. and Maria Callcott, [Robert Haldane-Duncan], Lord Camperdown, A. Canova (visiting card only), Edward Cardwell
  • Folder MSC-3: Correspondents: W.Castel, Dr [Thomas] Chalmers, W.H.Channing, 1835-1877 and n.d.
  • Folder MSC-4: letters received by Mary and William Somerville from Sir Francis Chantrey, [sculptor], mainly regarding social matters, 1828-1837 and n.d.
  • Folder MSC-5: letters received by Mary and William Somerville, 1828-1868 and n.d., from correspondents including Mary Cowden Clarke, [writer on Shakespeare], requesting a lock of Mary's hair and returning a sonnet 'On receiving a lock of Mrs Mary Somerville's hair', Feb 1866
    Other correspondents: L.J.Cist, Charles Clarke, Clot-Bey, Admiral Sir Edward Codrington, Edward Cooper, Peter Craw
  • Folder MSD-1: letters received by Mary and William Somerville, 1832-1860 and n.d., from correspondents including:
    • Charles Darwin, in response to receiving a copy of On Molecular and Microscopic Science, referring to Mary's excellent summary of the subject of orchids, 21 Jan, no year [c.1869], with a letter from Darwin to Lady Lyell, giving permission for the use of diagrams from his ‘orchid book’ by Mary, n.d.
    • Thomas Stephens Davies, [mathematician], referring to his work on spherical geometry, magnetism and other subjects, 1832-1837
  • Folder MSD-2: letters received by Mary, a dinner invitation from Sir H[umphry] Davy to William Somerville, 4 Dec, no year, and two autographs of Davy, one on a notice of election of Council and Officers of the Royal Society, 18 Nov 1822, 1819-1822 and n.d.
    Other correspondents: La Duchesse D’Abrantes, Jane Davy, [Lady Davy], [Alphonse] de Candolle], D’Enghien [?]
  • Folder MSD-3: letters received by Mary, William and Martha Somerville, from
    • [Benjamin Disraeli, Earl of] Beaconsfield, informing Martha Somerville of an increase in her pension, 17 May 1877
    • Augustus de Morgan, [mathematician and logician], commenting on The Mechanism of the Heavens, reading materials, and other matters, 1831-1844 and n.d.
    • G.D. Donati, [astronomer], 1858-1860, one dated 2 Oct 1858 annotated in Mary’s hand ‘From Signore Donati about his Comet’
  • Folder MSD-4: letters received by Mary, William and Thomas Somerville and related papers, 1820-1862, including a letter from Louisa Drewry, annotated in Mary’s hand 'A petition to the London University to examine the proficiency and grant Diplomas to young women intended for Governesses. It was rejected – they are more liberal in the Sorbonne at Paris', 17 Apr 1862
    Other correspondents: J.E. Drinkwater, T. Drummond, Henry Dundas, Charles Dupin
  • Folder MSE-1: letters received by Mary and William Somerville and others from Maria Edgeworth, [novelist], and related papers, 1822-1832 and n.d., including:
    • copy of a letter from Maria Edgeworth to Miss Ruxton, 17 Jan 1822, describing Mary
    • notes by Maria Edgeworth relating to sights in London and Paris, n.d.
  • Folder MSE-2: Correspondents: Ad[olphe] d'Eichthal, Theresa Lister [later Lady Ellis], Hon Mountstewart Elphinstone, William Empson, 1836-1863 and n.d.
  • Folder MSF-1: letter from H[ugh] Falconer to Mary, 12 Apr 1860; letters received by Mary and William Somerville and Agnes Greig from Michael Faraday, and related papers, 1832-1848 and n.d., including:
    • comments on texts, possibly on Mary’s writings, Nov 1833 and Aug 1834
    • letter of thanks to Mary for sending him a copy of her work, 1 Mar 1834
    • letter describing his experiments with precipitations on paper, 12 Oct 1835
  • Folder MSF-2: letters received by Mary and William Somerville and others, 1814-1860 and n.d., from correspondents including:
    • George Finlayson, [naturalist], describing his travels in Sri Lanka, India and Thailand in letters to Charles Farrell, 1817-23
    • Captain [later Sir] John Franklin, regretting that he is unable to accept the Somervilles’ invitations, n.d.
    Other correspondents: Donald Finlayson, W.H. Fitton, Edward Forbes, James D. Forbes, Richard Fowler, Robert W. Fox
  • Folder MSG-1: Correspondents: Thomas Galloway, A.B. Garrod, A. de Gaspari, J. Gassiot, J.L. Gay-Lussac, John Gibson, 1819-1869
  • Folder MSG-2: letters received by Mary and William Somerville, 1804-1838, from correspondents including Mary Griffith, [scientist and writer], sending a copy of her recently published work, Discoveries in Light and Vision, 12 Dec 1836
    Other correspondents: Davies Gilbert, James Gregory, Hudson Gurney
  • Folder MSH-1: letters received by Mary and William Somerville from Captain Basil Hall, [traveller and writer], referring to Mary’s writing, and his own, and other matters, with two autographs cut from letters, 1831-1842 and n.d.
  • Folder MSH-2: letters received by Mary and William Somerville, n.d., from correspondents including Henry Hallam, [historian], commenting on a passage in On the Connexion of the Physical Sciences relating to the ancient Egyptian Sothiac period, 12 Mar, no year [c.1835]
    Other correspondents: William Harness, George Head
  • Folder MSH-3: letters received by Mary and [Martha] Somerville and Agnes Greig from J.F.W. Herschel, [mathematician and astronomer], his wife, Margaret, his daughter, Isabella, his son, Captain J. Herschel, and his father, William, 1826-1873 and n.d., including:
    • letter from J.F.W. Herschel to Miss [Martha] Somerville regarding the editing of a work by her mother, [probably the manuscript of On Molecular and Microscopic Science], 3 Jan 1867
    • letter from J.F.W. Herschel and his wife, Margaret, to Mary on the publication of On Molecular and Microscopic Science, 5 Jan 1869
    • letter from J.F.W. Herschel to Mary containing comments on the manuscript of her autobiography, 14 Mar 1869
    • letter from Captain J. Herschel to Miss [Martha] Somerville, seeking her advice on forming a collection of his father’s correspondence, 6 Dec 1873
  • Folder MSH-4: letter from William Herschel, [astronomer], to William Wallace welcoming a visit from Mary and William Somerville, 8 Jul 1812, and letters from [Lady] Margaret Herschel to Mary, 1832-1835 and n.d.
  • Folder MSH-5: letters received by Mary and others, 1848-1874 and n.d., from correspondents including:
    • J.R. Hind, [astronomer], 7 and 15 Mar 1848, the former enclosing ‘a catalogue of Comets whose orbits appear to be elliptical’
    • Sir Henry Holland, [physician], commenting on Mary’s writing and other scientific matters, n.d. [some c. 1834]
    Other correspondents: T. Archer Hirst, Joseph D. Hooker
  • Folder MSH-6: letters received by Mary and William Somerville, and related papers, 1825-1868, from correspondents including:
    • William Huggins, [astronomer], regarding Mary’s and his own writings on spectrum analysis, 26 May 1868
    • Alexander von Humboldt, [geographer and naturalist], 1825-1849, including a sketch by him of Halley’s comet, 29 Oct 1835
    Other correspondents: Leonard Horner, Joseph Hume, B Huntsman

Letters from eminent people, surnames I-P, to Mary and William Somerville and others, and related papers
Shelfmark: Dep. c. 371
Date: 1796?-1874 and n.d.
Extent: 1 box (23 folders)

Scope and Content:

Comprises:

  • Folder MSI-1: letters received by Mary, 1832-1839 and n.d., from correspondents including [Sir] James Ivory, [mathematician], in appreciation of Mary’s work, [ The Mechanism of the Heavens], 3 Jan 1832, and in response to an enquiry from Mary about ‘the figure of the earth’, 9 Jan 1833
    Other correspondents: Robert H. Ingles, Charles Irvine
  • Folder MSJ-1: Correspondents: Robert Jameson, F[rancis] Jeffrey, J. Gwyn Jeffreys, 1816-1869 and n.d.
  • Folder MSJ-2: letters received by Mary and others, 1831-1862, from correspondents including Alex[ander] Keith Johnston, [geographer], regarding the preparation of editions of Physical Geography, 28 Jun 1848 and 5 Feb 1862
    Other correspondents: M.H. Jenkins, Wartan Josephus
  • Folder MSK-1: letters received by Mary and William Somerville, 1821-1834 and n.d., from Captain Henry Kater, [physicist], his wife, M[ary] F[rances], and [their son], Edward, including letters from Henry Kater regarding methods of astronomical observation and measurement, 16 Nov 1821, and in praise of Mary’s work, [ Preliminary Dissertation to The Mechanism of the Heavens], 23 Apr 1832
  • Folder MSK-2: Correspondents: Fanny Kemble, Adelaide Kemble, William B. Kinney, 1837-1854 and n.d.
  • Folder MSL-1: Correspondents: S.F. Lacroix, [Marquis de] Lafayette and other members of the Lafayette family, 1829-1834 and n.d.
  • Folder MSL-2: Correspondents: Marquis and Madame de Laplace, 1824-33. Includes a cutting from the Quarterly Review, n.d., relating to the opinion of Laplace on the mean depth of the sea.
  • Folder MSL-3: letters received by Mary and William Somerville, 1820-1839 and no year, from correspondents including William M. Leake, [antiquarian], in response to a question from Mary about hieroglyphed horoscopes, 19 Jun, no year
    Other correspondents: [Dominique] Larrey, [Baron Larrey], William Lassell, Sir Thomas Lawrence, [Grand Duke] Leopold [of Tuscany]
  • Folder MSL-4: letters received by Mary and William Somerville, 1835-1857 and n.d., from correspondents including:
    • [Sir] Coutts Lindsay, [artist], seeking Mary’s opinion on a tragedy which he has published privately, 1 Jan 1857
    • J.G. Lockhart, [writer and biographer of Sir Walter Scott], regarding the acquisition of transcripts of letters by Sir Walter Scott, 20 Apr 1836
    Other correspondents: John Lindley, Sophia Lockhart
  • Folder MSL-5: letters received by Mary from J.W. Lubbock, [astronomer], 1832-1835 and n.d., described in a note by Mary as being ‘upon the Lunar Theory, the motion of comets, the motion and equilibrium of fluids etc.’
  • Folder MSL-6: letters received by Mary, her daughters, Martha and Mary, and Agnes Greig from [Sir] Charles Lyell, [geologist], Lady Lyell, and her niece, Susan Horner, 1831-1873, including letters from Charles Lyell to Mary referring to his research and her work [probably On the Connexion of the Physical Sciences], asking her permission to view the proofs then with [John] Murray, publishers, 23 Dec 1833, and offering corrections, 24 Feb 1834
  • Folder MSM-1: letters received by Mary, William and Thomas Somerville, 1822-1870 and n.d., from correspondents including:
    • Lawrence Macdonald, [sculptor], regarding the production and delivery of a marble bust of Mary, 1870
    • Robert Mallet, [geophysicist], thanking Mary for her comments on his report on the Naples earthquake, and his proposed work on Vesuvius, 10 Aug 1863
    Other correspondents: Charles Macintosh, Henry Mackenzie, James Mackintosh, [Francois] Magendie
  • Folder MSM-2: letters received by Mary, comprising
    • letters from J[ane] Marcet, [science writer], of whom Mary says in a note ‘her series of scientific works for young people introduced that higher system of education which now prevails so universally’, 1833-1834 and n.d.
    • letter from [Captain] F[rederick] Marryat, [naval officer and novelist], to Mary, thanking her for the gift of her ‘Introductory treatise’ [probably Preliminary Dissertation to the Mechanism of the Heavens] and informing her that he is now the proprietor and editor of a new magazine [probably The Metropolitan Magazine], n.d [1832]
  • Folder MSM-3: letters received by Mary and Martha Somerville, 1835-1866 and n.d., from correspondents including:
    • Harriet Martineau, [social theorist and writer], seeking Mary’s support for her campaigning work and regarding her illness, c.1835-1845
    • Nevil Story Maskelyne, [geologist, Keeper of Minerals at the British Museum], regarding the purchase for the Museum of Mary’s collection of minerals, 25 Jul 1866
    Other correspondents: M.F. Maury, C. Maulien, ?Markea
  • Folder MSM-4: letters received by Mary and William Somerville, 1822-1869 and n.d, from correspondents including J[ohn] S[tuart] Mill, [philosopher], regarding Mary’s support of his work on the extension of the franchise to women and her response to receiving a copy of a publication by Mill, 1868-1869
    Other correspondents: [Earl of] Minto, G. Moll
  • Folder MSM-5: letters received by Mary, 1826-1869 and n.d., from correspondents including:
    • [Sir] Roderick Murchison, [geologist], enclosing ‘a Souvenir from Dr Brewster’ and acknowledging the gift of a copy of The Mechanism of the Heavens, n.d. [c.1831], and regarding the death of Lady Murchison, 14 Feb 1869
    • W. Morison, describing the Himalayan range, 23 Mar 1841, and referring to other matters concerning Mary’s studies and writing, n.d. [c.1860]
    Other correspondents: C.R.[?] de Montalembert, Domenico Morichini, [Charlotte Murchison]
  • Folder MSN-1: letters received by Mary and William Somerville and Woronzow Greig, 1831-1867 and n.d., from correspondents including Macvey Napier, [editor of the Edinburgh Review], regarding Mary’s publications and the writing of pieces relating to them for the Edinburgh Review, 1831-1846
    Other correspondents: F.R. Nixon, Caroline Norton
  • Folder MSO-1: letters received by Mary and Martha Somerville from Richard Owen, [biologist], 1860-1873, indicating his opposition to ‘the gross abuse of vivisections’ in France, 30 Oct 1860; giving permission for the use by Mary of illustrations from his work, 12 Sep 1866; and acknowledging the gift of a copy of Mary’s autobiography sent to him by Martha Somerville, 6 Dec 1873
  • Folder MSP-1: letters received by Mary and William Somerville, 1821-1860 and n.d., from correspondents including William Parry, [explorer], inviting the Somervilles to visit his ship, 3 Apr 1821 [fragment only]; thanking Mary for a gift, described by her in a note as ‘orange marmalade for the Arctic voyage’, and sending her specimens from Melville Island and other places, n.d. [c.1821]
    Other correspondents: Filippo Parlatore, George Peacock
  • Folder MSP-2: letters received by Mary and William Somerville, 1830-1836, from [Sir] Robert Peel, [Prime Minister], mainly regarding the grant to Mary of a pension of £200 per annum, 1835
  • Folder MSP-3: Correspondents: J.B. Pentland, [Thomas] Phillips, William Pitt, 1798-1857 and n.d.
  • Folder MSP-4: Correspondents: Jean Plana, Th[omas] Plateau, John Playfair, ? Plücker, 1832-1851 and n.d.
  • Folder MSP-5: letters received by Mary, 1832-1863 and n.d., from correspondents including:
    • B[aden] Powell, [mathematician], regarding the dispersion of light, 9 Aug 1837 and 1 Dec, no year [c.1837]
    • P. Prevost, enclosing comments on Preliminary Dissertation to the Mechanism of the Heavens, 1833
    Other correspondents: Carlo Poerio, Poisson

Letters from eminent people, surnames Q-Y, to Mary and William Somerville and others, and related papers
Shelfmark: Dep. c. 372
Date: 1793-1873 and n.d.
Extent: 1 box (21 folders)

Scope and Content:

Comprises:

  • Folder MSQ-1: letters received by Mary and William Somerville from [Adolphe] Quetelet, [astronomer and mathematician], 1827-1850 and n.d., described by Mary as being ‘on a variety of scientific subjects’ and including a letter of thanks for the gift of a copy of Physical Geography, 18 Jan 1850
  • Folder MSR-1: Correspondents: [Bettino] Ricasoli, T.N. Richards, Samuel Rogers, 1860-1873 and n.d., with two autographs of T.S. Raffles cut from letters
  • Folder MSR-2: Correspondents: [Earl of] Rosse, Rammohun Roy, [Earl] Russell, 1832-1869 and n.d.
  • Folder MSS-1: letters received by Mary from Edward Sabine, [geophysicist], 1832-1869, regarding Mary’s publications, his own research on subjects including terrestrial magnetism, and his election as President of the Royal Society in 1861, with a Magnetic Chart of Scotland, 1836, from the Sixth Report of the Brit[ish] Assoc[iation for the Advancement of Science], presented to Mary by Sabine
  • Folder MSS-2: letters received by Mary and William Somerville, 1830-1851 and n.d., including a letter from Hermann Schlagintweit, [explorer], regarding physical and geological research in the Alps by himself and his brother, Adolph, published in Untersuchungen über die physikalische Geographie der Alpen (1850), 7 Jan 1851
    Other correspondent: A.W. de Schlegel
  • Folder MSS-3: note from Sir Walter Scott to Mary declining an invitation to a party, 9 Mar no year; list of ‘Examples of Melody’ in Mary’s hand, n.d.; cover for correspondence regarding the composition of the ballad 'Flowers of the Forest' between Sir Walter Scott, Thomas Somerville and Jane Elliot, Jan-Feb 1801 (see Dep. c. 369 Folder CELE-3)
  • Folder MSS-4: letters received by Mary and William Somerville and J.B. Pentland, 1832-1869 and n.d., from correspondents including [Sir] Martin Archer Shee, [portrait painter], thanking Mary for the gift of one of her publications, 25 February 1839
    Other correspondents: A. Secchi, described by Mary as ‘Professor of Astronomy at the Jesuits College, Rome], Adam Sedgwick, [geologist]
  • Folder MSS-5: letters received by Mary, William and Martha Somerville, 1823-1872 and n.d., from correspondents including:
    • [Professor] Benjamin Silliman, [geologist], regarding American scientific publications of possible interest to Mary, and the secession of the Southern States from the Union, 10 Jul 1860 and 1 Mar 1861
    • Robert Sim, regarding his discovery of fossils in gneiss and other matters, 9 Jun 1872
    Other correspondents: Jessie de Sismondi, Sydney Smith, [writer, founder of the Edinburgh Review]
  • Folder MSS-6: letters received by Mary from W.H. Smyth, [hydrographer and astronomer], and his wife, A[nnarella], 1834-1870 and n.d., mainly regarding Smyth’s observations of Halley’s Comet and other astronomical subjects
  • Folder MSS-7: letters received by Mary, William and Martha Somerville, 1838-1873 and n.d., from William Smyth, [historian] and Thomas Sopwith, [mining engineer], including letters from Sopwith to Mary referring to the magnification of objects, research on sea margins, the treatment of gun cotton, the engineering work of Sir William Armstrong, news of Sopwith’s family and their travels, and other matters, 1838-1872
  • Folder MSS-8: letters received by Mary, William and Martha Somerville, 1822-1859 and n.d., from correspondents including:
    • J[ames] South, [astronomer], regarding the diameter of planets, n.d.
    • Elise Spencer, regarding the illness of the Bishop [of Calcutta] and enclosing verses written by him dated 15 Feb 1859, n.d. [1859]
    • W[illiam] R. Spencer, [poet], addressing a poem to Miss [Martha] Somerville, 11 Jul 1822, and referring to social and other matters, 1822-1832 and n.d
    Other correspondents: William Sotheby, [poet], [Robert] Southey, [poet]
  • Folder MSS-9: letters received by Mary, 1835-1872, from correspondents including:
    • William Spottiswoode, [mathematician], conveying news of mutual friends and enclosing mathematical texts in response to a request from Mary, 9 Nov 1869 and 28 Aug 1871
    • William S. Stratford, [astronomer], regarding his observation of Halley’s Comet, 6 Dec 1835

    Other correspondent: [Viscount]Stratford de Redcliffe, [diplomat]
  • Folder MST-1: letters received by Mary from Joseph Tuckerman, [Unitarian minister], 1833-1837, including a letter, 28 Aug 1834, enclosing a letter by George Washington as a gift (see folder MSW-6); letters received by Mary and Martha Somerville from John Tyndall, physicist, 1863-1873 and n.d.
  • Folder MSV-1: letters received by Mary and William Somerville, 1815-1866, including letters from James Veitch of Inchbonny by Jedburgh, described by Mary as ‘a wheel wright, a hard working man of extraordinary power of mind and a good self taught astronomer’, to William Somerville regarding a telescope which he has made for him, 15 Dec 1815, and to Mary, referring to his discovery of a comet in 1811, 12 Oct 1836
    Other correspondent: C Vogt
  • Folder MSW-1: letters received by Mary and William Somerville, 1816-1836 and n.d., from correspondents including William Wallace, Mary’s mathematics tutor, regarding and enclosing mathematical problems, 1816 and n.d., and in praise of The Mechanism of the Heavens, 23 Dec 1831
    Other correspondents: Henry Warburton, Frederick Watson
  • Folder MSW-2: letters received by Mary and William Somerville from William Whewell, [polymath], Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge, 1831-1845 and n.d., including a letter of thanks for the gift of a copy of The Mechanism of the Heavens, containing verses ‘To Mrs Somerville on her “Mechanism of the Heavens”' by Whewell, 2 Dec 1831
  • Folder MSW-3: letters received by Mary and William Somerville and others, 1802-1852 and n.d., from correspondents including:
    • William Wilberforce, [politician], to an unnamed correspondent, regarding his request that Robert Crowe be proposed as a subscriber for life to the Royal Institution, 5 Jan 1802
    • Charles Wilkes, [explorer], to Mary, describing the work being undertaken [by the United States Exploring Expedition], 18 Aug 1838
    • David Wilkie, [painter], to William Somerville, recommending Anthony Stewart as a miniaturist, 16 Jan 1834
    Other correspondents: John Gardner Wilkinson, [Egyptologist], Horace Hayman Wilson, [orientalist], J? W[ilson?]
  • Folder MSW-4: letters received by Mary and an unnamed correspondent from William Hyde Wollaston, [chemist], and related papers, 1826-1828, including a letter containing his comments on the manuscript of Mary’s work on light, 4 Jan 1826, and a note of a bequest to Mary by Wollaston of a ‘cabinet of models of crystals’, 7 Dec 1828
  • Folder MSW-5: letter from William Wyon, [Chief Engraver at the Royal Mint], to William Somerville regarding the production of a medal of Mary, 8 Dec 1836
  • Folder MSW-6: letter from G[eorge] Washington, [first President of the United States] to Gouv[erneur] Morris, [statesman], acknowledging letters from Morris, describing the press of business, and enclosing letters to be delivered by Morris to Madam[e] de la Fayette, 13 Jun 1793. Letter received by Mary as a gift from Joseph Tuckerman in 1834 (see Folder MST-1)
  • Folder MSY-1: letters from Thomas Young [polymath], to Mary and William Somerville, 1828 and n.d., mainly concerning social matters. On the reverse of one letter are notes in Mary’s hand about Young’s work on light and his deciphering of the Rosetta Stone. (This folder also contains a dinner invitation from [Sir] C[harles] Lemon, [MP], to Mary and William Somerville, 1 Jun no year)

Letters from eminent people to Mary, Woronzow and Agnes Greig and others, 1827-1869 and n.d.
Shelfmark: Dep. b. 233
Date: 1827-1869 and n.d.
Extent: 1 box (50 folders)

Scope and Content:
  • Folder MS3B-1: letter from Charles Babbage to an unnamed correspondent, possibly William Somerville, referring to a paragraph about Mrs Somerville in Le Cercle of 5 Oct 1832, 18 Jan 1833; letters from Babbage to Agnes Greig, [1845]-1861 and n.d., mainly regarding dinner invitations
  • Folder MS3F-1: letters from M[ichael] Faraday to Agnes Greig, 1860-1864, in response to news of the death of William Somerville, 6 Jul 1860, thanking her for a gift, 26 Apr 1861, and for 'the fine portrait of that admirable woman your mother' [Mary Somerville?], 5 Aug 1864
  • Folder MS3H-2: letters from J.F.W. Herschel to Woronzow Greig, 1845-1846 and n.d., seeking Greig’s opinion on the publication of Mary’s work on the action of the rays of the spectrum in the form of a letter to Herschel, 4 Oct 1845, in response to the gift of the seventh edition of On the Connexion of the Physical Sciences, n.d., and containing comments on and corrections to drafts of Mary’s work
  • Folder MS3H-3: letters from W[illiam] Holman Hunt, [painter], to Agnes Greig, 1857-1859, regarding, among other matters, an opportunity for Agnes and Lady Byron to view a picture he is working on before it goes on public display, 15 Apr 1859
  • Folder MS3L-3: letter from [the Earl of] Lovelace to Woronzow Greig regarding the appointment of barristers, n.d., [1840], written on a letter to him from C[harles] S[haw] Lefevre, [Speaker of the House of Commons], on the same subject, 10 May 1840
  • Folder MS3L-4: letters from S[tephen] Lushington, [Doctor of Civil Law], to Woronzow Greig regarding social matters, 16 Apr 1853 and 2 Jun 1857, and to James Graham regarding the death of Woronzow Greig, 27 Oct 1865
  • Folder MS3M-1: letter from T.B. Macaulay, [politician], to Mary declining an invitation to breakfast, n.d.
  • Other correspondents:
    • Joanna and Agnes Baillie (Folder MS3B-2)
    • [Sir] John Bayley (Folder MS3B-3)
    • Mary Berry (Folder MS3B-4)
    • [Sir] David Brewster (Folder MS3B-5)
    • Col. T. Gore Brown (Folder MS3B-6)
    • John, Lord Campbell (Folder MS3C-1)
    • Sir Francis Chantrey (Folder MS3C-2)
    • Thomas Coltman (Folder MS3C-3)
    • G.W. Dasent (Folder MS3D-1)
    • Lord Douro (Folder MS3D-2)
    • Henry Drummond (Folder MS3D-3)
    • Elizabeth Rigby Eastlake [Lady Eastlake] (Folder MS3E-1)
    • Robert Ferguson of Raith (Folder MS3F-2)
    • Francis Fowke (Folder MS3F-3)
    • Col. Charles Gordon (Folder MS3G-1)
    • Henry Hallam (Folder MS3H-1)
    • Anna Jameson (Folder MS3J-1)
    • Count Krasinski (Folder MS3K-1)
    • Lord Lansdowne (Folder MS3L-1)
    • A.H. Layard (Folder MS3L-2)
    • Laurence Macdonald (Folder MS3M-2)
    • [Sir] James Mackintosh (Folder MS3M-3)
    • Merle d'Aubigne (Folder MS3M-4)
    • Minghetti (Folder MS3M-5)
    • Lord Monteagle [Thomas Spring Rice] (Folder MS3M-6)
    • Laurence Peel (Folder MS3P-1)
    • Robert Peel (Folder MS3P-2) Copy only of letter 30 Mar 1835. See Dep. c. 371 Folder MSP-2
    • Bernard Rosen (Folder MS3R-1)
    • Lord John Russell (Folder MS3R-2)
    • Lord William Russell (Folder MS3R-3)
    • Nassau Senior (Folder MS3S-1)
    • Catherine Sinclair (Folder MS3S-2)
    • John Steell (Folder MS3S-3)
    • James Swinton (Folder MS3S-4)
    • [Sir] William Simonds (Folder MS3S-5)
    • Talbot de Malahide (Folder MS3T-1)
    • [Sir] J. Emerson Tennent (Folder MS3T-2)
    • Hugh Seymour Tremenheere (Folder MS3T-3
    • H. de Triqueti (Folder MS3T-4)
    • Henry Warburton (Folder MS3W-1)
    • Samuel Warren, signature only (Folder MS3W-2)
    • William Whewell (Folder MS3W-3)
    • C. Wheaton (Folder MS3W-4)

Letters from eminent people to Mary, Woronzow Greig and others
Shelfmark: Dep. b. 206b
Date: 1820-1870
Extent: 1 box (1 folder)

Scope and Content:

(formerly part of Dep. b. 206)

Comprises:

Folder MS2-CELE-8: letters received by Mary, Woronzow Greig and others, 1820-1870, from correspondents including

  • M[ichael] Faraday, to [Ada], Countess of Lovelace, thanking her for the gift of a portrait, 11 Jun 1840
  • M[ichael] Faraday, to Mary, responding to the receipt of a copy of one of her publications and referring to his work and to the publication of a volume of his papers, 17 Jan 1859
  • J.F.W. Herschel, to [Woronzow Greig], thanking him for gifts of a Daguerrotype of his mother, and a glossary of architecture, 6 Aug 1846; commenting on a draft of a geography book [ Physical Geography], 24 May and 25 Jun 1947
  • J.F.W. Herschel, to Mary, enclosing his comments on her work, [ Physical Geography], [5 Jul 1847]
  • J.F.W. Herschel, to [Woronzow Greig], regarding the return of the manuscript of [ Physical Geography] to Mary, with further comments about the work, [5 Jul 1847]
  • W[illiam] Holman Hunt, to Agnes Greig, regarding the death of her brother, 31 Jan 1870
  • R[ichard] N[apier], to Woronzow Greig, regarding slavery and its abolition in the context of the American Civil War, 2 Jul 1862
  • R.M. Martin, on behalf of the Duke of Wellington, to Woronzow Greig, regarding a pony bought by the Duke from Greig, [15] Mar 1864
Other correspondents: J[oanna] Baillie, to Woronzow Greig, [Louise] de Stolberg, [Countess of] Albany, to Federica Spada


Scrapbook
Shelfmark: Dep. b. 157
Date: n.d. [c. 1850]
Extent: 1 box (1 volume)

Scope and Content:

Folder CELE-6: scrapbook containing autographs, photographs and drawings, n.d. [c.1850]

H   Business papers, 1806-[1877?] and n.d.

Shelfmarks: Dep. c. 373-374


Accounts of Mary and William Somerville and related papers, and correspondence regarding business matters affecting the Somerville and Greig families
Shelfmark: Dep. c. 373
Date: 1808-1876 and n.d.
Extent: 1 box (12 folders)

Scope and Content:

Comprises:

  • Folder MSBUS-1: statements of account with John Murray, Publishers, and related papers regarding Mary's publications, 1829-1851
  • Folder MSBUS-2: statements of account with John Murray, Publishers, and related papers regarding Mary's publications, 1852-1873
  • Folder MSBUS-3: letters received by Mary, William, Martha and Mary [C] Somerville and Woronzow and Agnes Greig from John Murray, Senior, and John Murray, Junior, and related papers, mainly regarding Mary's publications, 1830-1875 and n.d.
  • Folder MSBUS-4a: letters received by Mary from J.B. Pentland regarding work on editions of Physical Geography, 1850-1869
  • Folder MSBUS-4b: letter from J.F.W. Herschel to Martha Somerville regarding John Murray’s decision to stop work on On Microscopic and Molecular Science, 23 Jan 1868, incorporating a copy of a letter of 6 Jan 1868 from John Murray to Herschel on the subject
  • Folder MSBUS-5: letters received by Mary Greig (later Somerville) from Charles Greig, 9 Jul 1808, and Charles Bell, 2 Feb 1809, regarding dividends and interest paid on investments
  • Folder MSBUS-6: letters received by Woronzow Greig from John and Jean Paterson, 1834-1839, regarding the sale and purchase of property and Greig’s interests in Russia
  • Folder MSBUS-7: letters received by Woronzow Greig and Martha and Mary [C] Somerville from George and Thomas S[omerville] Rutherford and James Graham, 1849-1866, regarding their interest in the will of Rev (Thomas) Somerville, and other financial matters
  • Folder MSBUS-8: Somerville and Greig family accounts and other financial papers, 1841-1868, including:
    • letters and papers concerning William Somerville’s grant of power of attorney to Woronzow Greig, 1840-1841
    • copy of a letter from Woronzow Greig to his mother and William Somerville summarising their financial situation, 10 Nov 1847
    • estimates of expenditure by the Somervilles and scheme for saving prepared by Woronzow Greig, n.d. [1847]
    • statements of William Somerville’s debts, 1847-1850
    • statement of Woronzow Greig’s account with Martha Somerville 1848-1851, 1851
    • lists of bills, expenses and household accounts, 1848-1850
    • note from Mary to Woronzow Greig instructing him to sell their Canadian property, 29 Nov 1862
  • Folder MSBUS-9: letters from James Tait, trustee of the estate of Mrs Janet [Somerville] Elliot, to Mary and [Martha] Somerville, and related papers, mainly regarding income from the estate, 1865-1873
  • Folder MSBUS-10: list of securities held by Woronzow Greig on behalf of his mother, Apr 1862; letter from Samuel Danks, [solicitor], to Mary concerning the appointment of an executor of her will in place of Woronzow Greig, and other actions required as a result of his death, 13 Nov 1865; copies of correspondence between James Graham, John Cook, Samuel Danks, and Martha Somerville, and related papers concerning the possession and tenancy of a property sold by Sir William Fairfax, 1866 and n.d. [1866 and 1869?]
  • Folder MSBUS-11: letters received by Martha Somerville from Robert Glehn, 1866, 1876 and n.d., regarding investments and other matters following the death of Woronzow Greig

Papers relating to the financial and legal affairs of the Somerville, Greig, Fairfax and Charters families
Shelfmark: Dep. c. 374
Date: 1806-[1877?] and n.d.
Extent: 1 box (15 folders)

Scope and Content:

Comprises:

  • Folder MSBUS-12: statements and letters from the bankers Herries Farquhar and Co., 1836-1874, to Woronzow Greig, 1836-1860; to Mary, 1865-1872; to 'executrices', 6 Feb 1872; and to Martha and Mary [C] Somerville, 1873-1874
  • Folder MSBUS-13: statements from the bankers Iggulden & Cie, Naples, 1871-1875 and n.d., to Mary, 30 Dec 1871; and to Martha Somerville, 22 Apr 1873-30 Apr 1875 and n.d.
  • Folder MSBUS-14: statements, bills and related letters addressed to Mary and William Somerville, Woronzow and Agnes Greig, ‘Miss Somerville’ and the Countess of Lovelace, 1850-1869 and n.d.
  • Folder MSBUS-15: correspondence concerning the guardianship of Katherine Charters, daughter of Samuel and Emilia Charters, and a trust for her benefit, 1855-1869 and n.d.
  • Folder MSBUS-16: marriage contract between William Somerville and Mary Greig, 18 May 1812 (2 copies); bond by William Somerville to Dame Margaret Fairfax and Mary Somerville, and Captain Henry Fairfax, 10 May 1814; revocation and bond of corroboration by Mary and William Somerville, 26 Oct 1818
  • Folder MSBUS-17: certified copy of last will and testament of Mary Somerville, 30 Dec 1865, made 4 Dec 1872
  • Folder MSBUS-18: receipts for payments by members of the Somerville and Greig families and others for annuities and stock, and related papers, 1806-1809 and 1872
  • Folder MSBUS-19: papers relating to the estate of Dr Thomas Somerville, 1829-1865
  • Folder MSBUS-20: papers relating to the estate of Dr Thomas Somerville, 1851-1861, including a statement of costs and income from sales of Dr Somerville’s [My Own] Life and Times [1741-1814] (1861), 1861
  • Folder MSBUS-21: letters received by Mary [C] Somerville regarding financial transactions, with a draft of a reply, 1870-1873; letter from W.R. Mylne to [Martha] Somerville regarding the proceeds of the estate of Margaret Somerville, 20 Oct 1873; letter from James Graham to Woronzow Greig regarding terms used in the marriage settlement of [Agnes] Greig, 28 Nov 1865
  • Folder MSBUS-22: list of woodcuts and their source [for On Molecular and Microscopic Science?] in Mary’s hand, n.d. [c.1869]; legal opinion in the case of Miss Campbell, 3 Aug 1840; draft of a letter to Lord B[rougham] from M[artha] Somerville regarding an addition to her pension, n.d. [1877?]
  • Folder MSBUS-23: letter from John Phin to James C. Somerville, 10 Jan 1839, enclosing copies of correspondence between himself and Henry Fairfax, Dec 1838, regarding a debt owed by Fairfax to Somerville
  • Folder MSCB-1: letters received by William Somerville from Matthew Bell and related papers concerning land owned by Somerville in Canada, and a claim for the repayment of a debt owed by Somerville to William Wilson, 1819-1849
  • Folder MSCB-2: letters received by Woronzow Greig and related papers concerning land owned by William Somerville in Canada, and a claim for the repayment of a debt owed by Somerville to William Wilson, 1836-1859 and n.d.
  • Folder MSCB-3: letters received by William Somerville and related papers concerning land owned by him in Canada, and a claim for the repayment of a debt owed by him to William Wilson, 1835-1863 and n.d.

I   Honours and awards, 1811-1884 and n.d.

Shelfmarks: Dep. c. 375-376


Correspondence and papers relating to Mary's achievements, honours and awards
Shelfmark: Dep. c. 375
Date :1811-1870 and n.d.
Extent: 1 box (10 folders)

Scope and Content:

Comprises:

  • Folder MSDIP-1: letter from John Wallace to Mary regarding the award to her of the Mathematical Medal, 12 Jul 1811
  • Folder MSDIP-2: letters and papers relating to the Royal Society, 1831-1835 and n.d., including:
    • letters from John Geo[rge] Children, Secretary of the Royal Society, to Mary regarding the receipt of a copy of The Mechanism of the Heavens, 23 Dec 1831; and to William Somerville regarding the approval of the Duke of Sussex for the placing of a bust of Mary in the Meeting Room of the Royal Society, 19 Feb 1832
    • copy of a letter of appreciation from Mary to the Duke of Sussex, 24 Feb 1832
    • list of subscribers to a bust of Mary for the Royal Society, n.d. [c.1832]
    • receipt for a copy of On the Connexion of the Physical Sciences, signed by J.G. Children, 24 Feb 1835
  • Folder MSDIP-3: letters and papers, mainly relating to honours received by Mary, 1832-1835 and n.d., including letters and certificates concerning Mary’s election to honorary membership of the Royal Astronomical Society (with Caroline Herschel), the Bristol Philosophical Institution, the Royal Irish Academy, the Naval and Military Library and Museum, and the London Mechanics Institution
  • Folder MSDIP-4: letter and certificate regarding Mary’s election to membership of the American Philosophical Society, 15 Oct 1869, and a letter presenting to her the Bulletin of the American Geographical and Statistical Society, Vol 2, 18 May 1857
  • Folder MSDIP-5: letters and papers relating to honours received by Mary from Italian societies, 1839-1870
  • Folder MSDIP-6: papers regarding honours received by Mary from the Academie Royale de Medecine, 31 Mar 1834?, and La Societe de Physique et d'Histoire Naturelle de Geneve, 3 Apr 1834
  • Folder MSDIP-7: papers relating to the award to Mary of the Patron's Medal of the Royal Geographical Society, 1869
  • Folder MSDIP-8: correspondence and papers, 1835-1838 and n.d., relating to the award to Mary of a pension of £200 per annum, 1835, and an additional sum of £100 per annum, 1837, including a copy of a letter of thanks from Mary to Sir Robert Peel, 31 Mar 1835. Also contains some correspondence apparently concerning the possible award of a baronetcy to Mary' s brother, Henry, n.d.
  • Folder MSDIP-9: letters and papers relating to royal dedications, 1832-1835, including:
    • letters from Mary to Nicholas, Emperor of All the Russias, presenting to him a copy of The Mechanism of the Heavens, 5 Sep 1832 (with enclosure addressed to Nicholas, so possibly not sent) and 24 Mar 1834
    • draft in Mary's hand of the dedication to [Queen Adelaide] of On the Connexion of the Physical Sciences, 1 Jan 1834
  • Folder MSDIP-10: publications and cuttings containing reviews of The Mechanism of the Heavens, Physical Geography, and On Microscopic and Molecular Science, 1832-1869

Papers relating to Mary's life, work, and interests
Shelfmark: Dep. c. 376
Date: [1833?]-1884 and n.d.
Extent: 1 box (10 folders)

Scope and Content:

Comprises:

  • Folder MSDIP-11: account of Mary Somerville in The Leisure Hour, Oct 1871, pp 632-636, with notes and corrections in Mary's hand
  • Folder MSDIP-12: cuttings containing reviews of Personal Recollections, from Early Life to Old Age, 1873-1874
  • Folder MSDIP-13: letters concerning family portraits and related matters, [1833?]-1905, including a letter of thanks from the National Portrait Gallery to Sir William Ramsay Fairfax for the bequest of a portrait of Mary Somerville, 17 Jan 1884
  • Folder MSDIP-14: letters relating to the donation of Mary's mathematical books to Girton College, Cambridge, 1873, and a letter from F.P. Cobbe to [Martha Somerville] regarding the creation of a ‘Somerville Scholarship’, 12 Mar no year
  • Folder MSDIP-15: papers relating to the role of women in society, 1868-1871 and n.d., including:
    • receipt for donation to the London National Society for Women's Suffrage by Mary and her daughters, 12 Nov 1868
    • letter from M.K. Kingsley to Mary requesting that Mary allow her name to be added to the General Committee of the National Society for Women’s Suffrage, n.d. [1868?]
    • letters from Paulina Davis, Secretary, Woman's Rights Association, Providence, R I, to Mary concerning her support of the Association, n.d. [1870] and 26 Dec 1871, with a photograph, possibly of Davis
  • Folder MSDIP-16: papers relating to the award to Mary of an Italian gold medal for Physical Geography and other matters, 1839-1869, including:
    • copy of a letter, apparently from Mary, to The Times regarding the practice of vivisection in Florence, 16 Dec 1863
    • letter from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Florence, to Mary, regarding the award to her of a gold medal bearing the image of Victor Emmanuel, [King of Italy], 30 Jun 1869
    • enclosures with labels in Mary's hand (describing some items now in Dep. c. 375-376)
  • Folder MSDIP-17: offprints of articles by J.F.W. Herschel relating to the weather, volcanoes and earthquakes, the sun, light, and celestial measurings and weighings, 1865 and n.d.
  • Folder MSDIP-18: offprints and cuttings relating to various matters, 1859-1869 and n.d., including:
    • Darwin's On the Origin of Species, reviewed in The Times, 26 Dec 1859
    • uniform musical pitch, in a published letter by J.F.W. Herschel, 14 Jun 1859
    • the teaching of science, by James Stuart, MA, quoting Mary, in an offprint received ‘from Mrs Butler’, c.1869
  • Folder MSDIP-19: obituaries of Mary Somerville from English, Italian, German and American newspapers and other sources, 1872-1873
  • Folder MSDIP-20: obituaries of [J.B.] Pentland (in Italian), 1874; Lady Murchison, by Frank Buckland, 13 Feb 1869; and Mary Somerville, by F.P. C[obbe], 3 Dec 1872

J   Papers of William Somerville, 1795-1836 and n.d.

Shelfmarks: Dep. c. 377; Dep. b. 232c


Papers of William Somerville, mainly relating to his travels
Shelfmark: Dep. c. 377
Date: 1795-1818 and n.d.
Extent: 1 box (4 folders)

Scope and Content:

Comprises:

  • Folder MSWS-1: journal kept by William Somerville during his Army service as Assistant Surgeon, 3 May-6 Jul 1795; incomplete account of his career between 1795 and 1805 by William Somerville, n.d.; letter from William Somerville to his daughter, Martha, presenting to her a rosary which he had acquired in 1795, 4 Feb 1848
  • Folder MSWS-2: account by William Somerville of his time at the Cape of Good Hope as Assistant Resident Commissioner at Graaff Reynett, 1800
  • Folder MSWS-3/1-2: account by William Somerville of his work and travels in South Africa, 1801-1802 [2 folders]
  • Folder MSWS-4: appointment of William Somerville as Assistant Resident Commissioner at Graaff Reynett, n.d. [c. Apr 1800]; notes on ‘Caffirs’ and African customs, n.d. [c.1802]; account of a visit to Sicily, n.d. [c.1805?]; incomplete account of a tour or tours of France, Switzerland and Italy, n.d. [1817-1818 and possibly other dates]

Copy letter and notes of William Somerville
Shelfmark: Dep. b. 232c
Date: 1835-1836
Extent: 1 box (1 folder)

Scope and Content:

(formerly part of Dep. b. 232)

Comprises:

Folder MS3WS-1: ‘Copy of my second letter to Sir Herbert Taylor’, referring to the conduct of Admiral William Fairfax and probably relating to petitions made for the award of a baronetcy to Henry Fairfax, [son of William Fairfax], 10 Oct 1835; account in the hand of William Somerville of a prediction made in the 17th century of the extinction of the Earldom of Seaforth, as told to him by Mrs Stewart MacKenzie, 15 Jul 1836

K   Notes, printed books, photograph album and papers relating to the Somerville and Fairfax families, 1801-1972 (mainly 1801-1873)

Shelfmarks: Dep. c. 378; Dep. b. 208


Notes, accounts, enclosures and printed books relating to the Somerville and Fairfax families
Shelfmark: Dep. c. 378
Date: 1801-1832 and n.d. [c.1850-c.1873]
Extent: 1 box (7 folders)

Scope and Content:

Comprises: Folder SC-1:

  • 1. Household accounts kept by Jane Williamson Ramsay, 1825-1832
  • 2. Notes, probably by Martha Somerville, regarding the friendship between her mother and Sir John Herschel, and their correspondence, n.d. [c.1873]
  • 3. Description of a fireworks display in a garden at the gate of the Piazza del Popolo, probably by Martha Somerville, n.d. [?c.1850]
  • 4. Fragment of a list of biological terms in Mary's hand, n.d. [c.1850]
  • 5-6. Envelopes and enclosures, apparently formerly used to hold documents, n.d.
  • 7. Envelope and enclosure labelled 'Margaret Graham - died Wednesday [?] September 1838 was buried at Kilbride the following Wednesday', containing a lock of hair, n.d.
  • 8. The Naval Chronicle, Vol. V, Jan - Jul 1801, containing 'Biographical Memoirs of Sir William George Fairfax, Knt.' and other articles, bound and entitled 'Memoirs of Admiral Sir William Fairfax and of Captain Riou'; annotated copy of printed 'Genealogies of the Fairfaxes', n.d. [c.1871]. 'Mrs Somerville....1871' on flyleaf.

Photograph album, enclosures and papers relating to the Somerville and Fairfax families
Shelfmark: Dep. b. 208
Date: 1971-1972 and n.d. [c.1855-1860]
Extent: 1 box (2 folders)

Scope and Content:

Comprises:

  • Folder SC2-2: cutting from a magazine containing an article, 'Eleven Key Steps in the History of Computing' by Brenda Marsh, n.d. [1971]; envelopes and enclosures apparently formerly used to hold documents, n.d.; letter from Louise Selby, Secretary to Sir John Hewitt, 10 Downing Street, to Lady [Alice] Fairfax-Lucy, regarding an enquiry about the payment of a pension to Mary Somerville, 1 Mar 1972
  • Folder SC2-3: photograph album, 'Views of Surrey Lodge, Lambeth, the Official Residence of Woronzow Greig, Esq, Clerk of the Peace for Surrey' n.d. [c.1855-1860]. Contains interior views of the house and a photograph of a bust of Mary Somerville.

Transformation from XML to HTML by Lawrence Mielniczuk
15 March 2013