Archive of Sir Edwin Arrowsmith

Bodleian Library, University of Oxford

P.W. Tolmie and Marion Lowman
2011, EAD version 2018



Department of Special Collections
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Table of Contents

Introduction
A   Bechuanaland Protectorate 1932-9
B   Turks and Caicos Islands and Dominica 1939-52
C   Basutoland 1951-60
D   Falkland Islands 1956-65, 1980
    D.1   Correspondence, reports and memoranda on service in the Falkland Islands 1956-64
    D.2   Reports, memoranda and minutes relating to the Falkland Islands 1956-65
    D.3   Social functions at Government House 1957-64
    D.4   Programmes, speeches and photographs: Falkland Islands; papers on Overseas Services Resettlement Bureau 1958-64, 1980


Archive of Sir Edwin Arrowsmith

1932-65, 1980

Abstract:
Archive of Sir Edwin Arrowsmith (1909-92) relating to his work for the Colonial Administrative Service. With a small amount of his papers as Director of the Overseas Development Resettlement Bureau.

Extent: 0.7 Linear metres, 7 physical shelfmarks
Language(s) of Material: English

Full range of shelfmarks:

MSS. Brit. Emp. s. 511/1-7

Biographical/Historical

Edwin Porter Arrowsmith was born in 1909, and educated first at Cheltenham College and then Trinity College, Oxford, where he read history. He began his service as a Colonial Administrative Officer in Bechuanaland in 1932, where he was posted as Assistant District Commissioner, and remained there until 1938, when his wife's ill health obliged him to resign from the Service. However two years later he rejoined and was sent to the West Indies to serve as Commissioner for the Turks and Caicos Islands, where he stayed until 1946, when he was promoted to the post of Administrator in Dominica.

In 1952, Arrowsmith was returned to the High Commission Territories, to serve as Resident Commissioner in Basutoland, but after a turbulent period in that territory's history he was recalled to London in 1956, to a post in the Commonwealth Relations Office. In the following year, he was appointed Governor of the Falkland Islands, and served in that capacity for seven years, finally retiring from the Colonial Service in 1964.

Arrowsmith's links with work overseas did not cease on his retirement, however, for he became Director of the Overseas Development Resettlement Bureau in 1965, and continued to hold that position until 1979. He was awarded the CMG in 1950, and the KCMG in 1959. He married Clondagh Connor in 1936, and they had two daughters. Sir Edwin died in 1992.

Scope and Content

Correspondence, reports, memoranda and other papers relating to service in the Bechuanaland Protectorate (now Botswana), Turks and Caicos Islands, Dominica, Basutoland (now Lesotho) and the Falkland Islands.

The Collection consists of 7 boxes, mainly correspondence, of which Box 1 contains material relating to Bechuanaland, Box 2 has papers on the Turks and Caicos Islands and Dominica, Box 3 has papers on Basutoland, and Boxes 4-7 contain Falkland Islands material.

Acquisition

Donated by Sir Edwin Porter Arrowsmith, February 1986.

Preferred Form of Citation

Oxford, Bodleian Library [followed by shelfmark and folio or page reference, e.g. MSS. Brit. Emp. s. 511/1/1, fols. 1-2].

Personal name(s) (NCA Rules)

Arrowsmith | Sir | Edwin Porter | 1909-1992 | Knight | colonial governor

Corporate name(s) (NCA Rules)

Great Britain | Colonial Administrative Service

Subject(s)

20th century
Colonial administrators -- Lesotho
Governors -- Falkland Islands
Great Britain -- Colonies -- Botswana -- Administration
Great Britain -- Colonies -- Dominica -- Administration
Great Britain -- Colonies -- Falkland Islands -- Administration
Great Britain -- Colonies -- Turks and Caicos Islands -- Administration

A   Bechuanaland Protectorate 1932-9

Full range of shelfmarks:

MSS. Brit. Emp. s. 511/1/1-4


Bechuanaland Protectorate
Date: 28 Sep. 1932-16 Jan. 1939
Shelfmark: MSS. Brit. Emp. s. 511/1/1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 26 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence with the Dominions Office and the Resident Commissioner, Mafeking, on his appointment as Assistant District Commissioner, Bechuanaland; also, correspondence relating to his decision to resign, including letters from Sir Ralph Furse.

Bechuanaland Protectorate
Date: 24-28 Mar. 1934
Shelfmark: MSS. Brit. Emp. s. 511/1/2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 5 leaves

Scope and Content

Extracts from letters from Arrowsmith (typescript copies) describing the visit of Prince George to Bechuanaland, with a related minute and letter from the Resident Commissioner.

Bechuanaland Protectorate
Date: [1936]-5 Sep. 1938
Shelfmark: MSS. Brit. Emp. s. 511/1/3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 17 leaves

Scope and Content

Miscellaneous correspondence on service in Bechuanaland, with texts of two broadcasts about the country, one by Arrowsmith.

Issue of The Sphere, containing an article on Bechuanaland
Date: 23 Sep. 1933
Shelfmark: MSS. Brit. Emp. s. 511/1/4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 volume

B   Turks and Caicos Islands and Dominica 1939-52

Full range of shelfmarks:

MSS. Brit. Emp. s. 511/2/1-6


Turks and Caicos Islands and Dominica
Date: 17 Oct. 1939-4 Aug. 1946
Shelfmark: MSS. Brit. Emp. s. 511/2/1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 63 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence with the Colonial Office on appointment as Commissioner, Turks and Caicos Islands, and later, on appointment as Administrator, Dominica; with other related letters.

Turks and Caicos Islands
Date: 20 Feb. 1940-18 Jun. 1946
Shelfmark: MSS. Brit. Emp. s. 511/2/2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 97 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence with F.L. Brown, Assistant Colonial Secretary in Jamaica, about affairs in the Turks and Caicos Islands, with other related letters.

Dominica
Date: 30 Sep. 1946-25 Jun. 1952
Shelfmark: MSS. Brit. Emp. s. 511/2/3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 106 leaves

Scope and Content

Brief diary for September to December 1946, on his appointment as Administrator for Dominica, and correspondence with Sir Arthur Grimble, Sir Ronald Garvey adn Sir Robert Arundell, successive Governors of the Windward Islands, (Sir Ronald Garvey was Acting Governor), with other related letters, including congratulations on his appointment to Basutoland.

Dominica
Date: 7 Dec. 1947-Aug. 1949
Shelfmark: MSS. Brit. Emp. s. 511/2/4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 18 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence with the Colonial Office, mostly with H. Beckett and including a letter to Sir Ralph Furse, conerning affairs in Dominica.

Dominica
Date: 3 Mar. 1947-25 Sep. 1951
Shelfmark: MSS. Brit. Emp. s. 511/2/5
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 20 leaves

Scope and Content

Various addresses made to Arrowsmith while he was in Dominica, with some speeches made by him.

Dominica
Date: [25 Sep. 1951]
Shelfmark: MSS. Brit. Emp. s. 511/2/6
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 4 leaves

Scope and Content

Photographs of the Dominican Legislative Council and the Secretariat Staff.

C   Basutoland 1951-60

Full range of shelfmarks:

MSS. Brit. Emp. s. 511/3/1-5


Basutoland
Date: 1 Jul. 1952-10 Sep. 1955
Shelfmark: MSS. Brit. Emp. s. 511/3/1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 34 leaves

Scope and Content

Personal correspondence with fellow Colonial Officers and others, about affairs in Basutoland and the West Indies.

Basutoland
Date: Mar. 1952-30 May 1956
Shelfmark: MSS. Brit. Emp. s. 511/3/2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 81 leaves

Scope and Content

Reports, memoranda, minutes and letters, mostly relating to the Report of the Moore Committee on Administrative Reforms (in Basutoland), July 1954, and including corresondence with the Deputy High Commissioner, T.V. Scrivenor. A copy of the Report is included.

Basutoland
Date: 8 Nov. 1951-[1953]
Shelfmark: MSS. Brit. Emp. s. 511/3/3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 12 leaves

Scope and Content

Welcome addresses from Chiefs to Arrowsmith on his arrival in Basutoland, with notes for speeches made by him to native meetings about medicine murders.

Basutoland
Date: 25 Mar. 1953-7 Sep. 1956
Shelfmark: MSS. Brit. Emp. s. 511/3/4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 12 leaves

Scope and Content

Addresses made by Arrowsmith in Basutoland, with miscellaneous letters to him and some printed material.

Basutoland
Date: 1956-60
Shelfmark: MSS. Brit. Emp. s. 511/3/5
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Scope and Content

Correspondence, memoranda and minutes concerning Arrowsmith's departure from Basutoland in September 1956, and also relating to later events in the country, and to his appointment to the Falkland Islands.

D   Falkland Islands 1956-65, 1980

D.1   Correspondence, reports and memoranda on service in the Falkland Islands 1956-64

Full range of shelfmarks:

MSS. Brit. Emp. s. 511/4/1-6

Falkland Islands
Date: 21 Feb. 1957-30 Mar. 1964
Shelfmark: MSS. Brit. Emp. s. 511/4/1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 71 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence with the Colonial Office about appointments to the Falkland Islands, and on later events there, with other related letters and papers, including some from the Falklands Islands Company.

Falkland Islands
Date: 26 Nov. 1956 - 23 Nov. 1964
Shelfmark: MSS. Brit. Emp. s. 511/4/2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 58 leaves

Scope and Content

Personal correspondence with Colonial Office colleagues and others relating to service in the Falkland Islands.

Falkland Islands
Date: 17 Apr. 1958 - 31 May 1962
Shelfmark: MSS. Brit. Emp. s. 511/4/3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 43 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence with Falkland Islands Officers on leave in England about events in the Islands and the Colonial Office's attitude to them.

Falkland Islands
Date: 9 May-11 Dec. 1959
Shelfmark: MSS. Brit. Emp. s. 511/4/4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 447 leaves

Scope and Content

Miscellaneous letters, mostly congratulations on award of KCMG in June 1959, with related press cuttings.

Falkland Islands
Date: 1963-4
Shelfmark: MSS. Brit. Emp. s. 511/4/5
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Scope and Content

Letters, reports and memoranda relating to discussions with the Colonial Office about the Flakland Islands held when Arrowsmith was on leave in England in July-august 1963, and in June 1964 after his retirement.

Falkland Islands
Date: 1963-4
Shelfmark: MSS. Brit. Emp. s. 511/4/6
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Scope and Content

Correspondence with the Colonial Office (John E. Marnham) about the appointment of a successor to Arrowsmith, and about arrangements for the latter's final departure from the Falkland Islands.

D.2   Reports, memoranda and minutes relating to the Falkland Islands 1956-65

Full range of shelfmarks:

MSS. Brit. Emp. s. 511/5/1-4

Falkland Islands
Date: 1958-64
Shelfmark: MSS. Brit. Emp. s. 511/5/1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Scope and Content

Minutes of meetings, memoranda, reports and letters relating to the work of the F.I. Dependencies Survey / British Antarctic Survey.

Falkland Islands
Date: 10 Mar. 1960-22 Jan. 1962
Shelfmark: MSS. Brit. Emp. s. 511/5/2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 17 leaves

Scope and Content

Memoranda and reports by the Colonial Secretary relating to taxation and the financial situation generally in the Falkland Islands.

Falkland Islands
Date: Jan. 1956-Jul. 1963
Shelfmark: MSS. Brit. Emp. s. 511/5/3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 21 leaves

Scope and Content

Memorandum on sheep farming in the Falkland Islands, 1956, and minutes of meetings and agreements reached by the Flakland Islands Sheep Owners Association and the Labour Federation, 1962-63.

Falkland Islands
Date: 3 Jun. 1964-14 Apr. 1965
Shelfmark: MSS. Brit. Emp. s. 511/5/4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 5 leaves

Scope and Content

Minutes of meetings, programmes and reports relating to the Combined Services Expedition on H.M.S. Protector to South Georgia, Novembeer 1964-March 1965.

D.3   Social functions at Government House 1957-64

Full range of shelfmarks:

MSS. Brit. Emp. s. 511/6/1-2

Social functions at Government House
Date: 27 May 1957 - 31 Dec. 1959
Shelfmark: MSS. Brit. Emp. s. 511/6/1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 124 leaves

Scope and Content

Lists of guests invited for various social events at Government House, including dinners, dances, cocktail parties and so on; also a list of members of the Legisltavitve and Executive Councils.

Social functions at Government House
Date: 6 Jan. 1960-21 Apr. 1964
Shelfmark: MSS. Brit. Emp. s. 511/6/2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 175 leaves

Scope and Content

Lists of guests invited for various social events at Government House, including dinners, dances, cocktail parties and so on; also a list of members of the Legisltavitve and Executive Councils.

D.4   Programmes, speeches and photographs: Falkland Islands; papers on Overseas Services Resettlement Bureau 1958-64, 1980

Full range of shelfmarks:

MSS. Brit. Emp. s. 511/7/1-4

Falkland Islands
Date: 31 Oct. 1958 - 21 Apr. 1964
Shelfmark: MSS. Brit. Emp. s. 511/7/1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 35 leaves

Scope and Content

Programmes of events on special occasions, with related messages and speeches by Arrowsmith.

Falkland Islands
Date: 22 Dec. 1960-63
Shelfmark: MSS. Brit. Emp. s. 511/7/2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 13 leaves

Scope and Content

Christmas messages broadcast to the Falkland Islands people by Arrowsmith.

Falkland Islands
Date: Mar.-Apr. 1959
Shelfmark: MSS. Brit. Emp. s. 511/7/3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 28 leaves

Scope and Content

Photographs of American and British ice-breaker ships in the Antarctic.

Overseas Services Resettlement Bureau
Date: Jul. 1970-30 Apr. 1980
Shelfmark: MSS. Brit. Emp. s. 511/7/4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 32 leaves

Scope and Content

Newsletters, memoranda and letters relating to Directorship of the Overseas Services Ressettlement Bureau, and to retirement from this in 1979.


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