Catalogue of the papers of Sir Cecil Clementi

Bodleian Library, University of Oxford

Amanda Hill
1997; edited, converted to EAD and published online 2015

MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352

Department of Special Collections
Contact Information
Search Online Catalogues


Table of Contents

Introduction
A   Hong Kong papers 1913-1945
    A.1   Correspondence 1925-1930
    A.2   Papers on Hong Kong matters sent to Clementi while on leave 1927-1929
    A.3   Letters regarding appointment as Governor of Hong Kong Aug-Dec 1925
    A.4   General correspondence on private and official matters 1926-1929
    A.5   From box file marked 'Hong Kong, Misc. Letters, Clippings 1929-1930' 1929-1930
    A.6   From box file marked 'SPEECHES. 23 Nov 1923 - 7 May 1927. 1' 1923-1928
    A.7   From box file marked: 'SPEECHES. 10 Mar 1928 - 5 May 1930. 2' 1928-1930
    A.8   From box file marked 'SPEECHES. 23 May 1930-23 June 1945. 3' 1930-1945
    A.9   'Anglo-Japanese Relations in the Far East' 1926-1933
    A.10   Additional Hong Kong material 1913-1937
B   Malaya papers 1882-1963
C   Papers relating to publications and lectures 1898-1936
D   Photographs and miscellaneous items 1873-1961


Papers of Sir Cecil Clementi

1873-1963

Abstract:
Papers of Sir Cecil Clementi (1875-1947), colonial governor, mainly relating to his work in Hong Kong and Malaya.

Extent: 8.3 Linear metres, 55 boxes
Language(s) of Material: English

Biographical History

Sir Cecil Clementi (1875-1947), colonial governor, was born in India, the son of Colonel Montagu Clementi (1839-1919) and Isabel Collard (1850-1930). He began his career as a cadet in the Hong Kong Civil Service and remained in Hong Kong for the next twelve years (with the exception of two secondments in 1902 and 1903).

There followed appointments as Colonial Secretary of British Guiana, 1913-1922 (administered the government 1916-1917, 1919 and 1921); Colonial Seceretary of Ceylon, 1922-1925 (administered the government 1922-1923 and 1925); Governor of Hong Kong, 1925-1930, and Governor of the Straits Settlements and High Commissioner for Malaya, 1930-1934. He retired in 1934.

Clementi was awarded a GCMG (1931) and was a Knight of Grace of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem (1926). His publications include Summary of Geographical Observations taken during a Journey from Kashgar to Kowloon (1907-1908) (Hong Kong: 1911), Pervigilium Veneris: The Vigil of Venus (Oxford: 1911), The Chinese in British Guiana (British Guiana: 1915) and A Constitutional History of British Guiana (London: 1937).

In 1912 he married Marie Penelope Rose Cobbold Eyres (1889-1970), the daughter of Admiral C.J. Eyres (1862-1949) and Rose Townsend (1863-1940). They had four children, Dione, Cecily, Cresswell and Alwin.

Note: Biographical history written with reference to Clementi's entries in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography and Who's Who.

Scope and Content

The Hong Kong papers, shelfmarked MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 1-25 and 53 / 2-5 (26 boxes, 4 files), mainly relate to Clementi's period as Governor of that colony between 1925 and 1930.

He became Governor of the Straits Settlements and High Commissioner for the Malay States in 1930 and remained there until retiring on grounds of ill health in 1934. MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 26-43 (18 boxes) contain papers relating to this period and some later material relating to events in Malaya.

During his lifetime Clementi wrote several books and articles; correspondence and texts relating to these are to be found in MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 44-52 and 53 /1 (9 boxes, 1 file). The final box, MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 54, contains photographs and miscellaneous items.

Acquisition

Donated by Alwin Isabel Ovenell (nee Clementi), 1987-1997.

Preferred Form of Citation

Oxford, Bodleian Library [followed by shelfmark and folio or page reference, e.g. MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 1 / 1, fols. 1-2].

Personal name(s) (NCA Rules)

Clementi | Sir | Cecil | 1875-1947 | Knight | colonial governor

Corporate name(s) (NCA Rules)

Great Britain. Colonial Administrative Service

Subject(s)

Colonial administrators
Guyana -- Politics and government -- 20th century
Hong Kong (China) -- Politics and government -- 20th century
Malaya -- Politics and government -- 20th century

A   Hong Kong papers 1913-1945

Scope and Content

The arrangement of the papers reflects the filing system used by Clementi himself. The papers shelfmarked MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 1-17A (17 boxes) were originally kept in box files with those numbers and are clearly the papers that Clementi considered to be most important, comprising telegrams, reports and letters sent between himself, the Colonial Office and the Foreign Office representatives in China during his period as Governor of Hong Kong. Other letters from this time are to be found in MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 17B-20 (4 boxes). This includes both personal and official correspondence.

MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 21 (1 box) holds mainly personal letters, with a few official items.

MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 22-24 (3 boxes) contain the texts of speeches made by Clementi between 1923 and 1945 and thus cover his time in Ceylon and Malaya as well as his service in Hong Kong.

MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 25 (1 box) holds a file labelled 'Anglo-Japanese Relations in the Far East' which dates from 1926 to 1933 and contains memoranda and reports on British and Japanese reactions to events in China.

MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 53 / 2-5 (4 files) includes Clementi's commission as Governor in 1925 and some official papers.

A.1   Correspondence 1925-1930

Scope and Content

Letters and telegrams on the situation in Canton, mostly between Clementi and the Colonial Office.

Correspondence
Date: 22-30 Dec 1925
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 1 / 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 83 leaves

Scope and Content

Letters and telegrams on the situation in Canton, mostly between Clementi and the Colonial Office.

Correspondence
Date: 3 Jan-22 Feb 1926
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 1 / 2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 171 leaves

Scope and Content

Letters and telegrams on the situation in Canton, mostly between Clementi and the Colonial Office.

Correspondence
Date: 31 Jan-27 Feb 1926
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 1 / 3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 113 leaves

Scope and Content

Letters and telegrams on the situation in Canton, mostly between Clementi and the Colonial Office.

Correspondence
Date: 1-30 Mar 1926
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 1 / 4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 177 leaves

Scope and Content

Letters and telegrams on the situation in Canton, mostly between Clementi and the Colonial Office.

Correspondence
Date: 1-29 Apr 1926
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 2 / 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 111 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on the appointment of J.F. Brenan as Consul General at Canton; the Boxer Indemnity Fund Delegation headed by Lord Willingdon, and its role in Canton and Hong Kong affairs; reports on the military situation in China, concentrating on the activities of Wu Pei-fu and the increasing influence of Chiang Kai-shek; preliminary talks with the Canton Government and the decision, publicly announced by the Hong Kong Government, not to negotiate compensation payment; harassment of the Chinese Maritime Customs in Canton by the strike pickets, including an attack on the Commissioner of Customs.

Correspondents include Sir Ronald Macleay, L.S. Amery, the Consul Generals at Canton, Hankow and Shanghai, Sir Shou son Chow, Dr. R.H. Kotewall, E.R. Hallifax, Lord Willingdon, and Colonel F. Hayley Bell.

Correspondence
Date: 2-31 May 1926
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 2 / 2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 60 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on the instability of the Peking Government, under pressure from the northern war lords, in particular Wu Pei-fu; the purge of leading members of the Canton Government by Chiang Kai-shek; action taken by strike pickets against foreign shipping; appeals made by Clementi to the Willingdon Delegation to support Hong Kong University, an unofficial visit to Hong Kong by Lord Willingdon, and the Delegation's decision not to visit Canton or Hong Kong but to invest money in the proposed Canton Hankow railway scheme.

Correspondents include Sir Ronald Macleay, L.S. Amery, the Consul Generals at Canton, Shanghai and Hankow, S.P. Waterlow (Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies), and Lord Willingdon.

Correspondence
Date: 1 Jun-9 Aug 1926
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 2 / 3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 182 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on the policy of the British Government towards Bolshevism in China; the continuing purge of leading members of the Canton Government by Chiang Kai shek, his withdrawal of financial support for the strikers, and his ambivalent attitude towards the Communists; the proposed resumption of negotiations to end the boycott, and the suggestion by the Canton Government that surtaxes be imposed on goods imported into Canton; Clementi's firm view that the British Government should give legal recognition to the Canton Government; reports on the military situation in China, relating mainly to Wu Pei fu and Chiang Kai shek; the question of relaxing the arms embargo in favour of anti Communist war lords; the recurrence of piracy in Bias Bay and the Canton Government's lack of action over the matter.

Correspondents include L.S. Amery, Sir Ronald Macleay, the Consul Generals of Canton and Shanghai, Dr. R.H. Kotewall, Eugene Chen, Colonel F. Hayley Bell, Commodore Stirling, Lt. Col. F.S. Montague Bates (OCT HK), and F. Mayer (American Legation in Peking).

Correspondence
Date: 16 Mar-20 Jul 1926
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 2 / 4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 142 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on the proceedings of the boycott negotiations in Canton, delayed until after the anniversary of the Shameen Shakee shooting incident over which the Canton Government demanded an international inquiry; attempts by the Canton Strike Committee to force the Chinese Maritime Customs staff to join a Customs union; the seizure of a Hong Kong Police motor boat and its crew, on the Sham Chun River, by strike pickets; the question of whether to relax the China arms embargo; suitable projects for the Boxer Indemnity Fund to sponsor.

Correspondents include L.S. Amery, Sir Ronald Macleay, the Consul Generals at Canton, Yunnanfu, and Hankow, Colonel F. Hayley Bell, Sir Shou son Chow, Dr. R.H. Kotewall, Eugene Chen, George Mounsey (Colonial Office), J.H. Kemp, Lt. Col. Montagu Bates, A.E. Wood, W.G. Gerrard, and E.C.D. Wolfe.

Correspondence
Date: 3-31 Aug 1926
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 3 / 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 107 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on the legal recognition of the Canton Government, advocated by Brenan and Clementi, but opposed by Amery; reports on the military situation in China; anti British activities of the strike pickets, prompting calls by British officials in Hong Kong and China for positive action to be taken against the pickets; reports of Russian attempts to set up five Communist governments to rule all China; acts of piracy in Bias Bay.

Correspondents include L.S. Amery, Sir Ronald Macleay, the Consul Generals of Canton and Shanghai, Sir Shou son Chow, Dr. R.H. Kotewall, Rear Admiral A.J.G. Stirling, and the Commissioner of Customs at Swatow.

Correspondence
Date: 1-30 Sep 1926
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 3 / 2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 266 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on reports of anti-British activities involving the strike pickets and successful naval action taken against them in Canton and Swatow; reports on the civil war in China; private talks between Eugene Chen and Brenan, and an agreement to allow the Canton Government to police the wharves, provided the British withheld naval activity in Canton; support by Clementi for continued action against the pickets and for legal recognition of the Canton Government by Britain; the successful voyage of two Jardine Matheson steamers from Hong Kong to Canton; the proposal by the Canton Government to end the boycott on October 10, and to institute surtaxes on imported goods; the involvement of the Hong Kong Government in the funding by the Tung Wah Hospital Committee of an abortive coup against the Canton Government; the growing opposition between Sun Chuan Fang and Chiang Kai-shek; speeches made by Sun Fo identifying the Canton Government completely with the Strike Committee; a report of a meeting of the Canton Chamber of Commerce to develop the anti British economic boycott.

Correspondents include L.S. Amery, Sir Ronald Macleay, the Consul Generals at Canton, Shanghai, Swatow and Yunnanfu, Rear Admiral Stirling, Dr. R.H. Kotewall, E.R. Hallifax, J.R. Kemp, Eugene Chen, W.C. Gerrard, D.G.M. Bernard, and the Governor of Singapore.

Correspondence
Date: 1 Oct-17 Dec 1926
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 3 / 3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 244 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on the Canton Government's intention to end the boycott and introduce surplus tax on imported goods; reports on the civil war in China; the appointment of Wellington Koo as Acting Minister for Foreign Affairs in Peking; reports on the activities of the strike pickets; an interview with a right wing member of the Strike Committee, describing the organisation of the strike pickets and his involvement in the plot to murder Communists in Hong Kong; a report on the voyages of the Jardine Matheson steamers to Canton; Clementi's unsuccessful campaign to persuade the British Government to recognise the Canton Government, and to continue naval action against the pickets; the report of the British China Indemnity Deputation; the resumption of normal passenger and cargo transport between Hong Kong and Canton; piracy in Bias Bay.

Correspondents include L.S. Amery, Sir Ronald Macleay, the Consul-Generals at Canton, Hankow, Shanghai and Swatow, E.R. Hallifax, Rear-Admiral Stirling, Sir Shou-son Chow, Dr. R.H. Kotewall, and W.G. Gerard.

Correspondence
Date: 27-31 Oct 1926
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 4 / 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 46 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on the controversy between the powers over the acceptance of surtaxes to be levied by Chinese authorities, and the threat by the Canton Government to set up a Customs Inspectorate to rival the Maritime Customs; police reports on trade across the New Territories border, passenger and cargo statistics from the Hong Kong, Canton and Macao Steamboat Co. Ltd., and the increase of anti-British economic activity in Canton; the threat of closure of the John G. Kerr Hospital for the Insane in Canton, due to Union activity; reports on the state of the civil war in China, including rumours of the death of Chiang Kai-shek.

Correspondents include Sir Ronald Macleay, the Consul Generals at Canton and Swatow, and Eugene Chen.

Correspondence
Date: 1-30 Nov 1926
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 4 / 2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 202 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on the payment of surtaxes, reluctantly accepted by the British but opposed by Japan and USA; the need to negotiate with the Canton Government to prevent the destruction of the Chinese Maritime Customs; passenger statistics from the Hong Kong, Canton and Macao Steamboat Co., and reports on trade between Hong Kong and China, including police reports of frontier incidents; extension of the campaign to boycott British goods and shipping in Canton and Swatow; persistent rumours of Chiang Kai-shek's death, quashed by interviews given later to Consul General in Canton and to the press; reports of piracy in Bias Bay; reports on the political and military situation in China, as the North's position weakened; reports of Russian activities in Canton, including the replacement of General Galen as Chief Military Adviser; growing conflict between British and Chinese authorities over the establishment of a Customs Inspectorate; appointment of Sir Miles Lampson as Minister to the British Legation in Peking.

Correspondents include L.S. Amery, Sir Ronald Macleay, the Consuls General at Canton and Swatow, Sir Miles Lampson, Rear Admiral Stirling, Sir Shou son Chow, and Dr. R.H. Kotewall.

Correspondence
Date: 1-19 Dec 1926
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 4 / 3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 156 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on the reluctance of the Washington Treaty powers, apart from Britain, to accept the introduction of surtaxes, particularly Japan and USA; refusal of Inspector General of Chinese Maritime Customs to co-operate in any way with Canton Government over establishment of the rival Customs Inspectorate; question of granting de jure instead of de facto recognition to Canton Government; continuing boycott of British goods and shipping; passenger and cargo statistics from Hong Kong, Canton and Macao Steamboat Co.; police reports of frontier incidents in the New Territories; announcement of Nationalist Government's move from Canton to Wuchang; reports on political and military situation in China; negotiations between Consul General at Hankow and Eugene Chen over Customs Inspectorate and the recognition of the Canton Government as the legitimate government of China; the sending of Chinese troops to Bias Bay, ostensibly to comply with British requests to eliminate piracy in the area; report of V. M. Smith (Indian Government official) on effect of Chinese situation on Indian interests.

Correspondents include L.S. Amery, the Consuls General at Shanghai, Hankow, Canton and Nanking, and O'Malley (the Charge d'Affaires of the British Legation at Peking).

Correspondence
Date: 20-31 Dec 1926
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 4 / 4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 134 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on question of recognition of Nationalist Government, acceptance of the Washington surtaxes, and the threat posed to the Chinese Maritime Customs by the new Customs Inspectorate; reports of an attack on General Lo Kwan by Canton Government troops under the guise of an anti-piracy campaign in the Bias Bay area; the Canton Government's reaction to the arrest of Kuomintang (KMT) agitators by the British Municipal Police in Tientsin; negotiations between the Consul General at Shanghai and Eugene Chen; an interview with Chiang Kai-shek following his defeat of Wu Pei-fu and Sun Ch'uan Fang; police reports of frontier incidents in the New Territories, and picketing of the Hong Kong Canton and Macao Steamboat Company's ships in Canton; Clementi's proposal to establish an Intelligence Service in southern China; the defence of foreign concessions in China; the British Government's attempts to avoid recognition of either Peking or Canton as the Government of China; the growing power struggle between left and right wings of the Nationalist Government, and the decline of Bolshevist influence in Canton; reports on the activities of northern warlords.

Correspondents include L.S. Amery, O'Malley, the Consul Generals at Hankow, Shanghai and Siakwan, and Sir Miles Lampson.

Correspondence
Date: 1-9 Jan 1927
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 5 / 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 90 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on the negotiations for the implementation of the Washington surtaxes and the problems in dealing with the Peking and Canton governments over the issue; the intensifying of anti-foreign feeling culminating in the evacuation of the British Concession at Hankow; recommendations to strengthen defences at foreign Concessions in China, and the application of economic pressure on the Nationalist Government; reports on the economic situation in southern China; police reports on frontier incidents in the New Territories.

Correspondents include L.S. Amery, Sir Miles Lampson, the Consul Generals at Hankow, Canton and Shanghai, and the British Ambassador to Tokyo.

Correspondence
Date: 10-14 Jan 1927
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 5 / 2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 63 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on the repercussions of the Hankow incident, including report by O'Malley on the evacuation of the British Concession; sending of troops to China to defend foreign Concessions; continuing civil war; attack on General Lo Kwan by Canton Government troops; reports on the economic situation in China and Hong Kong, and on anti-foreign agitation; Japan's refusal to accept the introduction of surtaxes.

Correspondents include L.S. Amery, Sir Miles Lampson, O'Malley, the Consul Generals at Shanghai, Hankow and Swatow, and the Governor of Singapore.

Correspondence
Date: 15-19 Jan 1927
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 5 / 3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 105 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on the continuing anti-foreign demonstrations; Foreign Office and Cabinet policy on defence of the Concessions in China; preparations for the defence and evacuation of the Concessions, hampered by the lack of a nearby strategic base and the refusal of the Japanese to send troops; control of labour disputes in Hong Kong and Canton; proposal to establish an aerodrome at Kai Tak; negotiations over the future administration of the British Concession at Hankow; Clementi's proposal to annexe the New Territories and pursue an aggressive policy towards China.

Correspondents include L.S. Amery, Sir Miles Lampson, O'Malley, and the Consul Generals at Canton and Shanghai.

Correspondence
Date: 20-24 Jan 1927
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 5 / 4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 105 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on difficulties in negotiating with Southern Government without antagonising Northern; Japanese opposition to levying Washington surtaxes; reports of dissension within the Nationalist Government following the failure of the Government to establish a new capital, and riots in Hankow directed against the Finance Minister T. V. Soong; rejection of Clementi's proposals to annexe the New Territories; details of the defence of the foreign Concessions; reports on the economic situation in Canton and Hong Kong; police reports on frontier incidents in the New Territories; Clementi's disapproval of the British Government's agreement to the levying of the Washington surtaxes and the surrender of Hankow; negotiations with Eugene Chen over the Hankow Concession; Russian and German arms for China; the Canton Government's threat to take over the Customs Administration if the Inspector General of the Chinese Maritime Customs attempted to collect the new surtaxes; criticisms by O'Malley of the Foreign Office's policy of neutrality towards China; the success of Chiang Kai-shek in the civil war; deteriorating situation in Shanghai.

Correspondents include L.S. Amery, Sir Miles Lampson, O'Malley, and the Consul General at Shanghai.

Correspondence
Date: 25-31 Jan 1927
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 5 / 5
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 111 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on the evacuation and defence of British Concessions, regarded by the Canton Government as warlike actions; the continuing power struggle between the right and left wings of the Nationalist Government; attempts by Chang Tso-lin to persuade the British to support him in his war against the south; reports of crimes against Indians in China; changing telegram cypher; reports exonerating Lo Kwan on charges of piracy; speculation on future Chinese military activities; Japanese objections to the Washington surtaxes; attempts by the North to force the Customs Administration to collect surtaxes, including the South; negotiations between O'Malley and Eugene Chen in Hankow, resulting in a draft agreement.

Correspondents include L.S. Amery, Sir Miles Lampson, O'Malley, the Consul General at Shanghai, Colonel F. Hayley Bell.

Correspondence
Date: 1-9 Feb 1927
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 6 / 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 164 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on the continuing negotiations between O'Malley and Chen over the British concessions; despatch of the Shanghai Defence Force and Chinese reaction to it; dilemma of granting de jure recognition to either the Northern or Southern Governments; observations by Amery on British policy towards Russian and Japanese activities in the Far East; the reorganisation of the Peking Government, including the dismissal of Aglen as Inspector of Customs; piracy in Bias Bay and its effects on negotiations in China; activities of the Chinese war lords; anti-foreign propaganda campaign in the South; difficulties in re-cyphering telegrams; Clementi's continued campaign to gain sponsorship for the University of Hong Kong from the Boxer Indemnity Fund.

Correspondents include L.S. Amery, O'Malley at Hankow, the Consul at Shanghai, Sir Miles Lampson, and the Admiralty.

Correspondence
Date: 10-19 Feb 1927
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 6 / 2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 152 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on negotiations between O'Malley and Chen over the British concessions, anti-British activity and the landing of British troops at Shanghai; reports of civil war in China and the retreat of Sun Chuan-fang; objections raised by the Canton Government against signing an agreement with the British; problems of accommodating troops destined for Shanghai in Hong Kong; reports of piracy in Bias Bay for British propaganda purposes; reports by the Nationalist press on events at Hankow; the strain on O'Malley's health; police reports of anti-British activities at Shataukok; the building of the Kai Tak aerodrome; strikes in Shanghai.

Correspondents include L.S. Amery, Sir Miles Lampson, the War Office, O'Malley at Hankow and the Consul General at Shanghai.

Correspondence
Date: 20-28 Feb 1927
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 6 / 3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 145 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on agreement reached between O'Malley and Chen over the British concession at Hankow; Lampson and Clementi's disapproval of the agreement, and their support of a more aggressive policy against the Nationalist Government, including a blockade of Canton, strongly opposed by Amery; the ruthless suppression of strikes in Shanghai by Sun Chuan-fang; the intensification of anti-British activity in Ichang, Kukiang and Changsha; the influence of Communism in China and warnings by the British against Russian propaganda; reports on the military situation in Shanghai; negotiations on the revision of treaty rights between China and Britain; confrontation with the Seamen's Union over the S.S. Tai-shan incident; a lengthy report from Clementi to Amery detailing the course of events in Sino-British relations during the previous five months.

Correspondents include L.S. Amery, O'Malley at Hankow, Sir Miles Lampson, the Consul Generals at Shanghai and San Francisco.

Correspondence
Date: 1-14 Mar 1927
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 7 / 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 101 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on O'Malley's departure from Hankow and his replacement by Teichman; the question of allowing political refugees to remain in Hong Kong; emergency regulations issued by Clementi to control the activities of the Unions; reports on the trade and military situation, including the civil war in China; Clementi's continued support for force to be used against the 'Bolshevised South'; the British agreement over the concession at Kukiang; reports of the growing power struggle between the moderates and extremists in the Nationalist Government, and Chiang Kai-shek's outspoken criticism of the Communists; Anglo-Chinese nationality laws and the question of Chinese jurisdiction over British subjects; reports on Russian activities in Hankow; Chinese reports of speeches and interviews by various important figures in China, including H. H. Kung, T. V. Soong, Borodin and Sun Fo; reports on the closure of two large sugar refineries due to price undercutting by the Japanese; police reports on frontier incidents; the closure of the John G Kerr Hospital in Canton; the take-over of the Chinese Customs Administration in Kwangtung, and the attempt by a Chinese gunboat to search British vessels at Kongmoon.

Correspondents include L.S. Amery, Sir Miles Lampson, the Consul Generals at Shanghai and Hankow, O'Malley at Hankow, and the Commissioner of Customs at Kongmoon.

Correspondence
Date: 15-19 Mar 1927
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 7 / 2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 60 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on the effect of the Hankow agreement on British commerce in China; Bias Bay piracy and its propaganda value; reports on the growing divide within the Nationalist Party and the reported alliance of T. V. Soong with Chiang Kai-shek; French and British co-operation against threats by the Southern Government to dismantle the postal service; rumours of British troops massed along the Burmese frontier of Yunan; continued debate over the right of Chinese political refugees to reside in Hong Kong; reports on the civil war from Shanghai; Union activity, particularly the Seamen's Union, on the anniversary of Sun Yat-sen's death, and the introduction of regulations to control meetings and processions in Hong Kong; reports on trade.

Correspondents include L.S. Amery, the Consul-Generals at Shanghai, Hankow and Yuanfu, and Sir Miles Lampson.

Correspondence
Date: 20-24 Mar 1927
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 7 / 3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 63 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on reports from Shanghai and Nanking on the civil war; British objections to the Kuomintang (KMT) manifesto published in The People's Tribune; the Nationalist Government's decision to censor all private foreign mail; report on the future of the International Settlement at Shanghai; Chiang Kai-shek's decision to establish the new capital at Nanking; a general strike declared in Shanghai to celebrate the Nationalist victory; denial of rumour that British troops are massing on the Burmese border of Yunan; the criticism of the Hankow agreement by the China Committee, Tientsin; the split in the Nationalist Party; successful naval punitive expedition launched against pirates in Bias Bay by Clementi; the take over of Shanghai by the Nationalist General Pai Chung-hsi; threat by the Nationalist Government to take over the Eastern Extension Telegraph Company at Foochow; report from the US Consul General at Shanghai of an attack on the British Consulate at Nanking and the wounding of the British Consul.

Correspondents include L.S. Amery, Sir Miles Lampson, the Consul Generals at Shanghai and Canton, and the China Committee at Tientsin.

Correspondence
Date: 25-31 Mar 1927
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 7 / 4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 114 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on the attack on the British, American and Japanese Consulates at Nanking by Nationalist troops; anti-foreign agitation at Chunking and Shanghai; an arrangement between Clementi and Admiral Boyle to carry out further punitive action if necessary against the Bias Bay pirates; reports of a plot to assassinate Clementi, R. H. Kotewall, Sir Shou son Chow, and E. R. Hallifax; renewed request from Chang Tso-lin for British support in the war against the South; reports on the situation in Shanghai; the future status of the Shanghai and Tientsin concessions; the arrival of Chiang Kai-shek in Shanghai; preparation to evacuate British subjects from China; discussions to determine the international approach to the Southern Government, following the Nanking attacks; the split in the Nationalist Party; strengthening of forces at British Concessions in China; press statement by the Secretary of State for the Colonies affirming that Hong Kong and the mainland territories will be adequately protected; the Seamen's Union and the S.S. Kinshan incident.

Correspondents include L.S. Amery, Sir Miles Lampson, the Consul Generals at Hankow, Shanghai, Canton, Swatow and Nanking, Admiral William Boyle, the Secretary of the Foreign and Political Department, New Delhi.

Correspondence
Date: 1-6 Apr 1927
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 7 / 5
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 81 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on the Nanking incident; official denial of Chiang Kai-shek's dismissal; preparations for the evacuation of foreign residents from China as anti-foreign activity continues; Lampson's request to strengthen the defences of the Peking Legation; police reports on frontier incidents; international co-operation over the Nanking incident; pirate attack on a Portuguese vessel near Canton; refutation of the Nationalists' version of events at Nanking; recognition of the Commissioner of Customs in the South, but not the Inspector General, by the Southern Government; attack on the Japanese Consulate at Hankow; Communist denouncement of Chiang Kai-shek; discussions between Lampson and the Northern General, Yang Yu-ting; looting reported in Kukiang and Nanking; continuing power struggle within the Nationalist Government; murder of a Sikh policeman by another Sikh in the Shanghai settlement; report to Clementi on Indian subversion, and the briefing given to the newly appointed Intelligence officer at Shanghai; appointment of R. F. Johnston as Commissioner at Wei-hai-wei.

Correspondents include L.S. Amery, the Consul Generals at Shanghai, Hankow, and Nanking, Sir Miles Lampson, and the Governor of Singapore.

Correspondence
Date: 7-14 Apr 1927
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 8 / 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 159 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on the trade situation; Union activity in China; report on food supplies for the civil population in the event of war; continuing power struggle within the Nationalist Party and successful campaign launched by Chiang Kai-shek against the Communists; Clementi's support for decisive action to be taken against any future economic boycott by the South; controversy over evacuating British nationals from China, and defence of the foreign Concessions; negotiations on reparation demands to be presented over the Nanking incident; worsening of relations between the Soviet Union and North and South China; discussions between Sir Miles Lampson and General Liang Shih-yi; Wang Tsing-wai's return to politics at the request of Chiang Kai-shek; the Seamen's Union's version of events leading to the S.S. Fatshan incident; an interview with Chang Tso-lin by the British Military Attaché and his further requests for British aid; occupation of the British Consulates at Nanking, Chuking and Kukiang by Nationalist forces, and the declaration of martial law at Amoy; seizure of the Changsa Custom House by the Hunan General Labour Union; memo from Admiral Boyle on naval requirements to control communications to Canton; problem of permitting the Peking Government to use profits from the Customs without antagonising the South.

Correspondents include L.S. Amery, Sir Miles Lampson, the Consul-Generals at Shanghai, Hankow, Amoy and Canton, and Admiral Boyle.

Correspondence
Date: 15-19 Apr 1927
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 8 / 2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 59 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on the continuing anti-Communist campaign waged by Chiang Kai-shek; replies from the Hankow Government to the reparation demands presented by the individual Powers over the Nanking incident; Foreign Office's decision not to defend any Concession apart from Shanghai; the Hankow Government's attempt to improve foreign relations and revitalise the economy; negotiations between the Powers over possible sanctions to be imposed if the Nanking reparation demands were not complied with; preparations for the possible evacuation of Tientsin; the published findings of the inquest jury over the Singapore incident; plans to attack the Bogue forts and Dane Island; Chiang Kai-shek's dismissal from the Kuomintang (KMT) by the Hankow Government; report on the general conference between military and administrative leaders in Hong Kong to discuss the situation in China; report on the control of silver exchange in Shanghai; appointment of a new Government in Japan.

Correspondents include Sir Miles Lampson, the Consul Generals at Canton, Shanghai and Swatow, and the Governor of Singapore.

Correspondence
Date: 20-29 Apr 1927
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 8 / 3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 98 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on the possible imposition of sanctions against the Hankow Government over the Nanking incident, and the increasing lack of support of the Seamen's Union in Hong Kong; a personal appreciation by Admiral Boyle of the situation in China and the plan to attack the Bogue forts and Dane Island; confusion over the true political and military positions of the Hankow Government and Chiang Kai-shek; the deferral of British military action against the South; inauguration of a new political council at Nanking; Eugene Chen's departure from Canton; strike by seamen protesting at anti-Union activity by the Canton Government; report on the anti-Communist coup d'etat in Canton; police reports of frontier incidents; a letter to the Chinese press from the German Consul General in Canton clarifying German colonial aspirations; arrival of Russian delegates for the Pan Pacific Conference of Trade Unions; the Kai Tak aerodrome; a ban on emigration from Kiungchow and Canton affecting labour supply in Singapore; Lampson's suggestion that British delegates be withdrawn from Hankow, and to apply sanctions against the Hankow Government independently if necessary; Clementi's proposal that the arms embargo be relaxed to supply General Li Chai-sum.

Correspondents include L.S. Amery, Sir Miles Lampson, the Consul-Generals at Shanghai, Canton and Hankow, and Admiral Boyle.

Correspondence
Date: 2-14 May 1927
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 8 / 4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 116 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on Labour Day celebrations in Shanghai and Hankow; reports on the civil war and the continuing struggle between factions of the Nationalist party; trade situation reports; Chang Tso-lin's request for British support, and unofficial attempts to promote a rapprochement between him and Chiang Kai-shek; alleviation of the labour shortage in Singapore; continued Chinese objections to German colonial aspirations; police reports on frontier incidents; General Li Chai-sum's request for arms from Germany and Macau; Soviet intentions in China; decision not to bomb the Nanyang arsenal in retaliation for the Nanking incident; formation of a new Nationalist Government at Nanking; withdrawal of the British representative from Hankow; the question of military and naval defence in China; piracy in Bias Bay; attempts to resist contacts between Chinese Communists and Indians; the retrocession of Kwang Chow Wan by France to China; activities of the alleged Communist centre in Macau; the Canton Government's intention to pay off the 1925 Hong Kong Canton strikers; attempts by the Hankow Government to revive trade; influx of refugees from China into Hong Kong; collapse of the Pan-Pacific Labour Conference due to the coup d'etat in Canton.

Correspondents include L.S. Amery, Sir Miles Lampson, the Consul Generals at Shanghai and Canton, the Governor of Singapore, the Foreign Department at Simla, and the Admiralty.

Correspondence
Date: 15-24 May 1927
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 8 / 5
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 100 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on the searching of vessels at Swatow; incident involving the S.S. Lungshan, fired upon by Chinese soldiers on Dane Island; collapse of the Hankow Government and declaration of martial law; withdrawal of Newton from Hankow; an interview by the foreign press in Canton with Lai Lien, Acting Director of the Political Department of the Chinese Nationalist Revolutionary Armies; despatch which accompanied photographs relating to the Shamien Shakee incident (1925); progress of the civil war; the Pan-Pacific Labour Conference; Foreign Office refusal to give aid to Chang Tso-lin; request by the Macao Government for military aid from Hong Kong in the event of emergency; naval policy in China; negotiations over the Nanking incident.

Correspondents include L.S. Amery, Sir Miles Lampson, the Consul Generals at Swatow, Canton, Hankow, O'Malley at Peking, the Naval Commander in Chief at Henkoo, and Major F.C. Roberts.

Correspondence
Date: 25-31 May 1927
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 8 / 6
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 73 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on the civil war, and plans for the controversial evacuation and defence of North China; negotiations over the Nanking incident; press report of a speech made by Lai Lin on the purging of the Kuomintang (KMT); manifesto issued by Chiang Kai-shek on the continuing influx of refugees from China into Hong Kong; police reports of frontier incidents; memorandum of the Hong Kong General Defence Committee's views on the report of the Trade Blockade Advisory Committee; Wang Tsing-wai's meeting with Chiang Kai-shek, Hin Han-min and Lin Ching-kan over the Nanking incident; the Japanese contribution to the defence of North China; C. C. Wu's appointment as Minister of Foreign Affairs in the Nanking Government; negotiations over Tientsin and Crown leases; continued negotiations between Lampson and Wang Tsing-wai.

Correspondents include L.S. Amery, Sir Miles Lampson, the Consul-General at Shanghai, and O'Malley.

Correspondence
Date: 1-9 Jun 1927
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 9 / 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 89 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on the proscription of the Seamen's Union in Hong Kong; negotiations over the Nanking incident and a draft settlement proposed by Wang Tsing-wai; decision of the Nanking Government to establish their own inspectorate general of Customs; postponement of the Tientsin Concession negotiations; commercial and consular opinion on the reopening of evacuated ports in China; tour by the assessor to the Opium Committee of the League of Nations; proposals to restrict temporarily Chinese immigration to Singapore; retaliatory action policy by the British against the Chinese; reports of proposed withdrawal by the Americans from the Peking legation; publication by the Canton Political Council of regulations on labour disputes, changes in the management of some Cantonese newspapers, manifestos issued by Chiang Kai-shek and General Tsin Tai-kwan; comparative tables of shipping for the first quarters of 1924, 1926 and 1927; meetings between Lampson and other Ministers on his talks with Wang. Correspondents include Sir Miles Lampson, O'Malley, the Consul Generals at Shanghai, Hankow and Tientsin.

Correspondence
Date: 10-19 Jun 1927
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 9 / 2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 42 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on the proposed establishment of an independent Customs inspectorate and the imposition of additional shipping taxes by the South; Japanese policy for the future defence of North China; reports on the military and political situation in China; anti-Japanese agitation in Canton over the landing of troops in Shantung; a meeting between Lampson and Chang Tso-lin; possible visit to Japan by Lampson; a Cantonese press report on an alleged shipment of arms from Germany to Tsingtao; threatened crisis over the Tientsin salt revenue; establishment of an Intelligence organisation in Hong Kong; request by the Chinese Government coastguard administration for the release of their government vessel Suilin from Hong Kong; Chang Tso-lin's intention to assume the post of Generalissimo and to reorganise the Peking Government.

Correspondents include Sir Miles Lampson, and the Consul Generals at Shanghai and Hankow.

Correspondence
Date: 20-30 Jun 1927
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 9 / 3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 94 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on the settlement of the Nanking incident; Chang Tso-lin's installation as Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces and the formation of a new government in Peking; tour of the assessor to the Opium Commission of the League of Nations; picketing by the Seamen's Union in Canton; imposition of shipping taxes on foreign vessels by the Canton Government; General Feng Yu-hsiang's announcement that he will only support a rapprochement between the Wuhan and Nanking Governments; Nationalist take-over of Changha and the departure of the Russians from Wuhan; proposed take-over of the Chinese telegraph office in Hong Kong by the Canton authorities; supply of opium to Macao; proposed ordinance governing Union activity in Hong Kong; anti-communist speeches reported in Canton press, including one by Chiang Kai-shek; protests against the landing of troops in China by the Japanese.

Correspondents include Sir Miles Lampson, and the Consul Generals at Shanghai, Hankow and Canton.

Correspondence
Date: 1-9 Jul 1927
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 9 / 4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 50 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on proposed take-over of duty collection by Nanking Government, and imposition of new duties; reports on political and military situation in China; instructions to the Customs Inspectorate to hand over all standing monthly grants to the Peking Government; talks between Wang Tsing-wai and Lampson over the Nanking settlement; withdrawal of the Indian brigade from Shanghai; Hong Kong, Canton and Macao Steamboat Company's reaction to demands of Seamen's Union; American concern over alleged contact between the Communists in Shanghai and the President of the Philippines Senate, Manuel Quezon.

Correspondents include Sir Miles Lampson, and the Consul-Generals at Shanghai, Hankow and Manila.

Correspondence
Date: 2-10 Aug 1927, 9 Nov 1927
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 10 / 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 98 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on the appointment of new superintendent of Chinese telegraph office at Hong Kong (Chen Chang-Ying) by Peking Government prompting early decision from Canton over the removal of the office to Chinese territory; Clementi feels new taxes should be opposed by force if necessary and disbelief that likin will be abolished; British government policy opposes the use of force to attain political ends rather than protect life i.e. appeasement; French accept treaty tonnage dues and give consular clearance after customs refuse to; Foreign Office disagrees that tariff autonomy (instituted by China) will endanger "whole fabric of treaties" but agrees exercise of tariff autonomy by a regional autonomy should be resisted; Minister at Wei-hai-wei authorises Shanghai Consul to take similar action to France to prevent delay (i.e. accept treaty tonnage dues and give consular clearance to shipping); US reaction to new taxes and abolition of likin; Canton consul wants advice on how to handle the increased tonnage dues; Minister of Finance returns to Canton and tells manager of Mitsui Bussan Kaisha that Government may cancel increase of tonnage dues if proposed tax is higher than that in Britain and Japan; proposed reduction of British forces in China and air units for Tientsin; naval protection at Hankow; discussion between (Consul?) Shanghai and Japanese Minister and Consul of local situation; Clementi's opinion on the new extra-treaty taxes to be levied by the Nanking Government, which would extend to Kwangtung, the effect on Hong Kong trade and his recommendations including copy of the Nationalist Government's abolition of likin and imposition of dues; meeting of the Corps Diplomatique to secure that the same action should be taken by all the powers in respect to tonnage dues and two letters from Maze on a meeting between him and Nanking Minister of Finance; Custom's (Edwardes) opinion and recommendations; Chang Tso-lin forbids Edwardes to go to Shanghai and interview the Nanking Government; Eugene Chen leaves Hankow for Kukiang; Soviet trade mission in Canton raided; tension at Canton increases - Li Chai-sum refuses visitors after a second attempt on his life and attempt on the commissioner for Labour Feng Tse-wan and bomb attack to do with Seamen's Union; local protest against new taxes in Canton; the agreement reached between the Seamen's Union and the Steamboat Company, criticised by Clementi; desecration of the British and French cemeteries at Pakhoi; anti-communist speech by Gen. Li Lit-kwan.

Correspondence
Date: 11-19 Aug 1927
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 10 / 2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 78 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on registration of Eugene Chen from the Wuhan Government, and his replacement by Ku Meng-yu; report on local situation in Hankow; necessity for Canton to follow policy adopted at Shanghai over tonnage dues; visit by General Li Chai-sum to a conference at Wuchow; report by James Chang on communist activities and a plot to kill the Governor-General of Netherlands, India and the Attorney-General of the Netherlands’ colonies; fears that the new Nanking taxation scheme will revive the fiscal "blockade" of Hong Kong (1868-1887); Eugene Chen hopes that the Nanking faction will fail militarily and that he will become the MFA of a United Kuomintang (KMT) Government; announcement by Stamp Tax Bureau at Kiangsu that new tax on alcohol will be collected; British ships are to pay treaty dues to Consulate in Shanghai and proceed to sea with consular clearance; unexpected arrival of Chiang Kai-shek accompanied by Chang Ching-chiang in Shanghai, fuelling rumours that he will shortly be eliminated, Nanking and Hankow will reunite and Feng Yu-hsiang will be left as leader of Nationalist armies; role of the consulates in the collection of taxes and the protection of foreign shipping; Japanese Minister's discussions with the leaders of the Nanking Government on the tariff issue; press announcement of Chiang Kai-shek's retirement from the Nanking Government; Director of Hankow Concession orders all ratepayers to pay taxes in silver; question of tonnage dues and surtax levies on coastal shipping; Chiang Kai-shek publishes a manifesto explaining why he resigned and urging the others to resist the Communists; Swatow commissioner of customs told to bring into force Nanking Government's new import tariff; foreign Consul-Generals at Shanghai send identical telegram to American, French, British and Japanese Ministers in Peking on the imposition of new tariff scheme, which they wish to postpone or cancel; Wei-hai-wei Minister suggests putting into effect Shanghai naval plan of defence; the political situation after Chiang Kai-shek's departure; Fukien Government protests to Nanking Government over abolition of likin.; O'Malley tells Shanghai Consul that informal conversations with the Chinese authorities are pointless; meeting of Japanese and British Chamber of Commerce in Shanghai at which they agree that co-operation between the governments is essential to fight "illegal taxes"; discussions between the British Consul at Hankow and General Tang Sheng-chih on the military and political situation; confidential print on the major military and political leaders in China; meeting between Liang Shin-yi, Premier of China in 1921 and an adviser of Marshal Chang Tso-lin, and Clementi on the political and commercial situation; Amery tells Clementi that no more opium is to be supplied to Macao.

Correspondence
Date: 20-31 Aug 1927
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 10 / 3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 46 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on the announcement in Hankow of removal of the Nationalist Government to Nanking; the question of non-payment of the special wine and cigarette taxes; test cases brought by British, American and Japanese courts (in China) over the payment of duties and surtaxes; the removal of the telegraph office in Hong Kong to Chinese territory; Nationalist Government's proposal for abolishing likin and increasing import duty will be put into force from September 1st, Commissioner of Customs asked to undertake collection; the Nanking Government's taxation proposals; the military situation; the Northern Government refuse to follow the example of the Nanking Government until Nanking have demonstrated that tariff autonomy can be seized without opposition from the powers; missionaries' applications for permission to return to the Chinese interior; Nationalist Government issues a notification requiring payment of surtaxes in silver, protested against by the Hankow Consul; the opium supply to Macao; T. V. Soong asked to assume Ministry of Finance at Nanking; Foreign Office policy regarding payment of treaty tonnage dues and surtaxes; a meeting between Lampson and the Japanese Minister over Anglo-Japanese co-operation in China and withdrawal of Japanese troops from Shantung; the Canton Commissioner of Customs told that the new taxes postponed indefinitely; stationing of troops in the Far East; Nationalist Government announces temporary postponement of the abolition of likin and enforcement of proposed national tariff and excise; a provisional settlement over the payment of municipal rates by the Chinese in the Shanghai Concession.

Correspondence
Date: 1-15 Sep 1927
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 10 / 4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 105 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on the outcome of legal action over the new taxes, in a test case; a further appreciation of the situation in China by Hang Shih-y to Sir Shou-son Chow and R. H. Kotewall; customs administration; report on the political and military situation in China by Clementi, and representative of General Ngai Pong-ping; border incidents; the agreement between the Seamen's Union and the Steamboat Company; upsurge in immigration to the colony; speech and letter from Chiang Kai-shek in the Canton press; financial crisis in Canton - the Central Bank suspends payment and $5 million is forced in loans from local merchants; piracy on steamer flying British flag - one Briton killed, and Brenan advises retaliatory naval action and senior naval officer agrees; rumour that tonnage dues, and wine and cigarette taxes to be relaxed; customs collection in Swatow postponed; retaliatory action against Taipinghu and Shekki taken over piracy; military situation at Swatow; extradition of Chinese criminals from Hong Kong to Canton and elsewhere in China; peace time garrison in Hong Kong; raids on communist headquarters in Swatow; the Ataman Semeroff tries to raise a White Russian army to invade Siberia and seeks, officially, "assistance to recover fifty eight million gold roubles which he alleges were placed in the custody of the Hong Kong and Shanghai Bank by Admiral Kober" - Clampson instructs all consuls to have no dealings with him; possible attempt to re-introduce the picket system in Canton and measures to be taken against it; Clementi advises strong action to deal with it; preparations for a possible blockade of Canton; Japanese goods boycott - pickets confiscate British goods from Hong Kong steamer; boycott seen as money-making scheme for pickets; British government policy of threatening a blockade of Canton but avoiding any real action; activities of Ku Ying-fen, Finance Commissioner in Wuhan, and General Li Chai-sum; the forcible release by HMS Moth of the Chinese owned British steamer Tai Ming; end of the China Steam Navigation Company strike; naval reports on piracy and the retaliatory action taken at Shekki and Tarpinghu; report on frontier incidents; press reports of attempts by Feng Yu-hsiang to settle the dispute in the Kuomintang (KMT) and on Chang Kai-shek’s resignation.

Correspondence
Date: 16-30 Sep 1927
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 10 / 5
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 72 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on absence of pickets in Canton; conference in Nanking dealing with the organisation of the Nationalist Party and exclusion of the communists; confidential print on the visit of Feng Tso-wan representative of General Li Chai-sum, to restore amicable relations between Hong Kong and Canton; meeting between Viscount Saito, Governor-General of Korea, and Clementi; Clementi's description of China as "not a nation, but a civilization" like Europe, he urges regional government recognition but Amery refuses; military incident at the Japanese concession at Hankow; rift in the Nationalist Party; lack of international anti-piracy action and the Chief Lau Lau; Swatow taken over by peasant forces; formation of a new independent Wuhan Government in disagreement with the Nanking conference; Canton consul receives letter from Canton Foreign Office accusing the senior Naval Officer of accepting a bribe to release the Chinese steamer Tai On; Canton gunboats fail to take Swatow; Chou En-lai appointed HQ staff and Li Li-san, Chief of Police; Clementi attributes failure of anti-British boycott in Canton to the threat of real force made by Brenan; conference on the question of the use of the British flag on vessels in the inland waters of South China after S.S. Tai Miney incident; violation of British territory by the Lung Main at Chinese Shatankok; military and political situation report; Clementi wants Gen. Li Fuk-lam to use his influence to control the Lung Main.

Correspondence
Date: 1-7 Oct 1927
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 10 / 6
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 76 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on Canton Government's report on Bias Bay pirates and the S.S. Soliviken; the protection of British subjects of Chinese origin when in China; Canton Government increases the surtax by ten per cent; Communists and Russians flee Swatow; visit from Luk Wai-chau, General Li Chai-sum's intermediary, to see Clementi; troops led by General Huang Shao-hung, arrive in Swatow; Canton-Kowloon Railway sabotaged; Nung Man (Lung Main) and General Li Fuk-lam and the activities of Wong Fuk-chi in Bias Bay and the case of Lau Lei; issue of government bonds in Canton to raise money for the disbanded strikers; General Ghang Fa-kuei takes control of Canton from General Li Chai-sum; report that Wang Ching-wai is returning to Canton with five more Russians to form a separate Government with Chang Fa-kuei; continuing sabotage on the Canton Kowloon railway; press report in Swatow that Chou en-lai, Kuo Mo-jo and other Communists arrested on arrival in Hong Kong; reports on the war between Fengtien and Shensi; urgent need to obtain supplies of opium to maintain Government opium monopoly; request for help from Singapore because of problem with Government supply; new levy at Canton, and French, Japanese and British protests.

Correspondence
Date: 10-30 Oct 1927
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 10 / 7
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 68 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on the imposition of the new surtax by Canton and foreign protest against it; Canton Consul wants firm and hostile action taken if necessary to support protest against it; transport of opium on Japanese vessel, from Bashire to Vladinstok; purchase of opium in Singapore; victory of Gengtien in the Fengtien and Shansi war; withholding of a visa for India to US journalist, Scott Nearing; report on political situation in Canton; reports that professed co-operation between General Li Chai-sum and General Chang Fa-kuei (in Canton) is false and latter about to supplant former - Cheung Fa-kuei considered left-wing; Amery criticises Clementi's policy over the sale of opium because of difficulty in defending British position in the League of Nations; military reports - Stansi - Fergtien war; US consul at Canton asks for information on piracy in South China to send to his government; raid on Seamen's Union by Canton police; case of piracy of Chinese ship in Bias Bay but tacked by the British navy under Boyle - (S.S. Irene, Chinese); case of Chief Clerk of the Secretariat, J. A. E. Bullock, suspended for forging two cheques on semi-official account; collection of increased surtax, according to commissioner for Foreign Affairs at Canton is dropped; Clementi argues that the Hong Kong Government must undercut the opium smugglers' prices to get rid of them; military report; Lampson and Boyle both disapprove of the proposal by Southorn to destroy Fan Lo-kong village; Nanking declares war on Wuhan; crackdown by Li Chai-sum on left-wing elements in Canton and supports Nanking in war against Wuhan; revival of left-wing activities of the Seamen's Union and raid by Canton police on it and Hong Kong-Canton Strikers' Union; political report; power struggle between Chang Fat-fui and Li Chai-sum; police reports on frontier incidents.

Correspondence
Date: 2-16 Nov 1927
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 11 / 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 60 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on extent of anti-British boycott in Canton and suggested action to suppress it; measures to prevent firearms being taken on board ship in treaty ports; report on future anti-piracy primitive measures in Bias Bay involving destruction of pirate villages; continuation of anti-British boycott, which Li Chai-sum is unable to stop; permission given by Naval Commander-in-Chief for Hong Kong Commodore to station British ships in Canton Delta as anti-picket measure; likelihood of Li Chai-sum prevailing in Canton over Wang Ching-wei, which would lead to end of boycott; Lampson and Commander-in-Chief's agreement needed before any landing operation is made in Bias Bay if piracy occurs; necessity for preparations to be made for anti-boycott measures; Lampson agrees to seizure of Chinese shipping in port if necessary to end boycott, but no action should be taken against river defences; Southorn asks if Naval Commander-in Chief agrees with Boyle's plan partially to demolish pirate villages if necessary; report of demonstration by White Russians in Shanghai, during which people were shot; interviews by Brenan with Li Chai-sum, Wang Ching-wei and Chen Kung-po, all declaring opposition to boycott; political report on Seamen's Union action, and other events in Canton; boycott stopped on instructions of Li Chai-sum; review of maintenance of British forces in China; Lampson considers minimum British force in China should be eight battalions, apart from the two in Hong Kong and one at Tientsin; Brenan is opposed to further destruction of pirate villages; seizure by pickets in Canton of an A.P.C. lighter, later retaken by naval party; Naval Commander-in-Chief opposed to further action in Bias Bay; setting up of joint British, French, Japanese, American and Italian committee to study possibility of international action against piracy, such as patrol of Bias Bay; departure of Wang Ching-wei from Canton to Shanghai on Li Chai-sum's insistence.

Correspondence
Date: 16-30 Nov 1927
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 11 / 2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 65 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on [piracy in] Bias Bay; manning of Hong Kong garrison; suggested co-operation of all powers represented in China with Chinese authorities to suppress piracy, or else an international patrol of Bias Bay might be set up; Governor approves action taken on S.S. Irene; request for suggested action if British ship is pirated during negotiations; military report; British Minister Peking cannot at the moment spare ships for any patrol of Bias Bay; supplies of opium; political report on nominal end of boycott of British goods in Hong Komg and on departure of Li Chai-Sum from Canton, followed by fighting there leaving the city in control of Cheung Fat-fui’s party; Canton controlled by Chang Fa-kuei's men, following flight of Wang Shui-hung, leaving the city in the Chiang Kai-shek faction, not the Nanking group; after arrival of Li Chai-sum in Shanghai, conferences are to be held with Nanking group on future of Kuomintang Party; imposition of new taxes by Nanking Government; description of Clementi's week long stay in Peking; disapproval of new taxes; protest at searching of ships by Canton-controlled Bucca Tigris forts; military report on situation in Canton, now held by Wong K'ei-cheung, Sit Ngok and Li Fuk-lam, after arising against General Li Chai-sum's lieutenant, Wong Shin-hung; Peking disapproves of proposed closing of Chinese Hong Kong Telegraph Administration and its handing over to the Eastern Extension Company; information requested by Lampson on illegal taxation of foreign trade in Canton and on possibility of Hong Kong vessel, after being refused a Consular certificate, continuing to trade as Chinese, under British flag; suggestion that on receipt of grant, Canton government might organise anti-piracy fleet in Bias Bay; appointment of Chu Chao-hsin as Commissioner for Foreign Affairs in Canton; general agreement that international action against pirates should be limited to Bias Bay; enforcement of new taxes in Shanghai, where Standard Oil Company are negotiating a reduction.

Correspondence
Date: 1-14 Dec 1927
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 11 / 3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 74 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on extradition of brigands; political report on situation in Canton where the Strike Committee has been dissolved; shortage of opium; at conference of Kuomintang Committees in Shanghai, Canton wants the Special Committee to be abolished but Nanking is opposed to this; Consul-General, Shanghai, protests to Commissioner for Foreign Affairs about new taxes; arrival of members of Indian Ghadr Party; agreement on abolition of Special Committee and re-establishment of Standing Committee; Mayor of Shanghai (Chang Tirg-fan) has resigned, indicating Chiang Kai-shek may oust Kwangsi Generals from Kiangsu and Chekiang; refusal by British Government to allow purchase of Persian opium, which would have led to lower prices and ultimately might have lowered consumption; political report on situation in Canton; the Kuomintang conference has broken up and Nanking Government appears stronger than Cheung Fat-fui; in Canton, the boycott organisations have been disbanded, but the city is financially very insecure, and General Li Chai-sum is expected to attack it soon; take-over of Canton by Communists and Red Labour Unions, leading to shipping difficulties and looting; Governor claims reduction in opium consumption in Hong Kong through attacks on smugglers, and requests importation of foreign supplies; at preliminary conference in Shanghai, Chiang Kai-shek was reinstated as Commander-in-Chief of Nationalist forces; report on situation in Canton, where the Government has retaken control; Secretary of State is concerned about references to French involvement in opium trafficking in a Hong Kong annual report; warrants issued for arrest of Wong Ching-wei and others following Canton uprising; wummary executions in Canton, but order is being restored; the Russian Consulate Staff are to be deported.

Correspondence
Date: 15-31 Dec 1927
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 11 / 4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 109 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on civil wars in China: Minister of Foreign Affairs, Peking, in favour of Northern Government restraining itself to controlling Northern Provinces, and the South being united under Chiang Kai-Shek; Nanking about to break off relations with Russia because of Russian involvement in Canton outbreak; damage in Canton is very great, and many people suspected of being Communist sympathisers have been killed; discovery of communist plot to stage similar outbreak in Wuhan; new uprising by members of Peasants Corps and labour unions in Canton, put down by Li Fuk Lam; shows that Communists are completely opposed to the Kuomintang; Russian consulates to be expelled from Nanking and Hankow, where a number of communists have been arrested; international anti-piracy action now unlikely because of American reluctance to participate; execution of Soviet Vice-Consul among other Russians in Canton, where situation still not calm; re-appearance of Chiang Kai-shek as head of Kuangsi party to negotiate anti-Russian policy; Chen Ching-wen proposed as new manager of Chinese Telegraph Office in Hong Kong; General Li Fuk-Lam willing to receive Wang Shiu-Lung back in Canton to help restore order; deportation of Soviet Consul's staff from Hankow; secret departure of Wang Ching-wei from Shanghai; report on serious financial condition of Hong Kong University, and launch of appeal to fund a Chinese School; Draft Estimate of Income and expenditure for 1928, University of Hong Kong; report on causes and effects of Communist outbreak in Canton; request by USSR for German Government to safeguard Russian interests in Chinese Nationalist Government territories; request for permission for Russians to transit from Canton through Hong Kong; agreement of Japanese Government to consultations on joint Anglo-Japanese anti-piracy action; cessation of train services to Canton; in Hankow, municipal funds to be kept in Hong Kong and Shanghai Bank; Chinese Government requests postponement of execution of Chinese under death sentence for S.S. Irene piracy, which Lampson proposes to ignore; military report; political report on situation in Canton, where the forces of Cheung Fat-fui have been withdrawn; protection through British territory offered to Russian Consulate staff from Canton; General Cheng Chien has fled from Hankow; Canton retaken by Li Chai-sum and Wang Shui-hung.

Corresondence
Date: 2-9 Jan 1928
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 11 / 5
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 44 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on political situation in Hankow, where Pei Chung-hsi has joined with Cheng Chien against Chiang Kai-shek; little prospect of peace between North and South in China; appointment of new chief of Chinese Coast Guard Administration; Edwardes to be appointed Inspector General of Customs, Peking; return of General Li Chai-sum to Canton, which may group with Kuangi, Hunan and Hupei against the Chiang Kai-shek party in Kiangsu, Chekiang and Fukien; Canton Government's bank reserve said to have been deposited in Hong Kong during Chang Fa-kuei's regime; political report on situation in Canton, General Li Chai-sum having had a conference with Clementi; suggestion of League of Nations' action to end civil strife in China, but Lampson sceptical about potential for success; political report on situation in Canton; resumption of train services to Canton; difficulties surrounding proposed League of Nations' action are very great, but otherwise no end to civil strife seems possible; decision by British Government to invite a League of Nations' commission to investigate opium smuggling from China; Nanking requests Hong Kong to hold (Canton) government funds until Ministry of Finance agents can investigate.

Correspondence
Date: 11-31 Jan 1928
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 11 / 6
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 90 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on request by Canton Government for purchase of arms for anti-piracy patrol boats; holding of funds deposited in Hong Kong for the Canton Government; report on opium traffic in Hong Kong following British Government's decision not to allow imports of Persian opium into Hong Kong; request for loan from British authorities for Canton government, being in urgent need of funds; Chen Ching-wen anxious for decision on his appointment as manager of Chinese Telegraph Office in Hong Kong; political report on situation in Canton, where General Li Chai-sum is establishing a government although his position is not secure; Lampson feels no action can be taken by the British to secure League of Nations intervention in China; Li Chai-sum is to sign a requisition for the extradition of those suspected of transferring Canton Government funds to Hong Kong; details of arms and boats required by Canton Government sought by Lampson; B. and S. anxious for re-appointment of emigrant officer at Hoihow in order to resume emigrant business from Hoihow to Singapore; report of pirate attack on Chinese steamer near Kongmoon; Head Office agree that Chen Ching-wen be appointed as manager of Chinese Telegraph Office in Hong Kong, on condition control of the office is given to the [Eastern] Extension [Telegraph] Company on behalf of the Peking Government; capture and shooting of pirates in Kowmoon; request by Canton for purchase of anti-pirate arms and ammunition; political report on situation in Canton; possibility of formal official visits by General Li Chai-sum as head of Canton Government to Hong Kong, and by Clementi to Canton; Eastern Extension Telegraph Company agree to take control of Chinese Telegraph Office as long as no claim for compensation is made under the agreement of 1884; grant from British Government of £100,000 towards cost of building an aerodrome in Hong Kong; protest by C.F.A. in Canton over alleged closing of Chinese Telegraph Office in Hong Kong; separture of Lampson from Peking for southern trip, during which will visit Clementi; building of four anti-piracy laundries in Hong Kong, the arms for which Clementi recommends he should be authorised by British Government to purchase; statement by General Li Chai-sum that Canton Government recognises the authority of the Nanking Nationalist Central Government; Lampson considers Li Chai-sum to be opposed to Government in Nanking; support of Lampson for supply of arms by Japanese and French to Canton for anti-piracy measures.

Correspondence
Date: 1-14 Feb 1928
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 12 / 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 87 leaves + 1 item

Scope and Content

Report on military and political situation in Canton, where Cheung Fat-fui has been driven out of Kwangtung, and the Central Bank has been virtually destroyed; vast extent of opium smuggling operations in Hong Kong; current manager of Chinese Telegraph Office insists he has authority from Peking to remain in office; opening of fourth plenary session in Shanghai; rescinding of extra luxury tax on foreign imports in Swatow; report on conversation between Dr. R.H. Kotewall and Mr. Fu Ping-ch'ang on political situation in Canton; offer by Canton Government to purchase HMS Robin for anti-piracy work; report on visit to Hong Kong by General Fung Chuk-mau, Finance Minister in Canton Government, and meeting between him and Clementi, together with Mr. E.R. Hallifax, Sir Shouson Chow, Dr. Kotewall, Mr. Luk Wan-chan and Mr. Leung Kwai-tin; request by Brenan to authorise import permits for gunpowder to be used in quarrying; closure of fourth plenary session in Shanghai, resulting in re-registration of Kuomintang members, election of government and military councils, and organising of a Northern expedition; Lampson to visit Macao en route to Canton; military and political report on situation in Canton; Amery approves exchange of official visits with Li Chai-sum; Lampson forbids sale of HMS Robin to Canton Government which would have established an awkward precedent; discussion on successor to post of Inspector-General of Customs, and on possible resumption of emigrant trade with British emigrant ships being inspected by customs.

Correspondence
Date: 14-29 Feb 1928
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 12 / 2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 117 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on confirmation by Peking of their support for the current manager of the Chinese Telegraph Office; Lampson's hope that current Inspector-General of Customs will not leave Shanghai too soon, which might badly affect any solution of the Customs problem; Barton considers best course is to keep the status quo for the moment; Newton prepared to give permission for authorisation of permits to buy gunpowder; political report on situation in Canton; approval given by Amery for Canton to purchase arms for anti-piracy launches, which should be made known to the Corps Diplomatique; report from Military Attaché in Peking that an offensive has been ordered by the Ankuochun against Shansi; Edwardes (Inspector-General of Customs, Shanghai) postpones return to Peking; agreement between Clementi and Lampson that Chinese Telegraph Office should be closed; details of negotiations between Peking and Nanking concerning Postal Administration; discussion on Customs problem, which Lampson considers will not be solved by prolonging the status quo; details of French position regarding postal negotiations; position of M.F.A. at Nanking taken up by Huang Fu; meeting of Corps Diplomatique in Peking to discuss adherence of foreign Powers to the Arms Embargo Agreement, 1919, and at which some concern was felt at permission being granted to Canton to purchase anti-piracy arms; Edwardes' opinion that a split in Customs administration between North and South is now unlikely; political report on situation in Canton; agreement by Admiralty to supply guns on condition they will only be afloat; minutes of interviews between Lampson and General Li Chai-sum, on co-operation between Hong Kong and Canton; Lampson's opinion that, having told General Li Chai-sum that permission for the purchase of arms will be given, it is too late now for the Corps Diplomatique to object; details of Lampson's discussion with Lichai-sum, and minute of further interview; offer of resignation by Lampson, which is not accepted; Amery advises that before arms are supplied, a licence should be issued under Treaties of Washington Act, 1922; details of discussion between Barton and Huang Fu; appointment of ministers in Peking; discussion on possible amendment to land regulations in Peking; ordered Ankuochun offensive against Shansi not yet launched.

Correspondence
Date: 1-14 Mar 1928
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 12 / 3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 64 leaves + 1 item

Scope and Content

Correspondence on proposed surtax on foreign imports and British reaction to it; hesitation of Japanese over agreement to supply arms to Canton for anti-piracy launches; success of formal visit to Hong Kong by General Li Chai-sum [with press cuttings]; suggestion by Brenan that Clementi might appoint French medical officer as emigration officer; warrant issued by Fukien Government for arrest of murder suspect; discussion on collection of Washington surtax by the Customs; establishment in Peking of a tariff autonomy Commission; discussion between Japanese, French, Americans and British on possible grant of tariff autonomy, which might depend on cessation of hostilities, and on rumour of Peking's intention to collect increased customs duties without the consent of treaty powers; support of Newton for damage relief claim by Canton; political report on situation in Canton, including visit of Lampson to Hong Kong and Canton, and visit of General Li Chai-sum to Hong Kong, including [Item 1] report of conference at Government House; Japanese urge Russians not to allow importation of arms into China; Clementi agrees to investigate proposed appointment of French medical officer as emigration officer; proposal for famine relief surtax in Canton, and also in Swatow; difficulty in establishing British Government's attitude on imposition of new surtaxes; details of Clementi's official visit to Canton; discussion about grant of tariff autonomy to the Chinese, which the Japanese might agree to in return for the abolition of likin; reluctance of Foreign Office to agree to occupation of Tsingtao [if Peking collect increased customs duties without the consent of the Powers]; instructions for Consul Hardinge's actions in investigating possible resumption of emigrant trade; details of Peking's proposals regarding tariff autonomy and collection of surtaxes by customs, which Newton considers to be satisfactory.

Correspondence
Date: 15-31 Mar 1928
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 12 / 4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 110 leaves + 1 item

Scope and Content

Correspondence on departure of Marshal Li Chai-sum from Canton, which Clementi tried to persuade him against doing; report by Clementi on his visit to Canton and his conference with Marshal Li Chai-sum [Item 1]; implications of Li Chai-sum's visit to Shanghai, accompanied by General Chan Ming-shü, to confer with General Li Tsung-yan; opinion of Inspector-General of Customs that Peking now unlikely to impose new surtaxes; report that Tang Sheng-chih has joined forces with Chiang Kai-shek at Nanking; announcement of imposition of surtax in Canton for damage relief; Lampson's views on Peking's proposal for new surtaxes, which he feels should be strongly resisted unless all Powers agree; assent by Norwegians and Portuguese to Peking surtax; details of draft proposals made by Peking on tariff autonomy and surtaxes, and discussion on these by Diplomatic Representatives; Chinese concern about negotiations on control of Chinese Telegraph Office in Hong Kong; report on reasons for Li Chai-sum's visit to Shanghai, and his reported determination to refuse to provide men or money for Nanking's northern expedition; instructions for Hardinge to visit Changsha and report on feasibility of re-opening the Consulate; collection in Canton of increased Washington surtax is being done by local authorities, not Customs; suspension of harbour traffic in Amoy as a result of the deportation of Korean revolutionaries by the Japanese; Newton's opinion on Peking's tariff proposals, which he feels British Government might support; hesitation by Japanese in agreeing to supply of two larger anti-piracy launches to Canton; report of Kwangtung Government's willingness to resume repayments on foreign loans; report on breakdown of Nanking negotiations; terms set out by Clementi for nomination by Canton of someone to take control of Chinese Telegraph Office in Hong Kong; Kwangtung government imposes 20 per cent increase on maritime and native customs as relief surtax; [Lampson back in Peking] report on continued absence of Marshal Li Chai-sum from Canton, and on situation there generally; protest by Wai Chao-pu [Peking Foreign Ministry] against rumoured appointment of Canton nominee [to Chinese Telegraph Office]; discussion on Canton Government's imposition of 20 per cent surtax without consent of Corps Diplomatique, which Brenan sees as direct challenge by Nationalists.

Correspondence
Date: 2-28 Apr 1928
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 13 / 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 86 leaves + 2 unfoliated items

Scope and Content

Correspondence on Canton's delay in nominating suitable merchant to take charge of Chinese Telegraph Office, and on the apparent detention of Marshal Li Chai-sum in Nanking; discovery of communist plot in Canton, leading to arrests and executions; declared inability of Chu [Shao-hsin] to take any action on Telegraph Office issue during absence of Li Chai-sum; discussion on imposition of 20 per cent surtax in Kwangtung and on attitude of Customs towards it collection; discussion by Corps Diplomatique on this surtax, which they might regard as a local levy, but which could not be collected by Customs; political report on situation in Canton; Barton has no evidence that Li Chai-suin is being detained in Nanking; details of discussion between Lampson and Liang Shih-yi on proposed flotation of a 250 million dollar loan by Nanking; report by Lampson of suggestion by Peking that the Chinese Telegraph Office be handed over to the cable company; suggestion by Foreign Office that Customs might take voluntary payments of surtax; discussion on situation in Nanking as regards foreign inspectorate service for salt revenue collection and repayment of foreign loans; political report on situation in Canton and rumoured impending return of Li Chai-sum; nomination by Canton of Kong Siu-lui to take charge of Chinese Telegraph Office; postponement by Nanking of discussions on tariff proposals; report on negotiations over appointment of manager for Chinese Telegraph Office; return of Li Chai-sum to Canton; Lampson's opinion that Telegraph Office should be closed rather than put under control of a canton merchant; political report on situation in Canton, following Li Chai-sum's return; report on conference between Marshal Li Chai-sum and Clementi [Item 1], with a copy of China Land Tax; The Inspector General's Suggestions re Collection, etc., Peking, 1904 [Item 2]; military report; political report on changes of Canton Government officials; request by C.F.A. for Consuls to announce imposition of 20 per cent surtax [in Canton]; details of stamp taxes being enforced on alcohol in Canton; decision to regard C.F.A.'s request to Consuls as application for consent of Corps Diplomatique.

Correspondence
Date: 2-31 May 1928
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 13 / 2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 101 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on extent of damage in Canton caused by Communist outbreak in December; withholding of approval by Amery for appointment of a Cantonese as manager of Telegraph Office; request by Amery for information on prohibition of strikes and labour unions in Hong Kong; military report on fighting in Tsinanfu; advice by Lampson for Brenan to try to get alcohol tax reduced; [Naval] Commander-in-Chief disagrees with proposed withdrawal of two British battalions from Hong Kong and Shanghai; military report; agreement by General Officer Commanding, Hong Kong, that British forces should not be reduced, with which Clementi also concurs; withdrawal by Clementi of proposal to appoint a Canton nominee to the Telegraph Office; military report on situation in Tsinanfu, where fighting has stopped, but there have been Japanese civilian casualties; political report on situation in Canton; report on meeting of Corps Diplomatique about Canton surtax, which Japanese alone did not agree to; agreement of Lampson that British forces should not be reduced; possible solution to surtax issue might be a levy through the Washington surtax; details of fighting in Tsinanfu; instruction of Chang Tso-lin to his troops to cease fighting because of crisis with Japan; indefinite postponement of Canton surtax; appeal [from Chang Tso-lin] for British Government to persuade Nanking to respond to his appeal for peace; attempt by C. F. A. (Chu) to obtain British support for China against Japan, dismissed by Southorn; appeal by Nanking to League of Nations over crisis with Japan; discussion on military options for British troops following withdrawal of American troops from Tangshan; political report; details of shipment of French aeroplanes to Canton; imposition of 20 per cent surtax in Canton, to be collected by Surtax Bureau; report of piracy of a lighter; Southorn and Brenan press for urgent action from Canton against pirates in Bias Bay, following piracy of S.S. Tean; Lampson and Brenan advise against independent British actions against pirates.

Correspondence
Date: 1 Jun-29 Jul 1928
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 13 / 3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 111 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on proposed amendment to Widows and Orphans Pension Ordinance; Lampson's opinion that independent British anti-piracy action would be inadvisable; military and political report; Brenan advocates complying with Canton in appointing their nominee as manager of Chinese Telegraph Office; Amery requests Southorn's opinion on possibility of harbour master inspecting British emigration ships; Clementi proposes acceptance of Canton nominee for Chinese Telegraph Office, and Amery agrees; political report; shipment of industrial explosives from Hamburg to China and elsewhere via Hong Kong and Singapore; Army orders on movement of British battalions in Hong Kong; departure of Li Chai Sum from Canton to Shanghai; proposal for loan of three million dollars by Hong Kong syndicate to Canton; imprisonment in Canton of Englishman charged with evading wine tax; Southorn supports proposed loan, but Lampson advises against it, as does Brenan; demand of compensation for imprisonment of Englishman (Lillicrap) in Canton, which Brenan suggests should be made before the loan negotiations can proceed; Southorn in favour of not actively opposing the loan proposal; political report; report by Lampson on situation in Peking following capture by Nationalists, and comments by Foreign Office on relations between British Government and Nationalist Government; interview between Lampson and Marshal Li Chai-Sum; notification by Chinese to Portuguese Government of ending of Chinese-Portuguese Treaty; Canton refuse to pay compensation in Lillicrap case; Lampson agrees to transport of Chinese troops on British ships; political report; proposals by Chu for settling Lillicrap case, but Brenan disapproves as they imply recognition of wine tax; withdrawal of garrison at Shameen.

Correspondence
Date: 1 Aug-28 Sep 1928
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 13 / 4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 77 leaves + 1 item

Scope and Content

Correspondence on proposals for new water supply system in Hong Kong; opposition of Commander-in-Chief towards Chinese troops carrying arms if transported on British ships, with which Lampson agrees; Lampson against allowing Chinese to have more anti-piracy launches; Amery approves grant towards Hong Kong University; Brenan in favour of approving additional anti-piracy launches, so Lampson advises informing other Powers; political report, with New Kwangsi, Bulletin No.1, July 1928 [item 1]; discussion on gambling at dog races in Shanghai, and attitude of British authorities towards it; information requested on background of John W. Nind Smith, now in Nanking as founder of Anglo-Chinese Trade Alliance; political report; appointment of West River Shipping Commission by Hong Kong Government; details given of J.W.N. Smith, once Professor of Education at Hong Kong University; report of capture of Miss Tobin of the Church Missionary Society by brigands near Chinping; refusal by Amery to sanction transport by British ships of emigrants from Chinese ports; permission granted by Amery for provision of new water supply in Hong Kong, and construction of cross-harbour pipe lines; reported intention of Nanking Government to negotiate for a settlement regarding Macao, and request from Portuguese for British support.

Correspondence
Date: 2-31 Oct 1928
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 13 / 5
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 88 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on denial by Chu of any intentions regarding Macao; action taken by Canton against act of piracy, with assistance from British Navy; details of water supply plane; proposals on new import tariff made in Nanking, but Edwardes is not impressed by them, and Lampson is against a joint Anglo-Chinese undertaking on duties; discussion on proposed tariff autonomy treaty and its dependence on an agreed tariff schedule; political report; decision by League of Nations to send a Commission to the Far West to investigate opium; discussion on articles exported from Britain to China which would benefit from fixed tariffs; Chinese government anxious for tariff autonomy to be treated independently; Foreign Office press for tariffs on British goods to be settled for a period of years; Dr. C.T. Wang's hope that tariff autonomy treaty can be signed soon, an agreement in principle of Chinese Government to reciprocal tariff schedule, which Lampson advises against; details of other nations' attitudes to tariff treaties with China; most recent piracy was known in advance to Hong Kong Police; H. H. Fox departs for Shanghai for discussions on tariff schedule; Foreign Office advice that shipping companies should undertake their own defence of their ships; lack of effective anti-piracy action by Canton; Discussion on negotiations for tariff schedule and tariff autonomy treaty, and desirability of persuading Chinese to agree to fixed duties for a long period; details of Japanese negotiations with Chinese on debt settlement and possible surtaxes; political report.

Correspondence
Date: 2-30 Nov 1928
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 14 / 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 80 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on proposed text of tariff autonomy treaty; question of recognition of Nationalist Government by British Government; assurance by C.T. Wang that the tariff rates would be stable; details of French position on tariff autonomy; apparent intention of Japanese to make agreement on tariff autonomy conditional on the Chinese promising to repay foreign debts; details of Mr. Fox's discussions in Shanghai with Chang Fu-yun [official at Ministry of Finance] and with Dr. Wang; imposition by Canton of regulations for insurance business; discussion on date of coming into force of new Chinese tariff; agreement of Ministries of Foreign Affairs and Finance that seven grade tariff should be brought in and be fixed for one year; similar insurance regulations imposed in Shanghai in 1927, but did not apply to British subjects without British Government's approval; conditional approval given by Foreign Office for supply of further anti-piracy launches to Canton; report by Commissioner of Salvation Army on widespread destitution and discontent in Peking; report of discussions between Fox and T. V. Sung, and latter's disclosure that Chinese would not agree to tariff arrangement; Lampson's opinion on possible courses of action on tariff question; return of Marshal Li Chai-sum to Canton; details of Netherlands Government's position on tariff negotiations; Chinese decision to promulgate new tariff schedule for one year, with two months notice of date of enforcement; discussion on provision of new water supply in Hong Kong; discussion between Lampson and Japanese Chargé d'Affaires on Chinese debt consolidation; arrangement made by Netherlands Minister to sign tariff autonomy treaty; discovery of British ship involved in opium smuggling in Canton; Foreign Office press for application of date of shipment rule for new tariff; proposed reduction of British forces in China by two battalions, and Lampson's views on this; details of construction of two anti-piracy launches for Canton, and of their armament; details of illness of the King; refusal of Chinese to concede to date of shipment rule; Foreign Office advise agreement to tariff treaty; political report.

Correspondence
Date: 1-31 Dec 1928
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 14 / 2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 84 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on deportation of two Chinese journalists from Netherlands East Indies; proposed promulgation of new tariff on 1 December; departure of Lampson for Nanking; reported agreement between Chinese and Japanese on tariff questions; improved condition of King's health; authorisation sent to Barton to sign treaty; promulgation of new tariff set for 1 February, 1929; discussions between Lampson and Dr. Wang on draft treaty; reported unwillingness of Chinese to include goods as well as nationals in draft treaty, to which Foreign Office refuses to agree; reported piracy of Chinese steamer off Canton; report on meeting between Lampson and Dr. Wang; details of Japanese negotiations on tariff question; despatch on return of Wei-hai-wei to sovereignty of China [printed: item 1]; Dr. Wang's determination not to sign any treaty covering both goods and nationals; Foreign Office readiness to agree to treatment of goods being covered by exchange of notes; reports discussions between Lampson and Dr. Wang, and Foreign Office advice on wording of treaty; signing of tariff treaty on 20 December; return of Lampson to Peking; proposal to allow companies registered in Britain to open branches registered in China; political report; Canton orders two anti-piracy gunboats; deportation of Chinese journalist from Dutch East Indies via Hong Kong; Canton wishes to establish telephone service with Hong Kong; resignation of Edwardes, Inspector General of Customs

Correspondence
Date: 1 Jan-28 Feb 1929
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 14 / 3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 92 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on anti-piracy measures; departure of Marshal Li Chai-sum for Nanking; appointment of Mr. Maze as Inspector General of Maritime Customs; details of new tariff provisions proposed by Canton, which Lampson deplores as new treaty was supposed to be national; publication of text of treaty in Canton without any annexes; [Clementi returns 9 January] political report; assurance by C.T. Wang that no taxes on imports would be levied in addition to National Tariff, and Canton abandons provincial tariff scheme; British Chambers of Commerce press for withholding of ratification of new treaty until the Chinese agree to abolish all local surtaxes as from 1 February; details of Japanese discussions on new tariff; dispute between Canton and Central Governments as to who should receive payments of oil revenues; political report on visit of Marshal Li Chai-sum to Hong Kong; Clementi's regret that British grant for Hong Kong University is not larger; detention in Canton of shipment of sugar for non-payment of additional tax; concern that Nanking wishes to abolish the Foreign Inspectorate of the Chinese Maritime Customs; political report; French refuse consent for [arms for] new anti-piracy launches for Canton; discussion on abolition of arms embargo; War Office consider amalgamation of North China and South China commands, with headquarters at Hong Kong, which Lampson approves; Canton hope to purchase armed launch from British Navy for anti-piracy purposes, which Clementi approves; report on opium supplies to Hong Kong; Clementi approves of proposed amalgamation of North China and South China commands; political report.

Correspondence
Date: 2-31 Mar 1929
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 14 / 4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 104 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on draft commercial treaty between Britain and China; rumours of splits and unrest among main political groups in China, with party congress about to open; additional sugar tax again demanded in Canton; details of conference held by Marshal Li and Clementi; danger of Kwangsi and Feng groups joining forces against Chiang; report of troop movements in Wuhan; report of fighting at Wusueh and movement of troops out of Nanking; crisis arose out of personal quarrel, which may be settled by Chiang Kai-shek [President, National Government] without Nanking and Kwangsi going to war; political report; negotiations reported at Nanking for peaceful settlement, and party congress opens; report of troop movements from Hankow; detainment of Li Chai-sum in Nanking by Chiang Kai-shek, now at war with Wuhan party, who have been joined by Feng Yu-hsiang; details of interview between General Chan Hing-wan and Clementi about Marshal Li's detention; question of discrimination against Chinese arising from draft commercial treaty; report of considerable military activity in Hankow, and imposition of new tax without reference to Nanking; assumption of command in Hankow by General Pei Chung-hsi; alarm in Foochow over Communist invasion of South Western Fukien from Kiangsi; Lampson advises appeal to Chiang to save Li Chai-sum; grant to Hong Kong University increased to £250,000; Foreign Office deplore any personal intervention to try to save Li Chai-sum, but agree that asylum should be granted if he reached a British ship; Newton asks contact in Peking to make enquiries about Li, and reports that he does not seem in immediate danger; political and military report, following commencement of civil war between Nanking and Kwangsi; military report from Commander-in-Chief, dismissed by Nationalist Government of Generals Li Tsung-jen, Li Chi-shen and Pei Chung-hsi, accusing them of intrigue; report of execution of Li Chai-sum; report on political situation by Lampson in Peking; request by General Chan Ming-shu in Canton for his bodyguard to carry arms; denial in Nanking of rumoured execution of Li Chai-sum; battle expected near Hankow between Nanking and Hupeh forces, and General Chiang Kai-shek arrives at Kiukiang; approach of General Feng Yu-hsiang's troops, but still uncertain which side he will support.

Correspondence
Date: 1-29 April 1929
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 14 / 5
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 143 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on assertion from Dr. Wang that Li Chai-sum is safe; appointment of new Commissioner of Foreign Affairs as Inspector of Salt Revenues by Marshal Chang; notification by Wuhan authorities of mined water-way near Hankow; Canton declares its neutrality provided Marshal Li is safe; appointment by League of Nations of members of Commission on Opium in the Far East; military and naval reports; political report; Nanking forces enter Hankow, led by General Chiang, with Wuhan troops either going over to Nanking or retreating; translation of Chinese memorandum issued by Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Political Council on Chinese situation, including details of negotiations between Russia and Marshal Feng Yu-hsiang; military and naval reports; Canton presses for two million dollar loan from Hong Kong and Shanghai Bank; reported talk between Dr. Wang and Li Chai-sum; request for safe passage in British gunboat to Shanghai for General Hu Tsung-tu, late Garrison Commander, Hankow, but this is refused; military and naval reports, including fighting near Ichang, and at Changteh, where there are a number of foreigners; discussion on payment of British grant for Hong Kong University; expedition approved to rescue foreign population from Changteh; French objection to two new anti-piracy launches for Canton is withdrawn; China merchant ship commandeered to carry Chinese troops; details of conversation between Clementi and Chu Chao-hsin, about to resume post of Commissioner for Foreign Affairs in Canton, as well as being Vice-Minister for Foreign Affairs in Nanking; cancellation by Corps Diplomatique of arms embargo; Discussion on British Government's position on institution of Mui tsai [child slavery] and its control or abolition; military and naval reports, including evacuation of foreigners from Changteh, and renewed fighting in Szechuan; political report, on rumoured intention of Marshal Chiang Kai-shek to capture Kwangsi province, and to order Canton to join forces in this attack; removal of General Hu Tsung-tu from Shasi in British ship, with approval of Nanking; request by Nanking for permission for consignments of war material to pass through Hong Kong.

Correspondence
Date: 1-15 May 1929
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 15 / 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 125 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on draft text of commercial treaty between Britain and China; withholding of approval by Amery for proposed price adjustment for opium; request from Dr. Wang for Clementi to ensure General Hu Tsung-tu, after arriving in Hong Kong, would be embarked for Europe and not Kwangsi; Lampson's approval on draft commercial treaty, and his anxiety for its presentation without delay; military and naval reports, including military activity in Yunnanfu; expedition of Kwangsi troops from Wuchow; Amery agrees that delay over treaty is to be avoided; National Government now control Yangtse provinces from Shanghai to Ichang, having driven back the Kwangsi party, but General Ferg's intentions remain unclear; Lampson asserts that he is unable to ask the Government to direct movements of individuals visiting Hong Kong; expected change of government in Canton as Hsu King-tong's forces advance against it; decision by Nanking to defer any definite action against Feng; Cantonese aeroplanes bomb rebel gunboats near Macao; commencement of military action by Kwangsi forces against Canton before planned combined operation with Chiang can take place; rumoured willingness of U.S. Navy to support National Government information on Commercial Aviation Companies; political report; request for Hong Kong commercial bodies to be included in negotiations over the China-Britain commercial treaty; military and naval reports, including surrender of rebel gunboats to Cantonese authorities, and prevention of passage of ships up river at Samshui, which is held by Cantonese forces; reported preparations for withdrawal of Cantonese troops from Samshui; invasion of Samshui by Kwangsi troops; British ship entering Samshui fired on; Foreign Office suggest Clementi join Lampson in Shanghai for negotiations on commercial treaty, but Clementi unable to go because of civil war; reported withdrawal of forces by General Ferg from South Honan, possibly to attack the North through Hupei.

Correspondence
Date: 16-31 May 1929
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 15 / 2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 120 leaves

Scope and Content

Military and naval reports, on situation between Kwangsi and Canton forces at Samshui, which General Chan Chai-tong is holding against Kwangsi; threat of air attacks on Wuchow, and foreign women and children advised to leave for Hong Kong; advance of Kwangsi General Pai Tsung-hui on Canton; correspondence on Amery's advice that Lampson will not be able to visit Hong Kong to consult with Clementi on the draft commercial treaty; three man mission sent by Clementi to Shanghai to represent Hong Kong in negotiations; military and naval reports on closure of river above Samshui by Canton forces and capture of Samshui by Kwangsi troops; rumour that Kwangsi and Canton are willing to join forces with General Feng if he moves against General Chiang; re-occupation of Samshui by Cantonese; details of discussion between Lampson and Dr. Wang on foreign debts, grant to Hong Kong University and so on; minutes of interview of Mr. Chu Chang-nien, Acting Commissioner of Foreign Affairs for Kwangtung, with Clementi; victory of Cantonese forces and rout of Kwangsi troops from Canton; political report; discussion on Boxer Indemnity funds and possible addition of these to the grant for Hong Kong University; report on discussions over draft commercial treaty in Shanghai between Lampson and the Hong Kong representatives; military and naval reports on fighting between Shasi and Ichang; Lampson against any increase in grant to the University; details of negotiations for draft commercial treaty; opening of negotiations for draft commercial treaty; opening of West River to shipping up to Shuihing; military report on support for General Fend; details of debts owing from Chinese Government for Kowloon-Canton railway, which Clementi suggests could be recovered from Boxer Indemnity funds, but Amery disagrees; further details of progress on draft commercial treaty; Canton forces about to enter Wuchow; political report.

Correspondence
Date: 1-28 Jun 1929
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 15 / 3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 60 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on reported expulsion of General Fend from National Government party; successful attack by Yunan forces against Kueichow; military and naval reports on evacuation of Wuchow by Kwangsi troops; presentation of draft commercial treaty by Lampson to Dr. Wang in Nanking; belief that General Fend will retire abroad; visit of T.V. Sung, Minister of Finance, to Hong Kong en route to Canton; rumours of arrival of three Kwangsi leaders in Hong Kong, indicating an end to Kwangsi opposition; agreement of Dr. Wang to payment of further £15,000 to cover Chinese indebtedness to Hong Kong University, but Clementi urges larger British grant; willingness of Sun Fo (Minister of railways) to negotiate for completion of Canton-Hankow railway with Hong Kong firm, for which part of Boxer Indemnity funds might be used; reported movement of General Feng south towards Hsing-au, south of Shensi; military reports; Lord Passfield suggests asking Lampson to negotiate over claims for debts arising from Kowloon-Canton railway; details of discussions on indemnity settlement between Lampson and Dr. T.C. Wang, with texts of indemnity notes; production of draft commercial treaty by Dr. Wang; military reports; arrival of General Chiang in Peking, to persuade Yen (Hsi'-shan) not to join with General Fend in retiring abroad; Foreign Office advises that no funds will be made available for railway construction if existing contracts and agreements are ignored by China; request from Dr. Wang for assistance in enabling Hu Mien to function properly as manager of Chinese Telegraph Office; political report; delay in settling commercial treaty and indemnity agreement.

Correspondence
Date: 1Jul-30 Sep 1929
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 15 / 4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 64 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on Canton's disapproval over Hong Kong's permitting five Kwangsi leaders to remain there; military reports; Lampson advises that Kwangsi leaders should be invited to leave; military reports; expected attack on Yunnanfu; Lord Passfield advises that British Government will expect existing contracts for completion of railway to be honoured; political report; reports of violation by Soviet aeroplanes of the eastern frontier of Chinese eastern railway, and of presence of Russian troops along Amur railway on the Manchurian border; statement by Dr. Wang of National Government's position on China-Russia issue; mobilisation of troops in Canton for the North in support of National Government; withdrawal of Chinese consular staff from Russia; details of interview between Dr. C.T. Wang and Lampson on Sino-Russian situation; request by Clementi for information on National Government's appointee for post of Superintendent of Chinese Telegraph Office in Hong Kong; political report; opposition in Canton to construction of loop-line between Canton-Kowloon and Canton-Hankow railways; reports of move against Nanking by Chang Fu-kuei, but if he reaches Kwangsi he should be easily defeated.

Correspondence
Date: 1-31 Oct 1929
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 15 / 5
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 54 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on outbreak of fighting in Kwangsi; [Clementi leaves for Manila]; crisis facing Chiang Kai-shek and Nanking Government, with widespread movement against him; reported occupation of Kueilin by Chang Fat Kuei; political report; punishment of some Generals of the Kuominchun who opposed the Central Government; reported destruction of railway west of Layang by the Kuominchun; crushing of rebellion in Kwangsi, followed by march of Canton forces to Human frontier against Chang Fat-kuei; Lord Passfield intends to publish correspondence with Clementi about the practice of Mui Tsai. Chang (Fat-kuei) is proceeding to Wu Kang; Acting-Governor agrees to publication of Mui Tsai material; Chiang remains in Nanking; threat by Dr. Wang of preventive measures if proposed change to customs agreement with Hong Kong is not made; report that Chiang was wounded by bullets and will soon be replaced in office by Feng Yu-hsiang; Chinese ready to approve draft customs agreement; Chiang leaves Nanking with Admiral Chen to visit Hankow on a punitive expedition against rebels; military and political situation report.

Correspondence
Date: 5-30 Nov 1929
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 15 / 6
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 89 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on proposed pro-Soviet demonstrations in Hong Kong and Canton; military reports; details of discussions on customs agreement; military and naval reports, including detention of General Lui Woon-yim at Kweiping and declaration of martial law in Wuchow; Kwangsi troops now marching on Wuchow, being evacuated by Canton forces; regaining of command of Kwangsi forces by General Lui Woon-yim, who enters Wuchow; attack on Wuchow by Canton forces; military and naval reports; rumour that Wang Ching-wei came to Hong Kong; reported convergence of Chang Fat-kuei and Kwangsi forces in attack on Canton; request from Canton for supply of surplus aeroplanes and bombs from Hong Kong to meet attack led by Wang Ching-wei; discussion on details of customs agreement; military and naval reports, including settlement between Nanking and Kuominchun forces.

Correspondence
Date: 1-12 Dec 1929
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 16 / 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 85 leaves + 1 item

Scope and Content

Correspondence on intention of Chinese Government to abolish extra-territoriality, and possible British reactions to this; military report; request from Foreign Ministry of Peking Government for transfer of arms back to Yunnanfu, via Hong Kong; military and naval reports; continuation of blockade of West River; British Garrison in China for 1930 to be six battalions; Clementi advises strengthening Naval forces to provide protection for British residents if campaign for extra-territoriality turns violent; reports on situation in Canton, where a move against Chiang Kai-shek seems to be organised; military reports on fighting at Ichang, leading to evacuation of foreigners, and an anti-Nationalist movement in Nanking; British ship attacked by pirates in Bias Bay; evacuation of British and American women from Nanking; discussion on details of new draft Hong Kong and China Trade and Customs Agreement; report on military situation regarding Canton, which Wang Ching-wei apparently expects to capture soon; military and naval reports, including presence of Wang Ching-wei in Hong Kong, and battle 30 miles north east of Canton; victory over Iron Army claimed by Canton; political report on advisability of not permitting the establishment of a branch of the Kuomintang in Hong Kong, and on a conference held in Hong Kong between the Secretaries for Chinese Affairs in Hong Kong, Straits Settlements and Federated Malay States [with the minutes, Item 1].

Correspondence
Date: 13-30 Dec 1929
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 16 / 2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 128 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on Clementi's views on draft Customs Agreement; railway bridge near Canton blown up; victory over Kwangsi forces claimed by Canton, and Wang Ching Wei is reported to have been expelled from the party in Nanking; military and naval reports; reports of Wang Ching Wei's presence in Hong Kong are denied; Wuchow occupied by Canton forces led by Admiral Chan Chak, who allows river traffic through to Winchow; Canton-Kowloon railway bridge 26 miles from Canton blown up; political report on progress of the rebellion led by Cheung Fat-fui and his Iron Army against Nanking; discussion on failure of Chinese authorities to take action against pirate bases in Bias Bay; apparent success of Canton in repelling Kwangsi forces; financial and military control of North China being assumed by Yen Hsi-shan; reports of Wang Ching-wei having given an interview in Kowloon in early December; Chiang Kai-shek apparently endeavouring to break up any pact between Yen Hsi-shan and General Feng; Minister for Foreign Affairs announces abolition of extra-territoriality with effect from Jan 1st; discussion on possible British reaction to this announcement; discussion on texts of indemnity notes, relating to Anglo-Chinese Indemnity Agreement.

Correspondence
Date: 1-27 Jan 1930
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 16 / 3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 113 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence on departure of Lampson for Nanking; Lampson's views on Hong Kong Customs Agreement; Clementi's objection to establishment of Chinese Consulate in Hong Kong; occupation on Kweilin by Kwangtung forces and defeat of Kwangsi troops; support of Shanghai merchants for the Customs Agreement; reported resignation of Chiang Kai-shek; reported submission of Tang (Seng-Chi) and his troops to Yen; outline of British Government's attitude towards abolition of extra-territoriality; details of discussion between Lampson and Minister for Foreign Affairs about extra-territoriality; Clementi's views on protection of British subjects of Chinese race in China, with minutes of a discussion on this between the Secretaries for Chinese Affairs in Hong Kong, Singapore and Malaya, and the Consul General in Canton; details of Chinese plan for treatment of foreigners following abolition of extra-territoriality; military and naval reports; report by Lampson on political situation; Nationalists apparently trying to recapture Hai-nan from the Kwangsi defending force; occupation of Hoiken by anti-Nanking forces; details of draft text for abolition of extra-territoriality; request for details of Clementi's views on offer from Rajah of Sarawak of financial aid for Hong Kong University; Hai-nan apparently taken by Nationalists; details of M.F.A.'s reaction to British proposals on draft text for abolition of extra-territoriality; proposed withdrawal by Admiralty of Air Flight 442 from Kai Tak in Kowloon, with which Lampson and Commander-in-Chief concur; announcement that customs duties on imports will be collected on a gold basis; opposition of General Officer Commanding Hong Kong to removal of Air Flight; suggested amendments from Foreign Office to draft text; support from Clementi for scheme for School of Chinese Studies at Hong Kong University, with Rajah of Sarawak's grant; details of numbers of mui tsai registered in Hong Kong; Clementi in agreement with General Officer Commanding over Air Flight; possible renewal of Canton-Kwangsi fighting near Wuchow; decision by Corps Diplomatique not to take any collective action over tariff autonomy; Lampson sails to Hong Kong, where his wife is seriously ill; military and naval reports; Wuchow likely to be attacked by Chang Fa-kuei and his Kwangsi forces; details of first case regarding extra-territoriality which involved a British Naval Officer in Hankow; political report on progress of civil war.

Correspondence
Date: 27-29 Jan 1930
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 16 / 4
Language(s) of Material: English

Scope and Content

Report by Clementi on critical state of Hong Kong University's financial position and appeal for grant from Boxer Indemnity Funds, now negotiations about this have been resumed with Nanking; with University of Hong Kong Accounts, 1928 (Item 1); Draft Estimate of Income and Expenditure, 1930 (Item 2); Report of Committee on Conditions of Service of Committee on Conditions of Service of Teaching and Executive Staff, 1929 (Item 3); speech of Clementi's at the Annual Congregation, 1930 (Item 4), Annual Report of the University, 1928 (Item 5) and other related reports and memoranda; further note by Clementi on the desirability of the University becoming a prestigious place of learning, with memoranda on Chinese studies and the Chinese School at the University; correspondence on closure of West River to traffic above Teng Hsien, and on Chang Fa-kuei joining forces with Kwangsi troops to attack Wuchow; comments on draft text of Customs Agreement); military and naval reports.

A.2   Papers on Hong Kong matters sent to Clementi while on leave 1927-1929

Papers on Hong Kong matters sent to Clementi while on leave
Date: 17 Jul 1927-27 Jul 1928
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 17A / 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 104 leaves

Papers on Hong Kong matters sent to Clementi while on leave
Date: 25 Jun-24 Sep 1928
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 17A / 2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 107 leaves + 1 item

Papers on Hong Kong matters sent to Clementi while on leave
Date: 27 Aug-14 Nov 1928
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 17A / 3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 98 leaves

Papers on Hong Kong matters sent to Clementi while on leave
Date: 28 Sep 1928-8 Jun 1929
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 17A / 4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 63 leaves

A.3   Letters regarding appointment as Governor of Hong Kong Aug-Dec 1925

Letters regarding appointment as Governor of Hong Kong
Date: 6 Aug-3 Sep 1925
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 17B / 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 88 leaves

Letters regarding appointment as Governor of Hong Kong
Date: 3-30 Sep 1925
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 17B / 2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 76 leaves

Letters regarding appointment as Governor of Hong Kong
Date: 1 Oct-29 Nov 1925
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 17B / 3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 81 leaves

Letters regarding appointment as Governor of Hong Kong
Date: 1-31 Dec 1925
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 17B / 4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 101 leaves

A.4   General correspondence on private and official matters 1926-1929

General correspondence on private and official matters
Date: 1-7 Jan 1926
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 18 / 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 77 leaves

General correspondence on private and official matters
Date: 7-30 Jan 1926
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 18 / 2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 72 leaves

General correspondence on private and official matters
Date: 1 Feb-30 Mar 1926
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 18 / 3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 77 leaves

General correspondence on private and official matters
Date: 2 Apr-26 Jul 1926
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 18 / 4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 133 leaves

General correspondence on private and official matters
Date: 3 Aug-30 Sep 1926
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 19 / 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 76 leaves

General correspondence on private and official matters
Date: 1 Oct-31 Dec 1926
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 19 / 2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 108 leaves

General correspondence on private and official matters
Date: 1 Jan-28 Mar 1927
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 19 / 3
Language(s) of Material: English

General correspondence on private and official matters
Date: 5 Apr-23 Jun 1927
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 19 / 4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 100 leaves + 1 item

General correspondence on private and official matters
Date: 6 Jul-28 Dec 1927
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 20 / 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 157 leaves

General correspondence on private and official matters
Date: 1 Jan-26 Feb 1928
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 20 / 2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 95 leaves

General correspondence on private and official matters
Date: 2 Mar-31 Dec 1928
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 20 / 3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 88 leaves

General correspondence on private and official matters
Date: 3 Jan-5 Sep 1929
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 20 / 4
Language(s) of Material: English

A.5   From box file marked 'Hong Kong, Misc. Letters, Clippings 1929-1930' 1929-1930

Miscellaneous
Date: 6 Jun-28 Aug 1929
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 21 / 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 81 leaves

Miscellaneous
Date: 1 Sep-31 Oct 1929
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 21 / 2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 78 leaves

Miscellaneous
Date: 3 Nov-30 Dec 1929
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 21 / 3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 101 leaves

Miscellaneous
Date: 1 Jan-7 Feb 1930
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 21 / 4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 90 leaves + 1 item

A.6   From box file marked 'SPEECHES. 23 Nov 1923 - 7 May 1927. 1' 1923-1928

Texts of speeches made by Clementi in Ceylon
Date: 23 Nov 1923-15 Oct 1925
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 22 / 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 72 leaves

Texts of speeches made by Clementi in Hong Kong
Date: 1 Nov 1925-25 Oct 1926
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 22 / 2
Language(s) of Material: English

Texts of speeches made by Clementi in Hong Kong
Date: 11 Jan-14 Dec 1927
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 22 / 3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 67 leaves + 1 item

Texts of speeches made by Clementi in Hong Kong
Date: 10 Jan-16 Mar 1928
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 22 / 4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 57 leaves

A.7   From box file marked: 'SPEECHES. 10 Mar 1928 - 5 May 1930. 2' 1928-1930

Texts of speeches made by Clementi in Hong Kong
Date: 5 Apr-22 Nov 1928
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 23 / 1
Language(s) of Material: English

Texts of speeches made by Clementi in Hong Kong
Date: 14 Jan-20 Dec 1929
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 23 / 2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 66 leaves + 1 item

Texts of speeches made by Clementi in Hong Kong
Date: 3-24 Jan 1930
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 23 / 3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 53 leaves

Texts of speeches made by Clementi in Malaya
Date: 2 Feb-5 May 1930
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 23 / 4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 39 leaves

A.8   From box file marked 'SPEECHES. 23 May 1930-23 June 1945. 3' 1930-1945

Texts of speeches made by Clementi in Malaya
Date: 23 May-13 Oct 1930
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 24 / 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 47 leaves + 1 item

Texts of speeches made by Clementi in England and Malaya
Date: 10 Feb-30 Dec 1931
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 24 / 2
Language(s) of Material: English

Texts of speeches made by Clementi in Malaya
Date: 2 Jan-14 Dec 1932
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 24 / 3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 60 leaves

Texts of speeches made by Clementi in Malaya
Date: 17 Feb 1933-12 Feb 1934
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 24 / 4
Language(s) of Material: English

Texts of speeches made by Clementi in England, after his retirement
Date: 7 Nov 1935-23 Jun 1945
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 24 / 5
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 51 leaves

A.9   'Anglo-Japanese Relations in the Far East' 1926-1933

'Anglo-Japanese Relations in the Far East'
Date: 19 Mar 1926-13 Dec 1933
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 25
Language(s) of Material: English

Scope and Content

File of despatches, memoranda and reports sent by Clementi to the Colonial Office, with replies from L. S. Amery, Sir Gilbert Grindle, Cunliffe-Lister and others. Contains some printed reports and pamphlets, and some letters from officials in the British Embassy in Tokyo. The material relates mainly to British and Japanese attitudes and reactions to events in China.

A.10   Additional Hong Kong material 1913-1937

Bound farewell address to Clementi from Hong Kong officials on his departure to British Guyana with related newspaper cutting
Date: 1913
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 53 / 2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 item

Commission as Governor of Hong Kong, 1925, with letters patent of 1917 and Royal Instructions, 1917 and 1922
Date: 1917-1922
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 53 / 3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Official papers (printed and typescript) concerning Hong Kong University, the Kwok Man Tong, the Chinese Nationality Law, trade with China, Hong Kong salaries and the water supply
Date: 1929-1931
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 53 / 4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Printed report (Cmd. 5121) on Mui tsai in Hong Kong
Date: 1936
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 53 / 5
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 item

Souvenir photograph album of the opening of the Jubilee reservoir, Hong Kong
Date: 30 Jan 1937
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 53 / 5
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 item

B   Malaya papers 1882-1963

Scope and Content

The arrangement of this Malayan material reflects the original filing system created by Clementi. There were 11 box files (now MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 26-36) containing official correspondence relating to his period as Governor and Commander-in-Chief of the Straits Settlements and High Commissioner for Malaya. The papers date from November 1929 to September 1934 and have been kept in their original order, which is basically chronological, with the exception of some items in MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 34 and MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 35.

MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 37 (1 box) contains two files of correspondence relating to the proposals for a federation of British Borneo, dating from August 1930 to October 1933. Malayan material which arrived at a later date is to be found in MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 38-43 (6 boxes) and is listed briefly below.

Correspondence and telegrams relating to Clementi's appointment as Governor and Commander-in-Chief of the Straits Settlements and High Commissioner for Malaya
Date: 11 Nov 1929-7 Feb 1930
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 26 / 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 116 leaves + 1 item

Scope and Content

Includes a prospectus for St. Agnes' Girls College, Hong Kong (item 1).

Telegrams and letters from John Scott, Acting Governor in Singapore, concerning arrangements for Clementi's arrival, staff etc.
Date: 23 Nov 1929-25 Jan 1930
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 26 / 2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 47 leaves

Correspondence relating to Clementi's arrival in Singapore and assumption of duties; also with letters from Hong Kong
Date: 6-28 Feb 1930
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 26 / 3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 89 leaves

Scope and Content

Includes a report on the work of the Chinese Department of Hong Kong University (fols. 72-89).

Correspondence on Malayan Government business and some letters from Hong Kong
Date: 1-31 Mar 1930
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 26 / 4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 59 leaves

Scope and Content

Includes letters about the Chinese School of Hong Kong University (fols. 2, 3, 9, 10, 56-59), and correspondence with local newspaper proprietors over Government influence on the press over the Kuomintang question (fols. 22-41).

Correspondence on Malayan Government business and some letters from Hong Kong
Date: 2-30 Apr 1930
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 27 / 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 86 leaves

Scope and Content

Includes letters on banning of Kuomintang, from J.A.S. Jennings, Editor of The Straits Echo (fols. 1-17, 75-77), and letters about Hong Kong University (fols. 50-59, 61-68).

Correspondence on Malayan Government business
Date: 1 May-28 Jun 1930
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 27 / 2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 107 leaves

Scope and Content

Includes plans for a visit to Batavia and letters about Hong Kong University (fols. 12-33, 69-73).

Programme for the opening of the Perak River Hydro-Electric Power Station and Chenderoh Dam
Date: 28 Jun 1930
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 27 / 3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 item

Correspondence on Malayan Government business and some letters from Hong Kong
Date: 2-31 Jul 1930
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 27 / 4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 85 leaves

Letters and memoranda on rice-growing experiments in Malaya
Date: 8 Apr-28 Jul 1930
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 27 / 5
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 19 leaves

Scope and Content

The letters are mainly from Dr. H. Tempany of the Department of Agriculture in Kuala Lumpur.

Letters, programmes and telegrams relating to Clementi's visit to Batavia
Date: 12 Aug 1930-Sep 1924
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 28 / 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 33 leaves

Correspondence on Malayan Government business
Date: 1 Aug-28 Oct 1930
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 28 / 2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 67 leaves

Scope and Content

Includes notes by Dr. Tempany on proceedings of Rice Committee (fols. 4-6); a report on Kuala Lumpur maternity hospital (fols. 33-35); letters on rubber restriction by Sir Eric Geddes (fols. 42-44, 52), and telegrams and letters relating to first Durbar representing all the Malay Peninsula rulers (fols. 45-51, 54).

Correspondence with Clementi while on leave in England about Malayan matters
Date: 6 Nov-29 Dec 1930
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 28 / 3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 45 leaves

Scope and Content

Includes several reports on the general situation by John Scott, also letters about the Kuomintang from R.S. Haynes and G.S. Moss (fols. 4, 5, 34, 35).

Correspondence with Clementi while on leave about matters in Malaya and Hong Kong
Date: 1 Jan-28 Feb 1931
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 28 / 4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 92 leaves

Scope and Content

Includes several reports from John Scott, also a letter about Kuomintang from J.M. Martin (fol. 9); letters about Hong Kong University (fols. 30, 64, 79); a letter on rubber production from G. Maxwell (fol. 40); letters on tin restriction from C.H. Bullock and J. Howeson (fols. 62, 77, 78, 92).

Correspondence with Clementi while on leave
Date: 2 Mar-8 Jun 1931
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 29 / 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 70 leaves

Scope and Content

Includes reports from John Scott and several letters on the proposals for a new Malayan constitution, on rubber production, on the tin restriction scheme and on the Kuomintang.

Correspondence on Malayan Government business
Date: 1 Jul-31 Aug 1931
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 29 / 2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 78 leaves

Scope and Content

Includes letters on rubber restriction and social engagements; a letter from Clementi to Lord Passfield reporting a conversation with Mr. Justice Feetham about Shanghai, and Passfield's reply (fols. 20, 21, 71), and a letter and report on Hong Kong University (fols. 52-62).

Correspondence on Malayan Government business
Date: 4 Sep-30 Dec 1931
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 29 / 3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 95 leaves

Scope and Content

Includes several letters relating to the tin trade, and some letters and press cuttings relating to Hong Kong University. Also includes a report on the situation in Sarawak by Bertram Brooke and Clementi's reply (fols. 1, 2, 4-6), and letters and memorandum about decentralisation policy (fols. 73-76, 79-81, 88-91).

Correspondence on Malayan Government business
Date: 2 Jan-27 Feb 1932
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 30 / 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 81 leaves

Scope and Content

Includes letters about tin and rubber restriction and decentralisation, and letters about Hong Kong University.

Correspondence on Malayan Government business
Date: 3 Mar-30 Apr 1932
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 30 / 2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 65 leaves

Scope and Content

Includes correspondence on rubber and tin production, decentralisation and the states' financial position.

Correspondence on Malayan Government business
Date: 4 May-30 Jun 1932
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 30 / 3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 103 leaves

Scope and Content

Includes correspondence on tin and rubber production; preparations for Sir Samuel Wilson's visit; Hong Kong University, and notes on the defence of Malaya by Major-General J. Oldfield (fols. 67-74).

Correspondence on Malayan Government business
Date: 3 Jul-31 Aug 1932
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 31 /1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 105 leaves

Scope and Content

The correspondence is principally about plans for Sir Samuel Wilson's visit but also includes letters about Hong Kong (fols. 2, 18-19, 41-42); completion of the Royal Air Force base in Singapore (fols. 30-32), and decentralisation policy from the Sultan of Perak (fol. 36).

Correspondence on Malayan Government business
Date: 1-29 Sep 1932
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 31 / 2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 46 leaves

Scope and Content

Includes correspondence on free trade policy in Malaya (fols. 1-2, 39-46); decentralisation (fol. 4), and Hong Kong (fols. 8-21, 29-32).

Correspondence on Malayan Government business
Date: 1-31 Oct 1932
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 31 / 3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 64 leaves

Scope and Content

Includes correspondence relating to free trade policy and letters on decentralisation (fols. 4-5, 13-18).

Correspondence on Malayan Government business
Date: 3 Nov-30 Dec 1932
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 31 / 4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 81 leaves

Scope and Content

Includes correspondence on decentralisation (fols. 1-3); free trade policy by Sir Philip Cunliffe-Lister (fols. 17-23), and Sir Samuel Wilson's visit [10 Nov-10 Dec] (fols. 37-47, 62-71).

Correspondence on Malayan Government business
Date: 2-31 Jan 1933
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 32 / 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 85 leaves

Scope and Content

Includes correspondence on free trade, decentralisation and tin production, and a letter from Dr. Lai Chai Hei about the Chinese School at Hong Kong University (fols. 38-50).

Correspondence on Malayan Government business and some letters from Hong Kong
Date: 2 Feb-31 Mar 1933
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 32 / 2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 74 leaves

Scope and Content

Includes correspondence on Japanese trade competition from Sir Philip Cunliffe-Lister (fols. 18-23, 61-70), and rubber production from Sir Eric Geddes (fols. 36-37).

Correspondence on Malayan Government business
Date: 1-29 Apr 1933
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 32 / 3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 119 leaves

Scope and Content

Includes correspondence on Japanese trade competition (fols. 3-52); possible Malay States Customs Union (fols. 1, 59); Sir Samuel Wilson's report on decentralisation (fols. 67-71), and a report on the proceedings of the Tin Restriction Conference in Singapore (fols. 72-116).

Correspondence on Malayan Government business
Date: 1-28 May 1933
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 32 / 4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 26 leaves

Scope and Content

Includes correspondence on Wilson's report and notes on tin production at Pahang Consolidated Company Ltd.

Correspondence on Malayan Government business
Date: 3 Jun-30 Jul 1933
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 33 / 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 75 leaves

Scope and Content

Includes correspondence on tin restriction (fols. 1, 39); implementation of Wilson's report (fols. 14, 18-20), and preservation of Malayan wildlife (fols. 27, 29-31, 48-49, 53-54). Also, a memorandum on the history of the Rahman tin mines, Perak, (fols. 57-64) and a report by Rajah Brooke on affairs in Sarawak, particularly trade and customs (fols. 72-75).

Correspondence on Malayan Government business, including several letters on preparations for the Naval Conference to be held in Singapore [Jan 1934]
Date: 1 Aug-29 Sep 1933
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 33 / 2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 63 leaves

Scope and Content

Includes correspondence on the Opium Revenue Replacement Fund by Clementi (fols. 10-12) and the possible imposition of import duty on rice (fols. 51-52).

Correspondence on Malayan Government business
Date: 11 Oct-31 Dec 1933
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 33 / 3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 103 leaves

Scope and Content

Includes several letters on rice tax and rice cultivation. Also, correspondence on tin and rubber production, from A. Caldecott (fols. 6-7) ; the Naval Conference (fols. 46, 53-56, 68, 72), and wildlife conservation (fols. 89-90)

See also MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 10.

Correspondence on Malayan Government business
Date: 2 Jan-13 Feb 1934
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 33 / 4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 63 leaves

Scope and Content

Includes letters on rubber restriction (fols. 42-48, 55-58). There are also two letters from Hong Kong (fols. 3-6, 30-33).

Correspondence and memoranda relating to Government business in Malaya
Date: 10-15 Feb 1934
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 34 / 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 50 leaves

Scope and Content

Includes memorandum and letters on dual nationality (fols. 1-10); 'Action taken with respect to the Kuo-Min-Tang in Malaya' (fols. 11-14); 'Note on rearrangement of Chinese Consular Jurisdiction in Malaya' (fols. 15-18); correspondence about the return of the Dindings territory from Penang to the Sultan of Perak, 10 Feb-9 Apr (fols. 19-23), and letters from A. B. Jordan about the Kuomintang (fols. 48-50).

Correspondence, memoranda and minutes of meetings relating to discussions on decentralisation in Malaya and the federation of all Malayan states
Date: 7 Jan 1930-17 Jul 1932
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 34 / 2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 114 leaves

Correspondence and notes on provisions for Chinese language studies at Hong Kong University
Date: 14 Oct 1930-18 May 1931
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 34 / 3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 20 leaves

Scope and Content

Includes notes by Lord Lugard about provision for a Chinese faculty at Hong Kong University (fols. 8-13).

Notes by Clementi on the situation in China, 21 Dec 1930; extract from 'Investment' by L. L. B. Angus, 1930; printed copy of an address by Clementi to the Federal Council, 30 Oct 1933
Date: 21 Dec 1930-30 Oct 1933
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 34 / 4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 8 leaves

Memoranda, notes and printed material
Date: 11 Oct 1930-11 Jan 1934
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 35 / 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 133 leaves

Scope and Content

Includes printed proceedings of a Durbar at Government House on 11 Oct 1930 (fols. 3-13); notes and letters relating to Malayan trade and the free trade policy, 1932-1933 (fols. 14-21); notes, memoranda and press cuttings on the imposition of an import duty on rice, Jan-Oct 1933 (fols. 32-54); printed report on a Malay customs union (fols. 55-61); printed agreement on the constitution of a Postal Union of the Malay States, 23 Nov 1933 (fols. 79-87); letters relating to the organisation of the Game Department (fols. 88-99); printed memorandum on education in Johore, 14 Dec 1933 (fols. 100-104); report on the Malay currency, 8 Jan 1934 (fols. 110-121), and a memorandum on railway revenue relating to rice imports, 11 Jan 1934 (fols. 128-133).

Reports, letters and memoranda
Date: 18 Jan-9 Feb 1934
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 35 / 2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 59 leaves

Scope and Content

Includes memorandum on rubber restriction (fols. 1-14); memorandum on establishment of a Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve unit (fols. 18-26); statements of revenue and expenditure for the Federated Malay States, 1920-1933 (fols. 30-37); notes on proceedings of a Durbar of Malay rulers, 3 Feb (fols. 41-43), and memoranda on Chinese nationality issue (fols. 44-59).

Correspondence on leaving Singapore and in England
Date: 15 Feb-11 Apr 1934
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 36 / 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 153 leaves

Scope and Content

Includes letters about rubber restriction (fols. 10-22); letters, memoranda and notes on tin restriction (fols. 23-42), and a 'Report on Agricultural Development in Johore' by H.A. Tempany (fols. 56-153).

Correspondence on Malayan affairs while in England
Date: 10 Apr-30 May 1934
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 36 / 2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 50 leaves

Scope and Content

Includes letters on imposition of excise duty on sugar (fols. 10, 15); letter about a strike on the Federated Malay States' railways (fols. 21-23), and typed monthly review of Chinese affairs (fols. 26-50).

Correspondence on Malayan affairs while in England
Date: 1-28 Jun 1934
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 36 / 3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 52 leaves

Scope and Content

Includes letters regarding electricity supply in Malaya (fols. 37-38), and development of Malayan air service (fols. 40-41).

Correspondence and reports on Malayan affairs
Date: 25 Jul-8 Sep 1934
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 36 / 4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 71 leaves

Scope and Content

Includes transcripts of speeches at the Federal Council, 2 Jul 1934 (fols. 31-35), and printed pamphlet: 'Chinese Communists and Mission Properties' (fols. 41-71).

Correspondence, memoranda and notes of conferences relating to proposals for a federation of British Borneo, to comprise British North Borneo, Labuan, Sarawak and Brunei
Date: 6 Aug 1930-7 Jul 1931
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 37 / 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 195 leaves, 195 leaves, 20 unfoliated items

Scope and Content

Includes letters from A.F. Richards, Governor of British North Borneo, also memoranda (fols. 8-63, 161-168); Bertram Brooke (fols. 64-117, 126-127), and Sir Neill Malcolm, president of the British North Borneo (Chartered) Company (fols. 129-133, 153-155, 178, 189-193).

Correspondence as in 12/1, including memoranda by Clementi and letters from A.F. Richards and Sir Neill Malcolm
Date: 7 Jul 1931-13 Oct 1933
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 37 / 2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 247 leaves + 1 item

'F.M.S. Papers' (file numbered '11')
Date: 1931-1933
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 38 / 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Scope and Content

Comprising reports and memoranda on decentralisation issues such as Sir Samuel Wilson's visit, the amalgamation of public works departments, postal and railway services, 1931-1932. It also contains two smaller files; one holding correspondence on Clementi's leave entitlement, 1932-1933, and the other with transcripts of earlier memoranda on the administration of the various Malayan states, 1876-1926.

'Malayan Federation (1)' (file numbered '12')
Date: Sep 1930-Mar 1932
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 38 / 2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Scope and Content

Comprising copies of telegrams, reports, minutes and memoranda on proposals for decentralisation.

'Malayan Federation (2)' (file numbered '13')
Date: 6 Feb-10 Dec 1932, 21 Apr 1933, 28 May 1933
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 39 / 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Scope and Content

Comprising reports, press cuttings and memoranda on the issue of decentralisation in Malaya.

'Decentralization Scheme' (file numbered '14')
Date: 23 Nov 1932-5 Jan 1933
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 39 / 2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Scope and Content

Comprising material presented to Sir Samuel Wilson by the conference of delegates from Malayan Public Bodies.

'Printed papers on Decentralization' (file numbered '15')
Date: 1882-1946
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 39 / 3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Scope and Content

Comprising printed reports on issues relating to plans for decentralisation.

'Spare copies of printed papers on decentralization' (file numbered '15b')
Date: undated
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 40 / 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Scope and Content

Number on file is in later hand than similar numbers on other files. Contains some duplicate material.

'Duplicates of Correspondence. Controversy between HE the High Commissioner & the Chief Secretary [Caldecott] with regard to the constitutional status of the High Commissioner in the F.M.S.' (file numbered '16')
Date: Dec 1932
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 41 / 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Copies of telegrams exchanged between Clementi and Colonial Secretaries (file numbered '17')
Date: 1930-1934
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 41 / 2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

General notes and reports on Malayan matters, mainly by Clementi (file numbered '17')
Date: 1930-1932
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 41 / 3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Copies of reports by Clementi on various Malayan matters (file numbered '18')
Date: undated
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 41 / 4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

'Notes on' Malayan matters (file numbered '19')
Date: 1934
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 42 / 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Scope and Content

Notes on the proposed new Federated Malay States Executive Council; the correspondence leading up to the purchase of the Malayan Tin Dredging Company's installation by the Perak River Hydro-Electric Company; a brief history of the past organisation and the present constitution of the State Councils of Perak, Selangor, Negri Sembilan and Pahang; the organisation of the Malayan Establishment Office; the new Postal Union; the organisation of the Drainage and Irrigation Department; the constitution of the Malayan Communications Board; the organisation of the Carrier Telephone System; the cost of construction, the working costs and probable revenue in future of the Kelantan extension of the Railway and the Singapore deviation of the Railway.

Also includes unnumbered memoranda on proposals for the amalgamation of Chief Justiceships and on inter-state preferential tariffs in Malaya. All date from early 1934.

'Governor's Pension'
Date: 1931-1934
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 42 / 2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Scope and Content

File of correspondence relating to Clementi's pension rights.

Correspondence and photographs relating to the official opening of Singapore Airport on 12 Jun 1937
Date: May-Jul 1937
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 42 / 3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Conference paper by Phyllis M. Kaberry and two articles by Sir George Maxwell
Date: Nov 1944, [1946]
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 42 / 4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Scope and Content

Conference paper by Phyllis M. Kaberry on 'British Colonial Policy in South-East Asia and the development of self-government in Malaya', November 1944, and two articles by Sir George Maxwell on the White Paper on the future constitution of Malaya [1946].

Correspondence between Lady Clementi (writing on Cecil Clementi's behalf) and friends, MPs, Colonial Office officials and newspaper editors about the Straits Settlements Bill
Date: 1945-1947
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 43
Language(s) of Material: English

'British Malaya' magazines
Date: Dec 1945-Apr 1946
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 43
Language(s) of Material: English

Printed Government report and statements on the future constitution of the Malayan Union and Singapore
Date: 1946
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 43
Language(s) of Material: English

Copies of Hansard
Date: Feb-Jul 1946
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 43
Language(s) of Material: English

Press cuttings on Malaya and Sarawak
Date: 1946
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 43
Language(s) of Material: English

Published and typescript articles on the constitutional proposals for Malaya
Date: 1946
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 43
Language(s) of Material: English

Negative microfilm of 'Papers relating to Borneo, 1930-1935' made for P.L. Burns
Date: 1963
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 43
Language(s) of Material: English

C   Papers relating to publications and lectures 1898-1936

Scope and Content

The papers in this section relate principally to the books published by Clementi during his lifetime.

Bound volume of printed papers relating to the New Territories
Date: 20 Oct 1898-17 Sep 1906, undated
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 44
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 231 leaves

Scope and Content

Includes Order in Council, despatches, proclamations, reports and lists of villages. With detailed list in box.

'Journeys in China'
Date: c.1901
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 45 / 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Scope and Content

Manuscript account of a trip taken by Clementi between November and December 1901.

Bound volume of printed and typescript reports labelled 'Miscellaneous Papers by Clementi, 1902-1911'
Date: 1902-1911
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 45 / 2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 item

Scope and Content

Includes memoranda on the Kwangsi Famine Relief Fund, the opium trade, Chinese Maritime Customs and the Canton-Kowloon Railway.

Notebook with notes on metaphysics and plane geometry, with details of astronomical observations
Date: 1906
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 46 / 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 item

Notebook of astronomical observations taken on a journey from Kashgar to Kowloon
Date: [1907-1908]
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 46 / 2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 item

Printed Summary of Geographical Observations taken druing a journey from Kashgar to Kowloon (1907-1908) by Clementi, printed in 1911
Date: 1911
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 46 / 3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 item

'I. Opium Papers'
Date: 1908-1929
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 46 / 4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Scope and Content

Comprises memoranda, statistics, reports, notes and correspondence on the opium trade in the Far East.

'Opium Papers II'
Date: c.1908
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 47 / 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Scope and Content

Comprises manuscript notes by Clementi, translating Chinese laws relating to the opium trade.

'Opium Papers III'
Date: c.1908
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 47 / 2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 item

Scope and Content

Volume of manuscript tables of statistics relating to the import, export and cultivation of opium, 1820-1908.

'Opium Papers IV'
Date: c.1908
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 47 / 3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 item

Scope and Content

Volume of manuscript notes by Clementi on the history of opium use and the opium trade, with a bibliography at the back of the book.

Translations of Chinese laws in Clementi's hand (first volume)
Date: undated
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 47 / 4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 item

Translations of Chinese laws in Clementi's hand (second volume)
Date: undated
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 48 / 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 item

Translations of Chinese laws in Clementi's hand (third volume)
Date: undated
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 48 / 2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 item

Manuscript of the History of the Constitution of British Guiana
Date: 1916
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 48 / 3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 item

Texts of appendices for the History of the Constitution of British Guiana, with additional chapter bringing the book up to 1928
Date: 1916-1928
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 49 / 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Notebook with sketch of Mount Roraima, British Guiana, and notes on the history of the mountain
Date: undated
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 49 / 2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 item

Speeches made by Clementi in British Guiana, with a memorandum on education in the colony
Date: 1916-1919, undated
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 50 / 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Printed Combined Court memorandum, speeches, report and proposals
Date: 1917-1921
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 50 / 2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 item

Correspondence (mainly official), some relating to the return of Clementi and his family to Britain
Date: 1919
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 50 / 3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Correspondence relating to the disposal of the Clementis' furniture on their departure from British Guiana
Date: 1919
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 50 / 4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Newspaper cutting of a lecture by Clementi on 'The story of Tsingtao' (given during World War I) and typescript text of a lecture on the possible Chinese discovery of America
Date: undated
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 50 / 5
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

First part of a typescript draft of the History of the Constitution of British Guiana, with corrections and additions up to 1927
Date: c.1927
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 50 / 6
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Second part of the typescript draft of the History of the Constitution of British Guiana
Date: c.1927
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 51 / 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Correspondence with Blackwells and the Clarendon Press regarding Pervigilium Veneris, Elements in the Analysis of Thought and Cantonese Love Songs
Date: 1931-1934
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 51 / 2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Correspondence with Teijiro Tamura of the Japanese consulate, Singapore, about Clementi's translations of Haiku poems
Date: 1933
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 51 / 3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Bound typescript of 'Historical notes on Chinese Political Societies' (published May 1934)
Date: c.1934
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 52 / 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 item

Correspondence regarding a third edition of Pervigilium Veneris
Date: 1934-1936
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 52 / 2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Facsimile of Codex Sannazarii ( Pervigilium Veneris)
Date: c.1935
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 52 / 3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Book of notes for the third edition of Pervigilium Veneris
Date: c.1935
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 52 / 4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 item

Manuscript of third edition of Pervigilium Veneris
Date: 1935
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 52 / 5
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Typescript article on the University of Hong Kong
Date: c.1935
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 52 / 6
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 item

Press-cuttings and correspondence relating to China and Japan, a speech on the future of Hong Kong and an article on the railway link at Canton
Date: 1935-1936
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 52 / 7
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Typescript of 'Modern Literary Developments in China' (published October 1936)
Date: c.1936
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 53 / 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 item

D   Photographs and miscellaneous items 1873-1961

Photograph of a drawing of an audience in Peking on 29 June 1873, with a note of the names of the Western ambassadors depicted
Date: 1873
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 54 / 1-2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Photograph of Clementi, seated
Date: undated
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 54 / 3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 item

Printed Report on Transportation and Power Problems in Jamaica by Major Thomas Gregorie Tulluch, 1920, with cuttings about French trials of suction gas vehicles, 1922
Date: 1920, 1922
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 54 / 4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Correspondence (chiefly with the School of Oriental and African Studies, London) regarding the disposal of Clementi's library
Date: 1958-1961
Shelfmark: MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352 / 54 / 5
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file


Transformation from XML (EAD 2002) to HTML
28 January 2016