Catalogue of the Papers of Dr. James Clyde Mitchell

Bodleian Library, University of Oxford

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Commonwealth and African Studies
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Table of Contents

Introduction
A    Official correspondence and minutes of meetings relating to administration of the Rhodes Livingstone Institute, 1946-55
B    Correspondence with other members of the R.L.I. 1946-61
C    Research papers and reports on work carried out at the R.L.I., 1933-61
D    Field notes and working papers on research among the Yao people in Nyasaland, 1944-9
E    Field notes on research among the Yao, 1946-52
F    Research papers and field notes on surveys carried out in Northern Rhodesia, 1934-76
G    Research notes on a survey carried out by Mitchell in Southern Rhodesia, 1957-60


Papers of Dr. James Clyde Mitchell, 1933-76

Abstract:
Academic Papers of Dr. James Clyde Mitchell (1918-95)

Shelfmarks: MS. Afr. s. 1998 boxes 1-28

Extent: 28 shelfmarks
Language of Material: English

Biographical History

Dr. James Clyde Mitchell (1918-95) was Director of the Rhodes Livingstone Institute (1952-5), Professor of African Studies and Sociology at the University College of Rhodesia and Nyasaland (1955-65), Professor of Urban Studies at the University of Manchester (1966-73) and Fellow of Nuffield College Oxford (1973-85). For more information see Who Was Who.

Scope and Content

The papers comprise A Official correspondence and minutes of meetings relating to administration of the Rhodes Livingstone Institute, 1946-55, B. Correspondence with other members of the R.L.I. 1946-61, C. Research papers and reports on work carried out at the R.L.I., 1933-61, D. Field notes and working papers on research among the Yao people in Nyasaland, 1944-9, E. Field notes on research among the Yao, 1946-52, F. Research papers and field notes on surveys carried out in Northern Rhodesia, 1934-76 and G. Research notes on a survey carried out by Mitchell in Southern Rhodesia, 1957-60.

Acquisition

The papers were donated by Dr James Clyde Mitchell.

Preferred Form of Citation

Oxford, Bodleian Library [followed by shelfmark and folio or page reference, e.g. MS. Africa s. 1998 box 1, fols. 1-2]

Personal names (NCA RULES)

Mitchell | James Clyde | 1918-1995 | Sociologist

Corporate names (NCA Rules)

Rhodes Livingstone Institute
University College of Rhodesia and Nyasaland

Place names (NCA Rules)

Southern Rhodesia

Subjects (LCSH)

Anthropology

A   Official correspondence and minutes of meetings relating to administration of the Rhodes Livingstone Institute, 1946-55


Correspondence with the Central Office of the R.L.I., 1946-52
Shelfmark: MS. Afr. s. 1998 box 1
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content:

Comprises:

  • "Correspondence with the Central Office: Research." Official correspondence with various officers at the R.L.I., especially the Director and the Administrative secretary, on the progress of research, administration of the Institute and so on. 17 Sep 1946-21 Dec 1949
  • Correspondence with Central Office of the R.L.I., as above. 30 Jan 1950-20 Mar 1951
  • "Correspondence with the Central Office: Research." Correspondence on the administration of the R.L.I., as above; Mitchell was the Director from Jan 1952. 13 Feb 1951-1 Jul. 1952

Correspondence with the R.L.I. Central Office and with Government Departments, 1947-53
Shelfmark: MSS. Afr. s. 1998 box 2
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content:

Comprises:

  • Correspondence with the Central Office, and particularly the Administrative Secretary, mainly while Mitchell (as Director) was at the University of Manchester, from March onwards, Feb.-Apr. 1953
  • Correspondence with Central Office, as above, May-Jul. 1953
  • "Northern Rhodesia Government." Administrative correspondence with officials from various departments, especially the Secretariat and the Agricultural Department, about work carried out by the R.L.I., 9 Aug 1950-22 Dec 1952
  • "Correspondence with the Nyasaland Government". Correspondence with officials from various departments, especially the Secretariat and the Agricultural Department, about work carried out by the R.L.I., 19 Apr 1947-28 Feb 1952

Correspondence about the R.L.I, and minutes of Board meetings, 1946-55
Shelfmark: MSS. Afr. s. 1998 box 3
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content:

Comprises:

  • "Colonial Social Service Research Council." Correspondence on funding and on research carried out by the R.L.I., with the Colonial Office and especially with Mrs E.M. Chilver, Secretary to the C.S.S.R. Council. Also reports on progress, memoranda and an application for a grant, 26 Nov. 1948-21 Oct. 1955
  • "United Missions in the Copperbelt". Correspondence with members of the United Missions in the Copperbelt about the R.L.I.'s work, and on sociological issues with regard to the African population on the Copperbelt. With other miscellaneous letters and notes, 12 Aug. 1950-5 Jul. 1955
  • "R.L.I. Trustees: Minutes of Board Meetings." Agenda, drafts and minutes. 16 Nov. 1946-5 Aug. 1950
  • Agenda, drafts and minutes of meetings, as above, 8 Mar.-3 Oct. 1951

B   Correspondence with other members of the R.L.I. 1946-61


Correspondence with other members of the R.L.I.: B-H, 1946-60
Shelfmark: MSS. Afr. s. 1998. box 4
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content:

Comprises:

  • "John Barnes." Correspondence with John Barnes, one time fellow-anthropologist at the R.L.I., 24 Nov. 1946-29 Sep. 1960
  • "E. Colson." Correspondence with Dr. Elizabeth Colson, the Director of the R.L.I. c. 1949-51, 26 Apr. 1947-8 Aug. 1956
  • "A. Epstein." Correspondence with Arnold L. (Bill) Epstein, one time fellow anthropologist at the R.L.I., 8 May 1950-12 Dec. 1959
  • Correspondence with Lewis H. Gann, a fellow anthropologist at the R.L.I., 18 Sep. 1950-2 Aug. 1957

Correspondence with Max Gluckman, 1946-61
Shelfmark: MSS. Afr. s. 1998. box 5
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content:

Comprises:

  • "Max Gluckman". Correspondence with Max Gluckman,the Director of the R.L.I. from 1941 to 1947, 7 Nov. 1946-21 Dec. 1951
  • Correspondence with Max Gluckman, 10 Jan. 1952-1 Dec. 1958
  • "Max Gluckman, 1959". Further correspondence with Gluckman, now Professor of Social Anthropology at the University of Manchester, 13 Dec, 1958-6 Apr. 1961

Correspondence with former R.L.I. members: H-M, 1950-60
Shelfmark: MSS. Afr. s. 1998. box 6
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content:

Comprises:

  • "Holleman". Correspondence with Dr. J.F.(Hans) Holleman, an anthropologist at the R.L.I., 4 Oct. 1950-25 Oct. 1957
  • "A.J.B. Hughes". Correspondence with A. John B. Hughes, a fellow anthropologist at the R.L.I., 8 Nov. 1950-19 Feb. 1955
  • "M. McCullough". Correspondence with Merran Mc Cullough, later Mrs. Frankel, a fellow member of the R.L.I.; with draft typescript papers by her on the social structure of Monrovia and on rural areas of British East and Central Africa, 30 Jul. 1956-22 Apr. 1960

Correspondence with R.L.I. colleagues: M-W, 1946-60
Shelfmark: MSS. Afr.s. 1998 box 7
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content:

Comprises:

  • "Max Marwick". Correspondence with Max G. Marwick, an anthropologist at the R.L.I.; with draft typescript papers, 19 Nov. 1946-13 June 1958
  • "V.W.Turner" Correspondence with Vic W. Turner, an anthropologist at the R.L.I., 7 Oct 1950-7 May 1960
  • "Van Velson". Correspondence with Jaap Van Velsen an anthropologist at the R.L.I., 25 Nov. 1951-11 Feb. 1959
  • "Watson". Correspondence with J. Watson, an anthropologist at the R.L.I., 20 Nov. 1951-10 Feb. 1959

C   Research papers and reports on work carried out at the R.L.I., 1933-61


Lectures, articles and working papers relating to service with R.L.I., 1945-55
Shelfmark: MSS Afr. s. 1998 box 8
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content:

Comprises:

  • "Lectures and Talks". Texts of talks and lectures given by Mitchell while at the R.L.I., with related drafts and typescript papers, especially on urbanisation, 25 May 1948-c. Mar. 1952
  • Correspondence between officials of the Nyasaland Government and the Director of the R.L.I. about a sociological survey to be carried out in the Southern Province of Nyasaland by Mitchell; with related research notes, lecture notes and working papers, c. Feb. 1945-May 1946
  • "Malemia Survey". Correspondence with officials of the Nyasaland Government about a sociological survey of the Native Authority Malemia in the Zomba District, undertaken by Mitchell; with related printed reports, memoranda and notes, 15 Feb. 1949-18 Jul. 1955

Reports and statistics on various surveys carried out by R.L.I., 1940-55
Shelfmark: MSS Afr. s. 1998 Box 9
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content:

Comprises:

  • "Kitwe Survey- started Jan. 1952; Completed Aug 1952". Reports and letters from African Research Assistants on work on a Social Survey carried out by the R.L.I. on the African population of the Copperbelt; with notes and working papers, 14 Feb. 1952-25 June 1952
  • Reports and memoranda on various social and political activities, compiled for the R.L.I. by J. C. Lengwe, a Junior African Research Assistant, 19 Apr. 1955-15 June 1955
  • "Nyasaland: Statistics." Draft reports, memoranda, statistics, charts, tables, calculations and notes relating to various aspects of the population in selected villages of the Southern Province of Nyasaland, 24 Apr 1940-31 Dec. 1947

Draft typescript papers and working data and notes, 1946-61
Shelfmark: MSS Afr. s. 1998 Box 10
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content:

Comprises:

  • "Marriage Among the Machinga Yao(2nd draft)". Draft typescript paper by Mitchell, with additions and alterations, c. 1950, and related notes and comments, n.d.
  • Forms filled in with various data on the populations of Yao villages, 1946-7
  • "Yao Land Holding". Draft typescript papers on aspects of land tenure and agriculture among the Yao, with related notes, 1948-9
  • "Yao Marriage". Draft typescript papers by Mitchell, n.d., on marriage and social structure among the Yao, with related letters and comments, 1961

Statistics, genealogies, notes and working papers relating to a study of the Yao people, 1933-50
Shelfmark: MSS Afr. 1998 Box 11
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content:

Comprises:

  • Statistics, tables and charts relating to marriage partners and other aspects of the populations in Yao villages, n.d.
  • "Native Authorities and Staffs". Typescript copy of the Native Authority Ordinance, Jul. 1933, with memoranda on political organisation, data forms and related charts and tables of statistics, 1933-c.1947
  • "Histories of Groups". Genealogical tables and notes on the histories of various groups of the Yao people, n.d. c. 1945-50
  • Notebook containing genealogical tables and notes on marriage and other customs [among the Yao], n.d.

Historical notes, genealogies and working papers on Southern Nyasaland, c. 1937-61
Shelfmark: MSS. Afr. s. 1998 Box 12
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content:

Comprises:

  • Letters, articles and draft typescript papers by Mitchell and others, relating to research on the customs and life of the Yao people, c. 1946-61
  • "Historical Notes on Districts in the Southern Province (extracetd from District Annual Reports for 1936). Notes and reports on the history and native administration of the South Nyasa, Upper Shire, Zomba, Chiradzulu, Blantyre, Cholo, Mlanje, Chikwawa and Port Herald Districts, by the relevant District Officers (all typescript), 1937
  • Notebook containing genealogical data, field and woking notes, etc., on the history and customs of the Yao people, c. 1947

D   Field notes and working papers on research among the Yao people in Nyasaland, 1944-9


Data forms, 1946-7
Shelfmark: MSS Afr. s. 1998 Boxes 13
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content:

Comprises:

  • Data forms with genealogical and other details on individuals among the Yao, 1946-47
  • Data forms as above, 1947

Genealogical tables, n.d.
Shelfmark: MSS Afr. s. 1998 Box 14
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content:

Comprises:

  • Genealogical tables and other notes on various groups and villages of Yao people, n.d.
  • Genealogical tables, etc., as above, n.d.

Genealogies and working papers, c. 1947-9
Shelfmark: MSS Afr. s. Box 15
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content:

Comprises:

  • "Gigwaja". Data forms with individual's genealogical details, and other field notes relating to the ?Gigwaja district of Nyasaland, c. 1947-9
  • Miscellaneous memoranda, drafts, field and working notes (some by African Research Assistants), diagrams and genealogies, etc, n.d.

Yao court cases and customs-notes, c. 1944-9
Shelfmark: MSS Afr. s. 1998 Box 16
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content:

Comprises:

  • "Rajabu: Texts and Case Histories". Notes in the vernacular, ?on court cases (manuscript), c. 1949
  • "Texts". Notes on court cases among the Yao, in the vernacular, and in English (manuscript), c. 1944-7
  • Notes on customs and court cases among the Yao, in the vernacular and in English, with related working papers and notes (mostly manuscript), c. 1947-9

Yao history and customs- notes, 1947-8
Shelfmark: MSS Afr. s. 1998 Box 17
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content:

Comprises:

  • Translations of comments on the history and customs of various villages in Nyasaland (typescript), c. 1947
  • Notes on the customs and history of various Nyasaland villages, in the vernacular and in English (manuscript), c. 1947-8
  • Notes on the customs of various (?Yao) peoples (manuscript), n.d.

Notes in the vernacular, 1946-9
Shelfmark: MSS Afr. s. 1998 Box 18
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content:

Comprises:

  • Notes (?on tribal customs) in the vernacular (manuscript). [from unmarked file], 1946-9
  • "Yao Texts". Notes (?on tribal customs) in the vernacular (manuscript), 1946-8

E   Field notes on research among the Yao, 1946-52


Field notes on the Yao, c. 1946-50
Shelfmark: MSS Afr. s. 1998 Box 19
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content:

Comprises:

  • Notes on written sources and lectures relating to research into the social structure of the Yao people, c. 1948-50
  • Notes on written and oral sources for the history of the Yao people ["Section II], 1947-8
  • Notes on interviews with Yao people about their ancestory and history ["section III"], 1947-8
  • Notes on interviews concerning customs and disputes among the Yao ["Sections IV-VI"], 1946-8

Field notes on the Yao, c. 1946-9
Shelfmark: MSS Afr. s. 1998 Box 20
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content:

Comprises:

  • Field notes on interviews relating to customs and the way of life of the Yao ["Sections VII-XI and XIV], c. 1947-9
  • Field notes on customs and folklore of the Yao, mostly from interviews. ["Sections XV and XVI"], c. 1946-9
  • Field notes on interviews on witchcraft and initiation ceremonies among the Yao. ["Sections XVIII and XIX"], c. 1946-9

Field notes on the Yao, c. 1946-49
Shelfmark: MSS Afr. s. 1998 Box 21
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content:

Comprises:

  • Field notes on interviews relating to religion, disputes and court cases among the Yao. ["Sections XX-XXII"], c. 1947-9
  • Field notes on interviews about the customs and legends of the Yao, 1947-49 ["Sections XX-XXII"], c. 1947-9
  • Data forms with details of various individuals' lives, and of their families, c. 1946

File notes on the Yao, c. 1946-52
Shelfmark: MSS Afr. s. 1998 Box 22
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content:

Comprises:

  • Data forms with details of individuals and their families, c. 1946-7
  • Data forms, as above, c. 1946-7
  • Data forms as above, c. 1946-7; also some census forms, 1952, and other miscellaneous notes and photos

F   Research papers and field notes on surveys carried out in Northern Rhodesia, 1934-76


Research and working papers on surveys in Northern Rhodesia, c. 1934-54
Shelfmark: MSS Afr. s. 1998, Box 23
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content:

Comprises:

  • "Ethnography of Northern Rhodesia". Letters, reports and memoranda on social life and customs among the African population of the Copperbelt; with miscellaneous related notes, 26 Nov 1950-13 Aug 1951
  • "Luanshya Management Board Survey-started Dec 1950; Sept 1951". Field notes, statistics, working papers and preliminary reports on a sociological survey of the African population of the Luanshya Management Boards Location, c. 1951-2
  • "Roan Antelope African Township". Analyses of the various tribes in the township, with related statistics and notes on the social structure of the African population, 15 May 1934-Aug 7 1951; 30 June 1954
  • "Ndola-Survey commenced Sept 1951; completed Dec 1951". Letters and progress reports from Research Assistants and others relating to a social survey of Ndola carried out by Mitchell, with statistics, registers and notes, 8 Aug 1951-20 Feb 1951

Reports and statistics on social surveys in Northern Rhodesia, 1952-76
Shelfmark: MSS Afr. s. Box 24
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content:

Comprises:

  • "Mufulira Survey; Started Aug 1952; Ended Dec 1952". Letters and progress reports from Research Assistants on the social survey of Mufulira being carried out by Mitchell, with statistics, registers and notes, 18 Jul 1952-11 Feb 1953
  • "Social Survey in Chingola- started Aug 1952; Dec 1952". Letters and progress reports on the social survey of Chingola carried out by Mitchell, from Research Assitants and others, with related statistics and notes, 9 Jul 1952-19 Feb 1953
  • "Broken Hill Survey- March 1953-Sept 1953". Correspondence with the Colonial Administrative Officers and the European employers at Broken Hill about a social survey of the African population there; with progress reports, statistics, registers, etc, 19 Jan 1953-26 Nov 1954
  • "Broken Hill. Preliminary Cpunt." Charts, statistics and notes on the Broken Hill survey. [Separate folder taken from file above], n.d.
  • Letters from a former Research Assistant in Zambia to Mitchell, with press cutings about events in that country, Nov 1972-Jan 1976

Research Material from African Research Assistants, 1951-3
Shelfmark: MSS Afr. s. 1998, Box 25
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content:

Comprises

  • "Research Material from A.R.A. Urban court case reports and other reports by Leonard L. Bwewpe, 18 Sep 1952-12 Feb 1953
  • "Research Material from A.R.A. S. Katilungu". Essays by S.C. Katilungu on the African population of the Copperbelt, with reports on Urban Court cases by other Research Assistants, 27 Jul 1952-29 Jul 1953
  • "Research Material from R.A.s: Manda". Essays and accounts of customs, magic and folklore in the Copperbelt, by Research Assistants including P. Manda, 9 Sep 1951-13 Dec 1952
  • "Research material from A.R.A.s [?] Ntonga and Ngwane". Reports about customs, magic and folklore among tribes in Northern Rhodesia, made by [?] T.M. Ntonga and H.D. Ng'wane, 16 Apr 1952-27 Jan 1953

Field notes on Copperbelt research, c. 1946-52
Shelfmark: MSS Afr. s. 1998 Box 26
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content:
  • "Urban Court Cases: Luanshya". Notes on cases heard at Luanshya Urban Court, taken by African Research Assistants, mainly in the vernacular, 1950-1
  • "L.U. Court." Notes on Luanshya Urban Court cases, taken by African Research Assistants, c. 1951-2
  • "Copperbelt Field Notes". Field Notes on interviews relating to the political structure of the African population of the Copperbelt as part of a study of the urban African population in Northern Rhodesia, c. 1950-1
  • "Copperbelt Field Notes". Field notes on interviews relating to family life and religion among the African population on the Copperbelt, as part of a study as above, c. 1950-1
  • "Copperbelt notes". Field notes on interviews about customs concerning marriage among the Yao, c. 1946-9
  • "Copperbelt notes". Field notes on interviews about customs concerning marriage among the Yao, c. 1946-9

G   Research notes on a survey carried out by Mitchell in Southern Rhodesia, 1957-60


Research material for social survey in Harari, Southern Rhodesia, while Porfessor of African Studies at the University College of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, 1959-60
Shelfmark: MSS Afr. s. 1998, box 27
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content:
  • "Social Studies. Jacob". Data forms and weekly reports on the occupations and social activities of one individual, made by G.L. Chavunduka for a social survey of Harari township being carried out by Mitchell [3369/310], 1959-60
  • "Social Studies. Made". Forms and reports as above, made by G.L. Chavunduka. [767/316]
  • "Social Studies. Oliver". Forms and reports as above. [166/313], 1959-60
  • "Social Studies. Harari". Forms and reports as above [4375/314], 1959-60
  • "Social Studies. Francis". Forms and reports as above. [555/315], 1959

Research material for social survey in Harari, as above, 1957-60
Shelfmark: MSS. Afr. s. 1998 Box 28
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content:
  • "Social Survey. Jun". Forms and reports as above. [1280/317], 1959
  • "Social studies. Size" Forms and reports as above. [3091/311], 1959-60
  • Social Studies Harari". Forms and reports as above [590/312], 1959-60
  • "Social Studies. Case History". Data forms for several families, with details of occupations and social activities, c. 1959
  • "Social and Economic Studies: Printed Matter". Letters, memoranda, instructions and press cuttings, mostly relating to the collection of data for the Harari Social Survey, c. 1957-60
  • "Lukhero's Notes on Patients at Nganga". Notes on the reasons for various people consulting an African witch-doctor in Harari, 1957-9

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26 October 2011