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Collection Level Description: Article on Werner Münzinger

Reference: GB 0162 MSS. Afr. s. 2262
Title: Article on Werner Münzinger
Dates of Creation: 1994
Extent: 7 ff.
Name of Creator: Sir Edward Peck

Language of Material: eng



Administrative/Biographical History

Werner Münzinger (1832-1875), a native of Switzerland, studied physics, chemistry and geography at Solothurn and Bern, then modern and oriental languages at Munich and Paris. He was the first European to penetrate the land of the Bogos, Abyssinia, inland from Massawa. He made an ethnological study of the Bogos, marrying a local widow and adopting her son. He joined a further expedition in 1860, to El Obeid and then Massawa via the Abyssinian plateau. During the 1860s he published a number of works on Abyssinian languages and geography. At the same time he was appointed French Vice-Consul to Abyssinia and the Sudan, and, in 1865, British Consul. In 1867 he undertook a trek across the salt desert towards the Abyssinian table land and re-discovered the River Ragolas. Meanwhile, as British Consul, he was able to aid the British in their Abyssinian campaign of 1868. Despite being wounded in an ambush in Bogo country in 1869, he accompanied a British expedition to Saudi Arabia the following year as well as mapping the northerly outliers of the Abyssinian plateau. In 1871 he was appointed Governor of Massawa by the Viceroy of Egypt, and Pasha in 1872. He resigned in 1875 when Egypt sent an expedition against Abyssinia, to which he was opposed, and was killed, with his wife, at the oasis of Aussa by Galla tribesmen.

Scope and Content

Article by Sir Edward Peck on the life of Werner Münzinger, 1994.

Administrative Information

Immediate Source of Acquisition

The article was donated by Sir Edward Peck on 2nd April 1997.

Access Conditions

Bodleian reader's ticket required.

Reproduction Restrictions

No reproduction or publication of papers without permission. Contact the library in the first instance.

Further Information

Finding Aids

The library holds a card index of all manuscript collections in its reading room.

Access Points

Münzinger | Werner | 1832-1875 | anthropologist explorer Pasha of Massawa

Ethiopia | History | 19th century

Ethiopia | Discovery and exploration


Transformation from XML to HTML by Lawrence Mielniczuk
01 March 2012