Catalogue of papers relating to the transfer of power in Nyasaland

Bodleian Library, University of Oxford


c.1984; edited, converted to EAD and published online 2016

MSS. Afr. s. 1742

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Papers relating to the transfer of power in Nyasaland

1926-1985

Abstract:
Reports, memoranda, reminiscences, photographs and associated material of administrators, on political and economic conditions in Nyasaland, principally from post World War II to Independence, 1946-1964.

Extent: 0.9 Linear metres, 6 boxes
Language(s) of Material: English

Introduction

This collection of papers had its origin in a programme set up by the Oxford Development Records Project (ODRP) (successor to the Oxford Colonial Records Project) early in 1980 with the aim of preserving the recollections of Colonial Service officers and others concerning the critical period post World War II up to Independence - and even slightly beyond - in Nyasaland (Malawi).

Unlike other projects organised by ODRP, such as those relating to British Forces in Colonial Africa, Education, the Swynnerton Plan and so on, for which a standard aide-memoir was devised, outlining the particular areas of interest in each case, and sent out to all contributors, a different procedure was adopted here. This programme was launched by means of a personal letter addressed to each potential contributor, designed to elicit memories and records in the field in which the contributor had special interest, experience and responsibility. A list of those approached is deposited in Box I. In addition to the memoranda resulting from these letters, two colloquia were held by ODRP, relating to two important topics in the study of Nyasaland: Land and Finance. The transcripts of these colloquia can be found in Box VI.

Contributors are listed alphabetically, each being given an individual number which also identifies their papers.

Scope and Content

Reports, memoranda, reminiscences, photographs and associated material of administrators, on political and economic conditions in Nyasaland, principally from post World War II to Independence, 1946-1964.

Arrangement

Restrictions on Access

MSS. Afr. s. 1742 (24) is restricted and may not be consulted until various set closure periods have elapsed.

Acquisition

The papers were donated to the library through the Oxford Development Records Project.

Other Finding Aids

Listed as no. 855 in Manuscript Collections in Rhodes House Library Oxford, Accessions 1978-1994 (Oxford: 1996).

Corporate name(s) (NCA Rules)

Great Britain | Colonial Administrative Service
University of Oxford | Development Records Project

Subject(s)

Colonial administrators
Finance -- Malawi
Land use -- Malawi
Malawi -- Economic conditions
Malawi -- Politics and government -- 20th century

Descriptive List

Introductory file containing list of all those invited to contribute to the project; for explanatory letter sent by ODRP see individual files
Date: [1980]
Shelfmark: MSS. Afr. s. 1742 (i)
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 leaf

Sir Robert ARMITAGE (KCMG, MBE)
Date: 1980-1983
Shelfmark: MSS. Afr. s. 1742 (1)
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 15 leaves

Biographical history

(Born 1906, Died 1990)

Kenya: Administrative cadet, 1929; Secretary to Member for Natural Resources, 1945; Administrative Secretary, 1947.

Gold Coast: Under Secretary, 1948; Financial Secretary, 1948; Minister of Finance, 1951.

Cyprus: Governor, 1954-1956.

Nyasaland: Governor, 1956-1961.


Scope and Content

Correspondence with ODRP about Kenya material [classified separately in Rhodes House and restricted] and Nyasaland papers.

Dr. Colin BAKER
Date: 1980-1983
Shelfmark: MSS. Afr. s. 1742 (2)
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 20 leaves

Biographical history

(Born 1929)


Scope and Content

Correspondence with ODRP on the project and on Baker's proposed biography of Sir Geoffrey Colby.

Eric C. BARNES (CMG)
Date: 1980
Shelfmark: MSS. Afr. s. 1742 (3)
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 4 leaves

Biographical history

(Born 1899, Died 1987)

Administrative Officer, 1925, Deputy Provincial Commissioner, 1946; Provincial Commissioner, 1949-1955.


Scope and Content

Letters from ODRP only.

David L. BAXTER
Date: 1958, 1980-1981
Shelfmark: MSS. Afr. s. 1742 (4)
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 163 leaves

Biographical history

Administrative Officer, 1950-1951; Land Settlement Officer, 1951-1952; Secretariat, 1953-1954; Provincial Commissioner's Personal Assistant, Southern Province, 1954-1956; District Commissioner, Blantyre, 1956-1962, Senior Administrative Officer, 1962-1964.


Scope and Content

(4A)

(4B)

T. Stewart BELL (CBE)
Date: 1980-1982
Shelfmark: MSS. Afr. s. 1742 (5)
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 107 leaves

Biographical history

Cyprus: Administrative Officer, 1935-1949.

Nyasaland: Development Secretary, 1949-1953.

Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland: (Acting) Secretary of the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, 1954-1959; Secretary of the Ministry of Power, 1956-1961; Secretary of the Ministry of Transport, 1961-1964.


Scope and Content

(all typescript)

Major Geoffrey N. BURDEN (CMG)
Date: 1947, 1954, 1980
Shelfmark: MSS. Afr. s. 1742 (6)
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 7 leaves + 2 items

Biographical history

(Born 1898, Died 1990)

Nyasaland: Administrative Officer, 1925-1936; Director of Publicity, 1936-1937; (King's African Rifles War Service); Assistant Chief Secretary, 1945-1946; Government Representative, Rhodesia, 1954-1963.

Gold Coast: Provincial Commissioner, 1946-1953


Scope and Content

J.A.G. CORRIE (MC)
Date: 1980-1982
Shelfmark: MSS. Afr. s. 1742 (7)
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 8 leaves

Scope and Content

Letters from ODRP only.

Robert J. DEWAR (CMG)
Date: 1980-1982
Shelfmark: MSS. Afr. s. 1742 (8)
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 28 leaves

Biographical history

(Born 1923, Died 2013)

Nigeria: Assistant Conservator of Forests, 1944-1951.

Nyasaland: Assistant Conservator of Forests, 1951-1954; Deputy, later Chief, Conservator of Forests, 1955-1963; Director of Forestry and Game, 1963; Permanant Secretary in the Ministry of Natural Resources and later in the Ministry of Economic Affairs, 1964-1969.


Scope and Content

Alan DICKINSON (MBE)
Date: 1980-1982
Shelfmark: MSS. Afr. s. 1742 (9)
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 12 leaves

Biographical history

Administrative Officer, 1950-1961; Senior Assistant Secretary for Finance, 1962-1964.


Scope and Content

I.C.H. FREEMAN (CMG, TD)
Date: 1980-1981
Shelfmark: MSS. Afr. s. 1742 (10)
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 27 leaves

Biographical history

(Born 1910, Died 1990)

Kenya: Education Officer, Senior Education Officer and finally Assistant Director of Education, 1946-1954.

Nyasaland: Director of Education, 1958-1960; Permenant Secretary, Ministry of Education, 1961-1964.

Malawi: Registrar, University of Malawi, 1965-1971.


Scope and Content

Maurice N. GANDY
Date: 1980-1982
Shelfmark: MSS. Afr. s. 1742 (11)
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 12 leaves

Biographical history

Assistant District Commissioner, 1946-1949, District Commissioner, 1949-1950; Secretariat (including Clerk to the Executive Council), 1950-1952; District Commissioner, 1953-1964.


Scope and Content
Related Material

See also MSS. Afr. s. 2120, correspondence and reports of Gandy as District Commissioner, Lilongwe, Nyasaland. Comprising:

Appreciation of the situation in Nyasaland, April 1959; 'On a realistic policy in Nyasaland', September 1959; Correspondence, 1959-1960 (including correspondence with J.H. Ingham, Secretary of African Affairs); Circular letter to Iain MacLeod, Secretary of State for the Colonies; Report by Max Warren of the Church Missionary Society on the situation of the church in tropical Africa, 1959. Typescript, 21 leaves.


Michael R. HARRIS (OBE)
Date: 1980
Shelfmark: MSS. Afr. s. 1742 (12)
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 5 leaves

Biographical history

Administrative Officer, 1948-1964.


Scope and Content

Correspondence with ODRP only.

Noel HARVEY
Date: [1954-1964], 1980
Shelfmark: MSS. Afr. s. 1742 (13)
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 44 leaves + 1 item

Biographical history

Assistant District Commissioner, including Karonga, 1954-1964.


Scope and Content

Sir Cosmo D.P.T. HASKARD (KCMG, MBE)
Date: 1980-1983
Shelfmark: MSS. Afr. s. 1742 (14)
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 138 leaves

Biographical history

(Born 1916)

Nyasaland: Administrative Officer, 1946-1954; Provincial Commissioner Norther Province, 1955-1960; Permanent Secretary for Local Government, 1961-1962; Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Natural Resources, 1963-1964

Falkland Islands: Governor, 1964-1970


Scope and Content

Arthur HAZLEWOOD
Date: 1981
Shelfmark: MSS. Afr. s. 1742 (15)
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 leaf

Scope and Content

Letter from ODRP only.

George C.D. HODGSON (CMG, MBE)
Date: 1980-1981
Shelfmark: MSS. Afr. s. 1742 (16)
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 3 leaves

Biographical history

(Born 1913, Died 2002)

Administrative Officer, 1939-1951; Provincial Commissioner, 1952-1955; seconded to Federal Government, 1956; Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Natural Resources, 1961-1962.


Scope and Content

Correspondence with ODRP only.

Philip HOWARD (OBE)
Date: 1980-1982
Shelfmark: MSS. Afr. s. 1742 (17)
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 7 leaves

Biographical history

Manager of London and Blantyre Supply Company, Nyasaland, c.1945-1973 [subsidiary of Booker McConnell, London].


Scope and Content

Letters from ODRP only.

John H. INGHAM (CMG, MBE)
Date: 1980
Shelfmark: MSS. Afr. s. 1742 (18)
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 5 leaves

Biographical history

(Born 1910, Died 1992)

Nyasaland: Administrative Officer, 1936-1946

Kenya: Secretary in the Ministry of Agriculture, 1947-1951; Administrative Secretary, 1952-1955

Nyasaland: Secretary for African Affairs, 1956-1958; Secretary for Local Government, 1959; Minister for Education and Social Services, 1961-1962.


Scope and Content

Correspondence with ODRP only.

Charles, E. JOHNSON (CBE)
Date: 1981
Shelfmark: MSS. Afr. s. 1742 (19)
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 12 leaves

Biographical history

Northern Rhodesia: Agricultural Officer, 1936-1956; Deputy Director of Agriculture, 1957-1960

Nyasaland: Director of Agriculture, 1960-1964.


Scope and Content

Sir Glyn JONES (GCMG, MBE)
Date: 1980-1984
Shelfmark: MSS. Afr. s. 1742 (20)
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 20 leaves

Biographical history

(Born 1908, Died 1992)

Northern Rhodesia: Administrative Officer, from 1931, Provincial Commissioner, 1956; Secretary, later Minister, for African Affairs, 1958-1959.

Nyasaland: Chief Secretary, 1960; Governor, 1961-1964; Governor-General , 1964-1966.


Scope and Content

Correspondence with ODRP about Sir Glyn's participation in the Finance Colloquium.

Bryn JONES-WALTERS (OBE)
Date: 1979-1981
Shelfmark: MSS. Afr. s. 1742 (21)
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 7 leaves

Biographical history

Administrative Officer from 1949; Information Department from 1953; Chief Information Officer, 1959-1964.


Scope and Content

Letters from ODRP only.

[See also Finance Colloquium, in which Mr. Jones-Walters was a participant]

R.H. KEPPEL-COMPTON (CMG)
Date: 1980
Shelfmark: MSS. Afr. s. 1742 (22)
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 31 leaves

Biographical history

(Born 1900, Died 1989)

Administrative Officer, 1923-1946; Development Secretary, 1946-1949; Provincial Commissioner, 1949-1955.


Scope and Content

Richard W. KETTLEWELL (CMG)
Date: 1955, 1960, 1964, 1979-1984
Shelfmark: MSS. Afr. s. 1742 (23)
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 205 leaves + 2 items

Biographical history

(Born 1910, Died 1994)

Agricultural Officer, 1934-1939 (King's African Rifles, 1939-1943); Senior Agricultural Officer, 1943-1950; Deputy Director, later Director, of Agriculture, 1950-1959; Secretary for Natural Resources, 1959-1961; Minister for Lands and Surveys, 1961-1962.


Scope and Content

(23A)

(23B)

Related Material

See also MSS. Afr. s. 1811, 'Memories of a colonial career', an account by Kettlewell of work in the colonial agricultural service in Nyasaland, 1934-1961. Photocopied typescript, 1980, 86 leaves.


RESTRICTED COLLECTION

Shelfmark: MSS. Afr. s. 1742 (24)

Mrs. Betty MATTHEWS
Date: 1981
Shelfmark: MSS. Afr. s. 1742 (25)
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 5 leaves

Biographical history

Wife of Administrative Officer P.M. Lewis, 1947-1950; wife of Administrative Officer N.D. Matthews, 1951-1970.


Scope and Content

Correspondence with ODRP only.

Ian T. NANCE
Date: 1980
Shelfmark: MSS. Afr. s. 1742 (26)
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 8 leaves

Biographical history

Administrative Officer, 1939-1962, (King's African Rifles, 1940-1944); Under-Secretary (Training), 1962-1964.


Scope and Content

Sir Hugh NORMAN-WALKER (KCMG, OBE)
Date: 1980-1982
Shelfmark: MSS. Afr. s. 1742 (27)
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 134 leaves

Biographical history

(Born 1916, Died 1985)

Indian Civil Service, 1938-1948.

Nyasaland/Malawi: Administrative Officer, 1949-1953; Development Secretary, 1954-1959; Secretary to the Treasury, 1960-1965.


Scope and Content

Sir Henry PHILLIPS (CMG, MBE)
Date: 1980-1982
Shelfmark: MSS. Afr. s. 1742 (28)
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 16 leaves

Biographical history

(Born 1914, Died 2004)

Administrative Officer, 1946-1951; Development Secretary, 1952-1953; Secretary to the Federal Treasury, 1953-1957; Financial Secretary, 1957-1961; Minister of Finance, 1961-1964.


Scope and Content

Correspondence with ODRP, in particular on participation in Finance Colloquium.

D.A.G. "Jim" REEVE (OBE)
Date: 1932-1933, 1954, 1959, 1961, 1980-1981
Shelfmark: MSS. Afr. s. 1742 (29)
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 110 leaves + 3 items

Biographical history

Administrative Officer, 1939-c.1955, (King's African Rifles, 1940-1943); in charge Land Settlement, 1955-1961; Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Lands and Surveys, 1961-1962.


Scope and Content

Sir Bryan ROBERTS (CMG, QC)
Date: 1980-1984
Shelfmark: MSS. Afr. s. 1742 (30)
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 80 leaves

Biographical history

(Born 1923, Died 1996)

Northern Rhodesia: Crown Counsel, 1953-1960; Director of Public Prosecutions, 1960-1961.

Nyasaland/Malawi: Solicitor-General, 1961-1964; Minister of Justice, 1962-1963; Attorney-General, 1964-1972; Secretary to the President's Office 1965-1972.


Scope and Content

H.R.H. ROWLAND
Date: 1980
Shelfmark: MSS. Afr. s. 1742 (31)
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 6 leaves

Biographical history

Nigeria: Administrative Officer, 1939-1945.

Nyasaland: Administrative Officer. 1945-1951; (seconded to the Colonial Office, 1951-1953); Senior District Commissioner, 1953-1960; Deputy Secretary for Natural Resources, 1960-1961; Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Labour, 1961-1963; Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Local Government, 1963-1964.


Scope and Content

Correspondence with ODRP only, including brief comparison between native administrations in Nigeria and Nyasaland, and observations on important developments in the latter (fols. iii-iv).

M.A. SHARPE (MBE)
Date: 1980-1981
Shelfmark: MSS. Afr. s. 1742 (32)
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 17 leaves

Biographical history

Administrative Officer, 1938-1958; (King's African Rifles, 1940-1942); Provincial Commissioner, 1958-1962.


Scope and Content

Mrs. Mary C. THATCHER
Date: 1926-1960s, 1977, 1980
Shelfmark: MSS. Afr. s. 1742 (33)
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 526 leaves + 4 items

Biographical history

Unmarried, living with friends in Nyasaland, 1927-1929; wife of William A. Thatcher, District Commissioner, 1929-1946.


Scope and Content

(33A)

(33B)

(33C)

(33D)

(All these papers, with the exception of the issues of Central Africa, are photocopies)

T.D. THOMSON (CMG, OBE)
Date: 1980-1984
Shelfmark: MSS. Afr. s. 1742 (34)
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 7 leaves

Biographical history

Administrative Officer, 1934-1939; (military service in East Africa, 1939-1945); Assistant Secretary and Community Development schemes, 1945-1955; in charge School for Local Government, 1955-1958; Commissioner for Social Development, 1958-1963.


Scope and Content

Correspondence with ODRP only.

Mrs. Gwendolen M. WALLACE
Date: 1980
Shelfmark: MSS. Afr. s. 1742 (35)
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 4 leaves

Biographical history

Wife of a tobacco planter, 1942-1970.


Scope and Content

Correspondence with ODRP only.

William G. WATSON (MM)
Date: 1980-1982
Shelfmark: MSS. Afr. s. 1742 (36)
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 6 leaves

Biographical history

Administrative Officer, 1946-1953; Assistant Commissioner for Co-operative Development, 1953-1956; Commissioner for Co-operative Development , 1956-1962; Under-Secretary, 1962-1964.


Scope and Content

Correspondence with ODRP only.

Cecil WINNINGTON-INGRAM (MBE)
Date: 1958, 1980-1982
Shelfmark: MSS. Afr. s. 1742 (37)
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 62 leaves + 1 item

Biographical history

Tanganyika: Administrative Officer, 1937-1954; seconded to Colonial Office, 1950-1952.

Nyasaland: Lands Adviser, 1955-1959; Deputy Secretary for Urban Development, 1959-1960; Permanent Secretary in the Ministry for Internal Affairs and, later, in the Ministry for Transport and Commerce, 1962-1963.


Scope and Content
Related Material

For papers on Winnington-Ingram's service in Tanganyika see MSS. Afr. s. 1749.


Sir Peter YOUENS (CMG)
Date: 1980-1985
Shelfmark: MSS. Afr. s. 1742 (38)
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 47 leaves

Biographical history

(Born 1916, Died 2000)

Sierra Leone: Administrative Officer etc., 1939-1950.

Nyasaland/Malawi: Assistant Secretary, 1951-1953; Deputy Chief Secretary, 1953-1963; Secretary to the Prime Minister and Cabinet, 1964-1966.


Scope and Content

LAND COLLOQUIUM
Date: 1980
Shelfmark: MSS. Afr. s. 1742 (39)
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 53 leaves

Scope and Content

Transcript of proceedings at the ODRP Colloquium on land in Nyasaland in which the participants were David Baxter (4), Richard Kettlewell (23), Jim Reeve (29), Cecil Winnington-Ingram (37) and Professor Ronald Robinson.

FINANCE COLLOQUIUM
Date: [1980-1982]
Shelfmark: MSS. Afr. s. 1742 (40)
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 96 leaves

Scope and Content

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08 February 2016