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Consulting material: To consult archives and manuscripts, a full and unrestricted Bodleian reader's card (Group A) is required. You should apply for your card at the Admissions Office.

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Collection Level Description: Diaries of Stephen H. Powles

Reference: GB 0162 MSS.Afr.s.1121
Title: Diaries of Stephen H. Powles
Dates of Creation: 1928-1969
Extent: 8 volumes
Name of Creator: Stephen Howard Powles

Language of Material: English

Administrative/Biographical History

Stephen Howard Powles was born on the 27 July 1900 in Newmarket, Suffolk, England. He was educated at Uppingham, and the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, and was commissioned in the Royal Field Artillery in July 1919. His unit was posted to the Army of Occupation of the Rhine in January 1920, and later spent a year in Upper Silesia.

In the autumn of 1924 Powles' cousin, Lord Howard de Walden, suggested that he should go to Kenya where he himself was about to buy farming land in the Trans Nzoia, saying that later he might give Powles a small farm. Powles arrived in Kitale, Kenya, in December 1924 and worked as Estates Manager to the Howard de Waldens, father and son, until 1963. During World War II Powles served in the Army (1939-1944).

Powles served on many Committees and Boards between 1934 and 1963 including the Agricultural Production and Settlement Board, the Council of Kenya National Farmers' Union, and the Maize Marketing Board. Public companies of which he was Director (1934-1967) included the East African Standard, Mombasa Times, Tanganyika Standard, Uganda Argus (from 1954), and the Upper Nairobi Township & Estate Company of which he became Chairman.

Scope and Content

Diaries written by Powles whilst in Kenya, mainly covering his time as Estates Manager for the Howard de Waldens. During Powles' Army service (1939-1944) his wife Barbara stood in for him at Kitale and continued the diaries. The later volumes are of particular interest because Powles was in contact with most of the leading figures in public affairs in Kenya during the post-war years.

Administrative Information

Custodial History

Deposited with the Oxford Colonial Records Project.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

The collection was transferred to the library from the Oxford Colonial Records Project.

Access Conditions

Bodleian reader's ticket required.

Reproduction Restrictions

No reproduction or publication of personal papers without permission. Contact the library in the first instance.

Further Information

Finding Aids

The library holds a card index of all manuscript collections in its reading room and a handlist is also available for this collection.

Listed as no. 251 in Manuscript Collections of Africana in Rhodes House Library, Oxford, compiled by Louis B. Frewer (Oxford, Bodleian Library, 1968) and as no. 113 in Manuscript Collections (excluding Africana) in Rhodes House Library, Oxford, Supplement, compiled by Louis B. Frewer (Oxford, Bodleian Library, 1971).

Access Points

Powles | Stephen Howard | b 1900 | African Farmer


Kitale (Kenya)

Transformation from XML to HTML by Lawrence Mielniczuk
04 January 2012