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Collection Level Description: Papers of the Rhodes Family (Hildersham
Reference: MSS. Afr. s. 1647
Title: Papers of the Rhodes Family (Hildersham
Dates of Creation: 1758-1975
Extent: 6 boxes, 2
Language of Material: English
This information is taken from the various pedigrees and genealogical
notes among these and other Rhodes papers held at the library.
The earliest traceable direct ancestor of Cecil Rhodes is James Rhodes
(fl 1660) of Snape Green, Whitmore, Staffordshire, husband of
Christian/Christiana. Given the connection, the next generation of the family
appear in the Stockport area. James's eldest son, William was baptised in
Disley, Cheshire in 1664 and his second son, Thomas, is listed as of Bramhall,
Thomas's son William was baptised in Disley but came to London c1720,
farming property in the Gray's Inn and Regent's Park areas, and leasing Brill
Farm, St. Pancras. He died in 1787 and, in common with the four subsequent
generations, was commemorated at St. Pancras Old Church. William's son, Thomas
held freehold land in St. Pancras and various other London properties.
Thomas's son Samuel (1736-1794) of Hoxton, Hackney, Middlesex (a few
miles north east of St. Pancras) became aware of building work encroaching on
the surrounding farmland by the rapid outward growth of London. He therefore
purchased land containing brick earth, most of which was sold at his death. His
estate in Dalston (Hackney), however, was left jointly to his three surviving
sons, Thomas (1762-1856), William (1774-1843) and Samuel (1766-1822).
Samuel sold his share in the property to his brothers in 1802, then
amassed property as a brickmaster in Islington (Hackney). His descendants were
later based in Surrey. Thomas and William continued their joint brick
manufacturing business for a number of years. Thomas eventually acquired the
Tottenham Wood estate. His descendants held land in Tottenham Wood and Muswell
Hill, North London, and later settled in Northamptonshire. William was an
inventor and in 1824 patented his own brick manufacturing improvements. In 1802
he leased the de Beauvoir estate in Hackney and gained a building lease for the
estate in 1821. However, after a period of lengthy litigation, the estate
passed back to Richard de Beauvoir in 1834. William's family lived as tenants
of Leyton Grange, Essex, 1829-1843. They also possessed property at Cold
William's children were born or baptised in Hackney. His eldest son,
Francis William (1807-1878) was perpetual curate of Brentwood, Essex, 1834-1843
and Vicar of Bishops Stortford, Essex, 1849-1876. Most of Francis William's
children were born at Bishops Stortford.
Of Francis William's children, Herbert (1845-1879) was involved with
his brother Cecil in prospecting for diamonds in Kimberley, Cape Colony early
in his career, but was accidentally killed while pioneering in the Lake Nyasa
area. Francis William (1850-1905) joined the 1st Royal Dragoons as 2nd
Lieutenant in 1873, rising to the rank of Colonel in 1889. He fought in Egypt,
1884, the Sudan, 1884-1885, 1888, in the Ndebele War, 1896 and the South
African War, 1899-1900. Ernest Frederick (1852-1901) joined the Royal Engineers
as Lieutenant in 1872 and retired as Captain in 1884 (his wife, Helen Irving,
leased Hildersham Hall, Cambridge in 1939). Cecil John (1853-1902) was father
of the De Beers Consolidated Mining Company and the British South Africa
Company, as well as a major architect of British policy in southern Africa,
founder of a university at Salisbury, Rhodesia, and a benefactor to Oxford
University. Elmhurst (b 1858) entered the army in 1878 as an Ensign in the 49th
Foot, rose to Captain of the Royal Berkshire Regiment, and retired as Major in
1903. He fought in Egypt, 1882, the Sudan, 1885, 1885-1886, and in the South
African War, 1899-1902. Arthur Montagu (1859-1935) fought in the 2nd Ndebele
War. Bernard Maitland (1861-1935) entered the Royal Artillery in 1880 as
Lieutenant and retired in 1897 as Captain. During the mid-19th century Cecil
came into possession of Dalham Hall, Suffolk, as well as the Groote Schuur
estate in Cape Colony. After his death, Dalham passed eventually to the eldest
son of Cecil's brother Ernest Frederick.
Ernest Frederick had four children - Francis William (1898-1938),
Cecil John (1904-1936), Georgia Margaret (1891-1978) and Violet (1893-1978).
Georgia Margaret and Violet held Hildersham Hall jointly after their mother's
death. Dalham Hall was sold during this generation.
Scope and Content
- Family letters and papers, 1758-1975
- Family letters and papers, with miscellaneous papers relating
to the Jameson Raid, 1870-1973
- Wills and papers relating to family inheritances and descent,
- Notebooks, diaries, family trees, photographs, etc.,
- Cecil John Rhodes's notebooks and commonplace book, with copies
of letters written to family members, 1868-1902
- Notebooks, diaries, etc. of other members of the Rhodes family,
including Herbert and Frank, 1866-1905
- Family trees, family bible and album
- Family photographs, etc., [c1880]-1975
- Family trees, 1913
- Plans of Dalham and the family vault, and miscellaneous items,
mainly newspaper cuttings, 1807, 1883-1912
Bodleian reader's ticket required: http://www.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/services/admissions/.
No reproduction or publication of personal papers without
permission. Contact the library in the first instance.
Existence of Copies
The library holds these papers on microfilm (ref. Micr. 615)
Listed as no. 725 in
Manuscript Collections of Africana in Rhodes
House Library Oxford by Louis B. Frewer (Oxford, Bodleian Library,
1968). A handlist is also available in the library reading room.
Related Units of Description
Papers refer to Cecil John Rhodes unless otherwise stated
- Out-letters and telegrams, 1893-1903 (ref. MSS. Afr. s.
- In-letters, telegrams and related papers, 1875-1908 (ref.
MSS. Afr. s. 228)
- Suppementary papers, 1864-1961
- Miscellaneous papers, 1890-1969 (ref. MSS. Afr. s. 8)
- Chequebooks, 1891-1902 (ref. MSS. Afr. s. 10)
- Obituary album, 1902 (ref. MSS. Afr. s. 11)
- Rhodes Fruit Farms, photograph album (ref. MSS. Afr. s.
- Reminiscences of Rhodes, 1923-1963 (ref. MSS. Afr. s.
- Letters to his family, 1868-1893 (ref. MSS. Afr. s. 115 and
- Background material for Basil Williams' book
Cecil Rhodes (London, 1929),
1914-1921 (ref. MSS. Afr. s. 134)
- Papers relating to Rhodes in the Livingstone Museum, Zambia
(ref. MSS. Afr. s. 641)
- Wills and related papers, with some additional material
including holograph letters, 1871-1901 (ref. MSS. Afr. t. 1)
- Miscellaneous papers, including holograph letters, 1869-1955
(ref. MSS. Afr. t. 5)
- Photocopies of correspondence with 4th Earl Grey, 1889-1900
(ref. MSS. Afr. t. 6)
- Rhodes family certificates, 1658-1951 (ref. MSS. Afr. t.
- Material received in response to press appeals, 1955 (ref.
MSS. Afr. t. 10-11)
- Miscellaneous papers, mainly holograph letters, 1868-1902
(ref. MSS. Afr. t. 14)
- Map of Africa in four sheets, the personal copy of Rhodes,
bearing in his autograph projected railways and means of communication, 1896
(ref. MSS. Afr. r. 4)
- Letter from Reginald Fenton concerning a promised seat on the
board of De Beers, 1889; typescript biographical and historical material, 1902,
1911 (ref. MSS. Afr. s. 138)
- Letter from 4th Earl Grey to Lady Grey concerning the Jameson
raid, 1896 (photocopy) (ref. MSS. Afr. s. 424)
- Letter concerning Rhodes and the Jameson raid, 1937 (ref.
MSS. Afr. s. 19)
- Photocopies of Rhodesiana from the New Consolidated Gold
Fields's archives, including letters from Rhodes, 1893-1899, cheques drawn by
Rhodes, 1897-1901, and letters from his brothers and sisters, and from Kipling
to Michell, 1898-1925 (ref. MSS. Afr. s. 140)
- Correspondence of Rhodes and others, 1889-1909 (on microfilm)
(ref. Micr. Afr. 413)
- Papers of Carlie E. Wienand, including account of Rhodes's
funeral,  (ref. MSS. Afr. s. 1314 (3, 4)
- Correspondence of Sir Graham John Bower, including from
Rhodes, [1898-1902] (ref. MSS. Afr. s. 1279)
- Typescript of
Yrs., C.J. Rhodes: the letters of an
imperialist, edited by Thomas William Baxter, 1974 (ref. MSS. Afr. s.
- Letters to various recipients, 1892-1901 (ref. MSS. Afr. s.
- Manuscript of
Concerning C.J. Rhodes and his kinfolk of
olden time and some familiar places by Hilda Thornhill, with related
photographs, [?1930s] (ref. MSS. Afr. s. 1767)
- Copies of telegrams and letters during the peace negotiations
in the Matopos, 1896 (ref. MSS. Afr. s. 1707)
- Photographs of the Groote Schuur estate and the Rhodes
memorial there, [c1902-1910] (ref. MSS. Afr. s. 1909)
- Photographs of the Groote Schuur estate, including some of
the fire of 1896, [c1900] (ref. MSS. Afr. s. 1910)
- Photographs of Rhodes's funeral, with related material,
 (ref. MSS. Afr. t. 45)
- Letter to the
Duke of M, suggesting a meeting
with Rhodes on the subject of colonial representation, 1881 (ref. MSS. Afr. r.
- Narrative of various historical incidents connected with
Rhodes, with the African transcontinental telegraph, and the Central African
highway from Zambezi to Egypt, 1907 (ref. Micr. Afr. 156 (2))
- Telegrams and letters received by Rhodes, 1876-1901 (ref.
Micr. Afr. 156 (3))
- Letter and telegram from Rhodes to J.X. Merriman, 1884-1885
(ref. Micr. Afr. 154)
- Account by W.D. Flynn, the De Beers farm manager, of his
association with Rhodes and of the Siege of Mafeking, with photographs of
Rhodes memorabilia, etc.,  (ref. MSS. Afr. s. 2301)
- Set of stamps issued by the British South Africa Company,
1894 (ref. MSS. Afr. s. 2306)
- Rhodes family photographs, 1895-1910 (ref. MSS. Afr. s.
- Illustration of gathering at the Rhodes memorial, 1933 (ref.
MSS. Afr. r. 241)
- Album of newspaper cuttings and printed material concerning
Rhodes, 1896-1902 (ref. MSS. s. 1934)
- Postcard containing cartoon of Rhodes and General Cronje,
1900 (ref. MSS. Afr. r. 256)
- Letter to Colonel Frank Rhodes enclosing original copy of
verses by Kipling entitled
C.J.R., 1902 (ref. MSS. Afr. s.
- Photocopy calendar of historical manuscripts at the Central
African Archives, Cecil John Rhodes section, 1957 (ref. MSS. Afr. r. 10)
- Typescript articles on Rhodes and Milner, c1902-1905 (ref.
MSS. Afr. s. 2005)
- Letters and telegrams of Francis William Rhodes concerning
the affairs of the British South Africa Company, etc., 1895 (ref. MSS. Afr. s.
Other related material includes
- Papers of John X. Merriman,
Onze JanHofmeyr, and Sir James Rose
Innes are held at the National Library of South Africa
- Records of Dalston Estate, [1789-1957] are held at the
Archives, London Borough of Hackney
Rhodes | Cecil John | 1853-1902 | imperialist and
Rhodes | family | 1758 - 1975 | of Hildersham
Africa, Southern | History
Jameson's Raid, 1895-1896
Transformation from XML to HTML by Lawrence Mielniczuk
27 June 2011