Ingram Bywater (1849-1914) (on whom see DNB), Regius Professor of Greek at Oxford, 1893-1908, was not only a distinguished scholar but also a very discerning collector of early editions of Greek and Latin classical texts and of works relating to the history of classical scholarship. Some account of his collection will be found in W. W. Jackson, Ingram Bywater: the memoir of an Oxford scholar, 1840-1914 (1917), ch. ix.

There exists a privately printed catalogue: Elenchus librorum vetustiorum apud ** hospitantium (1911), of which the Bodleian holds two copies, both interleaved and with manuscript annotations, mostly by the author, and there are addenda to the printed Elenchus in MS. Bywater 39.

The collection was bequeathed to the Bodleian in 1915. With the printed books there was a small number of medieval and humanist manuscripts which are described here. Subsequently Bywater's niece Mrs. Charles Cornish gave to the Library between 1915 and 1921 his note-books and correspondence. The post-medieval manuscripts are catalogued in Mary Clapinson and T. D. Rogers, Summary catalogue of post-medieval western manuscripts in the Bodleian Library, Oxford, acquisitions 1916-1975 (SC 37300-55936), (3 vols.; Oxford, 1991), I, pp. 54-61 nos. 37949-38001.

MS. Bywater 1

Not in SC (late accession)

Diogenes Laertius, Vitae philosophorum, in the translation of Ambrosius Camaldulensis (Ambrogio Traversari).
      Italian 15th century, third quarter

Language Latin and Greek
Material Paper, parchment; watermarks: (i) tulip (cf. Briquet, no. 6653-4); (ii) letter R (not in Briquet); (iii) scissors (cf. Briquet, no. 3668).
Dimensions The leaves 335-40 x 230-5 mm.
Extent ii (modern paper) + i (catalogue clipping, tipped in) + i (medieval parchment) + 152 (paper) + i (medieval parchment) + ii (modern paper)
Foliation The main text foliated in ink 1-151 in an 16th-century (?) hand; fols. i-iv, 152-155 foliated in modern pencil.
Collation I-III10 (fols. 1-30), IV-XVII8 (fols. 31-142), XVIII10 (fols. 143-152); catchwords in the middle of (quires I-III) or to the right-hand side of the lower margin.
Ruling Ruled in blind on the innermost faces of each bifolium, with 37 horizontal lines, the top two and bottom two sometimes extending towards the edges of the page, the remainder bounded by two pairs of vertical bounding lines usually extending the full height of the page; the ruled space 225 x 140 (152 including the bounding lines) mm.; the first contents page ruled in two columns.
Script Written in a good humanistic hand, with 36 lines of text per page, the written space 225 x 140 mm.; the first table of contents in two columns, the second in three columns.
Rubrication Headings in the brown ink of the main text; the tables of contents with red and blue paraphs.
Sec. fol. 'Philosophiam'.
Binding Original binding. Sewn on four wide straps, and bound in contemporary Italian blind-tooled brown leather over wood boards with rounded edges, the covers with simple fillets forming a saltire within a frame; with the remains of two clasps at the fore-edge (straps missing); the fore-edge of the leaves inscribed 'LAER[gap for strap]TIVS DIOGE[gap for strap]NES'; considerably repaired.

Text

1. (fol. iv verso) Alphabetical list of contents, with folio references: 'Anacarsis -- 14 ... Zenoeleates. -- 121 Sunt omnes uite Lxxviiij'.

2. (fols. 1r-151r) [Preface, fol. 1r-v:] 'LAERTII DIOGENIS PER AMBROSIVM MONACVM CAMALDVLENSEM E GRECO IN LATINVM TRADVCTI LIBER PRIMVS INCIPIT FELICITER Volventi mihi qvedam greca volvmina venit ad manus Laertij diogenis de philosophis prolixum opus. ... superflua existima ueris iure tuo consecabis: vale:'; [Text, fols. 2r-151r:] 'Philosophiam a barbaris initia svmpsisse plerique autumant. ... Lamentis prosequuti [sic] non sunt defuncti. celeriorem obitum. | Laertii Diogenis vite atqve sententie eorvm qvi in philisophia clarvervnt. Liber decimvs et vltimvs explicit.'

3. (fol. 151v) Numbered alphabetical list of contents, with folio references, almost as on fol. iv verso: '1 Anacarsis -- 14. ... 79. Zeno. eleates. -- 121 Finis:'.

Decoration

Plain blue initials: two large (fols. 1r, 2r), the remainder usually four-line.

Provenance

1. Inscribed throughout with marginal notes in Greek and Latin, in various 16th-century hands; and with a title in the top left corner of the upper pastedown: '[Laer]tius diogene de vite & moribus ph[i]l[o]sophorum[?] ...[?]'.

2. Inscribed, 16th century: 'Lucas Maripetro | me vidit' (fol. 1r).

3. Inscribed in a 17th-century (?) Italian hand 'pnn' in the top right corner of the lower pastedown; the top right corner of fol. 1r inscribed 'xxii.x.' (? the fourth character overwritten and unclear, ther last character perhaps a z or an alpha).

4. Perhaps among the Saibante-Canonici manuscripts sold by Celotti, at Sotheby's, Saibante and Canonici manuscripts: a catalogue of a singularly rare collection of manuscripts on paper and vellum ... the whole are in fine condition, and were brought to this country by the Abbé Celotti ... which will be sold by auction ... Mr. Sotheby ... 26th of February, 1821 and two following days (London), lot 171, described as 'Diogernes Laertii Vitæ, Sententiæ, &c. Philosophorum Vers. Latine, MS. ON PAPER', bought by Thorpe for 5 shillings.

5. Thomas Thorpe, London bookseller: probably the 'Diogenis Laertii Vitæ, Sententiæ, &c. Philosophorum, Vers. Lat. ON PAPER, Sæc. XVI. large folio, leaves uncut' in his Books and manuscripts: a catalogue -- Part I. - 1821. -- of ancient and modern books ... a singularly rare collection of manuscripts ... (London, 1821), item 4068 (the table of contents states: 'Manuscripts, on Vellum and Paper, from the Saibante, Canonici and Celotti Collections, various sizes'), priced 15 shillings; the pencil price-code 'gw/' in the top right corner of the upper pastedown is perhaps Thorpe's.

6. Inscribed 'Thorpe March 1821' (upper pastedown, top left).

7. Various 19th-century booksellers' notes in pencil on the upper pastedown: 373', '1/5/[...]', '172', and fol. iv recto 'No 297EO[?]'.

8. Howel Wills (1854-?1901), of Florence: with his paper shelf-mark label pasted to the upper left corner of the upper pastedown, inscribed 'A. | II. | 25.' (cf. MSS. Don. d. 85, Lat. th. c. 34, and Lyell 77); his sale, Sotheby's, 11 July 1894 and five following days, lot 1169, bought by Quaritch for £1 13s., perhaps on behalf of Bywater, since it was not included in Quaritch's Rough list, no. 144, August 1894 (A rough list of choice and valuable books ... [f]rom the library of Howel Wills, Esq., of Florence). Fol. iii is a leaf from Quaritch Rough list no. 180, in which item 11 was another copy of the text, on vellum.

9. Ingram Bywater; bequeathed by him to the Bodleian in 1915; inscribed on the upper pastedown and fol. 1r with the shelfmark 'Byw B 6 5', now obsolete, and with the current shelfmark; provisionally given the Summary Catalogue no. 40033, also now obsolete.

Bibliography

Sotheby, Wilkinson & Hodge, Catalogue of the valuable, extensive and varied library formed by Howell [sic] Wills, Esq. (of Florence) ... which will be sold by auction ... 11th day of July, 1894, and five following days (London, 1894), lot 1169

[Ingram Bywater,] Elenchus librorum vetustiorum apud ** hospitantium (1911), no. 1075a

Sigrid Krämer, 'Neue Nachrichten über die Ehemalige Pfarrbibliothek von Ebern', Mainfränkischen Jahrbuch für Geschichte und Kunst 28 (1976), 36-47, at 46 n. 36


MS. Bywater 2

Not in SC (late accession)

Diogenes Laertius, Vitae philosophorum, in the translation of Ambrosius Camaldulensis (Ambrogio Traversari).
      Italian, Urbino 18 June 1452

Language Latin
Material Paper; watermark: three mountains (cf. Briquet 11696).
Dimensions The leaves 290 x 210 mm.
Extent i + 232 + i
Foliation Foliated in modern pencil: 1-234.
Collation I-II12 (fols. 2-25), III12 (12th leaf missing) (fols. 26-36), IV-XIX12 (fols. 37-228), XX6-1 (6th leaf cancelled) (fols. 229-233); catchwords in the centre of the lower margin, surrounded by a cartouche of red ornamental motifs.
Ruling Blind-ruled on the innermost face of each bifolium, with 24 horizontals per page, the top two and bottom two extending the full width of the page, the others bounded by two pairs of vertical bounding lines, extending the full height of the page; the ruled space 180-5 x 120 (136 incl. bounding lines) mm.
Script Written with 24 lines of text per page, in a capable humanistic semi-cursive hand, the written space 185 x 130-5 mm.
Rubrication Headings in red.
Sec. fol. '-piat. eorumque'.
Binding Sewn on five cords and bound in 18th/19th-century pale brown sheep(?)-skin over pasteboards, the covers and spine blind-tooled with foliate and other repeat patterns; somewhat worn.

Text

1. (fols. 2r-3v) Preface: 'Clarissimo ac optimo Viro Cosmo [sic] de Medicis Ambroxius in domino eternam salutem. Solventi mi<c>hi quedam gr(a)eca uolumina Venit ad manus laercij diogenis de philosophis prolixum opus ...'.

2. (fols. 3v-233r) Text: 'Laercij diogenis Vite atque sentencie eorum qui in philosophia claruerunt Liber primus incipit feliciter:. [P]hilosophia [sic] \a/ Barbaris initia sumpsisse plerique autumant. ... ac probationem certissimamque propinquitatem ad sumentes lamentis prosecuti non sunt defuncti celiorem obitum:. .:FINIS:. | LAERCII. DIOGENIS. VITE. ATQVE. SE-|ENTENCIE. [sic] EORVM. QVI. IN PHILOSOPHIA. | CLARVERVNT: LIBER. DECIMVS. ET. VLT-|IMVS. EXPLICIT FELICITER' (followed by a scribal colophon, see under Provenance).

Decoration

One three-line gold initial (fol. 2r); the rest two-line, plain red or with very simple ornament.

A coat of arms (fol. 2r; see under Provenance) (P&A ii. 951).

Provenance

1. Scribal colophon 'Scriptum in Vrbino Anno domini Mileximo cccco Liio | Mensis Iunij die xviiiio. RAI. RAM.' (fol. 233r; 'RAI RAM' written like two separate abbreviated words, but possibly 'Maria R', backwards (?)); apparently made for a member of the Guidetti of Florence family, with their arms in the lower margin of fol. 2r: paly azure and argent, differenced with a label of three points in chief.

2. Inscribed, 19th century (?), '300' in the top right corner of the lower pastedown, perhaps a price.

3. Walter Sneyd: bought in Florence in 1832, according to a twenty-line note on fol. 1v, signed 'WS' in monogram; with his circular armorial bookplate on the upper pastedown, sold at Sotheby's, 17 December 1903, and three following days, lot 253, bought by Leighton for £2 15s, apparently on behalf of Bywater: a cutting from the sale catalogue is pasted to the upper pastedown, inscribed by Bywater 'Sneyd sale | S[otheby]W[ilkinson &]H[odge] 12/'03 | £2.15.0'.

4. Ingram Bywater; bequeathed to the Bodleian in 1915; the upper pastedown and fol. 2r inscribed with the Bywater Elenchus no.: 'By. 1075', the current shelfmark, and a former Bodleain shelfmark, now obsolete: 'Byw. D.2.10'; catalogued after accession and allocated the Summary Catalogue no. 40034, also now obsolete.

Bibliography

Sotheby Wilkinson & Hodge, Catalogue of a selected portion of the library of valuable and choice illuminated and other manuscripts and early printed books, the property of the late Rev. Walter Sneyd ... which will be sold by auction ... 16th December 1903 and three following days (London), lot 253.

[Ingram Bywater,] Elenchus librorum vetustiorum apud ** hospitantium (Privately printed, 1911), no. 1075

J. J. G. Alexander and A. C. de la Mare, The Italian manuscripts in the library of Major J. R. Abbey (London, 1969), p. xxix n. 1.

Andrew G. Watson, Catalogue of dated and datable manuscripts c.435-1600 in Oxford libraries (2 vols., Oxford, 1984), I, no. 141; II, pl. 486 (fol. 29r, detail).


MS. Bywater 3

Not in SC (late accession)

Diogenes Laertius, Vitae philosophorum, in the translation of Ambrosius Camaldulensis (Ambrogio Traversari), lacking the dedicatory letter to Cosimo de Medici.
      Italian, Urbino 15th century, second half

Language Latin
Material Paper; watermark: crossed arrows (cf. Briquet, nos. 6270-1).
Dimensions The leaves c. 290 x 200 mm.
Extent i (modern) + 183 leaves.
Foliation Foliated in modern pencil: i, 1-183.
Collation I-XVI10 (fols. 1-160), XVII12 (fols. 161-172), XVIII12-1 (12th leaf cancelled) (fols. 173-183); the first quire becoming loose; each quire with vertical catchwords, aligned downward between the bounding lines; leaf signatures A-S (e.g. 'A.i.'-'A.v.') in the bottom left corner of leaves.
Ruling Blind-ruled on the innermost side of each bifolium, with 32 horizontal lines per page, the top two and bottom two lines extending to the edges of the leaf, the remainder within two pairs of vertical bounding lines, the ruled space 210 x 101 (111 incl. bounding lines) mm.
Script Written in fine humanistic script, with 32 lines of text per page, the written space 210 x 103mm.; the scribe used the laid lines of the paper to guide the justification of his marginal notes and headings; and he arranged last lines of text in patterns: a pyramid and a globe.
The scribe wrote in a similar style another manuscript of Diogenes Laertius: see U. Hoepli's sale catalogue, April 1927, no. 87 and tav. XIII, and also Rome, Vatican, Vat. lat. 1771, Quintillian, Declamationes, produced in Florence by Vespasiano da Bisticci in 1459; Eton College, MS. 153, Juvenal and Persius, c. 1440-50; Berlin, MS. Hamilton 42, translations of Aristotle by Johannes Argyropoulos, c. 1460-70; Budapest Nat. Mus., MS. 415 (formerly Vienna 831), Basil from the collection of archbishop Janos Vitez (d. 1472) (see I. Berkovits, Illuminated Corvinae, 128 and pl. XIII).
The Greek verses quoted by Diogenes were added either in the text, framed within insets of various shapes, or in the margin, the Latin text being often crossed out. The Greek hand is probably that of John Scutariotes.
Rubrication Headings in the text and margins in red.
Sec. fol. 'sibi deos'.
Binding Contemporary blind-tooled leather binding over oak boards, sewn on three wide split straps; with four clasps (straps missing) at the head and tail, and two at the fore-edge; original (?) parchment pastedowns (ruled in ink); rebacked and repaired after 1914.

Text

(fols. 1r-183v) 'LAERTIJ. DIOGENIS VITAE: ATQ(UE) SENTENTI(A)E: EORVM QVI: IN PHILOSOPHIA: CVLARVERUNT. [P]hilosophiam: a barbar[ris i]nitia: svmpsisse plerique autumant. ... LAERTII: DIOGENIS | EPICVRVS: EXPLIC|IT: LIBER: DECIMVS: E|T: VLTIMUS: FELICI|TER.'.

Decoration

Plain blue initials, usually two- to three-line, not indented into the text; many not filled in.

Provenance

1. Written by the same scribe as Vatican, Vat. lat. 1771, which was sold by Vespasiano da Bisticci in 1459.

2. Inscribed in the 17th century: 'W.B.' and 'Jo. Sauage' (upper pastedown, top right), in the same brown ink and perhaps both by the same hand.

3. Inscribed in the 19th century with a bookseller's notes in the top left corner of the upper pastedown, 'US/ 1381 Pm/qs' (1381 below US, separated by a line); another in pencil in the top right corner of the lower pastedown is erased.

4. Inscribed in the 19th century: 'F.R. | 1829' (upper pastedown, top right).

5. Inscribed in the 19th century with a thirteen-line note on the text on the upper pastedown: 'I think it very probable that this is the translation "a Fratre Ambrosio" from which the first Latin Edition was printed in 1475. ... It is quite perfect'.

6. With a clipping from a bookseller's catalogue stuck to the upper pastedown; inscribed (presumably by Bywater) 'Selden, March 1914', in which the present manuscript was item 196, priced £5; this price also inscribed in pencil on the upper pastedown.

7. Ingram Bywater; bequeathed to the Bodleian in 1915; the upper pastedown inscribed in pencil with the Elenchus number, and in ink with the Bodleian shelfmark.

Bibliography

M. Vogel and V. Gardthausen, Die greichischen Schreiber des mittelalters und der Renaissance (Leipzig, 1909), 198

[Ingram Bywater,] Elenchus librorum vetustiorum apud ** hospitantium (1911), no. 1074

Gamillscheg and Harlfinger, 'Specimen eines Repertoriums der greeichischen Kopisten', Jahrbuch der österreichischen Byzantinistik 27 (1978), 293-322, at 312

Ernst Gamillscheg and Dieter Harlfinger, Repertorium der greichischen Kopisten 800-1600, 1. Großbritannien: A. Verzeichnis der Kopisten (Veröffentlichungen der Kommission für Byzantinistik, III: Vienna, 1981), 109

Albinia de la Mare, 'New research on humanistic scribes in Florence', in La miniatura fiorentina del Rinascimento, 1440-1525: un primo censimento ed. Annarosa Garzelli (Inventari e cataloghi toscani, 18-19: 2 vols., Florence, 1985), 395-574, at 552 (Appendix I, 102 no. 7)


MS. Bywater 5

Not in SC (late accession)

Aristotle, et al., Philosophical treatises translated by Leonardo Bruni et. al.
      German 15th century, middle, before 1459 (?)

Language Latin
Material Paper: watermarks (i) steer's head (two varieties, cf. Briquet, nos. 14874, 14883), and (ii) steer's head with crown (cf. Briquet, no. 14594).
Dimensions The leaves c. 300 x 215 mm.
Extent iii (modern) + 194 + iii (modern) leaves.
Foliation Foliated in modern pencil: i-iii, 1-88a, 88b-196; a previous foliation, in the lower fore-edge corner, numbers the 89th and successive leaves correctly.
Collation Mostly in quires of twelve leaves: I-IV12 (fols. 1-48) | V-XV12 (fols. 49-180), XVI12-2 (11th & 12th leaves cancelled, leaving stubs) (fols. 181-190), XVII4 (fols. 191-194).
Ruling Ruled in light drypoint, barely visible except on fol. 189, which has 41 lines in a single column, the single bounding vertical lines extending the full height of the page, the ruled space c. 210 x 135 mm.
Script Written in a neat semi-cursive hand, with 40 lines per page.
Rubrication Headings, chapter numbers, runnig titles, paraphs in red; underlinings, and capitals touched in red, in text 4 and the first few leaves of text 5.
Sec. fol. 'a parvis'.
Binding Sewn on four (?) cords, and bound in 19th/20th-century three-quarter green leather (faded to brown on the spine) and mottled yellow paper over pasteboards (cf. Ms. Bywater 12); the spine with five false raised bands, lettered in gilt 'ARISTOTELIS | DE ANIMA. | OECONOMICA | ETH. NICOM. | POLITICA.' and 'LATINE | MS. | SAEC. XV.' in the second and fourth compartments; the edges of the leaves coloured yellow.

Text

1. (fols. 1r-31v) Aristotle, De anima, in the Latin translation of Johannes Argyropoulos: 'Liber Aristotelis de anima a Iohanne Argyropilo bizancio causa magnifici viri Cosme medicis florentini traductus'; with marginal and interlinear annotations by an early reader.

2. (fols. 32r-44v) Ps.-Aristotle, Oeconomica, in the translation of Leonardo Bruni (fols. 32v-36r): preceded by his preface: 'Leonardi Aretini prefatio in librum aristotelis qui Economicus dicitur e greco in Latinum versus ad cosmam de medicis feliciter incipit' (fol. 32r), and followed by his commentary: 'Incipit explanacio in textum Economicorum Leonardi Aretini' (fols. 36r-44v).

3. (fols. 45r-46r) Ps.-St. Bernard: 'Epistola Bernhardi de iubernanda [recte gubernanda] re familiari' (pr. Migne, PL, CLXXXII, cols. 647-51); fol. 46v is partly filled by two theological notes in another 15th-century hand; fols. 47r-48v are blank.

4. (fols. 49r-112v) Aristotle, Nichomachean ethics, in the Latin translation of Leonardo Bruni (fols. 51r-112v), preceded by his prologue (fols. 49r-50v), and the dedicatory letter to Pope Martin V (fol. 51r) (pr. H. Baron, Leonardo Bruni Humanistiche-Philosophiche Schriften (Leipzig, 1928), 75.

5. (fol. 113r-188v) Aristotle, Politics, in the Latin translation of Leonardo Bruni, preceded by the dedicatory letter to Pope Eugene IV (pr. Baron, op. cit., 70-3); fol. 189r-v ruled, otherwise blank.

6. (fols. 190r-193v) Table, added in another 15th-century hand, of saints and martyrs, popes, emperors, and events from the year 1 to 1459; they seem to show a mendicant and scholarly interest.

Decoration

Plain red initials; that on fol. 1r enclosing a repeat design in brown ink.

Provenance

1. Written in Germany, and since the added table on fols. 190r-193v extend to the year 1459, the main text was presumably written before this date.

2. Inscribed with marginal notes throughout, mainly in two 15th-century and 16th-century hands.

3. Ingram Bywater; the upper pastedown inscribed in pencil with his Elenchus no: 'By. | 359'.

4. Bequeathed to the Bodleian by Bywater in 1915; originally allocated the Summary catalogue number 40037, now obsolete, and inscribed on the upper pastedown and fol. 1r with the shelfmark 'Byw. A.5.11', also now obsolete.

Bibliography

[Ingram Bywater,] Elenchus librorum vetustiorum apud ** hospitantium (1911), no. 359

Josef Soudek, 'Leonardo Bruni and his public: a statistical and interpretative study of his annotated Latin version of the (Pseudo-)Aristotelian Economics', Studies in Medieval and Renaissance History 5 (1968), 51-136, at 107 no. 27 (fols. 32r-44v)


MS. Bywater 6

Not in SC (late accession)

Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics
      English 1578

Language English
Material paper

Text

'Whatsoever art we studie and whatsoever wee learn ... and what lawes and customes they use. The end of the 10 and last booke of moral philosophie 1578'.

Provenance

1. Inscribed, 16th century: 'Ex dono magistri Lewis' (p. v).

2. Inscribed, 16th century: 'Ex dono [indecipherable, but perhaps Sir?? James??]' (p. v).

3. Inscribed, 19th century: 'Sir Thomas G. A. Parkyns, [5th] Bart.' (d. 1895): with his armorial bookplate, with the motto 'HONESTE AUDAX'.

4. Lot 301 in an unidentified Sotheby (?) catalogue (c. 1893?), of which a clipping is glued to p. iii.

5. Bernard Quaritch: Rough List, no. 135, (Sept. 1893) ('A Rough list of Recent Purchases ...'), item 131 (this number in pencil in the top left corner of the upper pastedown), priced £2 16s ('£2-16-0' inscribed in pencil in the centre of p. i), and a clipping from the catalogue glued to the upper pastedown, inscribed by Bywater 'Quaritch 1893'.

6. Ingram Bywater: bought from Quaritch in 1893; his Elenchus, no. 419; bequeathed to the Bodleain in 1915.

Bibliography

Mary Clapinson and T. D. Rogers, Summary catalogue of post-medieval Western manuscripts in the Bodleian Library, Oxford, acquisitions 1916-1975 (SC 37300-55936) (3 vols., Oxford, 1991), no. 37949.


MS. Bywater 7

SC 37950

Aristotelian commentaries.
      Italian c. 1545-1547

Language Latin
Material paper

Bibliography

Mary Clapinson and T. D. Rogers, Summary catalogue of post-medieval western manuscripts in the Bodleian Library, Oxford, acquisitions 1916-1975 (SC 37300-55936) (3 vols., Oxford, 1991), no. 37950

MS. Bywater 10

Not in SC (late accession)

Aristotle, De anima, in the translation of Andrea Biglia of Milan, with autograph additions and corrections.
      Italian, North (?), Siena (?) 1429-1435

Language Latin
Material parchment
Dimensions The leaves c. 227 x 155 mm.
Extent 61.
Foliation Foliated in modern pencil, i, 60.
Collation Mostly in quires of 10 leaves: I2 (fols. i-1) | II-VI10 (fols. 2-51), VII8 (fols. 52-59), VIII1 (fol. 60); quires arranged with a fleshside outermost, quires II-VI with catchwords by the main scribe in the middle at the bottom edge on the leaf, between two (or four) dots.
Ruling Ruled in drypoint, on the hairside, with 23 lines per page, the top two and bottom two lines extending the full width of the page, between pairs of vertical bounding lines extending the full height of the page; the ruled space c. 150 x 90 mm. (not including the vertical bounding lines).
Script Written in a fine humanistic bookhand, with fish-hook shaped tall 's', with 22 lines per page.
Rubrication Headings in very pale red, apparently by the main scribe.
Sec. fol. 'F. B. Andr'' (rubric, fol. 2), 'Quum inter' (text, fol. 2).
Binding Sewn on three split/double leather thongs, and bound in 18th-century (?) Italian floral-pattern printed paper over pasteboards; the brown marbled paper spine with a paper label inscribed '48. | Andree Mediolanens[is] | In lib. Aristot. | De anima integ: | Pergamena'.

Text

[Items 1-2 occupy quire I; item 3 occupies quires II-VII]

1. (fol. i verso) Verses and rubrics: 'Beatissime virgini Marie f. B. Andr[...] illiceto', 'Virgo pios oculos mentemque intende benignam ...' (pr. P. Argelati, Bibliotheca scriptorum Mediolanensium ..., 4 parts in 2 vols. (Milan: 1745), I, pars altera, col. 161 no. XXIII; 'F. B. Andree mediolanensis noua interpretatio in tribus libris Aristotelis de anima argumentum'.

2. (fol. 1r-v) Preface: 'NESCI|O EQV|IDEM AN HIC UEL OM|NIUM IUSTISSI|MUS AC PULCHER|rimus labor fuerit ... eodem auctore cognosci Argumentum explicit.'.

3. (fols. 2r-59v) Aristotle, De anima, in the Latin translation of Andrea Biglia of Milan: 'Quum inter pulcerrimas obtimasque res ... Denique linguam ut significetur alteri. DEO. GRATIAS. AMEN. F.B. ANDREE. MEDIOLANENSIS. ARISTOTELIS. LIBER. DE. ANIMA. EX. GRAECA. IN. LATINAM. LINGVAM. TRANSLATVS. EXPLICIT. DEO. ITEM. GRATIAS.'.

Decoration

One five-line initial on a gold ground punched with circlet and lozenge tools, with a foliate border incorporating a crude putto and another figure; two exotic birds -- one holding a brown squirrel (?) in its beak; two red squirrels (?); and a large butterfly (fol. 2r); one four-line initial, similar but simpler than that on fol. 2r, with a highly-burnished ground, and an exotic bird biting the end of the foliate extension (fol. 19r); and one three-line initial, a simpler version of that on fol. 19r (fol. 41v).

One four-line white vine-stem initial in unusual colours: the initial yellow, on a 'quarterd' ground of blue, green, yellow, and red, with white dots (fol. 1r) (P&A ii. 793, pl. LXXIV).

Provenance

1. Andrea Biglia, of Milan (d. 1435 (?)) (on whom see Sabbadini, 'Andrea Biglia'): said to be the original (and only?) MS. of this work, which he composed at the monastery of Lecceto, near Siena, while he was living and teaching in Siena (i.e. between 1429 and his death there in 1435).

2. Inscribed 'g 54 L [or f ??] 135' (fol. 1r).

3. Perhaps in the Augustinian convent of San Marco, Milan, by 1745, if this is the MS. seen there by Argelati but his description does not match the present MS. in every respect; a two-line Italian 18th-century (?) inscription at the end of the text has been erased.

4. Unidentified collection, 18th century/19th century: inscribed 'Andra Bil. in lib. de a(n)i(m)a' (fol. i recto).

5. Inscribed, 18th century/19th century: 'Schiepati 179' (fol. 1r).

6. Unidentified 19th-century Italian collection: inscribed '48.' in the top right corner of fol. i recto (cf. spine label).

7. Guglielmo Libri (1803-69), sold at Sotheby's, 28 March 1859 and seven following days, lot 78, bought by Thomas for £6 15s.; 'Libri 78' inscribed in pencil, and erased, in the upper gutter margin of the upper pastedown.

8. Sir Thomas Phillipps (1792-1872), his MS. 16240, inscribed 'Phillipps MS | 16240' (fol. i recto) and in pencil on the upper pastedown '16240 Ph'; his sale at Sotheby, Wilkinson & Hodge, 10 June 1896 and six following days, lot 24, bought by Quaritch for £3 15s.

9. Quaritch, Rough List no. 164 (October 1896), item 16, at £5 5s, with a cutting from this catalogue pasted to the upper pastedown, and '16' inscribed in pencil and erased, in the top left corner; '806' and the price '£5-5-0' written in pencil and erased in the centre.

10. Ingram Bywater; his Elenchus number inscribed in pencil on the upper pastedown: 'By. | 360'; bequeathed to the Bodleian in 1915; originally given the shelfmark 'Byw.B.2.4' (inscribed in pencil on the upper pastedown and fol. i recto, and given the Summary catalogue no. 40042, both now obsolete.

Bibliography

P. Argelati, Bibliotheca scriptorum Mediolanensium ... (2 vols., 1745), I, pars altera, col. 161 no. XXIII

Bernard Quaritch, A catalogue of illuminated and historical manuscripts and choice and valuable books: selections from several private libraries ... (Rough Lists, 164: London, 1896), no. 16

S. C. Remigio Sabbadini, 'Andrea Biglia (milanese): frate agostiniano del. sec. XV', Rendiconti [del Reale Istituto Lombardo di scienze e lettere], 2nd series., 39 (1906), 1087-1102, at 1099 (known only from Argelati and Quaritch)

[Ingram Bywater,] Elenchus librorum vetustiorum apud ** hospitantium (1911), no. 360

R. W. Hunt, 'List of the Phillipps manuscripts in the Bodleian Library', Bodleian Library Record 6 no. 1 (1957), 348-69, at 361

Rudolf Arbesmann, 'Der Augustinereremitenorden und der Beginn der humanistischen Bewegung', Augustiniana 15 (1965), 259-93, esp. 279 n. 421, 284-6

Rudolf Arbesmann, 'Andrea Biglia', Analecta Augustiniana 28 (1965), 176-7

A. B., 'Bulletin codicologique', Scriptorium 21 (1967), 337-8, no. 608

Giordana Mariani Canova, Piero Meldini, and Simonetta Nicolini, I codici miniati della Gambalunghiana di Rimini (1988), 169 n. 2


MS. Bywater 11

Not in SC (late accession)

Deed, used as a wrapper for three printed books with copius manuscript notes, bound together
      French 15th century

Language Latin
Material parchment

Provenance

Modestin Vallembert 'Delphinatus': 'Ex libris Modestini Vallamberti et amicorum' (fol. i recto).

Bibliography

Mary Clapinson and T. D. Rogers, Summary catalogue of post-medieval western manuscripts in the Bodleian Library, Oxford, acquisitions 1916-1975 (SC 37300-55936) (3 vols., Oxford, 1991), no. 37953

MS. Bywater 12

Not in SC (late accession)

Walter Burley, De vita et moribus philosophorum. Ps.-Seneca, De remediis fortuitorum.
      Italian 15th century

Language Latin
Material Paper; watermark: Steer's head (cf. Briquet no. 14765).
Dimensions The leaves 210 x 150 mm.
Extent v (modern) + 50 + v (modern).
Foliation Foliated in 15th/16th-century ink: 1-45; fols. i-v, 46-55 foliated in modern pencil; the original blanks and final text page at the end of the volume are numbered in pencil, from the back towards the front, 'x' and 2-6.
Ruling Ruled with 47 lines in 2 columns, the ruled space 160 x 105 mm.
Script Written in a small somewhat cursive bookhand.
Rubrication Headings in red.
Sec. fol. 'pro senectutem'.
Binding Sewn on four (?) cords, and bound in three-quarter green leather and mottled brown and yellow paper over pasteboards, presumably for Bywater (cf. MS. Bywater 5); the spine with five false raised bands, and lettered in gilt 'BURLEY | DE | VITA | PHILOS.' and 'MS.' in the second and third compartments; mottled brown and yellow endpapers; the top edge of the leaves gilt.

Text

1. (fols. 1r-43v) Walter Burley, De vita et moribus philosophorum (ed. W. Knust (Tubingen: 1886)) after ch. 123 (Galen) the order of the chapters in the MS. differs from that of the edition; this manuscript is not among those listed by J. O. Stigall, Medievalia et humanistica, 11 (1957), 53.

2. (fols. 43v-45v) Ps.-Seneca, De remediis fortuitorum (as pr. in Opera, ed. F. Haase (Teubner, 1897), 3, 446-57, but without the additional sections; fols. 46-49 are ruled, otherwise blank.

3. (fol. 50r-v) An alphabetical 'index philosophorum' with folio references for the first work, added in a later hand, presumably also responsible for the foliation.

Provenance

Ingram Bywater; inscribed in pencil with his Elenchus no. on fol. iv, 'By. | 721'; bequeathed to the Bodleian in 1915, and with an obsolete Bodleian shelfmark 'Byw.K.9.23' on fols. i verso and 1r; formerly assigned the Summary catalogue no. 40044, also now obsolete.

Bibliography

[Ingram Bywater,] Elenchus librorum vetustiorum apud ** hospitantium (1911), no. 721

Jan Prelog, 'Die Handschriften und Drucke von Walter Burleys Liber de vita et moribus philosophorum', Codices Manuscripti: Zeitschrift für Handschriftenkunde 9 1 (1983), 1-18, at 7 no. 143


MS. Bywater 14

SC 37955

Fronton du Duc, Commentaries and treatises on Roman history. 1584-1586
Language Latin
Material paper

Bibliography

Mary Clapinson and T. D. Rogers, Summary catalogue of post-medieval western manuscripts in the Bodleian Library, Oxford, acquisitions 1916-1975 (SC 37300-55936) (3 vols., Oxford, 1991), no. 37955

MS. Bywater 15

SC 37956

Classical and renaissance miscellany, in Latin with a few words in German. 16th century, early
Language Latin and German
Material paper

Bibliography

Mary Clapinson and T. D. Rogers, Summary catalogue of post-medieval western manuscripts in the Bodleian Library, Oxford, acquisitions 1916-1975 (SC 37300-55936) (3 vols., Oxford, 1991), no. 37956

MS. Bywater 16

Not in SC (late accession)

Georgius Hermonymus, Translation of works by Georgius Gennadius Scholarius.
      Flemish after 1482, c. 1490

Language Latin, some Greek
Material parchment
Dimensions The leaves 140 x 95 mm.
Extent i (original (?) parchment) + 34 (+ original pastedown).
Foliation Foliated in modern pencil: i, 1-34.
Ruling Ruled with16 lines in pale red ink, the ruled space 80 x 55 mm.
Script Written in a gothic bookhand, of the type found in Ghent-Bruges manuscripts executed for Italian patrons (cf. Christopher R. F. de Hamel, 'Reflexions on the Trade in Books of Hours at Ghent and Bruges', in Manuscripts in the Fifty Years After the Invention of Printing ed. J. B. Trapp (London, 1983), 29-33, pls. 9 & 10).
Rubrication Headings in red.
Sec. fol. '[sa]crificant ita'
Binding Sewn on four (?) cords and bound in original (?) wood boards with rounded edges, and covered in purple velvet; the original endleaves and pastedowns show evidence of a single clasp at the centre of the fore-edge; the edges of the leaves gilt; the base of the spine with the trace of a paper label.

Text

Georgius Gennadius Scholarius, translations of his works by Georgius Hermonymus:

1. (fols. 1r-3v) Dedicatory letter to Philip the Handsome, archduke of Austria: 'Georgius hermonimus Spartanus Illustrissimo. Principi. Et domino philippo Austrie Archiduci ... Diuina illa humanitas ...' (pr. from this manuscript by E. Legrand, Bibliographie Hellénique des XVe et XVIe siécles, III, 344-5).

2. (fols. 4r-23r) '... his dialogus qui describitur uia salutis hominum que e greco in latinum georgius mermonymus ... traduxit. Interrogatio. Quid est deus. Responsio ...'; fol. 23v with a full-page illumination.

3. (fols. 24r-32v) 'Eiusdem patriarche Constantinopolitani libellus secundus de capitulis siue articulis fidei nostre ad eundem Credimus quod deus est creator omnium ...'; fols. 33r-34v and the lower pastedown ruled, otherwise originally blank; fol. 34v with contemporary inscription 'Deus in adiutorium meum intende ...' and scribal (?) colophon (?) (see under Provenance).

Decoration

Full border with the coat of arms, motto, coronet and supporters of Philip the Handsome, Archduke of Austria, with the insignia of the Toison d'or (flint, cross of St. Andrew, golden fleece), and the initials 'P' and reversed 'P' joined by a tassled cord, in gold, red, black, and blue, on a purple ground within a gold border (fol. 4r).

A full-page image showing the insignia of the Order on a blue ground within a gold border, here with the intitials 'P P' joined by a multi-coloured cord (fol. 23v).

One four-line initial in gold on a green ground with the insignia only (fol. 1v). (P&A i. 364, pl. XXVIII (fol. 23v), incorrectly stating that this is the Barrois-Ashburnham copy)

Provenance

1. Philip the Handsome, Archduke of Austria, apparently the dedication copy to him (see under Decoration); fol. 34v with a scribal (?) note, 'est | Qui vouldra | pr [or pv] | & | Se [or Sc] mest Henr | W'.

2. Unidentifed French 19th-century owner/bookseller: the upper pastedown inscribed in pencil 'Charles VIII vivait (?) | 1483 | L'ordre de le Toison | d'or institité (?) | 1429'.

3. Traces of a bookplate on the lower pastedown.

4. Tregaskis, item 667 in an unidentified catalogue, with a cutting pasted to the upper pastedown, the pastedown also inscribed by them '5 guineas'.

5. Ingram Bywater; inscribed in pencil in the upper left corner of the upper pastedown with the Bywater Elenchus number, 'By. | 1400'; bequeathed to the Bodleian in 1915, and originally accessioned as 'Byw.N.4.3' (inscribed in pencil on upper pastedown and fol. 1r), and given the Summary catalogue number 40048, both now obsolete.

Bibliography

Henri Omont, 'Georges Hermonyme', Bulletin de la Société de l'Histoire de Paris, XII (1835)

Émile Legrand, Bibliographie Hellénique: ou description raisonnée des ouvrages publiés par des grecs aux XVe et XVIe siécles 3, (4 vols., Paris, J. Maisonneuve, 1903), 343-5

M. Vogel and V. Gardthausen, Die greichischen Schreiber des mittelalters und der Renaissance (Leipzig, 1909), 75

[Ingram Bywater,] Elenchus librorum vetustiorum apud ** hospitantium (Privately printed, 1911), no. 1400

Bodleian Library, Heraldry: catalogue of an exhibition held in connection with the English Heraldic Society, 1967 (Oxford, 1967)

Scot McKendrick, 'Illustrated manuscripts of Vasco da Lucena's translation of Curtius's "Historiae Alexandri Magni": Nature corrupted by Fortune?', in Claudine A. Chavannes-Mazel and Margaret M. Smith, eds. Medieval manuscripts of the Latin classics: production and use. Proceedings of the Seminar in the History of the Book to 1500, Leiden, 1993 (Anderson-Lovelace & Red Gull Press, Los Altos Hills, CA, & London, 1996), 131-49, at 147 n. 59


MS. Bywater 17

SC 37957

Collection of Moral Sayings.
      French or Italian 15th century - 16th century

Language Latin
Material parchment

Text

Collection of moral sayings, including:

1. (fol. 1r) The Altercatio Adriani et Epicteti, beginning imperfect due to the loss of the first leaf (in the first version of those pr. by L. W. Daly and W. Suchier, Illinois Studies in language and Literature, 24 (1939).

2. (fol. 6r) 'Sequntur quam plurimi flores multorum auctorum', arranged by subject: 'Cicero libro de amicitia. Iustitia est fundamentum ... Horatius libro primo sermonum. Mors ultima lignea rerum est.' Among other authors quoted are Cassiodorus, Catullus, Euripides, Hesiod, John Chrysostom, Pallades, Propertius, Sophocles (Ajax), and Tibullus.

3. (fol. 67r) 'Sententie secundum elementa a variis poetis excerpte', similar to the preceding section, but without giving sources: 'Vir probus non odit unquam virum probum ... Animum assuefac bonis.'

Bibliography

Mary Clapinson and T. D. Rogers, Summary catalogue of post-medieval western manuscripts in the Bodleian Library, Oxford, acquisitions 1916-1975 (SC 37300-55936) (3 vols., Oxford, 1991), no. 37957

MS. Bywater 37

Not in SC (late accession)

Six manuscripts bound together
      Italian, Venice; Verona; Padua 15th century and 16th century

Language Latin and Italian
Material paper
Dimensions The leaves c. 200-20 x 95-160 mm. (see the descriptions of individual parts).
Extent i + ii + 24 (parchment) + ii + 31 + 57 + 58 + 69 + 80 + i leaves.
Foliation Foliated in modern pencil in the top right corner: 1-288, 289a-b, 290-324; Soranzo's 'bold foliation' in the centre of the lower margin occurs as follows: fols. 30-60: 358-389; fols. 61-117: 36-90; fols. 118-175: 377-434; fols. 176-244: 100-168; fols. 245-323: 1-80; the third and final sections also have older foliations (see individual descriptions).
Collation See descriptions of individual parts.
Sec. fol. 'rosque refugere'.
Binding Bound in 18th-century Italian three-quarter parchment over pasteboards covered with paper decorated with a wavy red pattern on a white ground (of the type described by Mitchell, 1969, 131);
the spine with a red leather title-piece lettered 'OPUSCULI | VARII, and with a paper label inscribed 'Nicolai | Sagundini | epist. ad | Bessarionem | (etc.) | [remainder damaged, illegible]'; the base of the spine inscribed 'No. 53' (cf. under Provenance).

Provenance

See individual items for their earliest provenance; the volume as a whole has the following history:

1. Jacopo Soranzo (1686-1761): with his characteristic 'bold' foliation, now out of sequence (cf. Mitchell, 1969, 129-30, 131-2).

2. Matteo Luigi Canonici (1727-1806) (on whom see Falconer Madan, A summary catalogue of western manuscripts in the Bodleian Library at Oxford, IV: (collections received during the first half of the 19th century) nos. 16670-24330 (Oxford, 1897), 313): inscribed with characteristic: (i) pressmark at the base of the spine: 'No. 53' (cf. Christopher de Hamel, Hidden friends: a loan exhibition of the Comites Latentes Collection of illuminated manuscripts from the Bibliothèque Publique et Universitaire, Geneva, on view at Sotheby's on the occasion of the Colloque of the Comité International de Paléographie 20-28 September 1985 (London, 1985), no. 23, with pl.); (ii) foliations (cf. Mitchell, 1969, pl. XVIa); and (iii) paper insert with 'No. 53' (cf. Mitchell, 1969; and de Hamel, op. cit.); the manuscripts bound together for him.

3. Giuseppe Canonici (d. 1807): Matteo died intestate, and his manuscripts passed to his brother.

4. Giovanni Perisinotti: on Giuseppe's death in 1807, the manuscripts, about 3550 in number, passed to Perisinotti, and after many attempts to sell them, 2045 of them were acquired by the Bodleian in 1817; another group was sold at Sotheby's in 1821; and the remainder, 915 in number, were sold to Sneyd in 1834.

5. Rev. Walter Sneyd, of Denton House, Cuddeston (1809-1888), 1834: the upper pastedown with his circular bookplate design printed on a rectangular piece of paper (cf. de Hamel, op. cit.); sold at Sotheby's, 16 December 1903 and three following days, lot 708; bought by Dobell for £1 7s.

6. Bertram Dobell: catalogue 118 (Feb. 1904), item 275, priced £2 5s.

7. Ingram Bywater: inscribed with his Elenchus number in pencil in the top left corner of the upper pastedown: 'By. | 3677'; the upper pastedown with a cutting from the Dobell catalogue, inscribed in ink by Bywater: 'Dobell 1904'.

8. Bequeathed to the Bodleian by Ingram Bywater in 1915 (originally catalogued after accession under the Summary Catalogue no. 40069).

Bibliography

Sotheby Wilkinson & Hodge, Catalogue of a selected portion of the library of valuable and choice illuminated and other manuscripts and early printed books, the property of the late Rev. Walter Sneyd ... which will be sold by auction ... 16th December 1903 and three following days (London, 1903), lot 708

Bertram Dobell, Catalogue 118 (Feb. 1904), item 275

[Ingram Bywater,] Elenchus librorum vetustiorum apud ** hospitantium (Privately printed, 1911), no. 3677

C. Mitchell, 'Felice Feliciano Antiquarius', Proceedings of the British Academy, 47 (1961), 220

J. B. Mitchell, 'Trevisan and Soranzo: some Canonici manuscripts from two eighteenth-century Venetian collections', Bodleian Library Record, 8 (1969), 125-35, at 134-5

Otto Pächt and J. J. G. Alexander, Illuminated manuscripts in the Bodleian Library, Oxford. 2: Italian school (Oxford, 1970), no. 637, pl. LXI (fols. 30-60); no. 1008 (fols. 245-323)

Rino Avesani, 'Felice Feliciano artigiano del libro, antiquario e letterato', in Verona nel Quattrocento: La Civilità delle lettere (Verona e il suo territorio, IV, 2; Verona, 1984), 113-44, at 134 n. 1

Jonathan J. G. Alexander, 'Initials in Renaissance illuminated manuscripts: the problem of the so-called "litera Mantiniana"', in Johanne Autenrieth and Ulrich Eigler, eds. Renaissance- und Humanistenhandschriften (Schriften des Historischen Kollegs: Kolloquien, 13) (Munich, 1988), 145-55, at 152 n. 35

Anthony Hobson, Humanists and bookbinders: the origins and diffusion of the humanistic bookbinding 1459-1559 with a census of historiated plaquette and medallion bindings of the Renaissance (Cambridge, 1989), 10

Emil J. Polak, Medieval and Renaissance letter treatises and form letters: a census of manuscripts found in part of Western Europe, Japan, and the United States of America (Davis Medieval Texts and Studies, 9) (Leiden, 1994), 367

MS. Bywater 37, fols. 2-29

Letter from Nicolaus Sagundinus to cardinal Bessarion.
      Italian, Venice 21 August 1460

Material Parchment, paper; watermark not fully visible; unidentified.
Dimensions The leaves 217-8 x 97-100 mm.
Extent ii (paper) + 24 (parchment) + ii (paper).
Collation Two quires of 12 parchment leaves each, the whole enclosed within two paper bifolia; each parchment leaf signed with a letter of the roman alphabet, just below the middle of the last line of each recto, a-z, skipping a leaf after u.
Foliation Foliated in modern pencil: 1-29.
Ruling Ruled in drypoint in the 1st quire, with 25-6 lines, and frame-ruled in brown 'crayon' in the 2nd quire.
Script Written in a sloping italic hand in brown ink as far as fol. 11r, line 7; thereafter in a more upright hand, in black ink.
Rubrication No colour is used.
Sec. fol. 'eosque refugere'

Text

1. (fols. 4r-27r) Letter from Nicolaus Sagundinus to cardinal Bessarion, asking for his patronage, dated (fol. 27r) Venice, 21 August 1460 (see L. Mohler, Kardinal Bessarion (Paderborn: 1925-42), III, 647).

2. (fol. 27v) Fragments of two Greek epigrams; fols. 28r-29v are blank.


MS. Bywater 37, fols. 32-60

Felice Feliciano, Iusta vittoria.
      Italian after 1474

Material paper
Dimensions The leaves c. 205 x 135 mm.
Extent 31 leaves
Foliation Foliated in modern pencil: 30-60;, and with typical Soranzo 'bold foliation': 358-389.
Ruling Ruled in faint leadpoint with 22 lines.
Script Written in a humanistic script with 21 lines per page, attributable to Felice Feliciano.
Sec. fol. 'Ritruandomi' (fol. 33r); 'Comdemnato' (fol. 34r).

Text

(fols. 32r-57r) Felice Feliciano, Iusta vittoria: 'Fve antiqvamente ne la victoria de Alexandro Magno ...' (ed. Mardersteig, 1943); pr. G. Papanti, Catalogo dei Novellieri Italiani (Livorno, 1871), II app. ix-xxiv; for other copies see C. H. Mitchell, 'Felice Feliciano Antiquarius', Proceedings of the British Academy 47 (1961), 220); fols. 30r-31r, 57v-60v are mostly blank, except for the Soranzo foliation.

Decoration

(fol. 31v) Ornamental frame, not filled in, in the form of an architectural monument, in watercolours (?) of blue, red, and dull yellow. ( P&A ii. 637, pl. LXI)

(fol. 32r) Elaborate letter 'F'(ve), with a frame of knotwork on a trellis-like frame.


MS. Bywater 37, fols. 61-117

Boccaccio (attrib.), The Urbano.
      Italian

Material paper
Dimensions The leaves c. 220 x 145-50 mm.
Extent 57 leaves.
Foliation Foliated in modern pencil: 61-117; also with typical Soranzo foliation: 36-90; an older foliation in the top right corner, in ink, numbers only the written leaves of the main text (fols. 62-115): 1-54, perhaps by the owner who wrote a title on fol. 61r.
Collation Catchwords written by the scribe vertically, downwards, on the right-hand vertical ruling line.
Ruling Mostly ruled faint leadpoint with 25.
Script Written in with 25 lines per page.
Sec. fol. 'chagione' (fol. 63r).

Text

(fols. 62r-115v) The Urbano, ascribed to Boccaccio; fols. 61r-v, 116-117v are ruled, otherwise originally blank; fol. 61r with a title: 'Raconto della Vita d'Vrbano Figlio di Federico Barbarossa ...' under a cypher composed of the letters D and B joined by a cross.


MS. Bywater 37, fols. 118-175

Livio Sanudo (?), An account of visions seen at Venice, 1551-1564.
      Italian, Venice (?) c. 1564-1575

Language Italian
Material paper
Dimensions The leaves c. 210 x 160 mm.
Extent i + 58 leaves.
Foliation Foliated in modern pencil: 118-175; with typical Soranzo 'bold foliaton': 377-434.
Ruling Apparently not ruled.
Script Written with approx. 19-20 lines per page.
Sec. fol. 'tre raggi luminosi' (fol. 120).

Text

(fols. 119r-175r) 'Le erudite narrationi et i saggi discorsi dello eccellentissimo Ettor Ausonio sopra alcune visioni apparse in diversi tempi ad uno amico suo', an account, predominantly in Italian, of 144 visions seen by him at Venice, 1551-1564, written down, according to a note at the end (fol. 175r), by Livio Sanudo (c. 1520-1575; on whom see E. A. Cigogna, Inscrizioni Venziane (Venice, 1824), II, 293-7); fol. 118r-v is blank except for the Soranzo foliation; fol. 175v blank.

Decoration

Several simple pen-drawn diagrams are incorporated into the text to illustrate it (e.g. fols. 124v, 130r, etc.).


MS. Bywater 37, fols. 176-244

Gio:[vanni] Carlo Persio, La barriera combattuta alla canea.
      Italian 17th century, early (?)

Language Italian
Material paper
Dimensions The leaves c. 215 x 155 mm.
Extent 69 leaves.
Foliation Foliated in modern pencil: 176-244; with typical Soranzo foliation: 100-168.
Ruling Apparently not ruled.
Script Written with up to two eight-line verses on each page.
Sec. fol. 'Il porto' (fol. 179r); 'Era il settimo' (fol. 180r)

Text

1. (fol. 176r) Title-page: 'La barriera combattuta alla canea, posta in ottava rima da Gio:[vanni] Carlo Persio.'; fol. 176v blank.

2. (fol. 177r-v) Dedication to Matteo Zane, patriarch of Venice 1600-1605: 'Hauendo inteso da tutta questa citta ...'; fol. 178r blank.

3. (fol. 178v-244r) Title as on fol. 176r, followed by the verse text: 'Canto il ricco torneo gli fatti eggregi ...'; fol. 244v blank.


MS. Bywater 37, fols. 245-323

'V. S.', Ten dialogues. 1536-1540
      Italian, Padua (?)

Language Italian, Paduan dialect
Material paper
Dimensions The leaves c. 200 x 150 mm.
Extent 80 leaves.
Foliation Foliated in modern pencil: 245-288, 289a-b, 290-323; with typical Soranzo 'bold foliation': 1-80; a foliation in the top right corner of rectoes, occasionally cropped, from [1]-88, is presumably by the original scribe, since it corresponds to a table of contents on fol. 321v; it was made before a number of leaves were lost.
Ruling Ruling not visible.
Script Written in humanistic script with with approx. 24-25 lines per page.
Sec. fol. 'S. No mo' (fol. 247)

Text

(fol. 245v-322r) Ten dialogues in the Paduan dialect, dated 1536-1540, dedicated to Pitro dall Chiesa (fol. 32r); the author gives his initials as 'V. S.' (fols. 276v, 294v, 322r, etc.); leaves are missing after fols. 254, 265, 287, and 305; fols. 245r, 257v, 294r, 314r, 321r, 322v-323v are blank except for foliations, etc.

Decoration

Framed ink sketches:

  1. (fol. 245v) Dialogue 1. Man in a landscape, standing on ploughed furrows (?); half-page.
  2. (fol. 276v) Dialogue 6. Three cherubs, two of them holding a ball (?); quarter-page.
  3. (fol. 294v) Dialogue 8. Bearded man sitting under a tree, with several books; a banderole above is inscribed 'teris studio cognoscere multa'; quarter-page.
  4. (fol. 314v) Dialogue 10. A tree-stump, from which a new branch is growing; a banderole above is inscribed 'Resurrexi et adhuc tecum sum.'; half-page.


MS. Bywater 38

Not in SC (late accession)

Miscellaneous humanist translations and texts; thirteen booklets bound together.
      Italian, Florence (?) 15th century, 1414 (fols. 2-27, 63-64)

Language Latin
Material Paper; watermarks: (i) post horn (cf. Briquet no. 7684), (ii) fore-part of stag (cf. Briquet no. 3279), (iii) three mountains in circle (cf. Briquet no. 11882), (iv) basilisk (cf. Briquet 11697), (v) bell (cf. Briquet 3984), (vi) three mountains (cf. Briquet 11697), (vii) steer's head (cf. Briquet no. 14651).
Dimensions The leaves 210 x 140 mm.
Foliation Alterations to the foliation were made on 5 July 1997, as recorded on fol. 262r: fols. i and ii refoliated as ii and iii respectively; fol. i foliated; fols. 27 and 27a refoliated as 27a and 27b; fol. 67 refoliated as 67a, the following unfoliated leaf foliated as 67b.
Binding Bound in 18th-century Italian plain parchment over pasteboards; the spine with four slightly raised cords, the second compartment with a paper label inscribed 'Misc. | Latina | MS. | Saec. 15' over an older inscription; fine endpapers printed in red and gilt; traces of leather and of ferrous corrosion on fols. i and 260 suggest a previous binding was of brown leather, and had metal fitting at the corners and centre of each cover.

Text

Humanist translations and texts, probably collected by Francesco Barbaro; 13 booklets bound together.

Provenance

1. Francesco Barbaro, procurator of S. Marco, 15th century: a list of contents in his hand (fol. 1v) is headed: 'In hoc volumine patricii veneti francisci barbari procuratoris sancti m[arci] infrascripta continentur.', which must have been written between January 1452 and his death in 1454 (for a facsimile of a similar inscription, see B. Pighi, Catulli Codex Bononiensis 2621 (Bologna, 1950), pl. 1c).

2. Giambatista Recanati: additions to the titles on fols. 134r and 228r in his hand; probably identical with the MS. in his library mentioned by G. Agostini, Scrittori Viniziani (Venice: 1754) I, 223, as containing the item starting on fol. 74r.

3. Jacopo Soranzo (1686-1761); with his characteristic 'bold foliation'; numeration and page references added to the list of contents (fol. 1v) by Francesco Melchiori, Soranzo's librarian (cf. Mitchell, 1969, pls. XI, XIV).

4. Matteo Luigi Canonici (1727-1806).

5. Giuseppe Canonici (d. 1807): Matteo died intestate, and his MSS. passed to his brother.

6. Giovanni Perisinotti: on Giuseppe's death in 1807, the MSS., about 3550 in number, passed to Perisinotti, and after many attempts to sell them, 2045 of them were acquired by the Bodleian in 1817; another group was sold at Sotheby's in 1821; and the remainder, 915 in number, were sold to Sneyd in 1834.

7. Rev. Walter Sneyd: his sale, Sotheby's 16 Dec. 1903 and three following days, lot 77, bought by J. Barnard for 1 shilling.

8. Bequeathed to the Bodleian by Ingram Bywater in 1915.

Bibliography

Sotheby Wilkinson & Hodge, Catalogue of a selected portion of the library of valuable and choice illuminated and other manuscripts and early printed books, the property of the late Rev. Walter Sneyd ... which will be sold by auction ... 16th December 1903 and three following days , lot 77

[Ingram Bywater,] Elenchus librorum vetustiorum apud ** hospitantium (Privately printed, 1911), no. 3678

E. L[obel], 'A letter of Guarino and other things', The Bodleian Quarterly Record, 5 (1926), 43-46

E. Ph. Goldschmidt, 'Lucian's Calumnia', in D. J. Gordon, ed. Fritz Saxl, 1890-1948: a volume of memorial essays from his friends in England (T. Nelson, London and New York, 1957), 228-44

Augusto Campana, 'Una lettera inedita di Guarino Veronese e il Plutarco mediceo della bottega di Vespasiano', Italia medioevale e umanistica, 5 (1962), 169-78, 171

J. B. Mitchell, 'Trevisan and Soranzo: some Canonici manuscripts from two eighteenth-century Venetian collections', Bodleian Library Record, 8 (1969), 125-35

A. C. de la Mare, 'Humanistic script: the first ten years', in Fritz Krafft, ed. Das Verhältnis der Humanisten zum Buch (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft: Kommission für Hunanismusforschung, IV) (Boppard, 1977), 89-110, at 106 n. 70, fig. 11 (fol. 2r)

Nicholas Mann, 'The making of Petrarch's "Bucolicum Carmen": a contribution to the history of the text', Italia medioevale e umanistica, 20 (1977), 127-82, 147 n. 1

Andrew G. Watson, Catalogue of dated and datable manuscripts c. 435-1600 in Oxford libraries (2 vols., Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1984), I, no. 142 (fols. 2-27, 63-64), II, 270 (fol. 63)

Claudio Griggio and Albinia C. de la Mare, 'Il copista Michele Salvatico collaboratore di Francesco barbaro e Guarnerio d'Artegna', Lettere Italiane, 37 (1985), 345-54, 347, tav. III (fol. 1v)

L. G. Rosa, La fede nella 'Paideia' (Rome, 1984), 20, 22, 183

Paul Oskar Kristeller, 'Tre trattati di Lauro Quirini sulla nobilità', in, Studies in Renaissance thought and letters (Storia e Letteratura: Raccolta di Studi e Testi, 166) (Edizioni di Storia e Letteratura, Rome, 1985), 321-39, 498, at 498

Gabriella Pomaro, 'Fila traversariane: i codici di Lattanzio', in Gian Carlo Garfagnini, ed. Ambrogio Traversari nel VI centenario della nascita: Convegno Internazionale di Studi, Camaldoli -- Firenze, 15-18 settembre 1986 (Istituto Nazionale di Studi sul Rinascimento: Atti di Convegni, 17) (Florence, 1988), 235-85, at 255

Jonathan J. G. Alexander, 'Initials in Renaissance illuminated manuscripts: the problem of the so-called "litera Mantiniana"', in Johanne Autenrieth and Ulrich Eigler, eds. Renaissance- und Humanistenhandschriften (Schriften des Historischen Kollegs: Kolloquien, 13) (R. Oldenbourg Verlag, Munich, 1988), 145-55, at 152 n. 3

Claudio Griggio, ed., Francesco Barbaro, Epistolario I: La tradizione manoscritta e a stampa (Istituto Nazionale di Studi sul Rinascimento: Carteggi umanistici) (Florence, Leo S. Olschki Editore, 1991), 36, 49, 53, 61, 64, 236-240, 254

Laura Casarsa, Mario d'Angelo, and Cesare Scalon, La libreria di Guarnerio d'Artegna (Storia della società friuliana: Collana di studi storici) (2 vols., [Udine], 1991), 42 n. 202, 241

N. G. Wilson, From Byzantium to Italy: Greek studies in the Italian Renaissance (London, Duckworth, 1992), 16, 170

Elisabetta Barile, 'Michele Salvatico a Venezia, copista e notario dei Capi sestiere', in, L'Umanesimo librario tra Venezia e Napoli: Contributi su Michele Salvatico e su Andrea Contrario (Istituto Veneto di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti Venezia. Memorie: Classe di Scienze Morali, Lettere ed Arti, XLV) (Istituto Veneto di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti, Venice, 1993), 53-103, 99

E. Barile, Littera antiqua e scritture alla greca: notari e cancellieri copisti a Venezia nei primi decenni del Quattrocento (Istituto Veneto di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti Venezia: Memorie, Classe di Scienze Morali, Lettere ed Arti, 51) (Venice, 1994), 133

Aubrey Diller, 'The library of Francesco and Ermolao Barbaro', Italia medioevale e umanistica, 6 (1963), 251-62, 256 no. 1298

MS. Bywater 38, fols. 2-27a

Text

1. (fols. 2r-27av) Plutarch, Life of Dio, in the Latin translation by Guarino of Verona, with the dedicatory letter to Francesco Barbaro.


MS. Bywater 38, fols. 27b-62

Text

2. (fol. 27br-55v) Plutarch, Life of Brutus, in the Latin translation by Guarino of Verona (cf. Sabbadini, La Scuola e gli studi de Guarino (Catania: 1896), 132), but here attributed to Giacomo d'Angelo della Scarperia; fols. 56r-62v are blank.


MS. Bywater 38, fols. 63-67b

Text

3. (fol. 63r-64v) Plutarch, Comparison of Brutus and Dio, in the Latin translation by Guarino of Verona; in the same hand as the first text; fols. 65r-67ar are blank.

4. (fol. 67bv) Letter in Greek from Guarino of Verona to Leonardo Giustiniani (pr. E. L[obel], 'A letter of Guarino and other things', Bodleian Quarterly Record, 5 (1926), 43-46, at 43-44, where the addressee is wrongly given as Leonardo Bruni); fol. 67br is blank.


MS. Bywater 38, fols. 68-91

Text

5. (fol. 68r-v) Letter from Poggio to Francesco Barbaro (pr. Tonelli, Vita di Poggio 1, 197).

6. (fols. 68v-74r) 'CLARISSIMI et eloquentissimi uiri francisci Barbaba[the second 'ba' crossed through]ri ueneti patricii et equestris ordinis ordinis [sic] laudatio habita publice in pretura sua veronensi': 'Etsi unus ex omnibus clarissimi uiri ac patres amplissimi idoneus minime ... te etiam atque etiam rogamus.', ascribed at the end to Martinus Veronensis.

7. (fols. 74r-83v) 'ORATIO populi ueronensis ad ... franciscum Barbarum per tobiam [dal Borgo] ueronensem.' (part pr. in A. M. Querini, Diatriba praeliminaris ad F. Barbari ... Epistolas (Brescia: 1741), 364-6; for other MSS. see P. Gothein, Francesco Barbaro (Berlin: 1932), 402-4).

8. (fols. 83v-87r) 'Lauri Quirini oratio in laudam ... francisci barbari ...': 'Credo equidem insignis barbare ... Vale ornamentum et decus nostre civitatis.'; fols. 87v-91v blank.


MS. Bywater 38, fols. 92-99

Text

9. (fol. 92r-99r) '... Petri Donati Veneti Archiepiscopi Cretensis In Fra[nciscum] Zabba[rellam] cardinalem Flo[rentinum] Epithaphios logos ...': '[E]tsi unus ex omnibus minime sim Patres amplissimi ... ut instituistis audiatis.' (for other MSS. see G. Agostini, Scrittori Viniziani (Venice: 1754) II, 154); fol 99v blank.


MS. Bywater 38, fols. 100-133

Text

10. (fols. 100r-128r) Plutarch, De amico et asaentore, translated by Guarino da Verona; preceded by the dedicatory letter to Leonello d'Este (pr. Sabbadini, Epistolario di Guarino Veronese (Venice, 1915-19), II, 260-2); fols. 128v-133v are blank.


MS. Bywater 38, fols. 134-147

Text

11. (fols. 134r-146r) Isocrates, Laus Helenae, in a translation attributed in the list of contents to Guarino da Verona; preceded by a dedicatory letter to P. Emiliani (pr. E. L[obel], 'A letter of Guarino and other things', The Bodleian Quarterly Record, 5 (1926), 43-46, at 44-45); fols. 146v-147v are blank.


MS. Bywater 38, fols. 148-157

Text

12. (fols. 148r-156v) Lucian, De calumnia, in the translation by Guarino da Verona: 'Gravis profecto res ignorantia est ... ex ipsa ueritate lustratis.' (for other MSS. see E. Ph. Goldschmidt in Fritz Saxl. memorial essays (London: 1957), 230); preceded by the dedicatory letter to Giovanni Quirini (pr. Sabbadini, Epistolario, I, 6; fol. 157r-v is ruled, otherwise blank.


MS. Bywater 38, fols. 158-187

Text

13. (fols. 158r-165v) Plutarch, Parallela, in the translation by Guarino da Verona.

14. (fols. 166r-182v) Guarino da Verona, the Commentarioli (in a fuller form than that found in Bologna Bibl. Comunale. MS. A.163 (16.B.III.3), fol. 51, for which see Sabbadini, La scuola, 137-8; the incipits of the chapters are pr. in L[obel], op. cit., 45-46); the top hald of fol. 166r, and fols. 183r-187v are blank.


MS. Bywater 38, fols. 188-197

Text

15. (fols. 188r-196v) Letter from Poggio Bracciolini to Scipio Mainenti; fol. 197r-v is ruled, otherwise blank.


MS. Bywater 38, fols. 198-227

Text

16. (fols. 198r-223r) Letter from Guarino da Verona to Leonello d'Este and Poggio Bracciolini; fols. 223v-227v are blank (pr. Poggio opera (Basle, 1538), 357-365, and Sabbadini, Epistolario, II, 220-54).


MS. Bywater 38, fols. 228-243

Text

17. (fols. 228r-242v) Plutarch, Life of Marius, translated by Giacomo d'Angelo delle Scarperia: 'Gaio mario terciam nomen dicere[/dare (?)] non possumus: quemadmodum neque Quinto Sertorio: qui occupavit Ispania ... necem sibi conscivit. Explicit Marius. ia. angelus transtulit.'; fol. 243r-v is blank.


MS. Bywater 38, fols. 244-260

Text

18. (fols. 244r-250r) Leonardo Guistiniani, funeral oration on Carlo Zeno (pr. in Orationes funebres in morte pontificum etc. (Hanover, 1613), 140-9).

19. (fols. 250r-255v) ' Antonii Lusci poetae Vicentini invectiva in Florentinos': 'Illucebitne unquam dies, perditissimi cives ... vestre calamitatis extollat.' (see D. Moreni, Salutati invectiva in A. Luschum (Florence, 1826)).

Two poems by Antonius Luschus:

20. (fols. 255v-257v) 'Fama per Italiam celeri delapsa volatu ...' (pr. Antonii de Luschis Carmina, ed. G. da Schio (Florence: 1826 / Padua: 1858 (?)), 7.

21. (fols. 257v-259r) 'Egregie o iuvenis quam clara indole magnum ...' (pr. ibid., 65); fols. 259v-260v are blank.