Catalogue of the Archive of Arturo and Ilsa Barea

Bodleian Library, University of Oxford

Dr Eva Nieto McAvoy




Department of Special Collections
Contact Information
Search Online Catalogues

Consulting material: To consult archives and manuscripts, a full and unrestricted Bodleian reader's card (Group A) is required. You should apply for your card at the Admissions Office.

Pre-ordering: Before your visit you may pre-order up to ten items by emailing specialcollections.bookings@bodleian.ox.ac.uk. Please be advised that some collection material is held offsite; we advise pre-ordering at least 2 working days before your visit to ensure material is available on your arrival.


Table of Contents

Introduction
A   Arturo Barea's original typescripts 1937-1957
B   Arturo Barea's BBC scripts 1940-1957
C   Printed Articles, short stories and reviews of Arturo Barea's work 1938-1964
D   Arturo and Ilsa Barea's personal and business papers 1918-1977, 1991
E   Arturo Barea's Trips to America and La Nación 1952-1957
F   Ilsa Barea's original typescripts and printed articles 1940-1972
G   Ilsa Barea's Vienna book 1955-1969
H   Ilsa Barea's work as translator, editor, and reader 1939-1965
I   Arturo Barea's correspondence 1938-1965
J   Ilsa Barea's correspondence 1940-1972
K   Background materials and photographs c. 1900-2017


Archive of Arturo and Ilsa Barea

1900-2018, bulk c. 1930-1970

Abstract:
Correspondence and papers of Arturo and Ilsa Barea.

Extent: 8 Linear metres, 56 physical shelfmarks
Language(s) of Material: Spanish, English, German, French

Full range of shelfmarks:

MSS. 12614/1-56

Biographical/Historical

Arturo Barea Ogazón (1897-1957) was a Spanish writer, literary critic and broadcaster. A socialist and active member of the UGT (the Socialist trade union) during the Spanish Civil War, Barea was the head of the Press Department of the Republican Foreign Office in Madrid, dealing with foreign press correspondents such as Ernest Hemingway or John Dos Passos. During this time, he met and married his second wife, the Austrian socialist Ilsa Barea (née Ilse Pollak), his life-long companion, collaborator and translator. In 1938 Barea and Ilsa left Spain for France and then England, where they arrived in March 1939. It was during his early years in exile that Barea became a well-known contributor of articles and short stories to Horizon, Time and Tide, the New Statesman, the Times Literary Supplement and Tribune, aside from contributing the essay ‘Struggle for the Spanish Soul’ to Orwell’s wartime series Searchlight Books. He was also a regular broadcaster for the BBC Latin American Service under the penname ‘Juan de Castilla’. Barea is the author of the autobiographical trilogy The Forging of a Rebel, which was first published in English by Faber & Faber (1941-1946) and edited by T.S. Eliot. The trilogy was an immediate international success and was translated into nine languages during the forties. The Spanish edition came out in Argentina in 1951 and it was only published in Spain in 1977 after Francisco Franco’s death. Barea never returned to Spain and became a British national in 1948.

Ilsa Barea (1902-1973), nee Pollak, was a socialist political activist, journalist and translator. Born in Vienna into a liberal family, Ilsa was politically active early on, particularly in the areas of propaganda and education. She was a member of the Austrian Communist Party initially then later the Austrian Social Democratic Party. In 1922 she married Leopold Kulcsar. They moved to Czechoslovakia in 1934, and then to Spain in 1936. She was employed by the Press Department of the Republican Foreign office in Madrid. During this period of the Spanish Civil War, she met Arturo Barea. They were both working as censors at their headquarters in the Telefonica (the title of her serialised novel published in the Austrian Arbeiter-Zeitung in 1949). After her husband’s death, she married Arturo Barea in 1938 when they had to flee from Spain. After a difficult year in Paris, they arrived in England in 1939. Ilsa continued supporting the Spanish Republican struggle by publishing articles in Time and Tide, New Statesman, Times Literary Supplement, and Tribune. In August 1939 she joined the BBC Monitoring Service in Evesham, translating broadcasts from German and Spanish alongside Ernest Gombrich, George Weidenfeld, Martin Esslin and Anatol Goldberg. She was an exceptionally gifted linguist. Later her work focused on evaluating foreign writers, translating many of them for English and American publishing houses. She also broadcast for the BBC on a number of subjects. She was a close collaborator of Arturo's, influencing his work in many ways. Her most important contribution was the translation of his trilogy The Forging of a Rebel into English, praised for its quality in many reviews. The legacy of her father, Valentin Pollak, a well-known Viennese teacher and educationalist, was carried on in Ilsa’s work as a teacher herself and interpreter for Labour Parties and Unions across Europe. She became a British national in 1948, but after Arturo’s death in 1957, she returned to Vienna regularly, spending the last years of her life there. She is the author of Vienna: Legend and Reality (1966), a social and cultural history of the city. For more on Ilsa Barea, see Michael Eaude´s Triumph at Midnight of the Century: A Critical Biography of Arturo Barea: Explaining the Roots of the Spanish Civil War. Brighton: Sussex Academic Press, 2009.

Scope and Content

The archive comprises:

Acquisition

Donated to the Bodleian Libraries by Uli Rushby-Smith in 2018.

Preferred Form of Citation

Oxford, Bodleian Library [followed by shelfmark and folio or page reference, e.g. MS. 12614/1, Folder 1].

Personal name(s) (NCA Rules)

Barea | Ilsa | 1902-1973 | nee Pollak | Austrian writer and translator
Ogazón | Arturo Barea | 1897-1957 | Spanish journalist, broadcaster and writer

Subject(s)

20th century
Literature -- 20th century
Spain -- History -- Civil War, 1936-1939

A   Arturo Barea's original typescripts 1937-1957

Full range of shelfmarks:

MSS. 12614/1-5


La raíz rota
Date: 1948-1954
Shelfmark: MS. 12614/1
Language(s) of Material: Spanish
Extent: 1 volume

Scope and Content

Complete typescript of La raíz rota; List of characters from La raíz rota.

La Forja de un rebelde
Date: 1939-1957
Shelfmark: MS 12614/2
Language(s) of Material: Spanish
Extent: 1 box (3 folders)

Scope and Content

Fragments of La Forja (2 first pages in Spanish, and chapters 1 and 5 in French); script of The Forge for a radio play by Arturo Barea and Hugh Barns; related correspondence; first pages of unfinished novel Los guardas de tus hermanos.

Essays
Date: 1939-1957
Shelfmark: MS 12614/3
Language(s) of Material: Spanish
Extent: 1 box (5 folders)

Scope and Content

Essays, comprising:

Short stories I
Date: 1937-1957
Shelfmark: MS 12614/4
Language(s) of Material: Spanish
Extent: 1 box (2 folders)

Scope and Content

Comprises:

Short stories II
Date: 1937-1939
Shelfmark: MS 12614/5
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Short Stories in English.

B   Arturo Barea's BBC scripts 1940-1957

Full range of shelfmarks:

MSS. 12614/6-15


BBC scripts I
Date: 1940-1946
Shelfmark: MS 12614/6
Language(s) of Material: Spanish
Extent: 1 box (3 folders)

Scope and Content

Comprises:

BBC scripts II
Date: 1947
Shelfmark: MS 12614/7
Language(s) of Material: Spanish
Extent: 1 box (2 folders)

Scope and Content

Comprises:

BBC scripts III
Date: 1948
Shelfmark: MS 12614/8
Language(s) of Material: Spanish
Extent: 1 box (4 folders)

Scope and Content

Comprises:

BBC scripts IV
Date: 1949
Shelfmark: MS 12614/9
Language(s) of Material: Spanish
Extent: 1 box (4 folders)

Scope and Content

Comprises:

BBC scripts V
Date: 1950
Shelfmark: MS 12614/10
Language(s) of Material: Spanish
Extent: 1 box (3 folders)

Scope and Content

Comprises:

BBC scripts VI
Date: 1951
Shelfmark: MS 12614/11
Language(s) of Material: Spanish
Extent: 1 box (4 folders)

Scope and Content

BBC scripts VII
Date: 1952-1953
Shelfmark: MS 12614/12
Language(s) of Material: Spanish
Extent: 1 box (2 folders)

Scope and Content

Comprises:

BBC scripts VIII
Date: 1954-1955
Shelfmark: MS 12614/13
Language(s) of Material: Spanish
Extent: 1 box (2 folders)

Scope and Content

Comprises:

BBC scripts IX
Date: 1956-1957
Shelfmark: MS 12614/14
Language(s) of Material: Spanish
Extent: 1 box (2 folders)

Scope and Content

Comprises:

BBC scripts X
Date: n.d. [1941-1957]
Shelfmark: MS 12614/15
Language(s) of Material: Spanish
Extent: 1 box (3 folders)

Scope and Content

Comprises:

C   Printed Articles, short stories and reviews of Arturo Barea's work 1938-1964

Full range of shelfmarks:

MSS. 12614/16-20


Printed articles and short stories
Date: 1940-1963
Shelfmark: MS 12614/16
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box (3 folders)

Scope and Content

Comprises:

Reviews of Arturo Barea's work
Date: 1943-1964
Shelfmark: MS 12614/17
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Reviews of Arturo Barea's work from France, The United States, Latin America, Germany and Scandinavia. Reviews of Arturo Barea's work refer to his trilogy The forging of a rebel(its separate volumes and the combined edition), The Broken Root, and his books on Lorca and Unamuno.

Printed articles and reviews of Arturo Barea's work
Date: 1947-1956
Shelfmark: MS 12614/18
Language(s) of Material: French
Extent: 1 box (4 folders)

Scope and Content

Comprises:

Scrapbooks conatining reviews, articles, clippings
Date: 1938-1957
Shelfmark: MS 12614/19
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box (2 folders)

Scope and Content

Comprises:

Scrapbooks German-Danish / USA reviews
Date: 1938-1957
Shelfmark: MS 12614/20
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box (2 folders)

Scope and Content

Comprises:

D   Arturo and Ilsa Barea's personal and business papers 1918-1977, 1991

Full range of shelfmarks:

MSS. 12614/21-25


Arturo and Ilsa Barea's personal papers
Date: 1918-1977
Shelfmark: MS 12614/21
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Arturo and Ilsa Barea's personal papers including their official documents during the Spanish Civil War, their British passports, Arturo Barea's Spanish military papers and address books.

Arturo and Ilsa Barea's contracts with publishers
Date: 1938-2017
Shelfmark: MS 12614/22
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box (2 folders)

Scope and Content

Comprises:

Royalty fees statements
Date: 1941-1993
Shelfmark: MS 12614/23
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box (3 folders)

Scope and Content

Comprises:

Obituaries
Date: 1957-1973
Shelfmark: MS 12614/24
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box (4 folders)

Scope and Content

Comprises:

Papers relating to Arturo Barea's design for bookshelves
Date: 1955-1957
Shelfmark: MS 12614/25
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Arturo Barea's plans for a patent of library shelves designed and built by him. Drawings and related correspondence

E   Arturo Barea's Trips to America and La Nación 1952-1957

Full range of shelfmarks:

MSS. 12614/26-28


Articles for La Nación and related correspondence
Date: 1956-1958
Shelfmark: MS 12614/26
Language(s) of Material: Spanish
Extent: 1 box (5 folders)

Scope and Content

Comprises:

Visits to the USA, Uruguay, and Chile
Date: 1952-1956
Shelfmark: MS 12614/27
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box (3 folders)

Scope and Content

Comprises:

Trip to Argentina
Date: 1956
Shelfmark: MS 12614/28
Language(s) of Material: Spanish
Extent: 1 box (3 folders)

Scope and Content

Articles, letters, clippings, brochures, Arturo Barea's travel documents for a tour of Argentina.

F   Ilsa Barea's original typescripts and printed articles 1940-1972

Full range of shelfmarks:

MSS. 12614/29-30


Ilsa Barea's typescripts
Date: 1940-1956
Shelfmark: MS 12614/29
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box (3 folders)

Scope and Content

Comprises:

Ilsa Barea's printed articles
Date: 1956-1972
Shelfmark: MS 12614/30
Language(s) of Material: German
Extent: 1 box (3 folders)

Scope and Content

Comprises:

G   Ilsa Barea's Vienna book 1955-1969

Full range of shelfmarks:

MSS. 12614/31-35


Ilsa's Vienna typescript
Date: 1965
Shelfmark: MS 12614/31
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Ilsa Barea's Vienna typescript.

Ilsa Barea's Vienna typescript
Date: 1965
Shelfmark: MS 12614/32
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Ilsa's Viennatypescript - annotated partial copies and notes.

Ilsa Barea's Vienna typescript
Date: 1965
Shelfmark: MS 12614/33
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Ilsa Barea's Viennatypescript - annotated partial copies and notes.

Ilsa Barea's notes and reviews of Vienna
Date: 1955-1969
Shelfmark: MS 12614/34
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box (4 folders)

Scope and Content

Comprises:

Notebooks for Ilsa Barea's Vienna
Date: 1965
Shelfmark: MS 12614/35
Language(s) of Material: German
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Notebooks for Ilsa Barea's Vienna.

H   Ilsa Barea's work as translator, editor, and reader 1939-1965

Full range of shelfmarks:

MSS. 12614/36-39


Ilsa Barea's translation work
Date: 1952-1962
Shelfmark: MS 12614/36
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box (3 folders)

Scope and Content

Comprises:

Ilsa Barea's work as editor and reader
Date: 1960-1965
Shelfmark: MS 12614/37
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box (2 folders)

Scope and Content

Comprises:

Ilsa Barea's Telefonica
Date: 1939, 1949
Shelfmark: MS 12614/38
Language(s) of Material: German
Extent: 1 box (2 folders)

Scope and Content

Original typescript of Telefonica: Ilsa Barea's unpublished novel about the Spanish Civil War (1939); series of articles in Arbeiter-Zeitung based on Telefonica, 1949.

Valentin Pollak's work
Date: 1948
Shelfmark: MS 12614/39
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box (2 folders)

Scope and Content

Typescript of Valentin's autobiography and articles.

I   Arturo Barea's correspondence 1938-1965

Full range of shelfmarks:

MSS. 12614/40-44


Correspondence of special interest
Date: 1939-1965
Shelfmark: MS 12614/40
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Correspondence of special interest, including with Cyril Connolly, Kingsley Martin, Fredric Warburg, Ramón J. Sender, Salazar Chapela, Max Lieber, George Pendel, John dos Passos, 1939-1964.

Correspondence with Arturo Barea's family
Date: 1939-1956
Shelfmark: MS 12614/41
Language(s) of Material: Spanish
Extent: 1 box (3 folders)

Scope and Content

Comprises:

Correspondence -Friends
Date: 1939-1960
Shelfmark: MS 12614/42
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box (3 folders)

Scope and Content

Comprises:

Arturo Barea's Professional Correspondence
Date: 1938-1969
Shelfmark: MS 12614/43
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box (5 folders)

Scope and Content

Comprises:

Juan de Castilla's Correspondence
Date: 1951-1957
Shelfmark: MS 12614/44
Language(s) of Material: Spanish
Extent: 1 box (2 folders)

Scope and Content

Comprises:

J   Ilsa Barea's correspondence 1940-1972

Full range of shelfmarks:

MSS. 12614/45-51


Ilsa Barea's correspondence with family
Date: 1947-1972
Shelfmark: MS 12614/45
Language(s) of Material: German
Extent: 1 box (4 folders)

Scope and Content

Comprises:

Ilsa Barea's correspondence with friends
Date: 1945-1972
Shelfmark: MS 12614/46
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box (9 folders)

Scope and Content

Comprises:

Ilsa Barea's professional correspondence in English
Date: 1953-1972
Shelfmark: MS 12614/47
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box (4 folders)

Scope and Content

English correspondence I: 1950s; English correspondence II: 1960s; English correspondence III: 1950s-1060s; correspondence with BBC.

Ilsa Barea's professional correspondence in English
Date: 1953-1962
Shelfmark: MS 12614/48
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box (2 folders)

Scope and Content

English correspondence IV: 1950s; English correspondence V: 1957-1958.

Ilsa Barea's professional correspondence with publishers
Date: 1949-1965
Shelfmark: MS 12614/49
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box (4 folders)

Scope and Content

Comprises:

Ilsa Barea's professional correspondence - other languages
Date: 1951-1968
Shelfmark: MS 12614/50
Language(s) of Material: German
Extent: 1 box (4 folders)

Scope and Content

Comprises:

Ilsa Barea's correspondence in Spanish
Date: 1949-1968
Shelfmark: MS 12614/51
Language(s) of Material: Spanish
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Correspondence in Spanish, mainly since Arturo Barea's death in 1958. Letters from Spanish writers such as Esteban Salazar Chapela or Max Aub about Ilsa Barea's efforts to translate and publish their work in English.

K   Background materials and photographs c. 1900-2017

Full range of shelfmarks:

MSS. 12614/52-56


Miscellaneous materials
Date: 1954-1962
Shelfmark: MS 12614/52
Language(s) of Material: Spanish
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Background material used by Arturo and Ilsa Barea
Date: 1940-1965
Shelfmark: MS 12614/53
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Newspaper clippings, articles, originals by other people

Reference material
Date: 1946-1966, 2007-2010
Shelfmark: MS 12614/54
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Secondary material relating to Arturo Barea
Date: 1989-2017
Shelfmark: MS 12614/55
Language(s) of Material: Spanish
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Photographs of the Bareas and others
Date: c. 1900-1972
Shelfmark: MS 12614/56
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Photographs of Arturo and Ilsa Barea, and of their friends and family.


Transformation from XML (EAD 2.0) to HTML
18 July 2018