Catalogue of papers of (Charles) Bruce Chatwin, 1963-89

Bodleian Library, University of Oxford

Nicholas Shakespeare and Matthew Neely

2011

Department of Special Collections
Bodleian Library
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Table of Contents

Introduction
A    Black moleskine notebooks, 1969-88
B    Papers concerning Afghanistan, 1963-4, 1969, n.d.
C    Notebooks concerning Chatwin's work at Sotheby's, [1965-6]
D    Early writings, 1965-8, n.d.
E    Papers concerning undergraduate archaeology studies at the University of Edinburgh, 1966-9
F    Notebooks concerning Chatwin's work as co-curator, with Emma Bunker and Ann Farkas, of the Animal Style exhibition, Asia House Gallery, New York, 1967
G    Papers concerning unpublished work 'The Nomadic Alternative', mainly c.1968-73
    G.1  Research material and notes
    G.2  Notebooks
    G.3  Drafts, c.1968-73
H    Journalism, 1970-86
    H.1  Articles and related research papers and notes, 1970-86, n.d.
    H.2  Papers concerning Konrad Lorenz, [1971?]-1979
    H.3  Notebooks, 1973
I    Correspondence and papers concerning In Patagonia, 1974-8
    I.1  Proposal
    I.2  Research material and notes, [1974-7]
    I.3  Notebooks, 1975, n.d.
    I.4  Correspondence and papers concerning Charles Milward, 1975-8
    I.5  Papers concerning Butch Cassidy, [c.1975-9]
    I.6  Drafts and proofs, [1976-8]
    I.7  Correspondence, Feb. 1977-Aug. 1979, n.d.
    I.8  Reviews, Oct. 1977-Sept. 1979, n.d.
J    Correspondence and papers concerning The Viceroy of Ouidah, [1973]-1981
    J.1  Research material and notes, [1976-7]
    J.2  Notebooks, 1976-7
    J.3  Drafts and proofs, [1973-80]
    J.4  Film adaptation as Cobra Verde, [1987]
    J.5  Correspondence, 1977-81
K    Papers concerning On the Black Hill, 1980-2
L    Papers concerning The Songlines, 1983-7
    L.1  Material used for 'The Nomadic Alternative' and The Songlines
    L.2  Research material and notes for The Songlines, n.d.
    L.3  Notebooks, 1982, 1984-5
    L.4  Drafts
M    Papers concerning Utz, [1987-8]
N    Papers concerning What Am I Doing Here, [1988]
O    Last writings and papers, 1986-9
P    Works, 1970, 1972, 1979, included in posthumous publication Anatomy of Restlessness: Uncollected Writings (1996)
Q    Miscellaneous correspondence and papers, 1966-87, n.d.
R    Financial correspondence and papers, 1977-81
S    Papers, [1960s-70s] sold at July 1989 Sotheby's sale, with related correspondence, July-Oct. 1989


Papers of (Charles) Bruce Chatwin, 1963-89

Abstract:
Papers of (Charles) Bruce Chatwin (1940-89), writer.

Shelfmarks: MSS. Eng. b. 2153-5; c. 7834-77; d. 3951-4002; e. 3672-744


Extent: 175 shelfmarks
Language of Material: English

Introduction by Chatwin's biographer, Nicholas Shakespeare

In 1991, I was invited by his estate to write the biography of Bruce Chatwin. I was granted unrestricted access to his papers, contained in 41 boxes and lodged with the Modern Western Manuscript collection at the Bodleian. I would spend a total of seven summers sitting in the reading room, getting to grips with Chatwin’s handwriting and attempting to track the sequence of his life. In 2010, according to the terms of its bequest, this archive was made open to the public.

Chatwin was a private person who in his published texts minimised his own biography. Perhaps for this reason, one of his literary executors, Redmond O’Hanlon, went so far as to hope that the already legendary moleskines – the black-bound notebooks that Chatwin purchased in Paris – would be bound to contain a mass of intimate material.

Those approaching this archive in the expectation of finding an equivalent of, say, Roger Casement’s Black Diaries will be disappointed. There is nothing salacious in Chatwin’s 85 notebooks – not because they have been vetted or censored, but for the simple reason that Bruce Chatwin was not by nature a confessional observer. What his archive instead reveals – and does so again and again – is in many respects much more rewarding.

The task of unscrambling Chatwin’s life was not made easier by his habit, before he set off on a journey, of grabbing whatever notebook lay to hand. It is not unusual in a single moleskine to come across records of his travels to Brazil, the United States, Australia – journeys undertaken, perhaps, over a span of a decade. Chatwin rarely dated his entries and, when he did so, it was not uncommon for him to write down the wrong year. Many of his notes refer to what he is reading, and remind us that even an author as peripatetic as Chatwin passed a huge number of hours sitting in libraries. Aside from his research material, there are doodles, maps, snatches of conversation, descriptions of his natural surrounds, telephone numbers, addresses, photographs, draft paragraphs, financial resumés.

Illuminating though they are, the notebooks are but one facet of Chatwin’s archive. Here you will also find his lecture notes when an archaeology student at Edinburgh University, early drafts of his manuscripts, his correspondence. In short, the travels but also the intellectual and artistic development of one of the most original literary figures of the past fifty years.

Bruce Chatwin was conceived in a hotel south of Aberystwyth and born on 13 May, 1940 in the Shearwood Road Nursing Home in Sheffield. His father Charles Chatwin was a Birmingham solicitor; he was away at sea in the Navy when Chatwin was born. His mother Margharita Turnell, the daughter of a clerk for a Sheffield knife-manufacturer, brought him up in the homes of great-uncles, great-aunts and grandparents. He had a younger brother Hugh, born on 1 July, 1944.

For Chatwin’s first six years, mother and son were everything to each other as they fled from the noise of war. The carpet-bombing of Coventry in November 1940 frightened Margharita into giving up the small house which Charles had rented for them in Barnt Green. Her memory of the awesome orange glow in the night sky continued to haunt her after she bolted north. She would talk to herself and shout out, hunting for her absent husband, "Charles! Charles!" As they shuttled on the train between a dozen dwelling-places, including pokey lodgings in Baslow and Filey, Chatwin’s duty was to be the brave little boy looking after his distressed mother.

When Charles returned from the war, the family moved first back to Birmingham, taking a lease on a house in Stirling Road which had been used by the army as a brothel; then, in April 1947, to Brown’s Green Farm twelve miles south of Birmingham, a "fairly derelict" smallholding with eleven acres, for rent at £98 per annum. A lawyer during the week, at weekends Charles invented himself as a food-producer, keeping an eventual tally of pigs, geese, ducks and 200 chickens. "We were brought up as country children, tied to the rhythm of the seasons," says Hugh.

At the end of April 1948, Chatwin went away to Old Hall School in Shropshire. He was seven years old and would spend the next decade at boarding-school.

Old Hall School, a former Elizabethan coaching inn set in 25 acres, was the personal fiefdom of Paul Denman Fee-Smith, a bachelor of rigorous Anglo-Catholic beliefs whose sermons were delivered in full regalia of cassock, surplice and cope. Miracles, the Fires of Hell and the Conversion of Saul were staple topics. To the boys, he was known as "Boss". He would leave an enduring mark on Chatwin, who was still known at this stage as Charles Bruce Chatwin; although through making a certain amount of noise he earned the nickname "Chatty".

In the summer of 1953, Chatwin passed his Common Entrance Exam and was accepted by Marlborough College in Wiltshire, a public school founded in 1843 for educating the sons of poor clergy. Life was not so organised as at Old Hall. Marlborough, with 800 boys, was more like a university. So long as he promised to stay in pairs (in case of trouble), from the age of thirteen he could bicycle out of town in any direction. He was soon hunting down antiques.

In the summer of 1957, after passing his driving test, Chatwin borrowed his father’s van and drove to the south of France, returning with a cane-seated high chair. It made a pair with his first major furniture acquisition, a grey Louis XVI chair costing £2.10s. Both requiring restoration, he bought a set of wood chisels and stripped them down in the box room at Brown’s Green Farm.

As at Old Hall School, he concentrated his best efforts on acting. He was Secretary of the Shakespeare Society and played the Mayor in Gogol’s "The Government Inspector" and Mrs Candour in Sheridan’s "The School for Scandal" – revealing to the critic of the Wiltshire Gazette & Herald "considerable acting ability". Less impressive was his performance in class. In 1955, following a blow on the head while playing rugby, he had to miss the Michaelmas term. He struggled to catch up. His report for Michaelmas 1957 was typical. "Thoroughness and consistent concentration do not come easily to him. Too often in school and, it seems, in preparation, he is led astray and his mind goes off at a tangent, usually interesting but usually irrelevant." In his third year, he planned to try for a place to read Classics at Merton College, Oxford – the college of his grandfather and also of Robert Byron, an Old Marlburian writer whose work Chatwin revered. But then National Service ended, the university had to find space for an extra generation of students and Chatwin might have to delay coming up for two years. Instead, he proposed a stage career. Charles, however, was adamant that neither of his sons should go directly from the sheltered life of boarding-school to student digs in London, and declined Chatwin’s ambitions for RADA. Chatwin’s next idea was a job in Africa, following the example of his best friend at Marlborough Raulin Guild, who had gone to work in Northern Rhodesia, but Margharita objected: Africa was where Charles’ uncle Humphrey had been murdered by his cook-boy. Then she read an article in Vogue about a firm of fine art auctioneers. "What about Sotheby’s for Bruce?" So Charles contacted one of his clients who had sold at Sotheby’s a Monet of "a train going over a bridge", to effect an introduction to Peter Wilson, the Chairman of Sotheby’s. Wilson saw Chatwin on 26 September 1958 and offered him a job as numbering porter in the Works of Art Department for £6 a week.

Chatwin was lucky to join Sotheby’s at a time when Peter Wilson was expanding the auction house from four departments to 15. He rode the crest of this expansion. Within a short space, he held the reins in both Antiquities and Impressionists and Modern Art, or "Imps". He learned from Wilson, and from the Antiquities Department adviser John Hewett, how to look at and handle a work of art, describe it concisely and to judge its market value. Sponsored by Sotheby’s, he visited countries where these objects had originated and, "slavishly" aping his itinerary, tracked Robert Byron’s footsteps through Greece and Afghanistan. In September 1960, he travelled through the Greek islands on his way to Crete. Eager to go further in tracing Byron’s footsteps, in the summer of 1963 Chatwin went with Robert Erskine to Afghanistan. It would be the first of three visits.

Aside from Erskine, Sotheby’s enabled Chatwin to meet a network of aesthetically minded, rich, enquiring young dealers and collectors like Christopher Gibbs, John Kasmin, Teddy Millington-Drake, Edward Lucie-Smith, George Ortiz, Simon Sainsbury and Cary Welch.

Plus it introduced him to his wife.

On 16 and 17 November 1964, Sotheby’s auctioned the Ernest Brummer collection of Egyptian and Near Eastern Antiquities, which Chatwin had catalogued with Elizabeth Chanler, Peter Wilson’s American assistant. He also helped catalogue 540 works for the Impressionist sale four days later, including Cézanne’s Grandes Baigneuses, acquired by the National Gallery for a record sum of £500,000. By his own account, he went blind after these sales. The symptoms seem to have been a flare-up of his 1955 complaint.

On 31 December 1964, he went to see the eye specialist Patrick Trevor-Roper who advised him to give up concentrated work and get away from the office for a few months. "‘You’ve been looking too closely at works of art. I suggest long horizons. Where do you want to go?’ ‘Africa,’ I said."

On 5 February 1965, Chatwin set off for the Sudan where he was the guest of a former girlfriend; Gloria Taylor had married Tahir El-Fadil el Mahdi, the Cambridge-educated grandson of Siddig el Mahdi, who had won Sudan’s independence from Britain. After a week in Khartoum, Chatwin met a geologist who was leaving on an expedition to the Red Sea Hills to look for kaolin deposits. "I asked if I could come along and he said I could." Here, on a short camel trek in the Eastern Sudan, Chatwin experienced his first taste of nomadic life.

Chatwin made an important decision in the Sudanese desert. Encouraged by Cary Welch, instead of going to Rhodes for Easter he invited Elizabeth Chanler to Paris. There, in the Cabinet de Medailles in the Louvre, he proposed. Elizabeth was a practising Catholic. After taking religious instruction, he was married to Elizabeth on 21 August 1965 at a Nuptial Mass in the Chanler family chapel at Sweet Briar Farm, Geneseo.

The Chatwins returned to London in October and started house-hunting. Not until February 1966 would they find Holwell Farm, a pink seventeenth century house set in 47 acres near Wotton-under-Edge in Gloucestershire. Elizabeth’s mother advanced £17,000 as a wedding present for them to buy it.

In January 1966, Chatwin took Elizabeth as his secretary to Paris to catalogue the Helena Rubinstein collection. This would be his last major sale for Sotheby’s, where he had become a junior partner. Since his return from the Sudan, Chatwin had been unable to focus on his work. His disillusion over the degraded terms of his partnership, as he saw it, added to his growing frustration with antiquities. As well, he found himself becoming tangled in a plot to disperse the Pitt-Rivers collection. This unique collection of ethnographic art, including 240 works from Benin retrieved as bounty by British troops during an expedition in 1897, was stored at the Farnham Museum in Dorset (the more famous part of this collection had been given to the University of Oxford by Augustus Henry Lane Fox Pitt-Rivers, and is housed in the Pitt Rivers Museum which opened in 1884). Still mired in secrecy, the deal which saw their dispersal involved the tight circle of gentlemanly rogues who were Chatwin’s immediate bosses. Six months before he died, Chatwin focussed his rage against the Sotheby’s chairman: Chatwin claimed that he left Sotheby’s because he was being forced to sell the Pitt-Rivers collection "fraudulently" to American and other collectors.

In June 1966, Chatwin shocked colleagues at Sotheby’s by announcing his resignation to read archaeology at Edinburgh. Archaeology had interested him since his schooldays when his great-uncle, Philip Chatwin, a force behind the Birmingham Archaeological Society, had taken Chatwin on his excavations at Weoley Castle. From Sotheby’s, Chatwin would visit Hugh at Marlborough, especially to revisit West Kennet Long Barrow, Silbury Hill and the Avebury stone circle. The idea to study archaeology had been simmering ever since he had decided not to go up to Oxford. It had presented itself again in December 1965 on a visit to the Hermitage when he stood before the embalmed body of a Pasyryk chieftain who had been brought back to Leningrad in 1933 by the archaeologist Rudenko. On his return to London, Chatwin had borrowed Rudenko’s report from Robert Erskine, once an archaeologist at Cambridge, and began to look into archaeology degrees.

Cary Welch agreed to write to Stuart Piggott, Professor of Prehistoric Archaeology at Edinburgh. Their meeting at the end of May decided Chatwin.

He arrived in Edinburgh in high spirits. He was Scottish and coming back to his roots, the land of his forebears, the Bruces; and of his maternal grandmother, the gipsy-like Gaggie from Aberdeen. He was enrolled to study the discipline of his great-uncle Philip; the profession claimed by Robert Byron when he had sought admission to Mount Athos.

Archaeology was a 4-year course. It was arduous work. Bruce attended from ten to fifteen lectures a week, which went on till 7 in the evening; and was expected to write a weekly essay. Prescribed texts for his first term covered eighteen subjects, from the barbarian kingdoms of Western Europe to the uncertain frontiers of the Mongol horsemen. He also chose to learn Sanskrit.

But as at Sotheby’s, disillusionment set in. He was away from the bright lights; he had to work hard; and as an older student he did not fit in. Nor was archaeology the discipline he thought it was. As his friend Robert Erskine put it: "He went into archaeology thinking he’d be the next Howard Carter, walking into a room of Egyptian antiquities – and not spending his time with his bottom in the air, in the mud, groping around a megalithic site."

He would last two and a half of the four years; he described his period here as his "saison en enfer".

On November 1, Chatwin took a three-year lease on an apartment in the Royal Mile. While he studied, Elizabeth rented Lower Lodge at Ozleworth Park in order to oversee the renovations at Holwell Farm. In June 1967, after sitting his first year exams, Chatwin spent his long vacation excavating at Zàvist, south of Prague; from Czechoslovakia, he moved on to digs in Hungary, Rumania and Turkey.

He started his second year as the lone male on his course, which had slimmed from 41 students to 7. Also, a favourite lecturer, Charles Thomas, had left.

In the winter of 1967, Cary Welch recommended Chatwin to curate an Exhibition at the Asia House Gallery in New York devoted to the Nomadic Art of the Asian Steppes to be called "The Animal Style". The Exhibition was not to open until January 1970. Until that time Chatwin was expected to use his Sotheby’s training to contact museums and collectors and to gather the best examples of nomadic art. This was where he now directed his energies.

The Chatwins spent Christmas 1968 in Geneseo, but Chatwin did not reappear in Edinburgh. On 9 January, 1969, Piggott wrote: "Absolutely no news of Bruce Chatwin. He came to me in a great state last term saying he was £6,000 in debt owing to buying the Glos. house, wouldn’t take money from Elizabeth’s family & simply had to take a job… Shot off to London to investigate & hasn’t been heard of since." He did not return to Edinburgh.

Chatwin, "a compass without a needle" as one friend called him at this time, now replaced Piggott with a new guru. Peter Levi, the Jesuit priest and poet whom he known since Sotheby’s, was teaching in Oxford. A main topic of discussion was the introductory essay on nomadic art that Chatwin was contributing to the catalogue for the Asia House exhibition. Another topic was Afghanistan: Levi had been commissioned to write a travel book on the Greek influence in Afghanistan. He suggested that Chatwin come with him and take the photographs.

Fired by Levi’s example, Chatwin fastened on expanding his Asia House essay into a book: his proposed subject – "nomads here, there, past and present." He hoped that the book would shed light "on what is, for me, the question of questions: the nature of human restlessness." Through the poet Edward Lucie-Smith, he met the literary agent Deborah Rogers in London and she agreed to act for him. On 26 February 1969, Rogers submitted Chatwin’s proposal to Tom Maschler at Cape. On 13 March 1969, Maschler wrote to Chatwin: "I do just want to put into writing that I am convinced it will be an important book. Important in the way The Naked Ape was important..."

Chatwin had been writing The Nomadic Alternative, as the book was to be called, for almost three years and kept thinking that it was about to be done. But the end of the book was unreachable, "a Sysephean job" in Elizabeth’s words. He interrupted work on it to make research trips to Mauretania, Niger and Dahomey.

In the summer of 1972, Chatwin had a call from Francis Wyndham at the Sunday Times magazine and was offered a position, which he accepted, as adviser on Art. The job would start in November. On 25 July, he abandoned London for America, where the director James Ivory had lent him a clapboard cabin in Oregon. Here, goaded by the publication of Peter Levi’s account of their journey to Afghanistan, Chatwin determined to finish his nomad book once and for all.

On his return to England early in November, he delivered his manuscript to Deborah Rogers, who waded conscientiously through it. She found the writing leaden, the content plodding. She nevertheless sent it to Tom Maschler who read 50 or 60 pages and stopped. "They were completely sterile." Maschler told Chatwin his verdict face to face, saying maybe he should not be doing this. "I remember Bruce saying as he left: ‘I’ll think about it.’ I hoped I’d put him off."

Chatwin began work at the Sunday Times on 1 November, 1972. After three years of tussling with his nomad book, the magazine offered him a deadline and an audience. As a journalist, he would file from Paris (on the couturier Madeleine Vionnet, the artist Sonia Delaunay, the writer André Malraux); New York (on the Guggenheims); Moscow (on the collector George Costakis, the architect Konstantin Melnikov, the poet Osip Mandestam’s widow, Nadezhda); Vienna (on the animal psychologist Konrad Lorenz, the "Nazi-hunter" Simon Weisenthal); Upper Swabia (on the aesthete Ernst Jünger); Marseilles and Algeria (on Algerian migrant workers); Peru (on Maria Reiche and the Nazca Lines); India (on Mrs Gandhi, Shamdev the Wolf Boy). Many of these pieces would appear in his posthumous collection What Am I Doing Here. But he soon felt at the end of his tether with the magazine – "which we all felt was being wrecked from ‘above’."

On 1 October, 1974 Elizabeth’s father died. Chatwin flew out for the funeral in Geneseo. He had $3,500 expenses from the Sunday Times and was supposed to be writing a story on the Guggenheim family. On 2 November, "on the spur of the moment", he made a break for it and flew to South America. He wrote to Wyndham: "I am doing a story there for myself, something I have always wanted to write up."

In Lima, Chatwin stayed with his cousin Monica Barnett, the daughter of Charles Amherst Milward, a "spectacular adventurer" who ran away to sea and by 1897 had circumnavigated the world 49 times, before settling in the Chilean port of Punta Arenas, the southernmost city in the world, where he worked both as British and German consul. It was Milward who had sent back a salted scrap of giant sloth skin to his cousin, Chatwin’s grandmother, in Birmingham.

Already when in New York, at the instigation of the literary agent Gillon Aitken, Chatwin had outlined Milward’s story in a proposal for a book to be called "O Patagonia". The book Chatwin wanted to write would be "on Patagonia – and a lot more besides... The form of the book must be dictated by the journey itself. As it will be – to say the least – unpredictable, there is no point in even trying to guess what it will hold."

In Patagonia was published in England on 14 October, 1977 with an initial print run of 4,000 copies. Paul Theroux was one of the first enthusiastic reviewers, writing in The Times: "He has fulfilled the desire of all real travellers, of having found a place that is far and strange and seldom visited like the Land where the Jumblies live." Following publication in America, it won the 1979 E.M.Forster Award.

Chatwin’s next book was conceived as the biography of a nineteenth-century Brazilian slave-trader Francisco de Souza, who became rich from shipping Africans from Dahomey to his native port of Bahia. Chatwin’s struggle to write it took place against the background of his attempts to escape the binds of domesticity – during this period he became involved with an Australian, Donald Richards, a former stock-broker. After struggling with the historical narrative, "I decided to write a work of the imagination." The Viceroy of Ouidah was published on 23 October, 1980. Maschler sent a telegram to Chatwin: NO LIVING WRITERS WORK MEANS MORE TO ME THAN YOURS STOP EVERY GOOD WISH ON PUBLICATION DAY TOM. Overall the reception was one of rather qualified rapture, a feeling that Chatwin’s fascination with the grotesque had run away with him. The disappointing response accounted for the direction Chatwin now took: to retreat into the Hardy-like solidity of a story about "a pair of Welsh hill farmers, identical twins who have slept in their mother’s bed for the past 43 years."

In May 1980, Elizabeth ejected Chatwin from Holwell Farm. Their separation had become a fait accompli without any discussion, but as a Catholic she refused to divorce him. While his relationship with Elizabeth continued to disintegrate, Chatwin assembled material for his new book, returning to the area he loved best: the Welsh border country which he had discovered on school and family holidays. "The Welsh border I regard as one of the emotional centres of my life... It’s what Proust calls the soil on which I still may build." On the Black Hill would also draw on his country childhood at Brown’s Green Farm. Its publication in the autumn of 1982 was accompanied by a television programme on ITV’s South Bank Show. In November 1982, it won the Whitbread Prize in the first novel category, the judges appearing to overlook The Viceroy of Ouidah as a work of fiction.

Still fragile after an operation in St Thomas’s Hospital, Chatwin chose to recuperate as far as possible from England. On 19 December 1982 he gathered up the card index of The Nomadic Alternative and flew to Sydney. "... I planned to hole up somewhere in the desert, away from libraries and other men’s work, and take a fresh look at what they contained." His interest in nomads was revitalised by a meeting in Adelaide with the widow of the anthropologist Theodor Strehlow, who had lived and worked with Aboriginals in Central Australia. On 28 January, 1983, Chatwin turned up at her house wishing to purchase a copy of Strehlow’s Songs of Central Australia, a difficult book, long-ignored and virtually impossible to get hold of.

Kath Strehlow sold Chatwin an unbound proof. She also produced her husband’s daybooks and diaries for him to read. The next couple of hours defined Chatwin’s next three years. "I sat down, only for a morning," he said, "and I suddenly realised everything that I rather hoped these songlines would be, just were." He then flew to Alice Springs to study Strehlow’s book in situ and to test his theory. "I wanted to find how it worked."

On their visit to Ayer’s Rock a year later, Chatwin would tell Salman Rushdie: "I’ve been very unhappy lately and for a long time I couldn’t work out why, and then I suddenly realised it was because I missed my wife." In March 1983, he flew from Australia to Java, to meet the couturier Jaspar Conran, who had replaced Richards in his affections. On his return to Sydney, he telephoned Elizabeth from Sydney at her new house, Homer End, near Oxford, to say that Esquire magazine had offered him a commission "to go anywhere I want" – and asked her to suggest a place. She chose Nepal ("I’d never been there"). He paid for his airfare to Kathmandu by reading In Patagonia in six instalments for ABC radio.

Their month in the Himalayas marked the beginning of his rapprochement with Elizabeth. There was no further talk of separation. Chatwin used Homer End as a base and treated it as home.

Invited back to Australia for the 1994 Adelaide Festival, Chatwin stopped off in Pretoria to visit the palaeontologist Bob Brain. On 2 February, 1984, he accompanied Brain to the cave at Swartkrans in the Sterkfontein valley near Johannesburg. Brain’s classic text on early human behaviour was based on his excavations here. What happened on that day would reverberate in Chatwin’s mind for the remainder of his life. He wrote in his notebook: "Around 3.30 Bob came back from the dig with a piece of bone which he said was ‘highly suggestive’. Antelope long bone: which layered beige white on the exterior and black on the inside, broken in 2. With it were some flecked fragments – speckled with manganese staining. He had, he said, so often searched for use of fire… had so many false alarms, that one must always expect the worst. At the same time he was visibly excited." Brain’s discovery, which featured on the cover of Nature magazine, confirmed that Chatwin had been present at the discovery of man’s earliest use of fire.

After the Adelaide Festival, Chatwin and Salman Rushdie flew to Alice Springs where Chatwin introduced Rushdie to the characters who would reappear, without much disguise, in The Songlines. In November 1985, still suffering from a mysterious illness, he flew with Elizabeth back to Nepal, from there travelling to China and India. He continued to work hard on the book in a red sandstone fort 20 miles from Jodhpur. He determined to finish it before finding out what his illness was. He finally did so at Homer End, in August 1986, 17 years and 3 months after signing the initial contract.

The following week, while editing the manuscript in Zurich with his American editor, Elisabeth Sifton, Chatwin collapsed and was admitted to a clinic in Muhlebachstrasse "constantly coughing up and with acute diarrhoea", according to the report of the Swiss doctor who treated him. On 12 September, he was flown back to England and admitted to the Churchill Hospital in Oxford. On 26 September, the biopsy was taken and sent to the Radcliffe laboratory where it was identified as Penicillium marneffei, a mould fungus that is a natural pathogen of the bamboo rat in South Asia. The fungus is now known to be an AIDS defining illness, but in 1986, as Dr Richard Bull wrote in his report, it "has only been reported in Thai and Chinese farmers." The discovery cheered Chatwin, who metabolised his illness into something rich and strange.

From December 1986, he based himself when abroad at the Chateau de Seillans, an eleventh-century fort at the edge of a 60-foot cliff, belonging to Shirley Conran, the best-selling author and mother of Jasper.

On 28 May 1987, Tom Maschler sent a finished copy of The Songlines to Chatwin at Seillans. "Dear Bruce, Here it is. This is a fabulous book. Your best to date and that is saying something." It was published on 25 June 1987 and dedicated to Elizabeth. On 20 July, The Songlines reached Number 1 on the Sunday Times bestseller list. In October, Tom Maschler wrote to Bruce’s new agent Gillon Aitken: "You will not be surprised to hear that SL is, for me, one of the most wonderful books I have ever published and for it to have been at number one (ahead of the newly published Douglas Adams) is a high point in my publishing career."

During a miraculous period of remission Chatwin managed to complete Utz, but in March 1988 the fungus returned with new virulence, this time for good. Seventeen months after the possibility was first raised, a skin biopsy indicated that the spots on his face were "highly suspicious" of Kaposi sarcoma. On 29 April, one of the specialists at the Churchill Hospital described Chatwin as a "very nice 47-year old travel writer with AIDS." It had taken twenty months to establish once and for all what the clinic had initially suspected.

The fungus infected his brain. He was suffering from a toxic brain syndrome which began to manifest itself in hypomania. His non-stop talk, his grandiose schemes, his unrestrained buying sprees (which would require him to be sectioned), his wish to convert to the Greek Orthodox faith, his charitable trusts, threw those around him into turmoil. At the same time, his hypomania made him a concentrate of himself: someone funny, private, romantic, persuasive who believed fiercely in his own stories.

Utz was published on 22 September 1988. The novel was one of six shortlisted for the 1988 Booker Prize, along with Salman Rushdie’s The Satanic Verses. The prize was awarded to Peter Carey’s Oscar and Lucinda.

On 20 November 1988, Chatwin left England for the last time, returning to the Chateau de Seillans. He started making notes for his "Russian novel", but he was becoming daily more resistant to remedies. Among visitors were Werner Herzog, to whom he bequeathed his rucksack, and the composer Kevin Volans who played him the Songlines string quartet which had premiered at the Lincoln Centre in New York in November. The white fungus in Chatwin’s mouth made speaking difficult. He was incontinent, thin, exhausted by coughing. All he could say was: "Lovely."

He deteriorated fast. On 16 January, 1989 he was taken by ambulance to the state hospital in Nice where he died at 1.30 p.m. on Wednesday 18 January, four months short of his forty-ninth birthday.

On 20 January 1989, Elizabeth arranged for Chatwin to be cremated in Nice. "I had a Greek service at the crematorium and a service at my church in Watlington and a memorial service at the Greek Orthodox Cathedral of Santa Sophia in Bayswater, which everybody came to."

Scope and Content

The papers comprise A. Black moleskine diaries, 1969-88; B. Papers concerning Afghanistan, 1963-4, 1969; C. Notebooks concerning Chatwin's work at Sotheby's, [1965-6]; D. Early writings, 1965-8, n.d.; E. Papers concerning undergraduate archaeology studies at the University of Edinburgh, 1966-9; F. Notebooks concerning Chatwin's work as co-curator, with Emma Bunker and Ann Farkas; of the Animal Style exhibition, Asia House Gallery, New York, 1967; G. Papers concerning unpublished work 'The Nomadic Alternative', mainly c.1968-73; H. Journalism, 1970-86; I. Correspondence and papers concerning In Patagonia, 1974-8; J. Correspondence and papers concerning The Viceroy of Ouidah, [1973]-81; K. Papers concerning On the Black Hill, 1980-2; L. Papers concerning The Songlines, 1983-7; M. Papers concerning Utz, [1987-8]; N. Papers concerning What Am I Doing Here, [1988]; O. Last writings and papers, 1986-9; P. Works included in posthumous publication Anatomy of Restlessness: Unpublished Writings (1996); Q. Miscellaneous correspondence and papers, 1966-87, n.d.; R. Financial correspondence and papers, 1977-81; S. Correspondence and papers relating to July 1989 Sotheby's sale of Chatwin papers, July-Oct. 1989

Arrangement

The papers are arranged chronologically.

Custodial History

The papers were in the possession of Bruce and Elizabeth Chatwin with the exception of MSS. Eng. c. 7876-7, d. 4000-2 and e. 3744 which were given by Bruce Chatwin to Justine Tomlinson, c.1980. These papers formed lot 165 of the Sotheby's sale, July 1989, and were bought by Elizabeth Chatwin.

Acquisition

Deposited by Elizabeth Chatwin, Sept. 1991; MSS. Eng. c. 7876-7; d. 4000-2; e. 3744. were deposited, Oct. 1991; given, Dec. 2009.

Separated Material

A porcelain figurine, possibly a candle holder, is now JL890

Preferred Form of Citation

Oxford, Bodleian Library [followed by shelfmark and folio or page reference, e.g. MS. Eng. e. 3672, fol. 1)

Personal names (NCA RULES)

Chatwin | Charles Bruce | 1940-1989 | Writer

A   Black moleskine notebooks, 1969-88

Shelfmarks: MSS. Eng. d. 3951; e. 3672-712


Black moleskine notebook, concerning Chatwin's Afghanistan journey, [July-Oct.] 1969
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3672

Extent: 62 leaves

Scope and Content:

Includes notes by Elizabeth Chatwin of shopping lists, chores and recipes.


Blue hardcover diary, Dec. 1969-Feb. 1970
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3673

Extent: 99 leaves

Scope and Content:

Includes entries relating to a lunch in London with Noel Coward, Anne Fleming, Merle Oberon and Lady Diana Cooper; walking with John Mitchell in Prescelly Mountains; and notes on museums.


Black moleskine notebook, Feb.-Mar. 1970
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3674

Extent: 96 leaves

Scope and Content:

Includes notes for 'The Nomadic Alternative' and for The Sunday Times Magazine journalism.


Black moleskine notebook, Mar. 1970
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3675

Extent: 98 leaves

Scope and Content:

Includes notes for 'The Nomadic Alternative'.


Black moleskine notebook, Apr.-May 1971
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3676

Extent: 121 leaves

Scope and Content:

Includes notes for 'The Nomadic Alternative'.


Black moleskine notebook, Nov. 1971, Aug. 1975
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3677

Extent: 120 leaves

Scope and Content:

Includes notes for 'The Nomadic Alternative' and notes, Aug. 1975, for a proposed article on Butch Cassidy for The Sunday Times Magazine.


Black moleskine notebook, 1972
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3678

Extent: 95 leaves

Scope and Content:

Includes notes for 'The Nomadic Alternative' and journalism for The Sunday Times Magazine.


Black moleskine notebook, 1972-3
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3679

Extent: 79 leaves

Scope and Content:

Includes notes for 'The Nomadic Alternative' and journalism for The Sunday Times Magazine.


Black moleskine notebook, Apr.-May 1973
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3680

Scope and Content:

Includes notes for 'The Nomadic Alternative' and journalism for The Sunday Times Magazine.


Black moleskine notebook, Oct. 1973
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3681

Extent: 97 leaves

Scope and Content:

Includes notes relating to Chatwin's journey to Algeria for his article 'Fatal journey to Marseilles - North Africans in France' for The Sunday Times Magazine, Jan. 1974. The article was later included in What Am I doing Here under the title of 'The very sad story of Salah Bougrine'. Includes notes by Elizabeth Chatwin on Aures mountains.


Black moleskine notebook, 1973-4
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3682

Extent: 98 leaves

Scope and Content:

Includes notes for 'The Nomadic Alternative' and journalism for The Sunday Times Magazine.


Black moleskine notebook, [Mar. 1974], Jan.-Feb. 1975
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3683

Extent: 98 leaves

Scope and Content:

Includes notes for 'The Nomadic Alternative', [Mar. 1974] and In Patagonia.


Black moleskine notebook, Oct. 1974-Feb. 1975
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3684

Extent: 98 leaves

Scope and Content:

Includes notes, made in New York, on the Guggenheim family for The Sunday Times and notes for In Patagonia.


Black moleskine notebook, Dec. 1974-Jan. 1975
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3685

Extent: 96 leaves

Scope and Content:

Notes for In Patagonia.


Black moleskine notebook, 1974, 1977, 1981
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3686

Extent: 97 leaves

Scope and Content:

Includes notes for journalism for The Sunday Times Magazine.


Black moleskine notebook, Mar. 1976, Feb.-Apr. 1977
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3687

Extent: 97 leaves

Scope and Content:

Includes notes for The Viceroy of Ouidah.


Black moleskine notebook, July 1976, July 1979
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3688

Extent: 98 leaves

Scope and Content:

Includes notes for In Patagonia and notes taken in Paris, July 1979.


Black moleskine notebook, Jan.-Feb. 1977
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3689

Extent: 98 leaves

Scope and Content:

Includes notes for The Viceroy of Ouidah.


Black moleskine notebook, [Summer] 1978-June. 1979
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3690

Extent: 98 leaves

Scope and Content:

Includes notes for The Viceroy of Ouidah and on a dinner with Jacqueline Kennedy-Onassis during a visit to New York, Jan.-Feb. 1979.


Black moleskine notebook, Oct. 1978-Jan. 1979
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3691

Extent: 98 leaves

Scope and Content:

Includes notes on Ronda, Oct. 1978 and for The Viceroy of Ouidah.


Black moleskine notebook, Mar. 1979
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3692

Extent: 98 leaves

Scope and Content:

Includes notes made during a visit to Paris to address representatives of Grasset about a French king of Patagonia.


Black moleskine notebook, June 1979, July 1980, Mar. 1983
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3693

Extent: 98 leaves

Scope and Content:

Includes notes for The Viceroy of Ouidah and for The Songlines.


Black moleskine notebook, August 1979-December 1980
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3694

Extent: 99 leaves

Scope and Content:

Includes notes for On the Black Hill.


Black moleskine notebook, Jan.-Mar. 1980
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3695

Extent: 98 leaves

Scope and Content:

Includes notes for On the Black Hill.


Black moleskine notebook, July-Oct. 1980
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3696

Extent: 96 leaves

Scope and Content:

Includes notes for On the Black Hill.


Black moleskine notebook, Feb.-[Summer] 1981
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3697

Extent: 98 leaves

Scope and Content:

Includes notes for On the Black Hill.


Black moleskine notebook, [1981]
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3698

Extent: 97 leaves

Scope and Content:

Includes notes for On the Black Hill.


Black moleskine notebook, Mar.-Aug. 1982
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3699

Extent: 98 leaves

Scope and Content:

Includes notes for article 'Body Building Beautiful: Lisa Lyons and Robert Mapplethorpe' for The Sunday Times Magazine, Apr. 1983.


Black moleskine notebook, [May 1982?]
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3700

Extent: 98 leaves

Scope and Content:

Includes notes on trying to write 'The Nomadic Alternative'; for The Songlines; and on Konrad Lorenz.


Black moleskine notebook, [Summer] 1982-Jan. 1983
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3701

Extent: 97 leaves

Scope and Content:

Includes notes on for article 'The Volga' for The Observer Magazine, June 1984, and for The Songlines.


Black moleskine notebook, Feb.-Mar. 1983
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3702

Extent: 97 leaves

Scope and Content:

Includes notes for The Songlines.


Black moleskine notebook, Mar. 1983
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3703

Extent: 98 leaves `

Scope and Content:

Includes notes for The Songlines.


Black moleskine notebook, Apr.-May 1983
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3704

Extent: 98 leaves

Scope and Content:

Includes notes for The Songlines.


Black moleskine notebook, Sept.-Oct. 1983, Sept. 1984
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3705

Extent: 93 leaves

Scope and Content:

Includes notes for The Songlines.


Black moleskine notebook, Jan.-Mar. 1984
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3706

Extent: 97 leaves

Scope and Content:

Includes notes for The Songlines.


Black moleskine notebook, [1984?]
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3707

Extent: 98 leaves

Scope and Content:

Notes for The Songlines.


Black moleskine notebook, [early 1985-May 1986]
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3708

Extent: 98 leaves

Scope and Content:

Includes notes on the sinking of the Belgrano and for The Songlines.


Black moleskine notebook, May-Nov. 1985
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3709

Extent: 98 leaves

Scope and Content:

Includes notes on Athos, Hong Kong, and for The Songlines.


Black moleskine notebook, Feb.-July 1987
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3710

Extent: 98 leaves

Scope and Content:

Includes notes for the filming of Werner Herzog's Cobra Verde and for Utz.


Black moleskine notebook, [July 1987]
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3711

Extent: 93 leaves

Scope and Content:

Includes notes for Utz.


Black moleskine notebook, [1988]
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3712

Extent: 101 leaves

Scope and Content:

Includes notes for What Am I Doing Here.


Loose papers removed from black moleskine notebooks, mainly n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 3951

Extent: 19 leaves

Scope and Content:

Comprises

  • (fol. 1) removed from MS. Eng. e. 3672, fol. 62
  • (fol. 2) removed from MS. Eng. e. 3685, fol. 96
  • (fol. 3) removed from MS. Eng. e. 3686, fol. 4
  • (fol. 4) removed from MS. Eng. e. 3688, fol. 67
  • (fol. 5) removed from MS. Eng. e. 3691, fol. 97
  • (fol. 6) removed from MS. Eng. e. 3692, fol. 90
  • (fol. 7) removed from MS. Eng. e. 3693, fol. 97
  • (fol. 8) removed from MS. Eng. e. 3699, fol. 17
  • (fols. 9-10) removed from MS. Eng. e. 3699, fol. 98
  • (fol. 11) removed from MS. Eng. e. 3701, fol. 96
  • (fols. 12-13) removed from MS. Eng. e. 3702, fol. 97
  • (fols. 14-15) removed from MS. Eng. e. 3706, fol. 47
  • (fol. 16) removed from MS. Eng. e. 3706, fol. 93
  • (fol. 17) removed from MS. Eng. e. 3708, fol. 28
  • (fol. 18) removed from MS. Eng. e. 3709, fol. 90
  • (fol. 19) removed from MS. Eng. e. 3710, fol. 10

B   Papers concerning Afghanistan, 1963-4, 1969, n.d.

Shelfmarks: MSS. Eng. c. 7834; d. 3952-5; e. 3713-17


Notes and research material, 1963-9
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7834

Scope and Content:

Comprises

  • Notes, extracted from notebooks, concerning a visit to Mr A., an art dealer in Beirut, 2 Sept. 1963. Also used for The Songlines.
  • Notes and description of Peshawar Club from 1963 visit with Robert Erskine.
  • Leaflet on Taxila, Pakistan, 1962, obtained during 1963 visit with Robert Erskine or during 1964 visit with David Nash.
  • Map of Peshawar and surrounds.
  • Notes on Prince Burhan-ud-Din, Chitral, 4 Sept. 1964. Also used for The Songlines.
  • Guide to Chitral, n.d.
  • Notes on Afghanistan, 1969
  • Notes on the Nouh Goumbald mosque in Balkh from 1969 visit with Peter Levi.
  • Notes, extracted from notebooks, on Chackcharan, Sharak, the journey to and village of Jam, and the Minaret and city of Firuzkuh from 1969 visit with Peter Levi.
  • Notes, extracted from notebooks, on Istalif, 7 July 1969; Turbat-i-Sheik Jam, 8 Sept. 1963; Near Meshed, 8 Sept. 1963; Kabul bird bazaar, 17 Aug. 1969; Heart Clothes bazaar, 12 Sept. 1963; Chitral, 4 Sept. 1964; and Chitral, 7 Oct. 1964
  • Photocopy of notes, extracted from notebooks, on Istalif, 7 July 1969; Turbat-i-Sheik Jam, 8 Sept. 1963; Near Meshed, 8 Sept. 1963; Kabul bird bazaar, 17 Aug. 1969; Heart Clothes bazaar, 12 Sept. 1963; Chitral, 4 Sept. 1964; and Chitral, 7 Oct. 1964
  • Proposal titled 'On the Silk Road' for a book on Chatwin's three visits to Afghanistan.

Notebook concerning visit to Istanbul, Egypt, Beirut, Iran, and Afghanistan with Robert Erskine, 1963
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 3952

Extent: 102 leaves

Notebook concerning visit to Afghanistan with David Nash, Aug./Sept. 1964
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 3953

Scope and Content:

Includes notes on the tomb of Jahangir in Pakistan; visit to Chiga Serai; and meeting with Wali Jahn.


Blue Azmat notebook concerning visit to Afghanistan with David Nash, Sept. 1964
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3713

Extent: 104 leaves

Notebook concerning visit to Afghanistan with Peter Levi, July 1969
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3714

Notebook concerning visit to Afghanistan with Peter Levi, July-Aug. 1969
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3715

Notebook concerning visit to Afghanistan with Peter Levi, Aug.-Sept. 1969
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3716

Notebook concerning visit to Afghanistan with Peter Levi, Sept. 1969
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3717

Blue Concorde notebook, n.d., containing notes on Peregrine Hudson, author of Under a Sickle Moon: A Journey Through Afghanistan
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 3954

Loose papers removed from Afghanistan notebooks, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 3955

Extent: 3 leaves

Scope and Content:

Comprises

  • (fol. 1) removed from MS. Eng. d. 3952, fol. 98
  • (fols. 2-3) removed from MS. Eng. e. 3713, fol. 43

C   Notebooks concerning Chatwin's work at Sotheby's, [1965-6]

Shelfmarks: MSS. Eng. d. 3956-7


Notebook, [1965-6] of notes and drawings for Chatwin's article 'The Bust of Sekhmet' for Ivory Hammer 4: The Year at Sotheby's & Parke-Bernet, 1965-6
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 3956

Scope and Content:

Includes notes on archaeology reading from Chatwin's first term at the University of Edinburgh, Oct. 1966.


Notebook containing names and addresses of friends and dealers, c.1966
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 3957

D   Early writings, 1965-8, n.d.

Shelfmarks: MSS. Eng. c. 7835; e. 3718


Notebook, c.1962, 1965, containing unpublished draft story 'Rotting Fruit'
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3718

Scope and Content:

Includes reading notes on nomads, mainly Colin Turnbull's Wayward Servants: The Two Worlds of the African Pygmies (1965).


Early writings, c.1968, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7835

Scope and Content:

Comprises

  • Draft, c.1968, botanical essay on the flowers of Greece. Some of the draft is paginated but other leaves are not and may represent an alternative draft version
  • Draft short story 'Milk', later published in The London Magazine, Aug.-Sept. 1977. Also later included in Anatomy of Restlessness: Uncollected Writings (1996).
  • Draft short story 'Until My Blood is Pure', n.d.
  • Briefly annotated news cutting of 'Until My Blood is Pure' published in Bananas, 1977
  • Photocopy of annotated news cutting, differing from the above, of 'Until My Blood is Pure' published in Bananas, 1977
  • Incomplete draft of story on George Brady, type-writer salesman, n.d.
  • Three draft versions of short story 'Bedouins', n.d. Later included in Anatomy of Restlessness: Uncollected Writings (1996).

E   Papers concerning undergraduate archaeology studies at the University of Edinburgh, 1966-9

Shelfmarks: MSS. Eng. d. 3958-67; e. 3719


Notebook containing lecture notes and drawings, Oct. 1966
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 3958 [32/12]

Extent: 104 leaves

Notebook containing reading notes, Oct. 1966
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 3959 [32/11]

Extent: 106 leaves

Notebook containing notes on Sanskrit, 1966/7
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 3960 [32/5]

Extent: 77 leaves

Notebook containing Sanskrit exercises and essay notes, May 1967
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 3961

Tracing block of 5 ink drawings of Bulgarian fragments, [Aug. 1967]
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 3962

Pamphlet on Tumulus of Vraca, 1966
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 3963

Scope and Content:

Obtained by Chatwin during his visit to Bulgaria, Aug. 1967.


Archaeological diary of journey through Turkey, with drawings and descriptions of museums, Sept. 1967
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 3964

Notebook containing drawings of objects from visit to Central Europe, 1967
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 3965

Extent: 79 leaves

Scope and Content:

Includes diary entries for 11 Aug. 1967 in Orastie, Rumania; and 19 Aug. in Hittite settlement of Alaca Höyük, Turkey; also notes and drawings from Banat; and notes on Neolithic pottery in Bucharest Museum and Plodiv Museum, Bulgaria.


Notebook containing notes and drawings of nomadic objects from museums, [1967/8]
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 3966

Extent: 77 leaves

Scope and Content:

Includes Chatwin's definition of archaeology.


Notebook containing notes and drawings from archaeological and ethnographical museums in Poland and Russia, [July 1968]
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3719

Scope and Content:

Relates to visit with Stuart Piggott, Ruth Tringham, and George Ortiz.


Loose papers removed from Edinburgh notebooks, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 3967

Extent: 12 leaves

Scope and Content:

Comprises

  • (fol. 1) removed from MS. Eng. d. 3958, fol. 104
  • (fol. 2) removed from MS. Eng. d. 3959, fol. 106
  • (fol. 3) removed from MS. Eng. d. 3960, fol. 32
  • (fols. 4-9) removed from MS. Eng. d. 3965, fol. 79
  • (fols. 10-12) removed from MS. Eng. d. 3966, fol. 77

F   Notebooks concerning Chatwin's work as co-curator, with Emma Bunker and Ann Farkas, of the Animal Style exhibition, Asia House Gallery, New York, 1967

Shelfmarks: MSS. Eng. d. 3968; e. 3720-1


Notebook containing notes and drawings on animal style objects in Musee de St Germain; Louvre; and Rath Museum, Geneva, Sept. [1967?]
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 3968

Scope and Content:

Includes reading notes on animal style and Scythians.


Notebook containing notes and drawings of nomadic objects from Czech and other museums, 1967
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3720

Notebook marked "The Walkabout" containing reading notes on nomads and shamans, mainly 1968-9
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3721

G   Papers concerning unpublished work 'The Nomadic Alternative', mainly c.1968-73

G.1   Research material and notes

Shelfmarks: MSS. Eng. c. 7836; e. 3722-4


Research material and notes, mainly c. 1968-73
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7836

Scope and Content:

Comprises

  • Details of Byzantine book, n.d.
  • Photocopy of article "The Gaucho and the city" by Jorge Louis Borges from The New Republic, May 1982.
  • Photocopy of article "The Nomadic Idea and Ideal in the Old Testament' by John W. Flight from the Journal of Biblical, n.d.
  • Photocopy of entry in the Tower of Babel from The Jewish Encyclopaedia, n.d.
  • Photocopy of article 'Essai sur les variations saisonières des sociétés eskimos' by M. Mauss from L' Anée Sociologique (1906).
  • Photocopy of 'Les Nimadi, Maures Sauvages et Chasseurs' by Paul Marty, n.d.
  • Photocopy of article 'Monachisme et Pérégrination du IX Au XII Siécle' by Jean Leclercq, n.d.
  • Photocopy of article 'Le Pelerinage Penitentiel' by Cyrille Vogel, n.d.
  • Notes on nomads.
  • Notes from books, including notes on Prester John, on rocking baby, and on "the curse of language".
  • Notes mainly concerning primates.
  • Notes mainly concerning cannibalism and eating, including notes on "nomadic dependence on bread".
  • Transcription of Irish Nature poetry.
  • Quotations from Eliade, The Sacred and the Profane.
  • Quotations on nomad invasions, including from Montgomery Watt, Mohammed at Mecca, and Ibn Khaldun.
  • Notes on C.J. Popp Serboianu, Les Tsiganes, and animal migration.
  • Notes and quotations on Marxism, Freud, Lovejoy and Boas.
  • Notes on Niger.
  • Notes on Avaton and The Egalitarian State of Nature.
  • Notes from books, c. 1968.

Card index of research notes A-G, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3722
Arrangement:

Alphabetical



Card index of research notes H-P, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3723
Arrangement:

Alphabetical



Card index of research notes R-Z, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3724

Scope and Content:

Includes an incomplete series of notes on numbered cards commencing "Illiteracy of True Travellers"; and miscellaneous notes made on address cards of the Earl of Rosse.

Arrangement:

Alphabetical


G.2   Notebooks

Shelfmarks: MSS. Eng. d. 3969-71; e. 3725-31


Notebook containing notes on nomadism, c.1971
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3725

Scope and Content:

Includes notes on hunters and gatherers, doodles, and lists of titles.


Notebook containing notes on nomadism, c.1971/2
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3726

Scope and Content:

Includes reading notes and reminders of Chatwin's theme.


Notebook containing notes on visit to Niger, [Jan. 1972]
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3727

Scope and Content:

Includes notes on reading; Birni-N'Konni; Bororo Peuls; Agades; I-n-Azal; Tahoua; Zinder; Tanout; "the Morality of Things"; Toureg; Peul; Hausa; Djema's; and drawings of huts and tribal objects.


Notebook containing notes on visits to Niger, Dahomey and Cameroon, Jan.-Feb. 1972
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3728

Scope and Content:

Includes notes on reading; visit of French President Pomidou to Niger; Tahoua; Togolese band; market at Barmou for a documentary film that Chatwin was making for Vaughan films; Birni-N'Knonni; train journey to Abomey, Dahomey; Parakou; notes on the King of Dahomey's palace at Abomey; voodoo dance; Cotonou; Ouidah; Doula, Cameroon; and Djang.


Notebook containing notes on visits to Doula, Cameroon and Dahomey, Feb.-Mar. 1972
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3729

Scope and Content:

Includes notes on nomad reading; meeting with a man who inspired Chatwin's story 'Until My Blood is Pure'; Fumbot; Baigom; flight from Douala to Contonou; Hounon Dagbo, chief fetisheur in Ouidah; on slaver Francisco Felix da Souza and the slave trade with Brazil; "Madam Martine" for short story 'Milk'; and drawings of tribal objects.


Notebook containing notes on visit to West Africa, 1972
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3730

Extent: 96 leaves

Scope and Content:

Includes notes on Barmou market, Niger, for Chatwin's documentary film for Vaughan films; nomad reading material; "New notes for the Journey"; language; and Eskimos.


Notebook containing notes on visit to West Africa, [1972]
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3731

Scope and Content:

Includes reading notes on Ouidah, [1972?] and notes concerning travel and markets, possibly for Chatwin's documentary film on Barmou market, Niger, for Vaughan films, Feb. 1972; and on Hounon Dago, voodoo chief in Ouidah.


Notebook containing reading notes on Buddha and the Koran, [c.1972]
Shelfmark: MS. Eng d. 3969

Notebook containing reading notes on religion and Islam, [c.1972]
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 3970

Notebook containing reading notes on Colin Turnbull, F. Barth, Thomas Traherne, and Yaghans, [c.1972]
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 3971

G.3   Drafts, c.1968-73

Shelfmarks: MSS. Eng. c. 7837-8; d. 3972


Various draft pieces, c.1968-73
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7837

Scope and Content:

Comprises

  • "Introduction" on "true nomad".
  • Draft passages.
  • Incomplete essay 'The Nomadic Alternative' commencing "Recently - and to the amusement of my friends - I have been looking at some of the nomad peoples".
  • Incomplete essay 'The Nomadic Alternative' commencing "Diogenes the Cynic said that men first crowded into cities to escape the fury of those outside".
  • Opening page of draft 'Diogenes and Alexander'.

Notebook containing draft essay 'Diogenese and Alexander', n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 3972

Scope and Content:

Possibly also used for The Songlines.


Unpublished draft of 'The Nomadic Alternative', 1972
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7838

H   Journalism, 1970-86

H.1   Articles and related research papers and notes, 1970-86, n.d.

Shelfmarks: MS. Eng. c. 7839


Articles and related research papers and notes, 1970-86, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7839

Scope and Content:

Comprises

  • Article 'It's a Nomad Nomad NOMAD world', Vogue, Dec. 1970
  • Article 'Timbuctoo', published as 'Gone to Timbuctoo', Vogue, 1970, and later reprinted in Vogue Bedside Book edited by Jonathan Ross, 1984. Also later included in Anatomy of Restlessness: Uncollected Writings.
  • Article 'The Mechanics of Nomad Invasions', History Today, May 1972
  • Caption to Chatwin's photograph of Mauretanian iron shack for The Sunday Times Magazine, 1972
  • Review "The road to the isles" of Robert Louis Stevenson by James Pope-Hennessy in The Times Literary Supplement, Oct. 1974
  • Pamphlet The Man's Relation to Man: Program of The Harry Frank Guggenheim Foundation. Used as research for article on the Guggenheim family for The Sunday Times Magazine, Oct./Nov. 1974
  • The Sunday Times Magazine containing article 'On the Road with Mrs Gandhi', Aug. 1978, with typescript copy of a telegram from Chatwin to Ron Hall concerning Indira Gandhi, n.d.
  • Review 'In Natasha's trunk' of The Russian Album by Michael Ignatieff for The New York Review of Books, Sept. 1987
  • Proofs of review 'The anarchists of Patagonia' of Los Vengadores de la Patagonia by Osvaldo Bayer for The Times Literary Supplement, Dec. 1976
  • Review 'The anarchists of Patagonia' of Los Vengadores de la Patagonia by Osvaldo Bayer for The Times Literary Supplement, Dec. 1976
  • Note listing Chatwin's articles for The Sunday Times Magazine articles, c.1978
  • Review 'Abel the Nomad' of Desert, Marsh and Mountain by Alfred Thesiger for The London Review of Books, Nov. 1979
  • Review 'An aesthete at war' of Diaries, volumes I-III by Ernst Jünger, edited by Christian Bourgois for The New York Review of Books, Mar. 1981
  • Article 'Donald Evans' for The New York Review of Books, May 1981
  • Draft article 'Lisa Lyons' [published as 'Body Building Beautiful: Lisa Lyons and Robert Mapplethorpe'] in The Sunday Times Magazine, Apr. 1983?]
  • Article 'An Eye and Somebody' in Lady: Lisa Lyon by Robert Mapplethorpe (1983).
  • Article 'A place to hang your hat', for House and Garden, 1984
  • Article 'Les Apocalypses', for Lettre Internationale, Winter, 1984/5
  • Article 'Rock's world', for The New York Times Magazine, Mar. 1986
  • Proofs of article on Konstantin Melnikov for House and Garden, Jan. 1988
  • Article 'The last hunters of the Sahara: The nemadi of Mauretania' for an unidentified publication, with notes on nemadi, n.d.
  • Lecture, delivered in Barcelona[?] and possibly unpublished in English[?], 'Muerte de las Vanguardia?', n.d.
  • Article 'The Family of Christ' for unidentified publication, n.d.

H.2   Papers concerning Konrad Lorenz, [1971?]-1979

Shelfmarks: MSS. Eng. c. 7840; d. 3973


Correspondence and papers concerning research on Konrad Lorenz, [1971?]-1979
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7840

Scope and Content:

Chatwin wrote an article, 1971, on Lorenz but it is not clear whether it was ever published. He then interviewed Lorenz for The Sunday Times Magazine, 1974. In Dec. 1979 he reviewed Lorenz's The Year of the Greylag Goose for The New York Review of Books.. Chatwin also included a section on Lorenz in The Songlines.

Comprises

  • Unpublished article 'Excavating Lorenz', 1971
  • Correspondence with Lorenz to arrange interview for The Sunday Times Magazine, May-July 1974
  • Notes on Lorenz, 1974
  • Incomplete annotated photocopy of draft of article 'Man the Aggressor' for The Sunday Times Magazine, Dec. 1974
  • Article 'Konrad Lorenz's Ethological Theory, 1939-1943: 'Explanations' of Human Thinking, Feeling and Behaviour' by Theo J. Kalikow, 1976
  • Annotated page from draft of review of Lorenz's The Year of the Greylag Goose for The New York Review of Books, Dec. 1979
  • Proofs of review of Lorenz's The Year of the Greylag Goose for The New York Review of Books, Dec. 1979
  • Notes on Lorenz, n.d.
  • Notes, possibly on Lorenz's 1942 paper 'Innate Forms of Possible Experience', n.d.
  • Notes, arranged in sections, possibly relating to Lorenz's 1942 paper 'Innate Forms of Possible Experience', n.d.
  • Notes on Lorenz, n.d.
  • Photocopy of article on Lorenz by unidentified author in unidentified publication, n.d.
  • Bill for Hotel Universo, n.d.

Notebook containing notes for unpublished article 'Excavating Lorenz', [1971]
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 3973

Scope and Content:

Includes notes on Aboriginals for 'The Nomadic Alternative'.

H.3   Notebooks, 1973

Shelfmarks: MSS. Eng. d. 3974; e. 3732


Notebook labelled "Vehicles of Immortality" containing notes for article 'Heavenly Horses' for The Sunday Times Magazine, Sept. 1973
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 3974

Notebook, Oct. 1973 containing notes on visit to Algeria for article 'Fatal journey to Marseilles - North Africans in France', Jan. 1974
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3732

Scope and Content:

The article was later included in What Am I doing Here under the title of 'The very sad story of Salah Bougrine'. Includes notes by Elizabeth Chatwin on Aures mountains.

I   Correspondence and papers concerning In Patagonia, 1974-8

I.1   Proposal

Shelfmarks: MS. Eng. d. 3975


Proposal and essay 'Patagonia: The final capes of exile', Oct. 1974, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 3975

Scope and Content:

Comprises

  • Proposal, written at the request of literary agent Gillon Aitken, for In Patagonia, Oct. 1974
  • Essay 'Patagonia: The final capes of exile', n.d.

I.2   Research material and notes, [1974-7]

Shelfmarks: MSS. Eng. b. 2153-4; c. 7841


Research material, [1974-7]
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. b. 2153

Scope and Content:

Comprises

  • Photocopy of chapter 'The Newton of Biology' from The Biological Revolution.
  • Photocopy of chapter, in Spanish, on Colonel Varela from unidentified publication.
  • Photocopy of chapter on Thomas Bridges and Yaghans from unidentified publication.
  • Photocopied chapters 'Sarmienton, Cavendish and John Davis', 'Darwin and the Death of a Nation' ,and 'Appendix XXIII: The Albatross' from Cape Horn from unidentified publication.
  • Photocopied chapters 'The agrarian question', 'The Anarchists', and the 'Anarcho-Syndicalists' from unidentified publication.
  • Article, June 1969, from La Prensa Austral concerning the mylodon cave at Cape Esperanza.
  • Articles, 1962-4, 'Memento sur le Royaume D Arcaucanie Patagonie' by Michel Georges G. de Sart.
  • Photocopied articles from Argentina Austral on Carlos and Florentino Ameghino; the last chief of the Tehuelche indians; Patagonian pioneer Don Ernesto von Heinz; the towns of San Julian and Esquel; Martin Sheffield; the Fuegian Indians; and Antoine de Sainte-Exupery.
  • Photocopy of chapter of Captain Byron's journal from Byron's Circumnavigation.
  • Photocopy of chapter 'The Patagonia Giants' by Helen Wallis from Byron's Circumnavigation.

Research material, [1974-7]
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. b. 2154

Scope and Content:

Comprises

  • Photocopy of chapter 'The Auroras and other doubtful islands' from unidentified publication.
  • Photocopied extracts from 'The English voyages', Hakluyt, vol. XI, on John Winter and Lopez Vaz.
  • Photocopied extracts from Pigafetta's First Voyage Around the World, vol. I, edited by J.A. Robertson.
  • Photocopied extract from unidentified publication concerning a Spanish voyage to Patagonia.
  • Photocopy of chapter 'The Araucanians' by John M. Cooper from South American Indians.
  • Photocopies of articles 'A Lordly imposter: Louis de Rougemont'; 'De Rougemont right after all: Amazing new light on the great mystery' by Elliot Bailey from The World Wide Magazine; and 'The truth about Louis de Rougemont' by Victor Pitt-Kethley from The World Wide Magazine.
  • Three printed Christmas cards from Prince Philippe d'Araucanie.
  • Photocopied chapters from French biographies of de Tounens.
  • Article 'Leaders of modern science: Sir Arthur Smith Woodward' by T.C. Bridges.
  • Photocopied articles, mainly in Spanish, on mylodon.
  • Photocopy of letter, Apr. 1903, concerning Albert Conrad's discovery of mylodon.
  • Photocopy of chapter 'Additional information on the findings in the Mylodon cave at Ultima Esperanz' by Marttti Salmi from unidentified publication.
  • Pencil drawing on tracing paper of dinosaur "Woodbine-Parrish-Glypton", possibly from La Plata museum.
  • Hymn Canto A Lewis Jones Fundador de Trelew by Gonzalo Delfino.
  • Poem El Ultimo Tehuelche by Gonzalo Delfino.
  • Map of Mar del Plata.
  • Letter, Sept. 1976, to Chatwin from Joan Saunders enclosing research on the wills of George Capell-Coningsby, 5th Earl of Essex, and his wife Catherine, Countess of Essex; and a letter, Sept. 1976, in Spanish, from Emilio F. Gonzalez Diaz.
  • Letter to Chatwin from Kerry Ross Boren concerning research on the name Capel, Jan. 1977
  • Letter to Chatwin from Joan Saunders enclosing research on the name Capel, May 1977
  • Photocopy of article 'The Welsh in Patagonia: An example of nationalistic migration' by John E. Baur.

Notes, [1974-7]
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7841

Scope and Content:

Comprises

  • Miscellaneous pencil notes on Patagonia.
  • Notes on Argentinean gaucho.
  • Notes of interviews in Welsh Patagonia, Gaiman and Esquel, early 1975.
  • Notes of reading material.
  • Notes on the 1921 anarchist uprising in Rio Gallegos.
  • Notes on Ernest Hobbs, the 1921 uprising, acknowledgment of sources used, and answers, Nov. 1976, from Joan Saunders to Chatwin's research queries on Welsh phrases and Edmund Heller.

I.3   Notebooks, 1975, n.d.

Shelfmarks: MSS. Eng. e. 3733-6


Notebook, [c.Feb. 1975]
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3733

Extent: 103 leaves

Scope and Content:

Includes notes on Rio Gallegos uprising, 1921; Charles Milward in Punta Arenas; Cueva Eberhard; travel notes, 18 Feb. 1975, barber Jose Ransilla; reading notes on revolt in Puerto Natales; Shackelton's visit to Punta Arenas; travel notes and diary concerning Punta Arenas; Buenos Aires; reading notes on the Sundance Kid; and travel notes on Arroyo Pescado and Welsh in Patagonia.


Notebook, Mar. 1975
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3734

Extent: 73 leaves

Scope and Content:

Includes notes on mylodon; the mylodon cave and Captain Eberhard; Leslie Greer; notes in Spanish; Estancia of Cerro Castillo, Ultimo Esperanza, Chile, Mar. 1975; Puerto Natales, Punta Arenas; Hotel Ritz; Indian killing and Ernest Hobbs; Charles Milward and Dresden; Pancho Campos Menendez; local historian Mateo Martinic; and Tierra del Fuego, Estancia Gente Grande.


Notebook, [c.Oct. 1975]
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3735

Extent: 69 leaves

Scope and Content:

Includes notes on Maria Reiche and Nazca lines for Chatwin's article 'The Riddle of the Pampa' for The Sunday Times Magazine, Oct. 1975; transcriptions of Charles Milward's letters from Monica Barnett's collection; and notes on Butch Cassidy and Wilson and Evans.

Probably also later used in research for What Am I Doing Here.


Loose papers removed from In Patagonia notebooks, [1975]
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3736

Extent: 6 leaves

Scope and Content:

Comprises

  • (fol. 1) removed from MS. Eng. e. 3733, fol. 12
  • (fol. 2) removed from MS. Eng. e. 3733, fol. 53
  • (fol. 3) removed from MS. Eng. e. 3733, fol. 58
  • (fol. 4) removed from MS. Eng. e. 3733, fol. 103
  • (fol. 5) removed from MS. Eng. e. 3734, fol. 42
  • (fol. 6) removed from MS. Eng. e. 3735, fol. 61

I.4   Correspondence and papers concerning Charles Milward, 1975-8

Shelfmarks: MS. Eng. c. 7842


Correspondence and papers concerning Charles Milward, 1975-8
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7842

Scope and Content:

Comprises

  • Photocopy of handwritten version of Milward's journal.
  • Photocopy of typescript version of Milward's journal.
  • Photocopy of letter to Milward, from unidentified correspondent, appraising his work.
  • Notes on Milward and mylodon.
  • Draft 'Charlie the sailor'.
  • Draft 'Entertainments aboard'.
  • Draft 'Consul and churchwarden'.
  • Draft 'Punta Arenas'.
  • Draft 'War'.
  • Correspondence with Monica Barnett concerning Milward, May 1975-June 1978, with a letter to Chatwin from Summit Books concerning publicity for the American edition of In Patagonia, Nov. 1977; and a letter to Chatwin from Charles Chatwin concerning Monica Barnett, Dec. 1977

I.5   Papers concerning Butch Cassidy, [c.1975-9]

Shelfmarks: MS. Eng. b. 2155


Papers concerning Butch Cassidy, [c.1975-9]
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. b. 2155

Scope and Content:

Comprises

  • Photocopy of letter, Aug. 1902, from Butch Cassidy, in Cholila, to Mathilda Davis.
  • Photocopies of articles concerning Butch Cassidy from Spanish language newspapers and magazines; with a photocopy of article 'Sangre en Munoz Gamero' by Enrique Wegmann Hansen.
  • Photocopies of letters relating to the Pinkerton Detective Agency and Butch Cassidy; with a photocopy of a letter, Apr. 1972, to Kerry Ross Boren from ? Hutchens concerning Butch Cassidy; and photocopies of articles relating to Butch Cassidy.
  • Photocopy of article 'Butch Cassidy never held up a train' from The Westerners Brand Book, June 1964
  • Photocopies of correspondence between Frank O'Grady and Lula Parker Betenson concerning Butch Cassidy, 1970-2
  • Photocopy of paper by Frank Dimaio concerning a possible sighting of Butch Cassidy and other outlaws in Chubut, Mar. 1903
  • Photocopy of article 'Butch Cassidy' by Arthur Chapman from The Elks Magazine, Apr. 1930
  • Photocopy of article 'El mayor Mateo Gebhard, Jefe de la "Policia fronteriza" de Chubut' by Baily Willis from Argentina Austral, n.d.
  • Photocopy of letter to James [Horan?] from [Frank Dimaio], June 1949, concerning Butch Cassidy.
  • Photocopy of chapter concerning Butch Cassidy from an unidentified publication.
  • Transcription, in Spanish, of material relating to Butch Cassidy.
  • Notes concerning Butch Cassidy.
  • Letter to Chatwin from Kerry Ross Boren concerning George Capel and Butch Cassidy, June 1977
  • Drafts of 'Butch Cassidy as gaucho'.
  • Draft 'The tricksters'.

I.6   Drafts and proofs, [1976-8]

Shelfmarks: MSS. Eng. c. 7843-4; d. 3976-8


Drafts of chapters, with some research notes, labelled 'Fireland', n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7843

Scope and Content:

Comprises

  • 'On crossing over into Fireland'.
  • 'Simon Radowitsky in the house of the dead'.
  • 'The horticulturalist'.
  • 'The red pig'.
  • 'Of the hunters'.
  • 'The track across the mountains'.
  • 'At Paso Roballos'.
  • Notes and quotations from books.
  • 'The Estancia Jose Menendez'; further draft work concerning Jose Menendez.
  • Notes on Charles Darwin and The Beagle and the capture of Fuegians.
  • 'The kidnapper'.
  • 'A question of observing'.
  • 'A revolution in exile'.
  • 'Tierra del Fuego'.
  • Notes on hunters and gatherers.
  • Draft passages concerning the Yaghens.

Various draft extracts, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7844

Scope and Content:

Comprises

  • Annotated photocopies of various extracts from first draft chapters 24, 45, 50, 83, and 94.
  • Draft chapter 'A kingdom in exile'.
  • Draft chapter 'Idle days in Punta Arenas'; with notes on Rio Gallegos; Cape Fairweather; Thomas Bridges; Captain Weddell; John Narborough; and the albatross.
  • Note of corrections.

"1st draft In Patagonia", n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 3976

Scope and Content:

With unidentified extracts at the end of the draft and notes on Tehuelches.


Late annotated typescript draft, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7845

Scope and Content:

With unidentified extracts at the end of the draft and miscellaneous handwritten notes.


Setting copy, 1977
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 3977

Proofs, [1978]
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 3978

I.7   Correspondence, Feb. 1977-Aug. 1979, n.d.

Shelfmarks: MS. Eng. d. 3979


Correspondence, Feb. 1977-Aug. 1979, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 3979

Scope and Content:

Comprises letters to Chatwin from

  • Belinda Foster-Melliar, Jonathan Cape Ltd. copy-editor, 11 Feb. 1977
  • Tom Maschler, Jonathan Cape Ltd. publisher, 14 Oct. 1977.
  • His father Charles Chatwin, 17 Oct. 1977
  • Cary Welch, 19 Oct. 1977
  • His wife Elizabeth Chatwin, 22 Oct. 1977
  • Marilyn Edwards, Jonathan Cape Ltd., 24 Oct. 1977
  • Tom Maschler, 25 Oct. 1977
  • Francis Wyndham, 25 Oct. 1977
  • Patrick Trevor-Roper, 26 Oct. 1977
  • Joan Saunders, 26 Oct. 1977
  • Vivien Halben, 1 Nov. 1977
  • Tom Maschler, Jonathan Cape Ltd. publisher, 4 Nov. 1977, enclosing a complaint about the section on Ernesto Hobbs from Hobbs's granddaughter, Mary Johnson, 2 Nov. 1977
  • Joan Saunders, 10 Nov. 1977
  • His father Charles Chatwin, 16 Nov. 1977
  • Georgina Howell, Vogue features editor, 30 Nov. 1977
  • Tom Maschler, 5 Dec. 1977
  • Magouche Phillips, 9 Dec. 1977
  • Anthony [Hobson?], 15 Dec. 1977
  • Deborah Rogers, Chatwin's literary agent, 17 Dec. 1977
  • unidentified, 30 Dec. 1977
  • Bill Gasparin, 2 Jan. 1978
  • Patrick Leigh Fermor, 18 Jan. 1978
  • Copy of letter to Jim Silberman, Chatwin's United States editor at Simon & Schuster, from Elizabeth Hardwick, 19 Sept. 1978
  • Deborah Rogers, Chatwin's literary agent, Aug. 1979
  • David King, editor The Sunday Times Magazine, n.d.
  • His father Charles Chatwin, n.d.
  • Unidentified aunt, n.d.

I.8   Reviews, Oct. 1977-Sept. 1979, n.d.

Shelfmarks: MS. Eng. c. 7846


Reviews, Oct. 1977-Sept. 1979, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7846

J   Correspondence and papers concerning The Viceroy of Ouidah, [1973]-1981

J.1   Research material and notes, [1976-7]

Shelfmarks: MSS. Eng. c. 7847; e. 3737-8


Research material and notes, [1976-7]
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7847

Scope and Content:

Comprises

  • Notes on The Biology of the Negro by Julian H. Lewis, 1942
  • Letter to Joan Saunders from the Gypsy Lore Society concerning Chatwin's research enquiries about Gypsies in Brazil, 5 July 1977
  • Cards with details of addresses in Rio de Janerio.
  • Photographs, including of the King of Dahomey, taken during Chatwin's visit to Benin, Dec. 1976
  • Photocopy of article 'Guezo Ou Guedizo Massigbe' by Abbe T Moulhero from unidentified publication, n.d.
  • Research notes including names of slave ships, famine, cholera, the Church Missionary Society archives, da Silva genealogy, and Dona Epiphania, n.d.
  • Pamphlet Influences Brésiliennes À Ouidah, n.d.
  • Photocopied articles from The London Illustrated News concerning West Africa, 1850-1
  • Extract from The London Illustrated News of photographs of the King of Dahomey, May 1906
  • Photopcopied entry on vampires from The Encyclopaedia Britannica, n.d.
  • Photocopy of letter from Bullfinch Lamb, written from Abomey, Nov. 1724, from unidentified publication, n.d.
  • Pamphlet Les Afro-Américains, published by L'Institut Français D'Afrique Noire, 1953
  • Photocopied extracts from Dahomey: An Ancient West African Kingdom, vol. 1, by Melville J. Herskovits, 1938
  • Photocopy of chapter from Cult Matriarchate and Male Homosexuality by Ruth Landes, n.d.
  • Photocopied extracts concerning cholera epidemics in east Africa from unidentified publication, n.d.
  • Pamphlet World Food, 1975
  • Photocopied chapters concerning Dahomey from unidentified publication in French, n.d.
  • Photocopy of article 'Contribution à l'Histoire de la Famille de Souza' by Norberto Francisco de Souza in Etudes Dahomienne Vol. 13, n.d.
  • Benin newspaper Ehuzu, 6 Jan. 1977
  • Benin newspaper Ehuzu concerning the coup to oust President Kerekou, 17 Jan. 1977
  • Benin newspaper Ehuzu, 20 Jan. 1977
  • Pamphlet Initiation A La Théologie De La Religion Traditionelle Africaine by M. Guérin Montilus,
  • Photocopy of appendix to Minutes of Evidence Before Select Committee on the African Slave Trade, June 1849.
  • Notes or words possibly for a Benin song, n.d.

Card index of research notes A-F, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3737
Arrangement:

Alphabetical



Card index of research notes G-Z, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3738
Arrangement:

Alphabetical


J.2   Notebooks, 1976-7

Shelfmarks: MSS. Eng. c. 7849-56; d. 3980; e. 3739


Notebook concerning visit to Dahomey, Dec. 1976-Jan. 1977
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3739

Notebook labelled "Brazil II, Sertao, Barroso, Graciliano Ramos, Feyre", n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7848

Extent: 14 leaves

Fullscap pad of notes on Francisco Felix da Souza, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7849

Fullscap pad of research notes, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7850

Fullscap pad of research notes, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7851

Fullscap pad of research notes, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7852

Fullscap pad of research notes, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7853

Fullscap pad of research notes, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7854

Fullscap pad of research notes, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7855

Fullscap pad of research notes, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7856

Notebook mainly comprising of notes on reading material, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 3980

J.3   Drafts and proofs, [1973-80]

Shelfmarks: MSS. Eng. c. 7857-61; d. 3981-90


Early draft sections, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7857

Scope and Content:

Includes one miscellaneous handwritten draft extract.


Incomplete early draft labelled "Dom Francisco 1973 1974"
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7858

Ring binder, annotated with sketches, used for incomplete early draft labelled "Dom Francisco 1973 1974"
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 3981

Early draft labelled "The Merchant of Ouidah", n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 3982

Draft labelled "Skin for Skin 1st draft"
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 3983

Draft labelled "The Story of Francisco Manoel da Silva Slave Trader", n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 3984

Draft with the original title "Dom Francisco" and annotated title "Skin For Skin" crossed out, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 3985

Draft titled "The Viceroy of Ouidah", Mar. 1980
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 3986

Draft titled "The Viceroy of Ouidah", Mar. 1980
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 3987

Draft titled "The Viceroy of Ouidah", n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 3988

Untitled draft with two forewords, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 3989

Incomplete drafts titled "The Viceroy of Ouidah", n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 3990

Scope and Content:

Comprises

  • Incomplete draft paginated 31-147.
  • Incomplete draft with title page and paginated 93-184.
  • Various draft extracts.

Setting copy, 1980
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7859

Proofs, 15 May 1980
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7860

Scope and Content:

Includes note from publishers Jonathan Cape, Jan. 1981, returning the proofs to Chatwin.


Proofs, 22 May 1980
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7861

J.4   Film adaptation as Cobra Verde, [1987]

Shelfmarks: MS. Eng. d. 3991


Film script for Cobra Verde, [1987]
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 3991

J.5   Correspondence, 1977-81

Shelfmarks: MS. Eng. c. 7862


Correspondence, 1977-81
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7862

Scope and Content:

Comprises

  • Letter to Chatwin from Joan Saunders, 12 July 1977
  • Telegram to Chatwin from his wife Elizabeth Chatwin, 11 Aug. 1978
  • Memorandum of agreement between Chatwin and Jonathan Cape Ltd., 14 Nov. 1979
  • Publishing agreement between Chatwin and Summit Books, 15 Feb. 1980
  • Letter from Chatwin to Jim Silberman, enclosing editorial notes, [Feb. 1980]
  • Letter to Chatwin from Sybille Bedford, 28 Nov. 1980
  • Letter to Chatwin from M.C. Otley, 21 June 1981

K   Papers concerning On the Black Hill, 1980-2

Shelfmarks: MSS. Eng. c. 7863-4; d. 3992


Research material, 1980-1
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7863

Scope and Content:

Comprises

  • Script for Church Lawn School nativity play, Dec. 1980
  • Letter to Chatwin from A.F. Wizall concerning radio calls by an aeroplane to a control tower on a typical pleasure flight, Sept. 1981
  • Postcard of Ruthin Town Band, 1914
  • Research by Joan Saunders on military service during the First World War, n.d.

Draft labelled 'The Vision and the Rock', [1981]
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 3992

Draft, [1981].
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7864

L   Papers concerning The Songlines, 1983-7

L.1   Material used for 'The Nomadic Alternative' and The Songlines

Shelfmarks: MSS. Eng. c. 7865; e. 3740


Research material, notes and drafts
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7865

Scope and Content:

Comprises

  • Photocopies of chapters on Walbiri iconography, Walbiri local organisation, and religious life in the Dreamtime from unidentified publication(s).
  • Paper 'Sand sculptures at a Gidjingali burial site' by Margaret Clunies and L.R. Hiatt from Form in indigenous art: Schematisation in the art of Aborginal Australia and prehistoric Europe (1977)
  • Notes on Rimbaud; Chinese agriculture; Shamanism; and Father Martin Gusinde, n.d.
  • Notes and quotations transcribed from Chatwin's moleskine diaries, n.d.
  • Notes on Bedouin and pilgrimage, n.d.
  • Notes on Gongora and nomads, n.d.
  • Notes on nemadi, n.d.
  • Quotations transcribed from Chatwin's moleskine diaries, n.d.
  • Notes on albatross and neck-bite of carnivores, n.d.
  • Notes on Arthur Rimbaud by Enid Starkie; Ariana, 'The Home of the Nobel Aryans'; 'The Valley Spirit' and Sung Painters; the Koran, 'The Written Word of God'; and India, n.d.
  • Reading notes on nomads, n.d.
  • Notes on 'The nomadic ideal', n.d.
  • Notes on 'The wandering Jew'; photocopy of paper 'A method of painting in the French manner; 'Niere du Sahal'; and 'Dakar Days', n.d.
  • Draft chapters on infant humans; on child-rearing of Yaghans; Aboriginals, Nemadi; and on rocking, n.d.

Notebook containing research notes for 'The Nomadic Alternative' and The Songlines, Nov. 1970, c.1984
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3740

Scope and Content:

Includes notes on the good savage; the Vagina Dentata; Shamans; lecture delivered by Levi-Strauss in the Sheldonian Theatre, Oxford; and on a discussion with "Father Flynn" [Pat Dobson] about Songlines in Alice Springs, Australia.

L.2   Research material and notes for The Songlines, n.d.

Shelfmarks: MSS. Eng. c. 7866-7; d. 3993


Research material, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7866

Scope and Content:

Comprises

  • Photocopies of chapter on the religious life of western desert nomads from unidentified publication; chapters 'The Churinga or Bull Roarers of the Arunta and other tribes' and 'Traditions dealing with the origin of the Alcheringa ancestors of the Arunta tribe and with particular customs' from Native Tribes of Central Australia; and paper 'Anthropology and the Aborginal Land Rights Act in Northern Australia' by Robert Layton from Social Anthropology in Development Policy, edited by Alan Rew and Ralph Grillo.
  • Map of Western Australia, [c.1983-4]
  • Pamphlet The Significance of Ayers Rock for Aborigines by Territory Parks and Wildlife Commission, Feb. 1979
  • Paper 'A note on Kurdungurlu' by David Nash, Feb. 1980
  • Photocopies of part of pp. 138-9 of unidentified work on Aboriginal travel, trade, bartering and weaponry; chapter 'Initiation in the Bard tribe, North-west Australia' [from work?] by A.P Elkin; chapters on Australian Aboriginal music from unidentified publication; article 'Dante's firm foot and the journey without a guide' by John Freccero from Harvard Theological Review; chapter 'Classification of sounds in Pitjantjatara-speaking areas' by C.J. Ellis, A.M. Ellis, M. Tur and A. McCardell from unidentified publication; chapters on Aboriginal music and songs from unidentified publication; and paper 'The Role of the ethnomusicologist in the study of Andagarinja women's ceremonies' by Catherine J. Ellis.

Research material, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 3993

Scope and Content:

Comprises

  • Photocopy of Aranda Traditions by T.G.H. Strehlow, 1947
  • Paper 'Morphologie Évolutive Morphogenèse du Crâne et Origine de L'Homme' by Michael Sakka, June 1980
  • Article 'The predatory transition from ape to man' by Raymond A. Dart from unidentified publication.
  • Paper 'Aboriginal songs of South Australia' by Catherine J. Ellis.
  • Photocopy of article [by Mauss?] 'Étude de morphologie sociale' from L'Année Sociologique, 1904-5
  • Photocopy of article 'The native names and uses of plants at Haast Bluff, Central Australia' by J.B. Cleland and Norman B. Tindale from [Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia], vol. 82, 1959
  • Article 'Exaptation - a missing term in the science of form' by Stephen Jay Gould and Elisabeth S. Vrba from Paleobiology, vol. 8, 1982
  • Photocopy of article 'Competition or peaceful coexistence' by John A. Wrens from Natural History, 1983
  • Photocopied extract from Native Tribes of Central Australia concerning the Churinga of the Arunta tribe.
  • Photocopied extract from Daughters of Copper Women by Anne Cameron, [c.1981-4]
  • Pamphlet Central Australian Religion: Personal Monototemism in a Polytotemic Community by T.G.H. Strehlow, 1978
  • Pamphlet Aborginal Land Rights in the Northern Territory: What it Means and How it Will Work by the Department of Aboriginal Affairs, 1979

Notes, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7867

Scope and Content:

Comprises

  • Quotations from Chatwin's moleskine diaries.
  • Notes mainly concerning Aboriginals, language, and partial draft extract on Spanish Benedictines, n.d.
  • "Notes towards the definition of the journey" with quotations and proverbs, n.d.
  • Chapter outline, on graph paper, for The Songlines, n.d.
  • Miscellaneous notes, n.d.
  • Notes on "The Jewish Question", n.d.
  • Quotations and paragraphs for notebook sections including Madame Rose in Africa, n.d.
  • Notes on Aboriginal research, n.d.

L.3   Notebooks, 1982, 1984-5

Shelfmarks: MSS. Eng. d. 3994-95; e. 3741-2


Notebook concerning visit to Kenya, Feb. 1982
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3741

Notebook labelled "The Prince of Darkness", Mar. 1984
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 3994

Extent: 41 leaves

Scope and Content:

Includes notes and draft paragraphs concerning meeting with Bob Brain and Elizabeth Vrba in South Africa, Mar. 1984


Notebook, 1984
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3742

Scope and Content:

Comprises notes and names and addresses from 1984 Australian journey to Alice Springs with Toly Sawenko, Chatwin's model for the character of Arkaday, and drawings of songlines.


Notebook, [c.1984-5]
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 3995

Scope and Content:

Includes notes and draft paragraphs on nomads, religion, and Elizabeth Vrba.

L.4   Drafts

Shelfmarks: MSS. Eng. c. 7868-9; d. 3996


Draft extracts, n.d
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7868

Scope and Content:

Comprises

  • Early draft titled "The Prince of Darkness was a Gentleman: Some Reflections on The Hunters and The Hunted? by C.K. Brain, n.d.
  • Draft extract from opening chapter, n.d.
  • Draft extract numbered p. 32, n.d.
  • Draft extract mainly concerning C.K. Brain, The Hunters or the Hunted?, and his work at Swartkrans cave, n.d.
  • Draft titled "Bedouins" concerning a rabbi and son returning to Rumania, n.d.
  • Draft quoting S.T. Coleridge, "The Prince of Darkness is a Gentleman", n.d.
  • Draft of chapter 23 on the hero who leaves; notes on hunters; notes for autobiographical sections; notes concerning a visit to Russia; notes on the Hermitage; and notes on interview with Bob Layton, n.d.
  • Draft concerning Rimbaud; Tahoua, Niger; and Australian plane story, n.d.

1st draft, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 3996

Final draft for copysetters, 1987.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7869

M   Papers concerning Utz, [1987-8]

Shelfmarks: MS. Eng. c. 7870


Research material and drafts, [1987-8]
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7870

Scope and Content:

Comprises

  • Postcard of The State Jewish Museum in Prague addressed in Chatwin's hand to Judith Rankin, n.d.
  • Pamphlet, in French, on Vichy, July 1987
  • Draft of chapter on the Golem and Rabbi Loew, 1988
  • Original typescript draft, n.d.
  • Photocopy of original typescript draft with annotations, n.d.
  • Proofs, May 1988

N   Papers concerning What Am I Doing Here, [1988]

Shelfmarks: MSS. Eng. c. 7871-3; d. 3997


Draft of What Am I Doing Here, [1988]
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7871

Scope and Content:

Comprises draft chapters

  • "Introduction".
  • "A Visit to Mr. Melnikov".
  • "Assunta: A Story".
  • "Assunta 2".
  • "Your Father's Eyes Are Blue Again".
  • "Your Father's Eyes Are Blue Again" labelled "Final".
  • "At Dinner with Diana Vreeland".
  • "The Bey".
  • "The Fly".
  • "Chiloe".
  • "The Albatross".
  • "The Duke of M....".
  • Untitled draft concerning the Golem and Rabbi Loew.
  • Notes on Kevin Volans.
  • Draft essay on Kevin Volans.
  • "Kevin Volans".

Draft, mainly consisting of photocopies of Chatwin's collected articles, [1988]
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7872

Scope and Content:

Comprises

  • Title page and contents
  • 'Ernest Junger: An Aesthete at War' from The New York Review of Books, Jan. 1978
  • 'Andre Malraux' from The Sunday Times Magazine, Mar. 1974
  • 'Mme Vionnet' from The Sunday Times Magazine, Mar. 1973
  • 'Maria Reiche: The Riddle of the Pampa' from The Sunday Times Magazine, Oct. 1975
  • 'Three Villas', n.d. See also MS. Eng. d. 3997 for related incomplete draft 'Capri'.
  • 'At Dinner with Diana Vreeland', 1982
  • 'Portrait of the Artist' from Howard Hodgkin's Indian Leaves by Michael Compton, 1982
  • 'On the Road with Mrs Gandhi' from The Sunday Times Magazine, Aug. 1978
  • 'Sonia Delaunay' from The Sunday Times Magazine, Mar. 1973
  • 'Nadezhda Mandelstam: A Visit' from Bananas, 1978
  • 'Konstantin Melnikov' from House & Garden, Jan. 1988
  • 'George Costakis: The Story of an Art Collection in the Soviet Union' from The Sunday Times Magazine, May 1973
  • 'The Volga' from The Observer Magazine, June 1984
  • 'Heavenly Horses' from The Sunday Times Magazine, Sept. 1973
  • 'On Yeti Tracks' from Esquire, 1983
  • 'Rock's World' from The New York Times Magazine, Mar. 1986
  • Letter from Chatwin's agent Gillon Aitken to Dale ? requesting copies of Chatwin's articles, 25 May 1988
  • 'Shamdev: The Wolf Boy' from The Sunday Times Magazine, July 1978
  • 'The Chinese Geomancer', 1985
  • 'A Coup' from Granta No 10, 1984
  • 'Until My Blood is Pure' from Bananas, 1977
  • 'The Very Sad Story of Salah Bougrine' from The Sunday Times Magazine, Jan. 1974
  • 'The Lyman Family', [Jan. 1970]
  • 'The World of Donald Evans', from The New York Review of Books, Dec. 1987

Typescript draft, with some handwritten drafts and photocopies of collected articles, [1988]
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7873

Scope and Content:

Comprises draft chapters

  • Title page and contents [the draft does not follow the arrangement as listed in the contents].
  • 'Until My Blood is Pure'.
  • 'Nadezhda Mandelstam: A Visit'.
  • 'A Coup'.
  • 'The Volga'.
  • 'The Very Sad Story of Salah Bougrine' and further draft titled 'Alger - Marseille'.
  • 'Madeleine Vionnet'.
  • 'Yeti-tracks'.
  • 'Shamdev: The Wolf-boy'.
  • 'The Wolf Boy'.
  • 'When the Revolution Came Home' concerning visit to Konstantin Melnikov.
  • 'The Nomadic Alternative' from Animal Style Art from East to West, 1970
  • 'The Guggenheims' from The Sunday Times Magazine, Nov. 1975
  • 'Mrs Gandhi'.
  • 'Ernst Junger: An Aesthete at War'.
  • 'Andre Malraux'.
  • 'A Letter from Yeti-Country'.
  • 'George Costakis'.
  • 'Sonia Delaunay'.
  • 'Maria Reiche'.
  • 'Heavenly Horses'.
  • 'Konrad Lorenz'.
  • 'The Duke of M....'.
  • 'Assunta' and 'Assunta 2".
  • 'The Bey'.
  • 'The Fly'.
  • 'Your Father's Eyes are Blue Again'.
  • 'Chiloe'.
  • 'The Albatross'.
  • 'At Dinner with Diana Vreeland'.
  • Draft acknowledgement page.

Other draft extracts, [1988]
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 3997

Scope and Content:

Comprises

  • Incomplete draft of article on Capri. See also MS. Eng. c. 7872 for related draft 'Three Villas'.
  • Drafts of 'Chiloe' and 'Brujeria' taken from the original draft of In Patagonia.
  • 'Werner Herzog in Ghana'.

O   Last writings and papers, 1986-9

Shelfmarks: MSS. Eng. c. 7874; e. 3743


Exercise book containing notes on the death of Penelope Betjeman, Apr. 1986
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3743

Scope and Content:

Includes draft of telegram to Candida Lycett Green concerning Penelope Betjeman's death.


Last writings and papers, 1986-9
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7874

Scope and Content:

Comprises

  • 'The death of Penelope' concerning the death of Penelope Betjeman, Apr. 1986
  • Letter to Chatwin from Michael Ignatieff, 8 July 1988
  • Draft of short story 'The Seventh Day', based on Chatwin's experience as an 8 year old at Old Hall School in Wellington, published in The London Review of Books, 1988
  • Page references for a book that Chatwin was reading, [1988?]
  • Draft fragment of unfinished Russian novel provisionally titled 'Lydia Livingstone', c.1988
  • Draft of unfinished novel 'Lydia Livingstone' dictated by Chatwin to his wife Elizabeth, c.1988
  • Typescript draft of unfinished novel 'Lydia Livingstone', c.1988
  • Contribution on Anna Karenina to Tatler article 'End games: You rewrite my novel darling and I'll rewrite yours', Dec. 1989
  • Notes and draft paragraphs titled 'Honey' concerning Vietnam veteran Roderick Wilson and the war book he was writing in Paris, and later burned, n.d.
  • Short story of Mary and her father in Melbourne titled 'Crossed-lines', n.d.

P   Works, 1970, 1972, 1979, included in posthumous publication Anatomy of Restlessness: Uncollected Writings (1996)

Shelfmarks: MS. Eng. d. 3998


Works, 1970, 1972, 1979, included in posthumous publication Anatomy of Restlessness: Uncollected Writings (1996)
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 3998

Scope and Content:

Comprises

  • 'The estate of Maximilian Tod' first published in Saturday Night Reader edited by Emma Tennant, 1979
  • 'The Nomadic Alternative' first published in Animal Style Art from East to West, 1970; with 'The mechanics of nomad invasions' published in History Today, May 1972

Q   Miscellaneous correspondence and papers, 1966-87, n.d.

Shelfmarks: MS. Eng. c. 7875


Miscellaneous correspondence and papers, 1966-87, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7875

Scope and Content:

Comprises

  • Incomplete catalogue of exhibition The Great Bieri at The Museum of Primitive Art, 1962
  • Letter to Chatwin from Gerald Brenan, Dec. 1976
  • G. Heywood Hill invoice for books, Aug.-Oct. 1977
  • Letter to Chatwin from John Byrne, bookseller, concerning Elizabeth Bishop's Complete Poems, 3 Nov. 1977
  • Letter to Chatwin from Christopher Spring, of the Museum of Mankind, concerning two missing books, 16 Nov. 1977
  • Photocopy of article 'Vietnam as Fable' by Zalin Grant from The New Republic, Mar. 1978
  • Envelope labelled 'Keep N. Yorker Russian Journal" containing two editions of The New Yorker, 30 June 1980, 7 July 1980
  • Photocopy of article 'Gabriel García Márquez meets Ernest Hemingway' from The New York Times, 1981
  • British Airways plane ticket, 24 Jan./24 Apr. 1984
  • Programme for writers' conference, Nov. 1987
  • Postcard to Chatwin from Donald Richards, n.d.
  • Letter to Chatwin from Bobby? [Elizabeth Chatwin's father?], n.d.
  • Note of Guy Munthe's address, n.d.
  • Envelope annotated with book titles and miscellaneous personal notes, n.d.
  • Notes possibly relating to the Guggenheim family, n.d.
  • Catalogue entry on Giso-night table lamp, n.d.
  • Photocopied extract from a catalogue of an exhibition held in Milan, 1957
  • Blank postcards by B.A. King', 1980
  • Blank postcard of Edgar Allen Poe's cottage, n.d.
  • Postcard of ruins of Tin-Mel in Morocco annotated by Chatwin, n.d.

R   Financial correspondence and papers, 1977-81

Shelfmarks: MS. Eng. d. 3999


Financial correspondence and papers, 1977-81
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 3999

S   Papers, [1960s-70s] sold at July 1989 Sotheby's sale, with related correspondence, July-Oct. 1989

Shelfmarks: MSS. Eng. c. 7876-7; d. 4000-2; e. 3744


Scope and Content:

The Sotheby's sale lot was formed of papers which Chatwin had given to Justine Tomlinson. They were purchased at auction by Elizabeth Chatwin and reunited with the rest of Chatwin's papers.


Correspondence concerning Sotheby's sale, July-Oct. 1989
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 4000

Papers comprising Sotheby's July 1989 sale lot 165, mainly n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7876

Scope and Content:

Comprises, with a list of the papers and descriptive notes compiled by Sotheby's cataloguer,

  • Incomplete essay on baroque painters, written during undergraduate archaeology studies at the University of Edinburgh, c.1968
  • University of Edinburgh examination paper for Fine Art M.A. Hons., n.d.
  • Incomplete drafts of sections marked I-XII of unpublished work 'The Nomadic Alternative' on subjects including childrearing; anti-materialism; territorialism; and rites of passage into manhood, n.d.
  • Miscellaneous writings on subjects including guerrilla warfare; the history of the city; language and communication; Chinese nomads; and a newspaper cutting concerning nomad art, n.d.
  • Draft extracts from 'The Nomadic Alternative' on 'Protection from Predators'; Nemadi camp in Oualata; on Lorenz; on economic wandering; with last page autobiographical account of using eye complaint to get travel leave from Sotheby's, n.d.
  • Draft extracts from 'The Nomadic Alternative' on behaviour; notion of the survival of the fittest; and Hesoid, n.d.
  • Draft extract from 'The Nomadic Alternative' on "Rousseau and the Hunters", n.d.
  • Working papers for 'The Nomadic Alternative' outlining Chatwin's thesis, n.d.
  • Working papers for 'The Nomadic Alternative' on Jehovah and Isaiah; Hebrews; glossary of words; nomad children, n.d.
  • Working papers for 'The Nomadic Alternative' on hunters and the nemadi; 'The progress of skeletal evolution'; 'The ignoble savage'; 'The primordial murder'; 'Civilised man is a domestic animal'; 'Homo Faber'; 'The upthrust of moral progress'; 'Man has no instincts'; Plato and Aristotle on progress of races, n.d.
  • Working papers for 'The Nomadic Alternative' on language; 'Animal metaphors'; instinctive behaviour; 'The Wander Voyage' and Beowulf; shamans; 'The homeless state'; pyramids; nomads; religion, ritual and wandering, n.d.
  • Working papers for 'The Nomadic Alternative' with filing cards from card index of research notes (see MSS. Eng. e. 3722-3); miscellaneous notes; notes on marriage and travelling; and notes on Attila the Hun and the origin of dreams, n.d.
  • Filing cards from card index of research notes for 'The Nomadic Alternative' (see MSS. Eng. e. 3722-3), n.d.
  • Working papers for 'The Nomadic Alternative' on subjects including innate orientating system; arrival of the horse; Christ's recruitment of hunters and gatherers; nomads of Tibet; Communist manifesto; Beowulf; human cycle; and Lovejoy; and filing card from card index of research notes (see MSS. Eng. e. 3722-3), n.d.
  • Notes on J.B.S. Haldane's 1965 Huxley Memorial Lecture; with material on Konrad Lorenz; filing card from card index of research notes for 'The Nomadic Alternative' (see MSS. Eng. e. 3722-3), n.d.

Papers comprising Sotheby's July 1989 sale lot 165, mainly n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7877

Scope and Content:

Comprises, with a list of the papers and descriptive notes compiled by Sotheby's cataloguer,

  • Filing card from card index of research notes for 'The Nomadic Alternative' (see MSS. Eng. e. 3722-3) n.d.
  • Notes for 'The Nomadic Alternative' on incest taboo, totemic beasts and birds of military powers; essay 'Butch Cassidy as Gaucho'; notes on The Myth of the Machine by Lewis Mumford; essay 'The Scar of Wounded Knee', c.1972; notes on The Gypsies by Jan Yoors; essay 'The Guggenheims' [published as 'The Guggenheim Family' in Great American Families, 1978;
  • Notes for 'The Nomadic Alternative' on Islam; Passover, Inner Asian Frontiers of China by Owen Lattimore; Steppe society; and Qashagi migration, 1971.
  • miscellaneous extracts from an early draft of 'The Nomadic Alternative' on walk with grandfather to Eagle Stone; Sufis; early man; Taoists; John Steinbeck's "Virus of Restlessness"; early man's observation of animals; and proposed outline of the book, n.d.
  • Essay, written during undergraduate archaeology studies at the University of Edinburgh, on Le Corbusier, c.1968
  • Draft chapter on gypsies 'The Hounds of the Wilderness' for 'The Nomadic Alternative'; and definition of the work "nomad", n.d.
  • Notes for 'The Nomadic Alternative' on Paleo-indian cultures; Ib'n Khaldun; and Herodotus, n.d.
  • Notes for 'The Nomadic Alternative' on 'The Pyramid' with two filing cards on pyramids and on "The satire of the Trades", n.d.
  • Short story 'The Family', Jan. 1970
  • Notes for 'The Nomadic Alternative' on outline of the book; Huns; Mesolithic hunters; early man's reflections on bird and animal migrations; group of Nemadi in Western Sahara; and on nomad children and attachment to their mother, n.d.
  • Notes for 'The Nomadic Alternative' on Chatwin's early recollections of travel [later incorporated into The Songlines]; Proust's childhood explorations; how a child's craving and fondling of things persists into later life, and on theory of innate aggression, n.d.
  • Working papers for 'The Nomadic Alternative' on 'The Nomadic Ideal'; Australian walkabout; anarchism; the Taoists; the Beghards; wandering as way to get rid of internalised violence; shamans; and city as chief target for nomad raids, n.d.
  • Working papers for 'The Nomadic Alternative' on the story of a type-writer salesman; Chatwin's own autobiography; Proust; the bond established between mother and child; how invasion is generally followed by counter-invasion; Sufi mysticism; St John of the Cross; St Francis; and Cain and Abel, n.d.

Notebook containing research notes for 'The Nomadic Alternative' included in lot 165 of the July 1989 Sotheby's sale, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3744

Extent: 52 leaves

Loose papers removed from MS. Eng. e. 3744, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 4001

Extent: 5 leaves

Scope and Content:

Comprises

  • (fol. 1) Sotheby's cataloguer's descriptive note.
  • (fol. 2) removed from fol. 9v
  • (fol. 3) removed from fol. 10r
  • (fol. 4) removed from fol. 10v
  • (fol. 5) removed from fol. 13r

Papers comprising Sotheby's July 1989 sale lot 165, mainly n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 4002

Scope and Content:

Comprises, with a list of the papers and descriptive notes compiled by Sotheby's cataloguer,

  • Envelope from Sotheby's addressed to Chatwin in France, 12 July 1971
  • Filing cards from card index of research notes for 'The Nomadic Alternative' (see MSS. Eng. e. 3722-3), n.d.
  • Extract from an early draft of 'The Nomadic Alternative' with quotations from Pascal on man's unhappiness and Cassian on acedia; 'Definitions of the malady' with a list of victims and notable victims; and on spring pilgrimages to shrines and sacred mountain tops, n.d.
  • Extract from an early draft of 'The Nomadic Alternative' on Sufis; Dervishes, Rumi, vagrant ascetics in India, and Buddhist wanderers, n.d.
  • Early draft extract from 'The Nomadic Alternative' on Taoism, n.d.
  • Early draft extract from 'The Nomadic Alternative' on cynics, n.d.
  • Early draft extract from 'The Nomadic Alternative' on desert fathers and Irish monks and on St Brendan's search for unsettled paradise, n.d.
  • Early draft extract from 'The Nomadic Alternative' on Cain; Mongolian mendicants, Crusades and penitential pilgrimage; and on how the Church consecrated homicide as a meritorious act of self-sacrifice providing the victim was an unbeliever, n.d.
  • Early draft extract from 'The Nomadic Alternative' on utopias; and on how the printing press diffused over Europe romance of Knight Errant, n.d.
  • Early draft extract from 'The Nomadic Alternative' on 'Hunting - the art of the minimum', n.d.
  • Extracts from early drafts of 'The Nomadic Alternative' and In Patagonia on 'Darwin and the Indians of Tierra del Fuego', n.d.
  • Filing card of notes on nomads, n.d.
  • Extracts from early drafts of 'The Nomadic Alternative' and In Patagonia on 'Hunting and the Golden Age'; on nomads of southern Sahara; Afghan nomads; nomad ethos; herding economy; raids; and Darwin and Yaghans, n.d.
  • Early draft extract from 'The Nomadic Alternative' on 'Nomad warfare is guerilla warfare', n.d.
  • Early draft extract from 'The Nomadic Alternative' on nomad craving for colour and clothes, n.d.
  • Early draft extract from 'The Nomadic Alternative' on 'Things, territory and death'; on nomad disregard for possessions; and on how "human morality became the morality of things" when men left their wandering life of hunting and clustered in settlements, n.d.
  • Early draft extract from 'The Nomadic Alternative' on Australian Aborigines; gypsies; Bushmen; and on Mbuti pygmies, n.d.
  • Early draft extract from 'The Nomadic Alternative' on 'The Nomadic revolt', n.d.
  • Early draft extract from 'The Nomadic Alternative' on' The Nomadic sensibility', n.d.
  • Draft extract from 'The Nomadic Alternative' on 'Nomadism and the children of Israel', n.d.
  • Draft extract from 'The Nomadic Alternative' in sections marked "I" on dancing; "II" on Sufis; "III" on India and Buddha; "IV" on Cynics; "VI" on Essenes in Palestine, Desert Fathers, St Brendan; "VII" (crossed out) on medieval pilgrimage and crusade; "IX" crossed out and replaced with "VII" on Beghards and Brethren of the Free Spirit; "X" crossed out and replaced with "VIII" on Utopian thinkers, revolutionaries, anarchists, and Bakunin, n.d.
  • Notes for 'The Nomadic Alternative' on Levi-Strauss', n.d.
  • Notes for 'The Nomadic Alternative' on senilicide, n.d.
  • Notes on Machiavelli, n.d.
  • Essay, possibly written by Chatwin during his undergraduate archaeology studies at the University of Edinburgh, on the establishment of Neolithic cultures in Britain, n.d.
  • Notes for 'The Nomadic Alternative' on the Golden Age; Society of Equals; Iroquois; and Tacitus's Fenni, n.d.
  • Draft opening chapter 'Progress Progress or Progress?' from 'The Nomadic Alternative', n.d.
  • Miscellaneous draft extracts from 'The Nomadic Alternative', n.d.

Transformation from XML to HTML by Lawrence Mielniczuk
27 February 2014