Sir William Dunn School of Pathology: Administrative Papers

Bodleian Library, University of Oxford

Oxford University Archives
2017



Department of Special Collections
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Table of Contents

Introduction
A   Miscellaneous administrative papers 1904-1984
B   Financial and administrative papers 1906-2006
    B.1   Buildings, equipment, fittings and maintenance 1927-2006
    B.2   Funds, grants and financial papers 1906-1994
    B.3   Students and teaching 1942-1968
C   Personnel records 1930-2006
    C.1   Professors of Pathology 1970-1994
    C.2   Staff records 1930-2006


Sir William Dunn School of Pathology: Administrative Papers

1906-2006

Abstract:
Administrative papers of the Sir William Dunn School of Pathology, University of Oxford (held by the Oxford University Archive).

Extent: 6.4 Linear meters, 76 physical shelfmarks
Language(s) of Material: English

Full range of shelfmarks:

PT 1-76/2.

Organisational History

Pathology at Oxford was originally taught as one of the components of general medical instruction; over time, along with anatomy and physiology, it became a separate subject. In 1845, HW Acland was appointed Lee’s Reader of Anatomy, and with his assistant, Lionel Beale, taught pathology in Christ Church Anatomy School. With the opening of the University Museum in 1860 and the transferral of the large collection of pathological rarities from Christ Church to the museum’s medical department, Acland acquired a laboratory for research in practical pathology and, later, bacteriology. In the same year, George Rolleston was appointed Linacre Professor of Anatomy and Physiology, and included pathology in his lectures.

During the 1890s, JS Burdon-Sanderson lectured on pathology, while James Ritchie taught bacteriology. The latter was Lecturer in Pathology from 1897 to 1900. On the opening of the new Department of Pathology in 1901, Ritchie was appointed Reader in Pathology; he was ‘constituted’ Professor in 1905. The position was temporary, although renewable after five years, and despite the benefaction of £5000 in 1899 for a new department, and the £5000 put up by the University, the annual grant was only £150 per year and no money was available to fund a permanent chair.

However, in 1904 William Osler was appointed Regius Professor of Medicine, and funds were obtained, largely from Oxford medical graduates and Edward Whitley, so that on Ritchie’s resignation in 1907 the post was elevated to a permanent professorship.

The contribution from the Oxford medical graduates was a result of the meeting they held on 20 December 1904, where they began a movement to promote the study and teaching of Pathology and appointed an Executive Committee to further their objective. A resolution was passed with the following terms: ‘…with a view to shewing the strong feeling the Oxford medical graduates have of the necessity for promoting the study and teaching of pathology, a fund be started for the purpose of assisting in this object and that it be primarily for the establishment and endowment of a Professorship in Pathology’.

The fund was called the Oxford Pathology Endowment Fund and was administered by three Trustees (William Osler, Sir William Selby Church and Herbert French) who passed any money raised to the Committee of Management. This consisted of nine members which included the three Trustees. Sir William Selby Church was also Honorary Treasurer of the fund. The Executive Committee appealed for subscriptions and an initial figure of £1168 was quickly raised.

In October 1908, the Oxford Pathology Endowment Fund was handed over to the University. The Declaration of Trust stated that the fund was only to be used towards the payment of the stipend of the Professor of Pathology or towards the expenses of the Pathology department. The amount in the fund in 1908 was £1554 held in stock and £34 in cash. Georges Dreyer, the Danish experimental pathologist, was appointed to the Professorship of Pathology, which he held until his death in 1934.

In November 1922, Congregation passed a decree accepting £100,000 from the trustees of the late Sir William Dunn, who had already made various bequests to medical science, including a grant for a Department and Chair of Chemistry at Cambridge. Nearly 3 acres of the University Parks were taken over at the east end of South Parks Road, thus beginning the eastward expansion of the Science Area. The foundation stone of the new School, designed by EP Warren (who worked closely with Professor Dreyer), was laid on 9 May 1923. The building was finished by the end of 1926, and was formally opened on 11 March 1927.

Dreyer was succeeded by Howard Florey, who began his ground-breaking work on penicillin at the School just before the Second World War. A new wing was added between 1967 and 1969, designed by Sir Leslie Martin, while Henry Harris, then Professor of Pathology, was head of department. On Harris’s appointment as Regius Professor of Medicine in 1979, the Professorship of Pathology was suspended and Harris remained head of department until 1994.

In 1998 the University Calendar describes the Department as giving courses of instruction ‘in the principles underlying the cellular, molecular and genetic basis of disease and in the Cell Biology and Immunology options of the Final Honour School of Physiological Sciences’, and carrying out research ‘in many branches of experimental pathology, experimental bacteriology and virology, cell biology, immunology and chemical pathology.’

These records were transferred to the University Archives in 1994. They include various financial records, papers concerning the internal organisation and running of the School, and material on the School’s establishment and extension. There is also a photocopy of Sir William Dunn’s will and lists of students (1896-1931) who attended classes in pathology.

The minute book of the Oxford Pathology Endowment Fund (PT 31) was donated to the University Archives in 2006 by Oxfordshire Health Archives which had received the volume from the executors of the late Dr. Alastair Robb-Smith. It is not known how the volume came into the possession of Dr. Robb-Smith.

Additional records, PT 32-76, were catalogued by the Department of Special Collections with the help of a Wellcome grant before being transferred to the University Archives in 2017. The records were originally collated within the department of Pathology by Professor Eric Sidebottom before being passed to Special Collections.

Heads of Department

1901-1907 James Ritchie, Reader in Pathology (‘constituted’ Professor in 1905) 1907-1934 Georges Dreyer, Professor of Pathology 1934-1935 (vacant) 1935-1963 (Sir) Howard Florey, Professor of Pathology 1963-1994 Henry Harris, Professor of Pathology 1963-79, Regius Professor of Medicine 1979-1992, Emeritus Regius Professor from 1992 1994-2012 Herman Waldmann, Professor of Pathology 2013- Matthew Freeman, Professor of Pathology

Scope and Content

Comprises legal, financial, administrative and personnel records, including building plans, records of grants and correspondence and papers relating to two former Professors of Pathology.

Restrictions on Access

This archive is held by Oxford University Archives. To use the archive, apply to enquiries@oua.ox.ac.uk or phone 01865 277145.

Acquisition

Acquired from the Sir William Dunn School of Pathology, 1994, 2016-2017.

Bibliographical References

Encyclopaedia of Oxford, ed. C Hibbert (Macmillan 1988)Science at Oxford 1914-1939: Transforming an Arts University, J Morrell (OUP 1997)Trust Deed of the Oxford Pathology Endowment Fund, 1905 (OUA WPβ 2/28)Declaration of Trust, 1908 (OUA WPβ 2/19)

Preferred Form of Citation

Oxford University Archives, PT.

Personal name(s) (NCA Rules)

Dreyer | Georges | 1873-1934 | pathologist
Florey | Harold Walter | Baron | 1898-1968 | experimental pathologist and bacteriologist
Freeman | Matthew John Aylmer | b. 1961 | cell biologist
Harris | Henry | Sir | 1925-2014 | cell biologist
Waldmann | Herman | b. 1945 | immunologist

Corporate name(s) (NCA Rules)

University of Oxford | Sir William Dunn School of Pathology x Dunn School

Subject(s)

20th century
21st century
Medicine
Science

A   Miscellaneous administrative papers 1904-1984

Full range of Shelfmarks

PT 1-31


Miscellaneous (mostly printed) papers, including plans, relating to the establishment of the School and particularly to the allocation of its site.
Date: 1922-1924
Shelfmark: PT 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Photocopied Will of Sir William Dunn
Date: 1908 (administration granted 1913)
Shelfmark: PT 2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Papers, including plans, relating to the building and furnishing of the new School building
Date: 1924-1928
Shelfmark: PT 3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Copies of Oxford Journal Illustrated (16 Mar 1927) and British Medical Journal (19 Mar 1927) containing reports of the opening of the School; with invitation cards and correspondence relating to the attendance of Sir Jeremiah Coleman (one of Sir William Dunn’s Trustees)
Date: 1927
Shelfmark: PT 4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

'The Design of Bacteriological Laboratories', an offprint from volume IX of A System of Bacteriology in relation to Medicine, containing a description of the buildings of the School
Date: 1931
Shelfmark: PT 5
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Photocopies of Rhodes Trust correspondence relating to the Department and School of Pathology
Date: 1904-1937 (originals; photocopies made c.1980)
Shelfmark: PT 6
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Photocopy of a letter from the University Registry describing the origins of the School
Date: 1963
Shelfmark: PT 7
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Correspondence relating to grants applied for by, and made to, the School
Date: 1920-1934
Shelfmark: PT 8
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Draft trust deed and correspondence relating to the endowment of the library of the School
Date: 1927
Shelfmark: PT 9
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Correspondence relating to the funding of the proposed extension to the School
Date: 1964-1965
Shelfmark: PT 10
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Copies of notices and other papers chiefly relating to departmental administration and housekeeping
Date: 1936-1956
Shelfmark: PT 11
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Notes and agendas of departmental staff meetings
Date: 1948-1949
Shelfmark: PT 12
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Papers chiefly relating to payments made for and to grant-funded staff
Date: 1949-1952
Shelfmark: PT 13
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Cash analysis books
Date: 1921-1982
Shelfmark: PT 14/1-9
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 9 files

Scope and Content

Comprises:

Purchase journals
Date: 1949-1977
Shelfmark: PT 15/1-5
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 5 files

Scope and Content

Comprises:

Apparatus and equipment purchase journal
Date: 1968-1977
Shelfmark: PT 16
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Research grants purchase journals
Date: 1935-1984
Shelfmark: PT 17/1-4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 4 files

Scope and Content

Comprises:

Income journal
Date: 1932-1975
Shelfmark: PT 18/1-7
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 7 files

Scope and Content

Comprises:

Analyses of research grants expenditure
Date: 1965-1972
Shelfmark: PT 19
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Summaries and analyses of grants from the National Research Development Corporation to EP Abraham (1962-1985), and from the EP Abraham Trust (later Research) Fund (1969-1984); with related letters
Date: 1962-1984
Shelfmark: PT 20
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Private research grants cash book
Date: 1947-1950
Shelfmark: PT 21
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Library fund cash books
Date: 1934-1976
Shelfmark: PT 22/1-2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 2 files

Scope and Content

Comprises:

Library fund purchase journal
Date: 1950-1975
Shelfmark: PT 23
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Wages books for technical and domestic staff
Date: 1924-1947
Shelfmark: PT 24/1-10
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 10 files

Scope and Content

Comprises:

Notebook recording payment of miscellaneous wages
Date: 1936-1940
Shelfmark: PT 25
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Notebook recording receipts of payment for firewatching
Date: 1941
Shelfmark: PT 26
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Accounts of money paid for firewatching
Date: 1941-1944
Shelfmark: PT 27
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Firewatchers’ log book
Date: 1941-1944
Shelfmark: PT 28
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Lists of students attending classes in Pathology
Date: 1896-1931
Shelfmark: PT 29
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Counterfoils of invoices sent to colleges for payment of fees chiefly for students’ instruction in Pathology
Date: 1932-1944
Shelfmark: PT 30/1-3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 3 files

Scope and Content

Comprises:

Minutes, with related correspondence, of ‘Meetings of Oxford medical graduates for the furtherance of Pathology at Oxford’ (Oxford Pathology Endowment Fund)
Date: 1904-1908
Shelfmark: PT 31
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

B   Financial and administrative papers 1906-2006

B.1   Buildings, equipment, fittings and maintenance 1927-2006

Full range of shelfmarks:

PT 32-52

Laboratories, buildings, equipment and fittings
Date: 1927-2006
Shelfmark: PT 32-42
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 11 files

Scope and Content

Comprises:

Laboratory animals
Date: 1939-1994
Shelfmark: PT 43-45
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box (3 folders)

Scope and Content

Comprises:

Building development and official openings
Date: 1965-2004
Shelfmark: PT 46-52
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 7 items

Scope and Content

Comprises:

B.2   Funds, grants and financial papers 1906-1994

Full range of shelfmarks:

PT 53-61/2

Correspondence between the Rockefeller Foundation and, mainly, Professor Howard Florey concerning grants to the Dunn School, including funding for penicillin research; with a card index of receipts
Date: 1939-1955
Shelfmark: PT 53
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Correspondence and papers regarding British Empire Cancer Campaign research grants to the Dunn School
Date: 1937-1964
Shelfmark: PT 54-58
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box (5 folders)

Scope and Content

Comprises:

Correspondence and papers relating to the Dunn School's John Burdon-Sanderson Pathological Fund
Date: 1906-1994
Shelfmark: PT 59/1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box (2 folders)

Scope and Content

Comprises:

Correspondence and papers relating to the Dunn School's John Burdon-Sanderson Pathological Fund
Date: 1907-1983
Shelfmark: PT 59/2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box (4 folders)

Scope and Content

Comprises:

Correspondence and papers relating to the Dunn School's John Burdon-Sanderson Pathological Fund
Date: 1959-1993
Shelfmark: PT 59/3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box (3 folders)

Scope and Content

Comprises:

Correspondence regarding the John French Memorial Fund and Lecture, mainly of Henry Harris and Dr. J.C.F. Poole, and related papers
Date: 1970-1985
Shelfmark: PT 60
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Administrative papers for grants made to scientists in the department (Brownlee-Gordon)
Date: 1984-1991
Shelfmark: PT 61/1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Arrangement

Maintained in departmental order.


Administrative papers for grants for scientists in the department (Harris-Williams)
Date: 1985-1991
Shelfmark: PT 61/2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Arrangement

Maintained in departmental order.


B.3   Students and teaching 1942-1968

Full range of shelfmarks:

PT 62-65

Correspondence and papers regarding students and teaching
Date: 1942-1968
Shelfmark: PT 62-65
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 4 files

Scope and Content

Comprises:

C   Personnel records 1930-2006

C.1   Professors of Pathology 1970-1994

Full range of shelfmarks:

PT 66-68.

Correspondence and papers concerning Henry Harris's tenure as Regius Professor of Medicine
Date: 1979-1994
Shelfmark: PT 66-67
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 2 files

Scope and Content

Comprises:

Correspondence and papers concerning Alan Williams, appointed Professor of Pathology in 1992 (he died before taking up the post)
Date: 1970-1991
Shelfmark: PT 68
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

C.2   Staff records 1930-2006

Full range of shelfmarks:

PT 69-76/2.

Card index of employment records for support staff
Date: 1951-1971
Shelfmark: PT 69
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Staff and salary records
Date: 1961-1980
Shelfmark: PT 70/1-2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box (3 folders)

Scope and Content

Comprises:

Card index of staff and graduate students
Date: c. 1970-1985
Shelfmark: PT 71
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Card index of staff who have left the department
Date: 1972-1976
Shelfmark: PT 72/1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Card index of staff who have left the department
Date: 1979-1991
Shelfmark: PT 72/2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Card indexes of research staff and students, including ‘Visiting’ staff and students
Date: c. 1930-1995
Shelfmark: PT 73/1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Card indexes of research staff and students, including ‘Visiting’ staff and students
Date: 1960s-2006
Shelfmark: PT 73/2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Card index of ‘past research workers’ and students; often including details of higher degree, research undertaken, reason for leaving and where gone
Date: 1931-1957
Shelfmark: PT 74
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Card index of theses submitted for the degrees of DPhil and BSc; giving the name of the student, title of thesis and often the name of the supervisor
Date: 1935-1965
Shelfmark: PT 75
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Support staff in post on transfer to computerised payroll, A-H
Date: c. 1976
Shelfmark: PT 76/1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Support staff in post on transfer to computerised payroll, J-W
Date: c.1976
Shelfmark: PT 76/2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box


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