Sir William Dunn School of Pathology: Historical Papers

Bodleian Library, University of Oxford

Charlotte McKillop-Mash
2017



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Table of Contents

Introduction
A   Dunn School correspondence and papers [1930]-2014
    A.1   Working correspondence and papers 1941-2005, n.d.
    A.2   Celebrations of the history of the Dunn School [1930]-2014
    A.3   Dunn School cricket club 1952-2009, n.d.
B   Printed material, ephemera, objects 1893-2010
    B.1   Textbooks and class materials 1938-1990
    B.2   Journals, offprints and newsletters 1893-2008
    B.3   Clippings, ephemera, objects 1941-2010, n.d.
C   Photographs c. 1900-2002
    C.1   Penicillin photographs c. 1940-1995
    C.2   Staff portraits c. 1900-2002
    C.3   Scientific and lab photographs, and miscellanea c. 1937-2000, n.d.


Sir William Dunn School of Pathology: Historical Papers

1893-2014

Abstract:
Academic, working, and social correspondence, papers, photographs from the Sir William Dunn School of Pathology at the University of Oxford, including materials relating to the development of the antibiotic penicillin in the Dunn School in the 1940s.

Extent: 6 Linear metres, 113 physical shelfmarks
Language(s) of Material: English

Full Range of Shelfmarks:

MSS. 12202/1-91, MSS. 12202 Photogr. 1-22

Biographical/Historical

Pathology at Oxford was originally taught as one of the components of general medical instruction; over time, along with anatomy and physiology, it became a separate subject. During the 1890s, JS Burdon-Sanderson lectured on pathology, while James Ritchie taught bacteriology. The latter was Lecturer in Pathology from 1897 to 1900. On the opening of the new Department of Pathology in 1901, Ritchie was appointed Reader in Pathology; he was ‘constituted’ Professor in 1905. In 1904 William Osler was appointed Regius Professor of Medicine, and funds were obtained, largely from Oxford medical graduates and Edward Whitley, so that on Ritchie’s resignation in 1907 the post was elevated to a permanent professorship and in 1908 Georges Dreyer, the Danish experimental pathologist, was appointed to the Professorship of Pathology, which he held until his death in 1934.

In November 1922, Congregation passed a decree accepting £100,000 from the trustees of the late Sir William Dunn, who had already made various bequests to medical science, including a grant for a Department and Chair of Chemistry at Cambridge. Nearly 3 acres of the University Parks were taken over at the east end of South Parks Road, thus beginning the eastward expansion of the Science Area. The foundation stone of the new School, designed by EP Warren (who worked closely with Professor Dreyer), was laid on 9 May 1923. The building was finished by the end of 1926, and was formally opened on 11 March 1927.

Dreyer was succeeded by Howard Florey, who began his ground-breaking work on penicillin at the School just before the Second World War with colleagues including Ernst Chain, Norman Heatley, and chemist Edward Penley Abraham (who went on to develop and patent the antibiotic cephalosporin, proceeds from which continue to help fund the department).

Heads of Department

1901-1907 James Ritchie, Reader in Pathology (‘constituted’ Professor in 1905) 1907-1934 Georges Dreyer, Professor of Pathology 1934-1935 (vacant) 1935-1963 (Sir) Howard Florey, Professor of Pathology 1963-1994 Henry Harris, Professor of Pathology 1963-79, Regius Professor of Medicine 1979-1992, Emeritus Regius Professor from 1992 1994-2012 Herman Waldmann, Professor of Pathology 2013- Matthew Freeman, Professor of Pathology

Scope and Content

Comprises historical working correspondence and papers, photographs. (The administrative papers of the department are held by the Oxford University Archives.)

Acquisition

Transferred from the Sir William Dunn School of Pathology, 2009-2017.

Related Material

The administrative papers of the Sir William Dunn School of Pathology can be found in the Oxford University Archives at PT 1-76/2.

Preferred Form of Citation

Oxford, Bodleian Library [followed by shelfmark, e.g. MS. 12202].

Personal name(s) (NCA Rules)

Abraham | Edward Penley | Sir | 1913-1999 | biochemist
Chain | Ernst Boris | Sir | 1906-1979 | biochemist
Florey | Harold Walter | Baron | 1898-1968 | experimental pathologist and bacteriologist
Harris | Henry | Sir | 1925-2014 | cell biologist
Heatley | Norman George | 1911-2004 | biochemist
Sanders | Arthur Gordon | 1908-1980 | physician and scientist
Waldmann | Herman | b. 1945 | immunologist

Corporate name(s) (NCA Rules)

Australian National University | John Curtin School of Medical Research.
University of Oxford | Sir William Dunn School of Pathology x Dunn School

Subject(s)

20th century
21st century
Medicine -- History
Penicillin
Science
University of Oxford

A   Dunn School correspondence and papers [1930]-2014

Arrangement

For general departmental administrative papers, please see the Oxford University Archive's Dunn School collection.


A.1   Working correspondence and papers 1941-2005, n.d.

Full range of shelfmarks:

MSS. 12202/1-7, MS. 12202 photogr. 22

Early professors' correspondence and papers
Date: 1941-2004
Shelfmark: MS. 12202/1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Comprises small amounts of the correspondence and papers of:

Research notes
Date: 1947-1991
Shelfmark: MS. 12202/2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Comprises:

A.G. Sanders' consultancy correspondence and papers
Date: 1949-1954, 1961
Shelfmark: MS. 12202/3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box (4 files)

Scope and Content

Comprises:

A.G. Sanders' consultancy photographs
Date: 1949-1953
Shelfmark: MS. 12202 photogr. 22
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Photographs of building plans and interiors of the John Curtin School of Medical Research in Canberra, Australia.

Atherosclerosis Discussion Group
Date: 1971-1985
Shelfmark: MS. 12202/4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box (2 folders)

Scope and Content

Papers of the Atherosclerosis Discussion Group, 1980s, including correspondence mainly with Earl P. Benditt, the Chairman of the Department of Pathology, University of Washington, and copies of papers regarding atherosclerosis and other subjects, possibly texts of lectures given at meetings. (The John French Memorial Fund was opened under the auspices of the Group, of which French was a founder member and Secretary from 1963-1968.)

Symposia
Date: 1990-1992, 2004-2005
Shelfmark: MS. 12202/5
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box (2 folders)

Scope and Content

Comprises:

Prizes and nominations
Date: 1982-1994
Shelfmark: MS. 12202/6
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Correspondence and papers concerning the nominations of Professor Henry Harris for the Wolf Foundation Prize in Medicine, 1982, and for the Nobel Prize, 1989-1994.

Henry Harris' retirement
Date: 1992
Shelfmark: MS. 12202/7
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Correspondence and photographs sent to the Dunn School regarding a celebration of Henry Harris' retirement.

A.2   Celebrations of the history of the Dunn School [1930]-2014

A.2.1   Symposium celebrating the 50th anniversary of the Dunn School [1930]-1984

Full range of shelfmarks:

MSS. 12202/8-10

Correspondence and papers concerning the 50th anniversary of the Dunn School in 1977
Date: [1930]-1984
Shelfmark: MS. 12202/8
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box (3 folders)

Scope and Content

Correspondence of Henry Harris regarding the 50th anniversary of the Dunn School, plus research into Dunn School history, preparations for the celebration symposium, and texts of lectures by Harris, Medawar, Gardner, Heatley, Abraham and Mackaness plus the Chairman's introduction and an audio recording list. Includes a letter from Violet Gardner replying to a condolence letter from Harris on the death of her husband, A.D. Gardner [died 28 Jan 1978].

Microcassettes: 50th anniversary lectures
Date: 1977
Shelfmark: MS. 12202/9
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Ten microcassettes recording lectures given at the celebration of the 50th anniversary of the Dunn School:

A.2.2   Symposium and lectures on penicillin and Howard Florey 1989-1998

Full range of shelfmarks:

MSS. 12202/11-14

Fifty years of pencillin celebrations
Date: 1989-1992
Shelfmark: MS. 12202/11
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box (3 folders)

Scope and Content

Correspondence and papers concerning events held in Oxford to celebrate penicillin. Comprises the University of Oxford's celebration of the 50th anniversary of the first clinical use of penicillin at the Radcliffe Infirmary in 1941 (Penicillin 50-Oxford Fights Disease) as well as the Dunn School's Sep 1990 symposium celebrating the Lancet publication of the first paper describing the development of penicillin. Includes modern prints of photographs of Norman Heatley in the 1940s, typescript copies of Norman Heatley's talk 'Penicillin and Luck' and a typescript of Edward Abraham's talk 'Oxford, Howard Florey and World War II' given at The Rockefeller University in Oct 1989.

Henry Harris on pencillin
Date: 4 Dec 1997
Shelfmark: MS. 12202/12
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Typescript lecture by Henry Harris, 'Penicillin At Oxford'.

Howard Florey centenary celebrations
Date: 1998
Shelfmark: MS. 12202/13
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Restrictions on Access:

Correspondence and papers concerning the Howard Florey centenary celebrations, including a page from Henry Harris's lecture 'Howard Florey and the Development of Penicillin'.


A.2.3   Research on the history of the Dunn School c. 1941-2014

Full range of shelfmarks:

MS. 12202/15

Research on the history of the Dunn School
Date: c. 1941-2014
Shelfmark: MS. 12202/15
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Comprises:

A.2.4   Exhibitions and filming 1997-2000, n.d.

Full range of shelfmarks:

MS. 12202/16

Exhibitions and filming
Date: 1997-2000, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. 12202/16
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box (1 folder)

Scope and Content

Comprises:

A.3   Dunn School cricket club 1952-2009, n.d.

Full range of shelfmarks:

MS. 12202/17

Dunn School cricket club records
Date: 1952-1965, 1974-1978, 1983, 2009, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. 12202/17
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box (2 folders)

Scope and Content

Incomplete series of records of the Dunn School Cricket Club, including financial records, score books, correspondence concerning fixtures, and a photograph of the 1954 team.

B   Printed material, ephemera, objects 1893-2010

B.1   Textbooks and class materials 1938-1990

Full range of shelfmarks:

MSS. 12202/18-19

Cellular pathology class books
Date: 1970-1971, 1974-1976
Shelfmark: MS. 12202/18
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Five spiral-bound typescript textbooks for the principles of cellular pathology class, for Michaelmas and Hilary terms, all labelled Norman Heatley.

Class books
Date: 1938, 1969-1971, 1990
Shelfmark: MS. 12202/19
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Comprises:

B.2   Journals, offprints and newsletters 1893-2008

Full range of shelfmarks:

MSS. 12202/20-27

Offprints, journals, newsletters
Date: 1971-2008
Shelfmark: MS. 12202/20
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Comprises:

Numbered journal reprints
Date: 1932-1937
Shelfmark: MS. 12202/21
Language(s) of Material: English, French, German
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Reprints from scientific journals, collected by G.P. Gladstone and numbered N1 to N43 (sequence incomplete).

Numbered journal reprints
Date: 1893-1953
Shelfmark: MS. 12202/22
Language(s) of Material: English, German
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Reprints from scientific journals, collected by G.P. Gladstone and numbered B1 to B22.

Numbered journal reprints
Date: 1915-1965
Shelfmark: MS. 12202/23
Language(s) of Material: English, German, French
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Reprints from scientific journals, collected by G.P. Gladstone and numbered B23 to B176 (sequence incomplete).

Numbered journal reprints
Date: 1939-1972
Shelfmark: MS. 12202/24
Language(s) of Material: English, German
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Reprints from scientific journals, collected by G.P. Gladstone and numbered P47 to P728 (sequence incomplete).

Numbered journal reprints
Date: 1909-1934
Shelfmark: MS. 12202/25
Language(s) of Material: English, French, German
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Reprints from scientific journals, collected by G.P. Gladstone and numbered A1 to A39, L38 to L39, T9 and I5 to I6 (sequences incomplete).

Journal reprints
Date: 1898-1948
Shelfmark: MS. 12202/26
Language(s) of Material: English, German, French
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Unlabelled reprints from scientific journals, collected by G.P. Gladstone.

Journal reprints
Date: 1890-1943
Shelfmark: MS. 12202/27
Language(s) of Material: English, German
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Unlabelled reprints from scientific journals, collected by G.P. Gladstone.

B.3   Clippings, ephemera, objects 1941-2010, n.d.

Full range of shelfmarks:

MSS. 12202/28-30

Clippings
Date: 1966-2010, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. 12202/28
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

News and magazine clippings of stories concerning the Dunn School and Dunn School personnel, including a file of articles relating to the murder of Dr. Michael Meenaghan on 10 Dec 1994.

Ephemera
Date: 1941, c. 1962-2005, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. 12202/29
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Comprises:

Dunn School ink stamp
Date: n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. 12202/30
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 item

Scope and Content

A wooden and brass ink stamp for the School of Pathology, University of Oxford.

C   Photographs c. 1900-2002

C.1   Penicillin photographs c. 1940-1995

Full range of shelfmarks:

MSS. 12202 Photogr. 1-2

Penicillin-related negatives and contact prints
Date: c. 1940-1995
Shelfmark: MS. 12202 Photogr. 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

A sequence of negatives with contact prints, mainly from the penicillin era, including photographs of the first clinical trial patient Albert Alexander and images of the scientists involved (plus a 1995 image of Professor Herman Waldmann and an undated modern photograph of Dr. Henry Drucker with Professor Charles Fletcher and Dr. Alastair Robb-Smith), with typescript captions written by Professor Henry Harris.

Pencillin prints
Date: c. 1940-1942
Shelfmark: MS. 12202 Photogr. 2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Prints of penicillin-related photographs from the 1940s, including of penicillin apparatus; of the scientists involved (including photographs of Howard Florey at all stages of his life, a later portrait of Norman Heatley and photographs of Alexander Fleming); of the digging of air raid shelters at the Dunn School c. 1940; and two colour photographs showing wounds being treated; with some explanatory text of the apparatus.

C.2   Staff portraits c. 1900-2002

Full range of Shelfmarks

MSS. 12202 Photogr. 3-18

Staff photographs A-E
Date: c.1950-c.1979 mainly 1970-1979
Shelfmark: MS. 12202 Photogr. 3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Comprises negative and print portraits labelled:

Staff photographs F-M
Date: c.1956-c.1984
Shelfmark: MS. 12202 Photogr. 4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Comprises negative and print portraits labelled:

Staff photographs N-S
Date: c. 1950s-1980s
Shelfmark: MS. 12202 Photogr. 5
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Comprises negative and print portraits labelled:

Staff photographs T-Z and unknown
Date: c. 1950s-c. 1980s
Shelfmark: MS. 12202 Photogr. 6
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Comprises negative and print portraits labelled:

Staff photograph cards
Date: c. 1990-1999
Shelfmark: MS. 12202 Photogr. 7
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Captioned staff photographs, mainly mounted on card, of staff (and students?) at the Dunn School in the 1990s. Not in alphabetical order.

Staff photographs (glass plate negatives) A-J
Date: c. 1940s-c. 1970s
Shelfmark: MS. 12202 Photogr. 8
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Mainly glass plate negative portraits of staff, with additional glass positives, photo prints, and negative film sheet prints, arranged alphabetically A-J:

Staff photographs (glass plate negatives) J-Y
Date: c. 1940s-c. 1970s
Shelfmark: MS. 12202 Photogr. 9
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Mainly glass plate negative portraits of staff, with additional photo prints, and negative film sheet prints, arranged alphabetically J-Y:

Portraits and group photographs
Date: c. 1900-2002
Shelfmark: MS. 12202 Photogr. 10
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Candid and posed portraits and group photographs of Dunn School personnel and important figures in Dunn School history including Sir William Dunn, E.P. Abraham, Guy Newton, Sir Peter Medawar, Henry Harris and Herman Waldmann.

Negative photographs of staff and penicillin vessels (Book 1)
Date: c. 1941-c. 1990
Shelfmark: MS. 12202 Photogr. 11
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

35mm film strip negatives of staff plus sheet film negatives of items including penicillin vessels, numbered and captioned in their original negative album (now separated).

Negative photographs of staff (Book 2)
Date: c. 1960-c.1990
Shelfmark: MS. 12202 Photogr. 12
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

35mm film strip negatives of staff, numbered and captioned in their original negative album (now separated).

Negative photographs of staff (Book 3)
Date: c. 1960-c. 1990
Shelfmark: MS. 12202 Photogr. 13
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

35mm film strip negatives of staff, numbered and captioned in their original negative album (now separated).

Negative photographs of staff (Book 4)
Date: c. 1960-c.1990
Shelfmark: MS. 12202 Photogr. 14
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

35mm film strip negatives of staff, numbered and captioned in their original negative album (now separated).

Negative photographs of staff (Book 5)
Date: c. 1960-c.1990
Shelfmark: MS. 12202 Photogr. 15
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

35mm film strip negatives of staff, numbered and captioned in their original negative album (now separated).

Negative photographs of staff (Book 6)
Date: c. 1960-c.1990
Shelfmark: MS. 12202 Photogr. 16
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

35mm film strip negatives of staff, numbered and captioned in their original negative album (now separated).

Negative photographs of staff (Book 7)
Date: c. 1960-c. 1990
Shelfmark: MS. 12202 Photogr. 17
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

35mm film strip negatives of staff, numbered and captioned in their original negative album (now separated).

Prints and negatives of staff members
Date: c. 1970s-1980s
Shelfmark: MS. 12202 Photogr. 18
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Contact print photographs and negatives of staff members, in labelled envelopes, not in alphabetical order, including photographs of Margaret Jennings (Lady Florey) and Mrs Turner (Howard Florey's secretary).

C.3   Scientific and lab photographs, and miscellanea c. 1937-2000, n.d.

Full range of shelfmarks:

MSS. 12202 Photogr. 19-21

NBM band glass slide images
Date: n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. 12202 Photogr. 19
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

16 glass slide images labelled e.g. NBM Pronormoblast, neutrophil band, 2 segmented neutrophils [originally in a box labelled 'J.E. French Box 1, Hamster Cheek Pouch, Art. Thrombi.'].

Dunn School, laboratories, teaching spaces, apparatus
Date: c. 1937-c. 2000
Shelfmark: MS. 12202 Photogr. 20
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Comprises:

Miscellaneous photographs
Date: [1935], 1973, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. 12202 Photogr. 21
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Comprises photographs including:


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