Catalogue of the archive of Emily Hobhouse

Bodleian Library, University of Oxford

Rachael Gardner
2017


Catalogued with the generous support of the Arts and Humanities Research Council.

Department of Special Collections
Contact Information
Search Online Catalogues


Table of Contents

Introduction
A   Anglo-Boer War 1899-1996, n.d.
B   Post Anglo-Boer War 1902-1919, 2009, n.d.
C   World War One 1914-1917, n.d.
D   Post World War One 1916-1935, n.d.
E   Family papers and correspondence 1867-1989, n.d.
F   Writings 1898-1926, n.d.
G   Other correspondence 1900-1928, n.d.


Archive of Emily Hobhouse

1860-1926

Abstract:
Archive of Emily Hobhouse (1860-1926), humanitarian activist.

Extent: 30 boxes
Language(s) of Material: English

Full range of shelfmarks:

MSS. Hobhouse 1-30

Biographical history

See the entry by Elaine Harrison in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography for further details.

Emily Hobhouse (1860-1926) was a humanitarian activist and pacifist, best known for her work publicising the conditions in the concentration camps in South Africa during the Anglo-Boer War (1899-1902), and distributing aid through her committee, the South African Women and Children Distress Fund. Following the war she was active in rehabilitation efforts in South Africa and initiated a Home Industries scheme, establishing schools for lace-making, spinning and weaving.

Hobhouse was a committed pacifist, and in 1916 she travelled to Germany and Belgium to investigate and report on conditions there, and work towards peace, meeting the German foreign minister Gottlieb von Jagow. Following the armistice, Hobhouse continued to be active in relief work: she was chairwoman of the Russian Babies Fund, and helped to set up the Fund to Aid Swiss Relief, which was incorporated with the Save the Children Fund in April 1919. In the autumn of 1919 she travelled to Vienna and Leipzig to investigate conditions, and set up a local relief fund in Leipzig. She was honoured by the city of Leipzig, and awarded the German Red Cross decoration of second class.

In 1921, Rachel Isabella Steyn, wife of President Steyn, raised a subscription in South Africa to provide money for Emily Hobhouse to purchase a house in Cornwall, in gratitude for her work among the Boers. Mrs Steyn prompted Hobhouse to begin work on an autobiography and memoir, which she was not able to complete. She drew extensively on her correspondence from the Anglo-Boer War and post-war period, in particular letters to her aunt, Lady Mary Hobhouse, and brother, Leonard Trelawny Hobhouse, and friends including General Jan Smuts, Caroline Murray, Elizabeth Maria (Betty) Molteno, Anna Purcell and Alice Greene.

Emily Hobhouse died on 8 June 1926, and her ashes were buried on 26 October 1926 at the Bloemfontein war memorial, South Africa, where only she, President Steyn, and General de Wet are buried.

Leonard Trelawny Hobhouse (1864-1929) was a social philosopher and journalist who contributed to the Manchester Guardian under the editorship of C.P. Scott, and wrote several sociological works, such as A Theory of Knowledge (1896), Morals in Evolution (1906) and Development and Purpose (1913). He was a strong critic of the government during the Anglo-Boer war and supported his sister Emily Hobhouse in her philanthropic actions. Leonard T. Hobhouse died in 1929. For more information, see his entry in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography by Michael Freeden.

Scope and Content

The first four series are divided into periods of time: Anglo-Boer War, post-Anglo-Boer War, World War One and post-World War One. These relate to different periods of Hobhouse’s work: her actions campaigning against conditions in the camps in South Africa during the Anglo-Boer War; her work for rehabilitation post-war and the home industries scheme; her pacifism during World War One and visit to Germany and Belgium; and work for the Fund to Aid Swiss Relief and Russian Babies Fund post war, including her relief work in Leipzig.

Hobhouse’s primary way of communicating her work was through letters to friends and family, which were often intended to be circulated in social circles to raise awareness. Throughout her active life, Hobhouse corresponded frequently with her brother, Leonard Trelawny Hobhouse, and her aunt, Lady Mary Hobhouse. These letters contain much information regarding her activism, and make up part of the Family Correspondence series. Also in this series are papers of Leonard Trelawny Hobhouse; and letters of other relatives. Papers relating to Emily Hobhouse’s missionary work in Virginia before the Anglo-Boer War, as arranged by her, are also within this series.

In the 1920s Hobhouse began to write her memoirs, and much of this writing was organised by her in paper wrappers. This material includes typewritten copies of letters and drafts of Hobhouse’s accounts. These are organised in the writings series.

In addition to her aunt and brother, Hobhouse’s correspondence with General Jan Smuts, and C.E. Maurice, span across the chronological areas of her work. This correspondence therefore makes up the final series of the archive.

The archive contains letters, writings, reports and other printed material, journals, scrapbooks, newspaper cuttings, some photographs and objects including flax and wool samples. There is a significant amount of photocopies of Emily’s letters which are held in other institutions, and photocopied material collected by Jennifer Hobhouse Balme during the course of her research.

Arrangement

The archive is arranged into seven series: Anglo-Boer War, post-Anglo-Boer War, World War One, post-World War One, Family papers and correspondence, writings, and other correspondence.

Where the original arrangement of the material was evident, this has been preserved. This is the case notably with the ‘writings’ series, Hobhouse’s material relating to America and Mexico, and Leonard T. Hobhouse’s own papers. Material is arranged chronologically, with undated and fragmented material placed at the end of the files.

Acquisition

Donated to the Bodleian by Jennifer Hobhouse Balme on 18 April 2016.

Custodial History

The papers were in the possession of Jennifer Hobhouse Balme, Emily Hobhouse's great-niece, and used in the course of her research.

Bibliographical References

Emily Hobhouse, The Brunt of the War and Where It Fell, (1902)Emily Hobhouse (trans.) Tant'Alie of Transvaal, Her Diary 1880-1902 (1923)Emily Hobhouse, War without Glamour, or, Women's War Experiences Written by Themselves 1899-1902 (1924)(Anna) Ruth Fry, Emily Hobhouse: A Memoir, (1929)Jennifer Hobhouse Balme, To love one's enemies: the work and life of Emily Hobhouse (1994)John Hall, That Bloody Woman: The Turbulent Life of Emily Hobhouse (2008)Jennifer Hobhouse Balme, Agent of peace: Emily Hobhouse and her courageous attempt to end the First World War (2015)Jennifer Hobhouse Balme, Living the love: Emily Hobhouse post-war (1918-1926) (2016)

Preferred Form of Citation

Oxford, Bodleian Library [followed by shelfmark and file or folder number, e.g. MS. Hobhouse 1].

Personal name(s) (NCA Rules)

Hobhouse | Emily | 1860-1926 | social activist and charity worker

Subject(s)

19th century
20th century
Humanitarianism
South African War, 1899-1902 -- Concentration camps
World War, 1914-1918

A   Anglo-Boer War 1899-1996, n.d.

Full range of shelfmarks:

MSS. Hobhouse 1-6


Letters and papers of Emily Hobhouse
Date: 1900-1902, 1923, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Hobhouse 1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Includes typewritten letters to Caroline Murray, 1901, and typewritten 'Extracts from "What I remember" by Mrs Fawcett', with annotations by Hobhouse, n.d.

Letters and papers of others
Date: 1900-1902, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Hobhouse 2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 3 folders

Scope and Content

Folder 1: 'Statement Re Miss Hobhouse's Forcible Removal From The 'Avondale Castle' On Thursday, October 31st, 1901', typed onto a roll of fabric, likely by Mrs Anna Purcell and Miss Betty Molteno.

On the reverse side (faded) are additional accounts, including 'Mrs Heine[?]'s Letter to her Parents (Rev. and Mrs Louw of the Raal[?] after her Brother's (William Hofmeyr Louw) Execution at Colesburg Nov. 1901'.

Folder 2: Letters and papers of others, 1900-1903, n.d. Several letters in this file have been typewritten and annotated by Hobhouse in preparation for an autobiographical work c.1925. Includes:

Folder 3: Letters and papers sent to Hobhouse and arranged by her as 'Letters from foreigners', 1901-1902, n.d. Includes:

Letters and papers of the Manchester Transvaal Committee, and Government papers
Date: 1899-1902, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Hobhouse 3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 2 folders

Scope and Content

Folder 1: Papers relating to the Manchester Transvaal Committee, including correspondence of C. P. Scott and Leonard T. Hobhouse. Also includes pamphlet Mr John Morley on The Crisis, and leaflets The Present Position, and The Story of the Boers, 1899, n.d.

Folder 2: Government papers, 1901-1902, n.d. Photocopied letters and reports used by Jennifer Hobhouse Balme in her research. Originals are held at The National Archives. Includes:

Printed material
Date: 1899-1996, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Hobhouse 4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 3 folders

Scope and Content

Folder 1: Leaflets, pamphlets and other publications, 1899-1996, n.d. Includes:

Folder 2: Photocopied newspaper articles and other papers, collected by Jennifer Hobhouse Balme during her research, with annotations by her, 1900-1962, n.d.

Folder 3: Ballade de Miss Hobhouse, Edmond Rostand, Riccardo Zandonai, n.d.

Newspapers and cuttings
Date: 1899-1904, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Hobhouse 5
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 5 folders

Scope and Content

Newspapers and newspaper cuttings, with several annotated by Hobhouse. Many are fragile and undated.

Scrapbook
Date: 1899-1902
Shelfmark: MS. Hobhouse 6
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Scrapbook assembled by Hobhouse with correspondence, photographs and reports relating to the Anglo-Boer War and her visit to the camps. Loose material has been removed and filed with related material in this series.

B   Post Anglo-Boer War 1902-1919, 2009, n.d.

Full range of shelfmarks:

MSS. Hobhouse 7-9


Letters from Emily Hobhouse
Date: 1902-1919, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Hobhouse 7
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 2 folders

Scope and Content

The letters are a combination of original documents and photocopies. Undated, and incomplete fragments are placed at the end of the file. Includes:

Letters, reports and printed material
Date: 1903-1909, 2009
Shelfmark: MS. Hobhouse 8
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 2 folders

Scope and Content

Folder 1: Letters from others, to Emily Hobhouse and other correspondents. Includes both original documents and photocopies. Includes:

Folder 2: Reports and printed material, both photocopies and original documents. Includes:

Journal
Date: 1 Jan 1905 - 6 Apr 1905
Shelfmark: MS. Hobhouse 9
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 file

Scope and Content

Personal journal containing Hobhouse's thoughts and actions in the lead up to the crossing to South Africa, the crossing itself, and the first two months initiating the Home Industries. Contains a pressed flower, and a newspaper article 'John Stuart Mill: 'Intemperate Discussion', n.d.

C   World War One 1914-1917, n.d.

Full range of shelfmarks:

MSS. Hobhouse 10-12


Diaries relating to Hobhouse's visit to Belgium and Germany
Date: 7 Jun-14 Jul 1916
Shelfmark: MS. Hobhouse 10
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 4 volumes

Scope and Content

Comprises four notebooks:

Letters, papers and printed material
Date: 1914-1917, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Hobhouse 11
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 3 folders

Scope and Content

Comprises:

Folder 1 - Letters and papers of Hobhouse, 1914-1917, n.d. Includes:

Folder 2 - Letters and papers of others, mainly addressed to Hobhouse, 1914-1917, n.d. Includes:

Folder 3 - Printed material, 1914-1917, n.d. Includes:

Photocopies of letters and papers relating to Hobhouse's visit to Germany
Date: 1915-1917, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Hobhouse 12
Language(s) of Material: English, Some material is written in German.
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Includes correspondence with Herr von Romberg, the German Ambassador in Bern, and to Jane Addams and Aletta Jacobs, Hobhouse's fellow committee members on the International Committee of Women for Permanent Peace.

D   Post World War One 1916-1935, n.d.

Full range of shelfmarks:

MSS. Hobhouse 13-15


The Leipzig fund and Russian Babies fund
Date: 1919-1935, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Hobhouse 13
Language(s) of Material: English, A large proportion of material is in German, with some in French.
Extent: 4 folders

Scope and Content

Includes:

Scrapbook relating to Germany and Austria
Date: 1916-1924
Shelfmark: MS. Hobhouse 14
Language(s) of Material: English, A high proportion of material is in German.
Extent: 1 volume

Scope and Content

Scrapbook compiled by Hobhouse, titled 'Addresses, letters and photos, Germany and Austria &c', relating to her work for the Leipzig fund.

Letters and papers of Emily Hobhouse
Date: 1919-1926, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Hobhouse 15
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 2 folders

Scope and Content

Includes:

E   Family papers and correspondence 1867-1989, n.d.

Personal name(s) (NCA Rules)
Hobhouse née Farrer | Mary | Lady | 1825-1905 | activist
Hobhouse | Arthur | Baron | 1819-1904 | judge
Hobhouse | Leonard Trelawny | 1864-1929 | social philosopher and journalist
Full range of shelfmarks:

MSS. Hobhouse 16-23


Papers relating to Emily Hobhouse in America and Mexico.
Date: 1895-1898
Shelfmark: MS. Hobhouse 16
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 5 folders

Scope and Content

Consists of letters arranged and kept by Hobhouse, sent between her and friends and family, including much with Lady Mary Hobhouse, Leonard and Nora Hobhouse.

Letters from Emily Hobhouse to Leonard Hobhouse
Date: 1898-1901, 1903-1925, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Hobhouse 17
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 2 folders

Letters from Leonard Hobhouse to Emily Hobhouse
Date: 1875-1925, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Hobhouse 18
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Papers of Leonard Hobhouse
Date: 1874-1926, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Hobhouse 19
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 3 folders

Scope and Content

Letters mainly to Leonard Hobhouse. Comprises:

Papers of Oliver Hobhouse, including papers relating to the death of Leonard Hobhouse
Date: 1907-1929, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Hobhouse 20
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 2 folders

Scope and Content

Includes:

Letters from Emily Hobhouse to her aunt, Lady Mary Hobhouse
Date: 1901-1903
Shelfmark: MS. Hobhouse 21
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Papers of Lady Mary and Lord Arthur Hobhouse
Date: 1884-1905, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Hobhouse 22
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 2 folders

Scope and Content

Comprises:

Other papers of Emily Hobhouse, including papers relating to her death
Date: 1867-1929, 1965, 1989, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Hobhouse 23
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 2 folders

Scope and Content

Comprises:

F   Writings 1898-1926, n.d.

Scope and Content

These texts were written by Hobhouse in the 1920s, in preparation of an autobiographical work. They are mainly described by her as 'original' or 'rough' drafts and draw on her notes and letters from the time which are often inserted. The pages are numbered in each folder, although some are missing from the sequence. They were arranged by her in brown wrappers which have been retained. They have been arranged in general chronological order according to their labels.

Full range of shelfmarks:

MSS. Hobhouse 24-28


Writings
Date: 1899-1901
Shelfmark: MS. Hobhouse 24
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 6 folders

Scope and Content

Hobhouse's writings, in labelled paper envelopes, relating to the years 1899-1901. Comprises:

Writings
Date: 1902-1903
Shelfmark: MS. Hobhouse 25
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 12 folders

Scope and Content

Hobhouse's writings, in labelled paper envelopes, relating to the years 1902-1903. Comprises:

Writings
Date: 1904-1908, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Hobhouse 26
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 9 folders

Scope and Content

Hobhouse's writings, in labelled paper envelopes, relating to the years 1904-1908, n.d. Comprises:

Writings
Date: 1898-1903, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Hobhouse 27
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Further and miscellaneous writings by Hobhouse. Includes:

Wrappers
Date: 1901-1920s, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Hobhouse 28
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Old wrappers and notes used by Hobhouse to organise writings and groups of letters. These had become disassociated with the material previously contained in them. Many are annotated by Hobhouse.

G   Other correspondence 1900-1928, n.d.

Full range of shelfmarks:

MSS. Hobhouse 29-30


Letters between Emily Hobhouse and General Jan Smuts, and his wife 'Isie' Isabella Smuts.
Date: 1904-1928, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Hobhouse 29
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Letters are photocopies. Hobhouse often refers to General Jan Smuts as 'Oom Janie', and he often addresses her as 'Auntie'. Includes some letters from Leonard and Oliver Hobhouse.

Letters between Emily Hobhouse and C.E. Maurice
Date: 1900-1924, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Hobhouse 30
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 1 box

Scope and Content

Letters between Emily Hobhouse and C.E. Maurice, with some letters from Lady Mary Hobhouse. C.E. Maurice was Honoury Secretary of the South African Women and Children Distress Fund.


Transformation from XML (EAD 2.0) to HTML
10 August 2017