Papers of Francis John Stephens Hopwood, Baron Southborough, 1737-1945

Bodleian Library, University of Oxford

Charlotte Mckillop-Mash, Eleanor Laviers
2007



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Table of Contents

Introduction
A   Diaries 1891-1939
    A.1   Diaries relating to commissions 1891, 1917
    A.2   Brief daily diaries 1897-1932, 1939
B   Official Correspondence and papers 1884-1945
    B.1   General Correspondence 1884-1945
    B.2   Royal Correspondence and Papers 1885-1944
    B.3   Named Correspondents 1907-1945
C   Public Commissions 1887-1943
    C.1   British imperial jurisdictions 1887-1942
    C.2   Ireland 1912-1941
    C.3   Miscellaneous Civil Service and Government Papers 1909-1939
D   Personal Papers 1737-1945
    D.1   Private Business and Committee Papers 1909-1945
    D.2   Private Papers 1737-1943
    D.3   Private Ephemera 1902-1943


Papers of Francis John Stephens Hopwood, Baron Southborough

1737-1945

Abstract:
Official and personal papers of Francis John Stephens Hopwood, Baron Southborough (1860-1947), civil servant.

Extent: 63 shelfmarks
Language(s) of Material: English

Biographical/Historical

F.J.S. Hopwood (1860-1947) trained as a solicitor and in 1885 entered the civil service as an assistant law clerk to the Board of Trade, becoming permanent secretary there, 1901-7; permanent under-secretary of state for the colonies, 1907-10; a privy council member, 1912 and additional civil lord of the Admiralty, 1912-17. He was associated with a number of commissions and arbitrations. He was a member of the West Ridgeway committee of Transvaal and Orange River Colony, 1906; secretary of the Irish Convention, 1917-18 and chairman of the Indian franchise committee, 1918-19. He also accompanied the Prince of Wales to Canada in 1908 and the Duke of Connaught to South Africa in 1910. He was appointed K.C.B. in 1901 and created first Baron Southborough and G.C.V.O in 1917. For further details, see the Dictionary of National Biography.

Scope and Content

The papers span the dates 1737-1945, with most of them dating from 1886 to 1945. The papers consist chiefly of official correspondence arranged either in subject files or by correspondent, as well as Hopwood's appointment diaries (1897-32, 1939), official reports, copies of speeches, miscellanous invitations and printed souvenirs and brochures. The papers include personal letters from professional acquaintances and a collection of autographs and family papers, but otherwise few personal papers. The collection documents Hopwood's career as a civil servant at the Board of Trade, Colonial Office and the Admiralty and reflects his involvement in railway arbitration and various government commissions and royal tours as well as his work as a governor of Wellington College, his involvement in the British Empire League and the construction of the British Empire Building, New York, and the Lions Gate Bridge and fountain in Vancouver. Among his correspondents are Winston Churchill, Admiral Lord Fisher, General Botha, Lord Midleton, Selborne, Crewe, Elgin, Herbert Gladstone, and G.W. Balfour.

Arrangement

The papers were received having been arranged chronologically within subject or correspondent files and have been kept largely in that order.

Restrictions on Use

Permission to copy material must be obtained from the rights holder.

Acquisition

Gift, July 1985

Preferred Form of Citation

Oxford, Bodleian Library [followed by shelfmark and folio or page reference, e.g. MS. Eng. b. 2070, fols. 1-2].

Personal name(s) (NCA Rules)

Hopwood | Francis John Stephens | 1860-1947 | 1st Baron Southborough | civil servant

Corporate name(s) (NCA Rules)

British Empire League
Great Britain and Ireland | Admiralty
Great Britain and Ireland | Board of Trade
Great Britain and Ireland | Colonial Office
Wellington College

Place name(s) (NCA Rules)

Canada
Denmark
Great Britain
India
Ireland
Newfoundland
South Africa
Sweden

Subject(s)

Civil service -- Great Britain
Great Britain -- Politics and government -- 1837-1901
Great Britain -- Politics and government -- 1901-1936

A   Diaries 1891-1939

A.1   Diaries relating to commissions 1891, 1917

Newfoundland
Date: 1891
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3593
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 46 leaves

Scope and Content

Notebook/diary of Hopwood's mission to investigate the conditions of deep-sea fishermen in Newfoundland, Sept. 1891.

Scandinavia
Date: 1917
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3594
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 83 leaves

Scope and Content

Travel diary for Hopwood's mission to Scandinavia to investigate the possibility of Austrian peace proposals, Feb.-Mar. 1917.

A.2   Brief daily diaries 1897-1932, 1939

Scope and Content

Brief daily diaries, little to no narrative content, 1897-1932 and 1939

Daily diary
Date: 1897
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3595
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 198 leaves

Daily diary
Date: 1898
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3596
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 198 leaves

Daily diary
Date: 1899
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3597
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 198 leaves

Daily diary
Date: 1900
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3598
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 198 leaves

Daily diary
Date: 1901
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3599
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 194 leaves

Daily diary
Date: 1902
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3600
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 204 leaves

Daily diary
Date: 1903
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3601
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 205 leaves

Daily diary
Date: 1904
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3602
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 205 leaves

Daily diary
Date: 1905
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3603
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 207 leaves

Daily diary
Date: 1906
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3604
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 208 leaves

Daily diary
Date: 1907
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3605
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 208 leaves

Daily diary
Date: 1908
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3606
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 208 leaves

Daily diary
Date: 1909
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3607
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 208 leaves

Daily diary
Date: 1910
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3608
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 214 leaves

Daily diary
Date: 1911
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3609
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 215 leaves

Daily diary
Date: 1912
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3610
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 162 leaves

Daily diary
Date: 1913
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3611
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 412 pages

Daily diary
Date: 1914
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3612
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 123 leaves

Daily diary
Date: 1915
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3613
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 242 pages

Daily diary
Date: 1916
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3614
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 242 pages

Daily diary
Date: 1917
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3615
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 242 pages

Daily diary
Date: 1918
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3616
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 242 pages

Daily diary
Date: 1919
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3617
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 178 pages

Daily diary
Date: 1920
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3618
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 142 leaves

Daily diary
Date: 1921
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3619
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 204 leaves

Daily diary
Date: 1922
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3620
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 204 leaves

Daily diary
Date: 1923
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3621
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 348 pages

Daily diary
Date: 1924
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3622
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 143 leaves

Daily diary
Date: 1925
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3623
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 220 pages

Daily diary
Date: 1926
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3624
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 180 leaves

Daily diary
Date: 1927
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3625
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 141 leaves

Daily diary
Date: 1928
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3626
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 220 pages

Daily diary
Date: 1929
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3627
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 220 pages

Daily diary
Date: 1930
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3628
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 220 pages

Daily diary
Date: 1931
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3629
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 220 pages

Daily diary
Date: 1932
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3630
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 220 pages

Daily diary
Date: 1939
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. e. 3631
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 204 pages

B   Official Correspondence and papers 1884-1945

B.1   General Correspondence 1884-1945

Arrangement

The general correspondence was arranged in chronological order, with some anomalies, by a former owner, and has been kept largely in that order, although the contents of each box have been listed alphabetically by surname here. Undated material will be found at the end of each box..


Letters to Sir Courtenay Boyle
Date: 1886-1901
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7343
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 147 leaves

Biographical/Historical

Sir Courtenay Boyle joined the Board of Trade in 1886 as assistant secretary in charge of the Board's railway department. In 1893 he became the permanent secretary of the Board of Trade, being succeeded by Hopwood on his death in 1901.


Scope and Content

Letters mainly to Sir Courtenay Boyle (with a few letters from him). Includes letters from

General Correspondence
Date: 1882-1903
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7344

Extent: 232 leaves

Scope and Content

General correspondence relating to Hopwood's daily work as a civil servant, as well as more personal letters from friends and acquaintances. Most letters are addressed to Hopwood himself.

Includes letters from

General Correspondence
Date: 1904-9
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7345

Extent: 331 leaves

Scope and Content

Includes letters from

General Correspondence
Date: 1910-17
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7346

Extent: 457 leaves

Scope and Content

Includes letters from

General Correspondence
Date: 1918-30, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7347

Extent: 351 leaves

Scope and Content

General correspondence 1918-30 as well as undated correspondence included in the 1918-30 file in the original arrangement. Includes letters from

Also includes (fols. 6-9) Memorandum on the career of Frederick Leverton Harris, M.P, c. 1918

General Correspondence
Date: 1931-45, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7348

Extent: 276 leaves

Scope and Content

General correspondence 1931-45, as well as undated correspondence included in the 1931-45 file in the original arrangement. Includes letters from

General Correspondence
Date: n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7349

Extent: 106 leaves

Scope and Content

General correspondence included in an 'undated' file in the original arrangement. Includes letters from

B.2   Royal Correspondence and Papers 1885-1944

Arrangement

Arranged by subject.


Papers relating to the acquisition of the Cullinan Diamond for the British crown
Date: mainly 1907-1910
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7350/1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 45 leaves

Scope and Content

Includes letters from:

as well as papers comprising:

Papers relating to the acquisition of the Cullinan Diamond for the British crown
Date: 1907-1908
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7362 (folder 1)
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 10 leaves

Scope and Content

Comprises letters from

Correspondence with court officials
Date: 1886-1943, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7350/2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 142 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence between Sir Courtenay Boyle, permanent secretary of the Board of Trade and Hopwood's superior between 1893-1901, and various courtiers. Includes letters from

Correspondence between Francis Hopwood and various courtiers. Includes letters and telegrams from

Correspondence, mainly with court officials
Date: mainly 1903-1917
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7362 (folder 2)
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 148 leaves

Scope and Content

Includes letters and drafts from

Correspondence with court officials
Date: 1917-1933
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7362 (folder 3)
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 53 leaves

Scope and Content

Subject covered include the sale of Claremont House, the Irish Convention, the Russian Revolution. Comprises letters and drafts from

Correspondence with the Royal Family
Date: 1907-1944
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7350/3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 76 leaves

Scope and Content

Comprises letters from

Correspondence with Royal Family
Date: 1912, 1914
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7362 (folder 4)
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 4 leaves

Scope and Content

Comprises letters from

B.2.8   Correspondence with Princess Louise 1920-1937

Scope and Content

Mainly comprises letters from Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll, to Hopwood, 1920-37>

Miscellaneous royal papers
Date: 1885, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7350/4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 131 leaves

Scope and Content

Comprises

Separated Material

A photograph, possibly of the Prince of Wales and crew members on board ship, c.1908, is now in MS. Photogr. c. 185, fol. 57.


B.3   Named Correspondents 1907-1945

Correspondence of Generals Botha and Smuts,
Date: 1907-1943
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7351/1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 51 leaves

Scope and Content

Letters predominantly from (or on behalf of) General Louis Botha to Sir Francis Hopwood, as well as letters from and to General Jan Christian Smuts. Includes

Sir Winston Churchill correspondence
Date: 1907-1945, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7351/2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 96 leaves.

Scope and Content

Letters predominantly from Sir Winston Churchill to Sir Francis Hopwood, but also includes letters from Hopwood.

Lord Dudley correspondence
Date: 1908-1930, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7351/3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 23 leaves.

Scope and Content

Letters (mainly 1908-11) from William Humble Ward, 2nd Earl of Dudley to Sir Francis Hopwood, concerning Dudley's tenure as Governor-general of Australia. Also includes letters from

Admiral Lord John Fisher correspondence and papers
Date: 1907-1916, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7351/4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 101 leaves.

Scope and Content

Letters from Admiral Lord John Fisher to Sir Francis Hopwood, mainly concerning the oil committee of the Royal Commission on Fuel and Engines and the conduct of World War I. Also includes

Lord Granard correspondence
Date: 1911-1944, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7351/5
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 80 leaves.

Scope and Content

Letters mainly from Bernard Forbes, 8th Earl of Granard, to Sir Francis Hopwood, concerning Irish affairs as well as the conduct of the Dardanelles Campaign of World War I. Also includes

C   Public Commissions 1887-1943

Scope and Content

Correspondence and papers relating to Hopwood's Civil Service work in the British Empire.

C.1   British imperial jurisdictions 1887-1942

Newfoundland correspondence and papers
Date: 1887-1943
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7352
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 101 leaves

Scope and Content

Miscellaneous correspondence and papers 1897-1904, n.d. Includes letters from

with (fols. 36-44) description of the scenery of the Humber River, Western Newfoundland, no author, n.d.

Correspondence relating to fisheries arbitration, 1905-10. Includes letters from

Correspondence concerning Wilfred Grenfell's Newfoundland medical mission, 1904-1943. Includes letters from

Arrangement

Arranged chronologically within subject groupings.


Newfoundland newspapers
Date: 1894-1895
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7885
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 10 leaves

Scope and Content

South and East Africa
Date: 1897-1935
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7353
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 401 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence and papers relating to the Jameson Raid, 1897-1920, n.d. Includes letters from

as well as papers including

General correspondence and papers relating to South and East Africa, 1906-14, 1924, 1927, 1931, 1935, n.d. Includes letters from

Correspondence and papers relating to Prince Arthur, 1st Duke of Connaught's visit to South Africa, 1909-11. Includes letters from

as well as papers including

Canada
Date: 1908
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7354
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 345 leaves

Scope and Content

General correspondence concerning Canada, 1908. Includes letters from

Correspondence relating to the Prince of Wales's visit to Quebec, 1908. Includes letters from

Papers relating to the Prince of Wales's visit to Quebec, 1908. Includes

Miscellaneous papers relating to the Prince of Wales's visit to Quebec, 1908. Souvenir brochures, postcards, invitations, luggage tags, maps and itineraries relating to celebration of the tercentenary of the foundation of Quebec. Some items written in French. Includes

Documents relating to Canadian trade with the West Indies, 1908. Documents principally addressed to Robert Crewe-Milnes, later Marquess of Crewe (Secretary of State for the Colonies). Comprises

Arrangement

Arranged chronologically within subject groupings.


India
Date: 1910-1942
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7355
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 118 leaves

Scope and Content

General correspondence, 1910-42. Includes letters from

With correspondence and papers relating to the Indian Electoral Franchise Committee, 1918-22. Includes letters from

and papers comprising

C.2   Ireland 1912-1941

Lord Midleton's papers relating to Ireland, the Customs Convention [1917] and the Irish Convention [1917-18],
Date: 1912-1921
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7356
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 251 leaves

Scope and Content

Papers of William St John Fremantle Brodrick, Viscount Midleton, a leading southern unionist, including papers relating to a conference about Irish affairs at the Brodrick family seat, Peper Harow in Surrey. Comprises

Correspondence and papers relating to the Irish Convention
Date: 1914-1941, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7357
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 398 leaves

Scope and Content

Pre-Convention correspondence and papers. Includes

Convention correspondence and papers. Includes letters from

as well as papers comprising

Further Convention correspondence and papers. Includes letters from

as well as undated correspondence, notes and satirical poems including

C.3   Miscellaneous Civil Service and Government Papers 1909-1939

Reports and committee papers
Date: 1909-1933
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7358/1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 59 leaves

Scope and Content

Comprises

Official circulars and publications
Date: 1911-1939
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7358/2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 57 leaves

Scope and Content

Comprises

Miscellaneous Admiralty papers
Date: 1912-1916
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7358/3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 43 leaves

Scope and Content

Comprises

Correspondence and papers relating to Hopwood's peace mission to Scandinavia
Date: 1917
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7358/4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 19 leaves

Scope and Content

In 1917, Sir Francis Hopwood was sent on a secret mission to Scandinavia to investigate rumoured Austrian peace proposals. Comprises

Papers concerning the granting of civil Orders of the British Empire
Date: 1917-1919, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7358/5
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 28 leaves

Scope and Content

Draft proposals and circulars and correspondence re allocating and distributing civil O.B.Es.

Correspondence and papers relating to a shell-shock enquiry
Date: 1918-1922
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7358/6
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 44 leaves

Scope and Content

Comprises

D   Personal Papers 1737-1945

D.1   Private Business and Committee Papers 1909-1945

British Empire League correspondence and papers
Date: 1909-1931
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7359/1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 16 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence and papers relating to the committee and membership of the British Empire League. Includes

Wellington College correspondence
Date: 1923-1945
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7359/2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 145 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence relating to Francis Hopwood's tenure as governor, and later treasurer, of Wellington College. Includes

The British Empire Building, New York
Date: 1931-1935
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7360/1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 69 leaves

Scope and Content

Correspondence and papers relating to the construction and fitting-out of the British Empire Building at the Rockefeller Center, New York. Includes letters from

with

Lions Gate Bridge, Vancouver
Date: 1934-1939
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7360/2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 25 leaves & 49 pages

Scope and Content

A souvenir booklet about the construction of the Lions Gate Bridge, Vancouver, Canada (49 pages). Also includes correspondence and papers (fols. 1-25) relating to the construction of the bridge, charitably funded via the First Narrows Bridge Company, which was chaired by Francis Hopwood. The correspondence mainly concerns (fols. 2-13, 17, 21) the donation of a fountain by John D. Rockefeller Jr.

Miscellaneous business and committee papers
Date: 1910-1945
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7360/3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 105 leaves.

Scope and Content

Speeches written by Francis Hopwood and miscellaneous reports, schedules, minutes and deeds. Comprises

D.2   Private Papers 1737-1943

Autograph album
Date: n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 3730
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 255 + 8 leaves

Scope and Content

An autograph book comprising both autographs and tipped in holograph letters (fols. 1-255), including

together with loose papers (fols. 1-8) removed from the album.

Holographs and autographs
Date: 1737-1879, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7361/1
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 16 leaves.

Scope and Content

Comprises holograph letters from

with

Letters to Charles Hopwood
Date: 1854-1886, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7361/2
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 34 leaves.

Scope and Content

Charles Hopwood, MP, was Francis Hopwood's uncle. Includes letters from

Orders and Decorations
Date: c. 1893-1924
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7361/3
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 32 leaves

Scope and Content

Investiture papers, invitations and correspondence related to Francis Hopwood's own honours, orders and decorations, 1893-1924

Miscellaneous private papers
Date: 1837-1943, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. c. 7361/4
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 84 leaves

Scope and Content

Comprises

Separated Material

Photograph of Francis Hopwood, n.d., now MS. Photogr. c. 185, fol. 56.


D.3   Private Ephemera 1902-1943

Personal invitations and miscellaneous envelopes
Date: 1902-1943, n.d.
Shelfmark: MS. Eng. d. 3731
Language(s) of Material: English
Extent: 267 leaves

Scope and Content

Invitations and orders of service for funerals, weddings, coronations and thanksgiving services.


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