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Collection Level Description: Violet Milner Papers

Reference: MSS. Violet Milner 1-85
Title: Violet Milner Papers
Dates of Creation: 1833-1958
Extent: 85 shelfmarks

Language of Material: English, French and Arabic

Administrative/Biographical History

Violet Georgina, Viscountess Milner (1872-1958) married Lord Edward Herbert Gascoyne-Cecil (1867-1918) in 1894. She subsequently married Viscount Milner (1854-1925) in 1921. She had an interest in politics and was editor of The National Review 1932-48.

Frederick Augustus Maxse (1833-1900) had a distinguished naval career before retiring with the rank of Admiral in 1867. He became a political writer after 1874.

Alfred, Viscount Milner (1854-1925) was a statesman. His positions included director general of accounts in Egypt, 1889-92; chair of the Board of Inland Revenue, 1892-97; and High Commissioner for South Africa, 1897-1905. He returned to England in 1905, from which date he worked in the City and served as a member of various committees and as a Rhodes Trustee. In 1916 he became a member of the War Cabinet. In April 1918 he became Secretary of State for War and in December of the same year Secretary of State for the Colonies, a post which he held until his resignation in 1921.

Details are given in the Dictionary of National Biography and in Lady Milner's book My Picture Gallery (1951).

Scope and Content

The collection consists mainly of the papers of Violet Milner, but includes estate papers, family papers, correspondence, and other papers of Frederick Augustus Maxse, the Maxse family, Lord Edward Herbert Gascoyne-Cecil, and Alfred Milner. It contains material relating to 19th- and 20th-century British and Imperial history, in particular the Boer War. The coverage of 20th-century South African politics is notable. Most major British politicians and political events of this period are documented in some way.

Administrative Information

Custodial History

The collection was previously deposited in Kent Archives Office.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

The collection was bought in 1986.

Access Conditions

Entry to read in the Library is permitted only on presentation of a valid reader's card (for admissions procedures see

Further Information

Finding Aids

A full catalogue (without an index) is available in the Library.

Related Units of Description

See also Papers of Alfred Milner, Viscount Milner, 1824-1955, and Additional papers of Alfred Milner, Viscount Milner, 1884-1920

Access Points

Editors | 20th century

South African War, 1899-1902

Gascoyne-Cecil | Edward Herbert | 1867-1918 | Lord | Soldier and Egyptian civil servant

Maxse | Frederick Augustus | 1833-1900 | Admiral and Political Writer

Milner | Alfred | 1854-1925 | Viscount Milner | statesman

Milner | Violet Georgina | 1872-1958 | wife of 1st Viscount Milner | Editor

National Review | 1911-1949

Great Britain | Colonies | South Africa | Administration

Great Britain | Politics and government | 19th century

Great Britain | Politics and government | 20th century

South Africa

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Transformation from XML to HTML by Lawrence Mielniczuk
09 June 2011